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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Budget "Sequestration" and Selected Program Exemptions and Special Rules

Budget "Sequestration" and Selected Program Exemptions and Special Rules

Date: January 10, 2013
Creator: Spar, Karen
Description: This report looks at the history and current status of sequestration at it relates to Congress, including how it is enacted and special rules that can apply. "Sequestration" is a process of automatic, largely across-the-board spending reductions under which budgetary resources are permanently canceled to enforce certain budget policy goals.
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Overview of Health Care Changes in the FY2014 Budget Proposal Offered by House Budget Committee Chairman Ryan

Overview of Health Care Changes in the FY2014 Budget Proposal Offered by House Budget Committee Chairman Ryan

Date: March 22, 2013
Creator: Davis, Patricia A.; Mitchell, Alison & Fernandez, Bernadette
Description: This report summarizes the proposed changes to Medicare, Medicaid, and private health insurance as described in H.Con.Res. 25, the accompanying committee report, and Chairman Ryan's Path to Prosperity report. Additionally, it briefly examines the potential impact of the proposed changes on health care spending and coverage.
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Legislative Branch: FY2013 Appropriations

Legislative Branch: FY2013 Appropriations

Date: May 2, 2013
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report discusses the legislative branch appropriations bill that provides funding for the Senate; House of Representatives; Joint Items; Capitol Police; Office of Compliance; Congressional Budget Office (CBO); Architect of the Capitol (AOC); Library of Congress, including the Congressional Research Service (CRS); Government Printing Office (GPO); Government Accountability Office (GAO); and Open World Leadership Center.
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The President's Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP): Issues for Congress

The President's Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP): Issues for Congress

Date: April 12, 2013
Creator: Sargent, John F., Jr. & Shea, Dana A.
Description: This report provides an overview of the history of science and technology (S&T) advice to the President. It also discusses selected issues and options for Congress regarding the Office of Science and Technology Policy OSTP's Director, (OSTP) management and operations, the President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST), and the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC).
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Discretionary Budget Authority by Subfunction: An Overview

Discretionary Budget Authority by Subfunction: An Overview

Date: April 25, 2013
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew
Description: This report presents figures showing trends in discretionary budget authority as a percentage of GDP by subfunction within each of 17 budget function categories, using data from President Obama's FY2014 budget submission. The report also provides a graphical overview of historical trends in discretionary budget authority from FY1976 through FY2012, preliminary estimates for FY2013 spending, and the levels consistent with the President's proposals for FY2014 through FY2018.
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Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Reauthorization: An Overview of Legislative Action in the 111th Congress

Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Reauthorization: An Overview of Legislative Action in the 111th Congress

Date: March 30, 2010
Creator: Elias, Bart
Description: This report tracks the status of ongoing legislative action and debate related to Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) reauthorization. It is organized into six major program areas: aviation system finance; airport financing; FAA management and organizational issues; system capacity and safety; environmental issues; and airline industry issues. In several cases, provisions that appear in various unrelated sections of proposed legislation have been rearranged in this report in an effort to group and discuss related items in an issue-driven or programmatic context. Since this report is primarily written as a means of communicating key legislative provisions under consideration in the ongoing FAA reauthorization process, it does not go into detail regarding the specific policy issues behind these legislative proposals.
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The Impact of Major Legislation on Budget Deficits: 2001 to 2009

The Impact of Major Legislation on Budget Deficits: 2001 to 2009

Date: March 23, 2010
Creator: Labonte, Marc & Hanna, Andrew
Description: This report examines to what extent major legislative changes from 2001 to 2009 caused the budget to move from surplus to deficit. Legislative actions taken in 2009 increased the FY2009 deficit by $509 billion, whereas legislative actions taken between 2001 and 2008 increased the FY2009 deficit by $903 billion. Furthermore, legislative changes have cumulatively increased federal budget deficits over FY2001 to FY2009 by $5.4 trillion.
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Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Reauthorization: An Overview of Legislative Action in the 111th Congress

Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Reauthorization: An Overview of Legislative Action in the 111th Congress

Date: October 8, 2009
Creator: Elias, Bart
Description: This report tracks the status of ongoing legislative action and debate related to Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) reauthorization. It is organized into six major program areas: aviation system finance; airport financing; FAA management and organizational issues; system capacity and safety; environmental issues; and airline industry issues. In several cases, provisions that appear in various unrelated sections of proposed legislation have been rearranged in this report in an effort to group and discuss related items in an issue-driven or programmatic context. Since this report is primarily written as a means of communicating key legislative provisions under consideration in the ongoing FAA reauthorization process, it does not go into detail regarding the specific policy issues behind these legislative proposals.
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The FY2011 Federal Budget

The FY2011 Federal Budget

Date: June 17, 2010
Creator: Levit, Mindy R.
Description: This report examines the federal budgets for the fiscal years 2011 and 2012. It gives an overview of the federal budget, addresses the problems of budgeting in a strained economy, and discusses considerations for Congress, both in the short term and the long term.
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The Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010: Summary and Legislative History

The Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010: Summary and Legislative History

Date: June 8, 2010
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: This report provides a summary and legislative history of the P.L. 111-139, focusing on the features of the Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010.
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Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Reauthorization: An Overview of Legislative Action in the 111th Congress

Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Reauthorization: An Overview of Legislative Action in the 111th Congress

Date: May 7, 2010
Creator: Elias, Bart
Description: This report tracks the status of ongoing legislative action and debate related to Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) reauthorization. It is organized into six major program areas: aviation system finance; airport financing; FAA management and organizational issues; system capacity and safety; environmental issues; and airline industry issues. In several cases, provisions that appear in various unrelated sections of proposed legislation have been rearranged in this report in an effort to group and discuss related items in an issue-driven or programmatic context. Since this report is primarily written as a means of communicating key legislative provisions under consideration in the ongoing FAA reauthorization process, it does not go into detail regarding the specific policy issues behind these legislative proposals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Reauthorization: An Overview of Legislative Action in the 111th Congress

Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Reauthorization: An Overview of Legislative Action in the 111th Congress

Date: January 7, 2010
Creator: Elias, Bart
Description: This report tracks the status of ongoing legislative action and debate related to Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) reauthorization. It is organized into six major program areas: aviation system finance; airport financing; FAA management and organizational issues; system capacity and safety; environmental issues; and airline industry issues. In several cases, provisions that appear in various unrelated sections of proposed legislation have been rearranged in this report in an effort to group and discuss related items in an issue-driven or programmatic context. Since this report is primarily written as a means of communicating key legislative provisions under consideration in the ongoing FAA reauthorization process, it does not go into detail regarding the specific policy issues behind these legislative proposals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The "Deeming Resolution": A Budget Enforcement Tool

The "Deeming Resolution": A Budget Enforcement Tool

Date: May 17, 2010
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: Deeming resolution" is a term that refers to legislation which is deemed to serve as an annual budget resolution for purposes of establishing enforceable budget levels for a budget cycle. A deeming resolution is used when the House and Senate are late in reaching final agreement on a budget resolution or fail to reach agreement altogether. Either chamber may initiate its own budget enforcement procedures by adopting a "deeming resolution" in the form of a simple resolution. This report describes substantive enforcement procedures associated with the budget resolution, explains the concept of a "deeming resolution," discusses House and Senate action on deeming resolutions, and provides information on a related topic, waiving a bar against the consideration of budgetary legislation for a fiscal year before a budget resolution for that fiscal year has been adopted.
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Defense: FY2010 Authorization and Appropriations

Defense: FY2010 Authorization and Appropriations

Date: December 23, 2009
Creator: Towell, Pat
Description: This report provides an overview of the administration's fiscal year 2010 budget request. The report discusses base budget, war costs and issues regarding the defense appropriations for FY2010.
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Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): Appropriations for FY2014 in P.L. 113-76

