You limited your search to:

 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Adult Education and Literacy: Overview and Reauthorization Proposals of the 109th Congress

Adult Education and Literacy: Overview and Reauthorization Proposals of the 109th Congress

Date: May 19, 2005
Creator: Irwin, Paul M.
Description: The 109th Congress is considering the reauthorization of federal adult education and literacy programs. The Adult Education and Family Literacy Act (AEFLA) authorized these programs through FY2003. The primary AEFLA activity is a state grant program that supports education and literacy services for educationally disadvantaged adults. The AEFLA also authorizes national leadership activities in adult education and literacy, and the National Institute for Literacy. The FY2005 AEFLA appropriation is $585 million; the FY2006 budget request would reduce funding to $216 million. The AEFLA was enacted as Title II of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (WIA), P.L. 105-220, on August 7, 1998.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Adult Education and Literacy: Overview and Reauthorization Proposals of the 109th Congress

Adult Education and Literacy: Overview and Reauthorization Proposals of the 109th Congress

Date: September 18, 2006
Creator: Irwin, Paul M.
Description: This report discusses the reauthorization of federal adult education and literacy programs being considered by the 109th Congress. The Adult Education and Family Literacy Act (AEFLA) authorized these programs through FY2003. The General Education Provisions Act (GEPA) provided a one-year extension of authorization through FY2004, and annual appropriations have continued AEFLA programs since.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Advance Appropriations, Forward Funding, and Advance Funding

Advance Appropriations, Forward Funding, and Advance Funding

Date: November 22, 2010
Creator: Streeter, Sandy
Description: pppropriations acts generally make budget authority (or BA) available for use (or obligation) at the start of the fiscal year covered by the act. Sometimes appropriations bills provide a different date for specified budget authority within the act to become first available so that the funding cycle does not coincide with the fiscal year generally covered by the act. There are three types of this kind of budget authority: advance appropriations, forward funding, and advance funding.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Advance Appropriations, Forward Funding, and Advance Funding: Concepts, Practice, and Budget Process Considerations

Advance Appropriations, Forward Funding, and Advance Funding: Concepts, Practice, and Budget Process Considerations

Date: April 16, 2014
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Description: This report discusses the federal programs that are funded through the annual appropriations process in regular appropriations acts, which may typically obligate those funds during a period that starts at the beginning of that fiscal year.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Advance Appropriations, Forward Funding, and Advance Funding: Concepts, Practice, and Budget Process Considerations

Advance Appropriations, Forward Funding, and Advance Funding: Concepts, Practice, and Budget Process Considerations

Date: October 8, 2015
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Description: This report examines concepts, practices, and procedural implications associated with particular delayed periods of availability.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Advanced Technology Program

The Advanced Technology Program

Date: January 7, 2008
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Description: President Bush's FY2008 budget request did not include financing for ATP. The FY2008 Consolidated Appropriations Act, P.L. 110-161, replaces ATP with the Technology Innovation Program (TIP) and provides $65.2 million (with an additional $5 million in ATP FY2007 unobligated balances), 17.6% less than the previous fiscal year. P.L. 110- 69, the America COMPETES Act, authorized the creation of TIP.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Affordable Care Act (ACA) and the Appropriations Process: FAQs Regarding Potential Legislative Changes and Effects of a Government Shutdown

Affordable Care Act (ACA) and the Appropriations Process: FAQs Regarding Potential Legislative Changes and Effects of a Government Shutdown

Date: October 2, 2013
Creator: Redhead, C. S.; Tollestrup, Jessica; Liu, Edward C. & Brass, Clinton T.
Description: This report provides background information on the Affordable Care Act (ACA). It discusses the ACA and the annual appropriations process and the potential impact of a shutdown on ACA implementation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Issues in the 109th Congress

