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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Federal Budget: Issues for FY2011, FY2012, and Beyond

The Federal Budget: Issues for FY2011, FY2012, and Beyond

Date: April 29, 2011
Creator: Levit, Mindy R.
Description: The federal budget is central to Congress's ability to exercise its "power of the purse." Over the last several fiscal years the imbalance between spending and revenues has grown as a result of the economic downturn and policies enacted in response to financial turmoil. In FY2010, the last completed fiscal year, the U.S. government spent $3,456 billion (23.8% of GDP) and collected $2,162 billion in revenue (14.9% of GDP), resulting in a budget deficit of $1,294 billion (8.9% of GDP).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Budget: Issues for FY2013 and Beyond

The Federal Budget: Issues for FY2013 and Beyond

Date: February 17, 2012
Creator: Levit, Mindy R.
Description: The federal budget is central to Congress's ability to exercise its “power of the purse.” Over the last several fiscal years the imbalance between spending and revenues has grown as a result of the economic downturn and policies enacted in response to financial turmoil. This report looks at ways in which Congress and the Obama Administration have acted in order to reduce US budgetary issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Budget: Issues for FY2013 and Beyond

The Federal Budget: Issues for FY2013 and Beyond

Date: March 27, 2012
Creator: Levit, Mindy R.
Description: The federal budget is central to Congress's ability to exercise its "power of the purse." Over the last several fiscal years the imbalance between spending and revenues has grown as a result of the economic downturn and policies enacted in response to financial turmoil. This report discusses how a growing budget deficit will affect the FY2013 budget and government spending.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fact Sheet: The FY2012 State and Foreign Operations Budget Request

Fact Sheet: The FY2012 State and Foreign Operations Budget Request

Date: March 9, 2011
Creator: Epstein, Susan B.; Lawson, Marian Leonardo & Resler, Tamara J.
Description: This fact sheet provides a brief overview of the Obama Administration's request for International Affairs programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fact Sheet: The FY2013 State and Foreign Operations Budget Request

Fact Sheet: The FY2013 State and Foreign Operations Budget Request

Date: March 19, 2012
Creator: Epstein, Susan B.; Lawson, Marian Leonardo & Tiersky, Alex L.
Description: On February 13, 2012, the Obama Administration submitted its FY2013 budget request, including $54.7 billion for State Department, Foreign Operations, and Related Appropriations. Of the total request, $18.6 billion is for programs funded through the State operations and related agencies (a 4.6% increase over FY2012 estimates), and $36.1 billion is for foreign operations (a 0.1% increase over FY2012 estimates). This fact sheet provides a brief overview of the request.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy and Water Development: FY2011 Appropriations

Energy and Water Development: FY2011 Appropriations

Date: March 21, 2011
Creator: Behrens, Carl E.
Description: This report covers key budgetary issues involving the Energy and Water Development appropriations bill, which provides funding for civil works projects of the Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), the Department of the Interior’s Bureau of Reclamation, the Department of Energy (DOE), and a number of independent agencies.
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Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2012

Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2012

Date: December 1, 2011
Creator: Sargent, John F., Jr.
Description: This report discusses mechanisms used to continue appropriations in the absence of enactment of regular appropriations acts and to complete the annual appropriations process. Completion of appropriations after the beginning of each fiscal year may cause agencies to delay or cancel some planned R&D and equipment acquisition.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2012

Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2012

Date: March 29, 2011
Creator: Sargent, John F., Jr.
Description: This report discusses mechanisms used to continue appropriations in the absence of enactment of regular appropriations acts and to complete the annual appropriations process. Completion of appropriations after the beginning of each fiscal year may cause agencies to delay or cancel some planned research and development (R&D) projects and equipment acquisition.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Support for Academic Research

Federal Support for Academic Research

Date: June 17, 2011
Creator: Matthews, Christine M.
Description: This report discusses how to address the issue of budget reductions while supporting research conducted at colleges and universities, due to the role of academic research on the economy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): Appropriations for Fiscal Year 2013

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): Appropriations for Fiscal Year 2013

Date: September 6, 2012
Creator: Esworthy, Robert; Bearden, David M.; Tiemann, Mary; Copeland, Claudia; McCarthy, James E. & Leggett, Jane A.
Description: Report that looks at appropriations for the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) FY 2013.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Executive Budget Process: An Overview

The Executive Budget Process: An Overview

Date: July 27, 2012
Creator: Christensen, Michelle D.
Description: This report outlines many of the budgetary procedures that are performed by the President, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), and agencies. This report provides an overview of the development, submission, and justification of the President’s budget proposal. This report also describes how the President, OMB, and agencies execute the federal budget following the enactment of appropriations and other budgetary legislation by Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Support for Academic Research

Federal Support for Academic Research

Date: January 26, 2012
Creator: Matthews, Christine M.
Description: Report that discusses how to address the issue of budget reductions while supporting research conducted at colleges and universities, due to the role of academic research on the economy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Intelligence Authorization Legislation: Status and Challenges

Intelligence Authorization Legislation: Status and Challenges

Date: January 20, 2011
Creator: Best, Richard A., Jr.
Description: This report reviews the intelligence appropriations process, describes various changes that have been proposed, and analyzes the issues associated with the proposals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Intelligence Appropriations Process: Issues for Congress

