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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Navy Role in Irregular Warfare and Counterterrorism: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Role in Irregular Warfare and Counterterrorism: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: June 4, 2009
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses the nature of Navy involvement in irregular warfare (IW) and counterterrorism (CT) operations, which have received an increased emphasis since the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. The overall issue for Congress is how much emphasis to place on IW and CT activities in future Navy budgets, and whether decisions reached by Department of Defense (DOD) on this issue in the Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR) are appropriate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Selected Health Funding in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

Selected Health Funding in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

Date: February 20, 2009
Creator: Redhead, C. S.; Colello, Kirsten J.; Lister, Sarah A.; Reyes-Akinbileje, Bernice; Smith, Pamela W. & Sommers, Andrew R.
Description: This report compares funding provided for selected Health and Human Services (HHS) programs in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) conference report (H.Rept. 111-16) with the recommendations in the House- and Senate-passed versions of H.R. 1. It also briefly discusses ARRA's provisions on HIT and comparative effectiveness research as they relate to the funding.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases

The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases

Date: May 30, 2008
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew
Description: This report discusses how the total debt of the federal government can increase, a historical overview of debt limits, and how the current economic slowdown has led to higher deficits and thereby a series of debt limit increases, as well as legislation related to these increases.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hiring and Pay Authorities for Federal Scientific and Technical (S&T) Personnel

Hiring and Pay Authorities for Federal Scientific and Technical (S&T) Personnel

Date: May 29, 2009
Creator: Stine, Deborah D. & Brass, Clinton T.
Description: This report provides an illustrative overview of statutory authorities relating to the hiring of, and pay for, federal scientific and technical (S&T) personnel.The report then analyzes several key factors that are affecting the S&T workforce, both overall in the United States and in the federal government.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2009 Appropriations

State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2009 Appropriations

Date: April 3, 2009
Creator: Epstein, Susan B. & Nakamura, Kennon H.
Description: This report analyzes the FY2009 appropriations request, recent-year funding trends, and congressional action for FY2009.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) Program: Background, Oversight Issues, and Options for Congress

Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) Program: Background, Oversight Issues, and Options for Congress

Date: May 23, 2008
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses the navy procurement of new the type of surface combatant called the Littoral Combat Ship (LCS). The Navy wants to procure a total of 55 LCSs. This report details the 2007 restructuring of the LCS program, as well as various financial information relating to the program. The issue for Congress is whether to approve, reject, or modify the Navy's plans for the LCS program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Second FY2008 Supplemental Appropriations for Military Operations, International Affairs, and Other Purposes

Second FY2008 Supplemental Appropriations for Military Operations, International Affairs, and Other Purposes

Date: May 30, 2008
Creator: Daggett, Stephen; Epstein, Susan B.; Margesson, Rhoda; Tarnoff, Curt & Loane, Shannon S.
Description: This report discusses a bill providing $212.2 billion in supplemental appropriations for FY2008 and FY2009. The measure includes $169.1 billion for military operations in Iraq, Afghanistan and elsewhere, $9.9 billion for international affairs programs, and $33.1 billion for domestic programs, of which $15.6 billion is for extended unemployment compensation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Amtrak: Budget and Reauthorization

Amtrak: Budget and Reauthorization

Date: March 14, 2008
Creator: Frittelli, John & Peterman, David Randall
Description: This report discuses Amtrak, which was created by Congress in 1970 to provide intercity passenger railroad service. Without a yearly federal grant to cover operating losses, Amtrak would not survive as presently configured. This issue brief discusses reform proposals from both the Administration and Amtrak in the 109th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy DDG-1000 Destroyer Program: Background, Oversight Issues, and Options for Congress

Navy DDG-1000 Destroyer Program: Background, Oversight Issues, and Options for Congress

Date: June 5, 2008
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses the Navy procurement program and new kind of destroyer called the DDG-1000. The report discusses the issues for Congress, which is whether to approve, modify, or reject the Navy's proposals for the DDG-1000 program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Walter Reed Army Medical Center (WRAMC) and Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular A-76: Implications for the Future

Walter Reed Army Medical Center (WRAMC) and Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular A-76: Implications for the Future

Date: June 10, 2008
Creator: Bailey Grasso, Valerie
Description: This report examines the issues surrounding the Walter Reed public-private competition conducted under Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular A- 76 and its potential impact on future Department of Defense (DOD) competitions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Budget Reconciliation Measures Enacted Into Law: 1980-2008

Budget Reconciliation Measures Enacted Into Law: 1980-2008

Date: April 1, 2009
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: This report identifies and briefly summarizes the 19 budget reconciliation measures enacted into law during the period covering 1980, when reconciliation procedures first were used by both chambers, through 2008, the last year of the 110th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Omnibus Appropriations Acts: Overview of Recent Practices