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): Appropriations for FY2014 in P.L. 113-76

Date: August 15, 2014
Creator: Esworthy, Robert & Bearden, David M.
Description: This report presents a discussion of the FY2014 enacted appropriations for selected EPA programs and activities highlighted in the congressional debate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Force KC-X Tanker Aircraft Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Air Force KC-X Tanker Aircraft Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: March 12, 2010
Creator: Gertler, Jeremiah
Description: This report discusses issues for Congress in FY2011, which are whether to approve, reject, or modify DOD's new KC-X competition strategy, and whether to approve, reject, or modify the Air Force's request for FY2011 research and development funding for the new KC-X program.
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Discretionary Budget Authority by Subfunction: An Overview

Discretionary Budget Authority by Subfunction: An Overview

Date: February 5, 2015
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew
Description: This report presents figures showing trends in discretionary budget authority as a percentage of gross domestic product (GDP) by subfunction within each of 17 budget function categories, using data from President Obama's FY2016 budget submission. This report provides a graphical overview of historical trends in discretionary budget authority from FY1977 through FY2014, estimates for FY2015 spending, and the levels consistent with the President's proposals for FY2016 through FY2020.
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FY2011 Budget Proposals and Projections

FY2011 Budget Proposals and Projections

Date: March 29, 2010
Creator: Austin, D. A.
Description: This report provides an overview of major budget estimates and projections for the FY2011 federal budget cycle. The report presents and compares budget projections calculated by the Obama Administration's Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and the Congressional Budget Office (CBO).
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Defense: FY2015 Authorization and Appropriations

Defense: FY2015 Authorization and Appropriations

Date: January 28, 2015
Creator: Towell, Pat
Description: This report discusses the Department of Defense (DOD) budget plan for FY2015. It includes an overview of the budget, historic context, and highlights in the base budget, as well as budget items that fall under the FY2015 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) and the FY2015 DOD Appropriations Bill (H.R. 4870; H.R. 83, Division C).
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Economic Effects of a Budget Deficit Exceeding $1 Trillion

Economic Effects of a Budget Deficit Exceeding $1 Trillion

Date: March 12, 2010
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report evaluates questions regarding whether the current deficit is manageable and what effects it will have on the economy.
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House Committee Funding Requests and Authorizations, 104th-113th Congresses

House Committee Funding Requests and Authorizations, 104th-113th Congresses

Date: February 3, 2015
Creator: Glassman, Matthew E.
Description: This report describes the House Committee funding process provides tables for each of the Congresses from the 104th through the 113th containing committee funding requests and authorizations as adopted pursuant to primary expense authorizations.
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Earmarks Disclosed by Congress: FY2008 and FY2009 Regular Appropriations Bills

Earmarks Disclosed by Congress: FY2008 and FY2009 Regular Appropriations Bills

Date: December 9, 2009
Creator: Hardy Vincent, Carol & Monke, Jim
Description: This report provides information on the earmarks disclosed by the House and Senate for the 12 regular, annual appropriations bills for each of FY2008 and FY2009. The report directly analyzes the data in the earmark disclosure lists, without additions or deletions.
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Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA): Issues and Options for Congress

Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA): Issues and Options for Congress

Date: April 14, 2010
Creator: Fischer, John W. & Mallett, William J.
Description: This report provides background information about the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA) system, describes the major issues WMATA currently faces, and discusses possible approaches for addressing these issues.
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Federal Grants to State and Local Governments: A Historical Perspective on Contemporary Issues

Federal Grants to State and Local Governments: A Historical Perspective on Contemporary Issues

Date: March 5, 2015
Creator: Dilger, Robert J.
Description: This report provides a historical synopsis of the evolving nature of the federal grants-in-aid system, focusing on the role Congress has played in defining the system's scope and nature.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department