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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Budget "Sequestration" and Selected Program Exemptions and Special Rules

Budget "Sequestration" and Selected Program Exemptions and Special Rules

Date: August 9, 2012
Creator: Spar, Karen
Description: This report looks at the history and current status of sequestration at it relates to Congress, including how it is enacted and special rules that can apply. "Sequestration" is a process of automatic, largely across-the-board spending reductions under which budgetary resources are permanently canceled to enforce certain budget policy goals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Building Civilian Interagency Capacity for Missions Abroad: Key Proposals and Issues for Congress

Building Civilian Interagency Capacity for Missions Abroad: Key Proposals and Issues for Congress

Date: February 2, 2012
Creator: Serafino, Nina M.; Dale, Catherine & Towell, Pat
Description: Within the past two decades, prominent foreign policy organizations and foreign policy experts have perceived serious deficiencies in the authorities, organizations, and personnel used to conduct interagency missions that prevent the United States from exercising its power to full advantage. For the 112th Congress, proposals to address these problems may be of interest for their perceived potential not only to enhance performance, but also to save money by streamlining processes, encouraging interagency cooperation, and reducing duplication. These proposals also provide context for current and recent legislation, including the Interagency Personnel Rotation Act of 2011 (S. 1268 and H.R. 2314) and the Contingency Operations Oversight and Interagency Enhancement Act of 2011 (H.R. 3660), as well as the new Global Security Contingency Fund contained in the FY2012 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA, Section 1207, H.R. 1540, P.L. 112-81, signed into law December 31, 2011). The FY2012 NDAA requires the President to submit to Congress a “whole-of-government” implementation plan.
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The Federal Budget: Issues for FY2011, FY2012, and Beyond

The Federal Budget: Issues for FY2011, FY2012, and Beyond

Date: March 11, 2011
Creator: Levit, Mindy R.
Description: This report examines the federal budgets for the fiscal years 2011 and 2012. It gives an overview of the federal budget, addresses the problems of budgeting in a strained economy, and discusses considerations for Congress, both in the short term and the long term.
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The Federal Budget: Issues for FY2011, FY2012, and Beyond

The Federal Budget: Issues for FY2011, FY2012, and Beyond

Date: April 29, 2011
Creator: Levit, Mindy R.
Description: The federal budget is central to Congress's ability to exercise its "power of the purse." Over the last several fiscal years the imbalance between spending and revenues has grown as a result of the economic downturn and policies enacted in response to financial turmoil. In FY2010, the last completed fiscal year, the U.S. government spent $3,456 billion (23.8% of GDP) and collected $2,162 billion in revenue (14.9% of GDP), resulting in a budget deficit of $1,294 billion (8.9% of GDP).
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The Federal Budget: Issues for FY2013 and Beyond

The Federal Budget: Issues for FY2013 and Beyond

Date: February 17, 2012
Creator: Levit, Mindy R.
Description: The federal budget is central to Congress's ability to exercise its “power of the purse.” Over the last several fiscal years the imbalance between spending and revenues has grown as a result of the economic downturn and policies enacted in response to financial turmoil. This report looks at ways in which Congress and the Obama Administration have acted in order to reduce US budgetary issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Budget: Issues for FY2013 and Beyond

The Federal Budget: Issues for FY2013 and Beyond

Date: March 27, 2012
Creator: Levit, Mindy R.
Description: The federal budget is central to Congress's ability to exercise its "power of the purse." Over the last several fiscal years the imbalance between spending and revenues has grown as a result of the economic downturn and policies enacted in response to financial turmoil. This report discusses how a growing budget deficit will affect the FY2013 budget and government spending.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fact Sheet: The FY2012 State and Foreign Operations Budget Request

Fact Sheet: The FY2012 State and Foreign Operations Budget Request

Date: March 9, 2011
Creator: Epstein, Susan B.; Lawson, Marian Leonardo & Resler, Tamara J.
Description: This fact sheet provides a brief overview of the Obama Administration's request for International Affairs programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fact Sheet: The FY2013 State and Foreign Operations Budget Request

Fact Sheet: The FY2013 State and Foreign Operations Budget Request

Date: March 19, 2012
Creator: Epstein, Susan B.; Lawson, Marian Leonardo & Tiersky, Alex L.
Description: On February 13, 2012, the Obama Administration submitted its FY2013 budget request, including $54.7 billion for State Department, Foreign Operations, and Related Appropriations. Of the total request, $18.6 billion is for programs funded through the State operations and related agencies (a 4.6% increase over FY2012 estimates), and $36.1 billion is for foreign operations (a 0.1% increase over FY2012 estimates). This fact sheet provides a brief overview of the request.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy and Water Development: FY2011 Appropriations

Energy and Water Development: FY2011 Appropriations

Date: March 21, 2011
Creator: Behrens, Carl E.
Description: This report covers key budgetary issues involving the Energy and Water Development appropriations bill, which provides funding for civil works projects of the Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), the Department of the Interior’s Bureau of Reclamation, the Department of Energy (DOE), and a number of independent agencies.
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Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2012

Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2012

Date: December 1, 2011
Creator: Sargent, John F., Jr.
Description: This report discusses mechanisms used to continue appropriations in the absence of enactment of regular appropriations acts and to complete the annual appropriations process. Completion of appropriations after the beginning of each fiscal year may cause agencies to delay or cancel some planned R&D and equipment acquisition.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department