Omnibus Appropriations Acts: Overview of Recent Practices

Date: July 15, 2015
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Description: Omnibus appropriations acts have become a significant feature of the legislative process in recent years as Congress and the President have resorted more frequently to their use to bring action on the regular appropriations cycle to a close. Following a discussion of pertinent background information, this report reviews the recent use of such measures and briefly addresses several issues that their use raises.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Broadband Internet Access and the Digital Divide: Federal Assistance Programs

Broadband Internet Access and the Digital Divide: Federal Assistance Programs

Date: March 19, 2009
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G. & Gilroy, Angele A.
Description: This report provides an overview of the "digital divide", which is a term used to describe a perceived gap between those Americans who use or have access to telecommunications and information technologies and those who do not.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Department of Homeland Security Assistance to States and Localities: A Summary and Issues for the 111th Congress

Department of Homeland Security Assistance to States and Localities: A Summary and Issues for the 111th Congress

Date: April 21, 2009
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Description: This report summarizes several emergency management and homeland security programs, and identifies and analyzes potential issues for the 111th Congress. These issues include the purpose and number of assistance programs; the evaluation of the use of grant funding; the determination of eligible grant recipients; the programs' funding amounts; and the programs; funding distribution methodologies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financing Recovery from Large-Scale Natural Disasters

Financing Recovery from Large-Scale Natural Disasters

Date: February 9, 2009
Creator: King, Rawle O.
Description: This report provides an analysis of the challenges facing property and casualty insurance and reinsurance companies in financing large-scale natural disasters, particularly during financial market turmoil.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Long-Range Ballistic Missile Defense in Europe

Long-Range Ballistic Missile Defense in Europe

Date: January 21, 2009
Creator: Hildreth, Steven A. & Ek, Carl
Description: This report discusses how successive U.S. governments have urged the creation of an anti-missile system to protect against long-range ballistic missile threats from adversary states. The proposed U.S. system has encountered resistance in some European countries and beyond.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Setting and Valuing Health Insurance Benefits

Setting and Valuing Health Insurance Benefits

Date: April 6, 2009
Creator: Peterson, Chris L.
Description: This report briefly describes some of the key concepts and policy issues around specifying and valuing health insurance benefits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: June 10, 2008
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and presents potential issues for Congress concerning the Navy's ship force-structure goals and shipbuilding plans. Decisions that Congress makes on Navy shipbuilding programs can substantially affect Navy capabilities and funding requirements, and the U.S. shipbuilding industrial base.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
America COMPETES Act and the FY2010 Budget

America COMPETES Act and the FY2010 Budget

Date: April 13, 2009
Creator: Stine, Deborah D.
Description: This report discusses in detail the America COMPETES Act, which is intended to increase the nation's investment in research and development (R&D), and in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education. This report discusses the funding increases authorized by the act for various relevant institutions, e.g., the National Science Foundation (NSF); the act's education activities intended to enhance the skills of STEM educators; and if Congress will continue to similarly fund the America COMPETES Act in the FY2010 budget.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Holdings of Federal Debt

Foreign Holdings of Federal Debt

Date: March 17, 2009
Creator: Murray, Justin & Labonte, Marc
Description: This report presents current data on estimated ownership of U.S. Treasury securities and major holders of federal debt by country. Federal debt represents the accumulated balance of borrowing by the federal government. To finance federal borrowing, U.S. Treasury securities are sold to investors, directly from the Treasury or on the secondary market to individual private investors, financial institutions in the United States or overseas, and foreign, state, or local governments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Technology Transfer: Use of Federally Funded Research and Development

Technology Transfer: Use of Federally Funded Research and Development

Date: March 2, 2009
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Description: This report discusses the federal use of technology transfer, a process by which technology developed in one organization, in one area, or for one purpose is applied in another organization, in another area, or for another purpose.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy DDG-51 and DDG-1000 Destroyer Programs: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy DDG-51 and DDG-1000 Destroyer Programs: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: July 23, 2009
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses issues Congress faces regarding the Navy's proposed FY2010 budget, particularly as relating to destroyer procurement plans and programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Proposed Termination of Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) F136 Alternate Engine

Proposed Termination of Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) F136 Alternate Engine

Date: June 2, 2008
Creator: Murch, Anthony & Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: This report discusses Department of Defense's (DOD) FY2009 budget, and the funding of F136 alternate engine for the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter (JSF), a program that was initiated by Congress in the FY1996 Defense Authorization Act.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FY2008 Emergency Supplemental Appropriations for International Affairs

FY2008 Emergency Supplemental Appropriations for International Affairs

Date: April 22, 2008
Creator: Epstein, Susan B.; Margesson, Rhoda & Tarnoff, Curt
Description: This report analyzes the international affairs portion of the request and tracks related legislative activity. The White House had submitted emergency supplemental requests to Congress for military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan, and international affairs programs totaling $196.5 billion
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department