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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Department of Defense Energy Initiatives: Background and Issues for Congress

Department of Defense Energy Initiatives: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: June 5, 2012
Creator: Schwartz, Moshe; Blakeley, Katherine & O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: The Department of Defense (DOD) spends billions of dollars per year on fuel, and is pursuing numerous initiatives for reducing its fuel needs and changing the mix of energy sources that it uses. DOD's energy initiatives pose several potential oversight issues for Congress, and have been topics of discussion and debate at hearings on DOD's proposed FY2013 budget.
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Department of Homeland Security Appropriations: A Summary of the House and Senate-Reported Bills for FY2013

Department of Homeland Security Appropriations: A Summary of the House and Senate-Reported Bills for FY2013

Date: June 1, 2012
Creator: Painter, William L.
Description: This report discusses the FY2013 Administration approved budget of $39.485 billion for the Department of Homeland Security (DHS).
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Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2013

Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2013

Date: June 1, 2012
Creator: Sargent, John F., Jr.
Description: This report summarizes budgetary decisions relating to research and development funding for FY2013.
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United States Fire Administration: An Overview

United States Fire Administration: An Overview

Date: June 1, 2012
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G.
Description: The United States Fire Administration (USFA)—which includes the National Fire Academy (NFA)—is currently housed within the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). The objective of the USFA is to significantly reduce the nation's loss of life from fire, while also achieving a reduction in property loss and non-fatal injury due to fire. As is the case with many federal programs, concerns in the 112th Congress over the federal budget deficit could impact budget levels for the USFA. Debate over the USFA budget has focused on whether the USFA is receiving an appropriate level of funding to accomplish its mission, given that appropriations for USFA have consistently been well below the agency's authorized level. An ongoing issue is the viability and status of the USFA and National Fire Academy within the Department of Homeland Security.
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Submission of the President's Budget in Transition Years

Submission of the President's Budget in Transition Years

Date: May 17, 2012
Creator: Christensen, Michelle D.
Description: This report discusses the President's budget at the time of a presidential transition. The transition from one presidential administration to another raises special issues regarding the annual budget submission. Which President—the outgoing President or the incoming one—is required to submit the budget, and how will the transition affect the timing and form of the submission? The purpose of this report is to provide background information that addresses these questions.
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The Financial Action Task Force: An Overview

The Financial Action Task Force: An Overview

Date: May 9, 2012
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report provides an overview of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) and of its progress to date in gaining broad international support for its recommendations. The FATF is an independent, intergovernmental policymaking body was established by the 1989 G-7 Summit in Paris as a result of growing concerns among the summit participants about the threat posed to the international banking system by money laundering.
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The Budget Control Act of 2011: The Effects on Spending and the Budget Deficit When the Automatic Spending Cuts Are Implemented

The Budget Control Act of 2011: The Effects on Spending and the Budget Deficit When the Automatic Spending Cuts Are Implemented

Date: May 4, 2012
Creator: Levit, Mindy R. & Labonte, Marc
Description: This report discusses the two main groups of spending reductions in the Budget Control Act of 2011: (1) discretionary spending caps and (2) an automatic $1.2 trillion spending reduction process that comes into effect on January 02, 2012. It also looks at projected effects of the Act.
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An Overview of Major Tax Proposals in the President's FY2012 Budget

An Overview of Major Tax Proposals in the President's FY2012 Budget

Date: May 4, 2012
Creator: Keightley, Mark P.; Bickley, James M.; Guenther, Gary; Hungerford, Thomas L.; Maguire, Steven; Marples, Donald J. et al.
Description: This report provides a broad overview of the provisions included in the President's budget request. The budget groups proposed tax provisions into several general categories. According to the Administration's estimates, the tax proposals in the budget would increase revenues $280 billion over the next 10 years
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The "Deeming Resolution": A Budget Enforcement Tool

The "Deeming Resolution": A Budget Enforcement Tool

Date: May 2, 2012
Creator: Lynch, Megan Suzanne
Description: "Deeming resolution" is a term that refers to legislation deemed to serve as an annual budget resolution for purposes of establishing enforceable budget levels for a budget cycle. A deeming resolution is used when the House and Senate are late in reaching final agreement on a budget resolution or fail to reach agreement altogether.
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Community Development Block Grants: Funding Issues in the 112th Congress and Recent Funding History

Community Development Block Grants: Funding Issues in the 112th Congress and Recent Funding History

Date: May 1, 2012
Creator: Boyd, Eugene
Description: This report discusses funding Issues in the 112th Congress and Recent Funding History The Administration's FY2012 budget proposes to: (1) increase funding for CDBG formula grants by 10.5% from $3.303 billion appropriated in FY2010 to $3.691 billion; (2) eliminate funding for the Neighborhood Initiative and Economic Development Initiative programs; (3) eliminate funding for Section 107 activities; (4) transfer its Sustainable Communities Initiative to a new stand-alone account; and (5) convert Section 108 loan guarantees to a fee-based program.
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