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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Crime Control Assistance Through the Byrne Programs

Crime Control Assistance Through the Byrne Programs

Date: May 20, 1998
Creator: Laney, Garrine P
Description: The statute provides that states receive and distribute block grant funds and that the Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) of the U.S. Department of Justice awards discretionary grants for specified activities. Allocated largely on the basis of population, block grant funds are used for personnel, equipment, training, technical assistance, and information systems to improve criminal justice systems.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Balanced Budget Constitutional Amendment: Background and Congressional Options

A Balanced Budget Constitutional Amendment: Background and Congressional Options

Date: March 20, 1997
Creator: Saturno, James V
Description: One of the most persistent political issues facing Congress in recent years is whether to require that the budget of the United States be in balance. Although a balanced federal budget has long been held as a political ideal, the accumulation of large deficits in recent years has heightened concern that some action to require a balance between revenues and expenditures may be necessary. The debate over a balanced budget measure actually consists of several interrelated debates, which this report addresses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Line Item Veto Act of 1996: Lessons from the States

Line Item Veto Act of 1996: Lessons from the States

Date: December 26, 1996
Creator: Fisher, Louis
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Entitlements Debate

The Entitlements Debate

Date: January 28, 1998
Creator: Koitz, David Stuart
Description: Federal entitlement programs make payments directly to recipients who meet eligibility criteria set by law. There are about 400 of them with Social Security being the largest. Generally, entitlement spending is not subject to control through annual appropriations, and once an entitlement program is established, its scope can be altered only by amending the law that created it.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act: Full Funding of State Formula

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act: Full Funding of State Formula

Date: December 27, 2001
Creator: Apling, Richard N
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Adult Education and Literacy: Current Programs and Legislative Proposals in the 105th Congress

Adult Education and Literacy: Current Programs and Legislative Proposals in the 105th Congress

Date: June 17, 1998
Creator: Irwin, Paul M.
Description: This report summarizes current programs for adult education and literacy, provides a funding history, and analyzes major provisions of the legislative proposals being considered by the 105th Congress for amending adult education and literacy programs. Specifically, the report examines the provisions of H.R. 1385, the Employment, Training, and Literacy Enhancement Act of 1997, as passed by the House, and H.R. 1385, the Workforce Investment Partnership Act of 1998, as amended by the Senate (originally considered as S. 1186). Key issues include state and local administration issues, comprehensive state plan requirements, integration with other federal training and employment programs, and program performance standards. The report will be updated as legislative action occurs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Budget Reconciliation in the 105th Congress: Achieving a Balanced Budget by 2002

Budget Reconciliation in the 105th Congress: Achieving a Balanced Budget by 2002

Date: September 11, 1997
Creator: Koitz, David Stuart & Nuschler, Dawn
Description: Achievement of a balanced federal budget by 2002 was a high priority for the 105th Congress and the President. After months of negotiations and debate, starting in February 1997 and ending in July 1997, congressional leaders and the White House forged a consensus on legislation to accomplish this goal. The legislation, signed into law by President Clinton on August 5, 1997, sets “caps” on discretionary spending, constrains entitlement programs, and on balance reduces federal taxes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
National Estuary Program: A Collaborative Approach to Protecting Coastal Water Quality

National Estuary Program: A Collaborative Approach to Protecting Coastal Water Quality

Date: January 12, 2001
Creator: Bearden, David M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Senate's Byrd Rule Against Extraneous Matter in Reconciliation Measures

The Senate's Byrd Rule Against Extraneous Matter in Reconciliation Measures

Date: September 9, 1998
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Continuing Appropriations Acts: Brief Overview of Recent Practices

Continuing Appropriations Acts: Brief Overview of Recent Practices

Date: September 26, 1997
Creator: Streeter, Sandy
Description: This report provides information on the history of continuing resolutions; the nature, scope, and duration of CRs during the last 30 years; the various types of CRs that have been enacted; and an overview of those instances when budget authority has lapsed and a funding gap has resulted.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department