The Intelligence Appropriations Process: Issues for Congress

Date: October 27, 2011
Creator: Best, Richard A., Jr.
Description: The intelligence appropriations process remains complicated and not well understood, but intelligence is an important and sizable part of the federal budget and will undoubtedly be addressed as Congress considers various alternatives for spending. This report reviews the intelligence appropriations process, describes various changes that have been proposed, and analyzes the issues associated with the proposals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FY2013 Budget Documents: Internet and GPO Availability

FY2013 Budget Documents: Internet and GPO Availability

Date: April 2, 2012
Creator: Nagel, Jared Conrad
Description: This report provides brief descriptions of the budget volumes and related documents, together with Internet addresses, Government Printing Office (GPO) stock numbers, and prices for obtaining print copies of these publications. It also explains how to find the locations of government depository libraries, which can provide both printed copies for reference use and Internet access to the online versions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
House Rules Changes Affecting the Congressional Budget Process Made at the Beginning of the 112th Congress

House Rules Changes Affecting the Congressional Budget Process Made at the Beginning of the 112th Congress

Date: July 20, 2011
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr.
Description: This report discusses the changes to the congressional budget process under H.Res. 5 (an agreement made January 5, 2011), which includes six changes made to the House Standing Rules as well as separate orders also affecting the process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Multiyear Procurement (MYP) and Block Buy Contracting in Defense Acquisition: Background and Issues for Congress

Multiyear Procurement (MYP) and Block Buy Contracting in Defense Acquisition: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: November 30, 2011
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald & Schwartz, Moshe
Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on multiyear procurement (MYP) and block buy contracting (BBC),1 which are special contracting mechanisms that Congress permits the Department of Defense (DOD) to use for a limited number of defense acquisition programs. Compared to the standard or default approach of annual contracting, MYP and BBC have the potential for reducing weapon procurement costs by several percent.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Construction: A Snapshot of the President's FY2013 Appropriations Request

Military Construction: A Snapshot of the President's FY2013 Appropriations Request

Date: June 22, 2012
Creator: Else, Daniel H.
Description: This report looks at President Obama's FY2013 budget request, which included an $11.2 billion for military construction appropriations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Branch: FY2011 Appropriations

Legislative Branch: FY2011 Appropriations

Date: March 23, 2011
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report gives an overview of the status of FY2011 appropriations and funding issues for the Senate, House of Representatives, and support agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Branch: FY2013 Appropriations

Legislative Branch: FY2013 Appropriations

Date: June 6, 2012
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: The legislative branch appropriations bill provides funding for the Senate; House of Representatives; Joint Items; Capitol Police; Office of Compliance; Congressional Budget Office; Architect of the Capitol; Library of Congress, including the Congressional Research Service; Government Printing Office; Government Accountability Office; and Open World Leadership Center. The legislative branch FY2013 budget request of $4.512 billion, which is submitted to the President by the legislative branch agencies and entities and included in the budget without change, was submitted to Congress on February 13, 2012. The request represents an increase of $205.5 million over the $4.307 billion in discretionary funding provided in Division G of the FY2012 Consolidated Appropriations Act, which was enacted on December 23, 2011.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicare Financing

Medicare Financing

Date: September 19, 2013
Creator: Davis, Patricia A.
Description: This report provides an overview of how the Medicare program is financed, including a description of the Medicare trust funds and a summary of key findings and estimates from the 2013 Report of the Medicare Board of Trustees regarding 2012 program operations and future financial soundness.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Congressional Budget Process: A Brief Overview

The Congressional Budget Process: A Brief Overview

Date: March 3, 2011
Creator: Saturno, James V.
Description: The term "budget process," when applied to the federal government, actually refers to a number of processes that have evolved separately and that occur with varying degrees of coordination. This overview, and the accompanying flow chart, are intended to describe in brief each of the parts of the budget process that involve Congress, clarify the role played by each, and explain how they operate together. They include the President's budget submission, the budget resolution, reconciliation, sequestration, authorizations, and appropriations.
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The "Deeming Resolution": A Budget Enforcement Tool

The "Deeming Resolution": A Budget Enforcement Tool

Date: June 12, 2013
Creator: Lynch, Megan Suzanne
Description: Report that gives an overview of the "deeming resolution" (referring to legislation deemed to serve as an annual budget resolution for purposes of establishing enforceable budget levels for a budget cycle). It includes background information and a breakdown of House and Senate action on deeming resolutions, broken down by fiscal year for the cycles when there was no agreement on a budget resolution.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Discretionary Budget Authority by Subfunction: An Overview

Discretionary Budget Authority by Subfunction: An Overview

Date: February 14, 2012
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew
Description: President Obama's FY2013 budget submission was released on February 13, 2012. This report provides a graphical overview of historical trends in discretionary budget authority (BA) from FY1976 through FY2011, enacted levels for FY2012 spending, and the levels consistent with the President's proposals for FY2013 through FY2017. Spending caps and budget enforcement mechanisms established in the Budget Control Act (BCA) of 2011 will probably strongly affect the FY2013 budget cycle. This report may provide a starting point for discussions about spending trends and federal priorities, but it does not attempt to explain spending patterns in each policy area.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department