Agricultural Issues in the 109th Congress

Date: July 20, 2006
Creator: Chite, Ralph M.
Description: This report discusses a number of issues affecting U.S. agriculture have been or are being addressed by the 109th Congress. The Deficit Reduction Act of 2005 (P.L. 109-171), enacted in February 2006, included a net reduction in spending on U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) mandatory programs of $2.7 billion over five years, and the reauthorization of a dairy income support program. Other issues of importance to agriculture during the second session of the 109th Congress include the consideration of emergency farm disaster assistance; multilateral and bilateral trade negotiations; concerns about agroterrorism, food safety, and animal and plant diseases (e.g., “mad cow” disease and avian flu); high energy costs; environmental issues; agricultural marketing matters; the reauthorization of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission; and farm labor issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Marketing Assistance Loans and Loan Deficiency Payments

Agricultural Marketing Assistance Loans and Loan Deficiency Payments

Date: December 13, 2000
Creator: Womach, Jasper
Description: Marketing assistance loans for the major crops were designed to facilitate orderly marketing by providing short-term financing so that farmers could pay their bills right after harvest and spread their sales over the entire marketing year. However, the persistence of very low commodity prices transformed the loan program into a major vehicle of farm income support. Marketing loan program benefits (primarily loan deficiency payments, LDPs) to farmers amounted to about $5.9 billion in 1999, and will exceed $6.5 billion in 2000. Such levels of use and high costs have revealed several administrative problems and given rise to several policy issues. Some policy makers have favored broadening the scope and enhancing the benefits of the program to achieve greater farm income support. Anticipated adverse market impacts have discouraged adoption of these proposals to date. A persistent policy issue is the payment limitation on marketing loan gains.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Marketing Assistance Loans and Loan Deficiency Payments

Agricultural Marketing Assistance Loans and Loan Deficiency Payments

Date: September 15, 2000
Creator: Womach, Jasper
Description: Marketing assistance loans for the major crops were designed to facilitate orderly marketing by providing short-term financing so that farmers could pay their bills right after harvest and spread their sales over the entire marketing year. However, the persistence of very low commodity prices transformed the loan program into a major vehicle of farm income support. Marketing loan program benefits (primarily loan deficiency payments, LDPs) to farmers amounted to about $5.9 billion in 1999, and will exceed $6.5 billion in 2000. Such levels of use and high costs have revealed several administrative problems and given rise to several policy issues. Some policy makers have favored broadening the scope and enhancing the benefits of the program to achieve greater farm income support. Anticipated adverse market impacts have discouraged adoption of these proposals to date. A persistent policy issue is the payment limitation on marketing loan gains.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agriculture and FY2006 Budget Reconciliation

Agriculture and FY2006 Budget Reconciliation

Date: May 4, 2005
Creator: Chite, Ralph M
Description: On April 29, 2005, Congress completed action on the FY2006 budget resolution (H.Con.Res. 95, H.Rept. 109-62). This measure contains reconciliation instructions that require authorizing committees to report legislation to reduce spending on mandatory programs within each committee’s jurisdiction. To reduce spending in mandatory U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) programs, conferees instructed the House and Senate Agriculture Committees to reduce mandatory spending by $173 million in FY2006 and $3.0 billion over five years (FY2006-FY2010). The Bush Administration earlier proposed changes to several mandatory USDA programs, which it said would save $5.7 billion over five years (and which the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) subsequently scored at $9.4 billion in reductions). The agriculture committees must determine how to divide the cuts among the various programs under their jurisdiction by September 16, 2005.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agriculture and FY2006 Budget Reconciliation

Agriculture and FY2006 Budget Reconciliation

Date: November 1, 2005
Creator: Chite, Ralph M
Description: The FY2006 budget resolution (H.Con.Res. 95, H.Rept. 109-62) contains reconciliation instructions that require authorizing committees to report legislation to reduce spending on mandatory programs within each committee’s jurisdiction. The resolution instructed the House and Senate Agriculture Committees to report legislation reducing spending on USDA mandatory programs by $173 million in FY2006 and $3.0 billion over five years (FY2006-FY2010). The House and Senate Agriculture Committees have completed action on their recommendations ($3.7 billion in the House and $3.0 billion in the Senate). The two measures would reduce spending on farm commodity and conservation programs in varying ways. The House measure also eliminates funding for various rural development programs and reduces food stamp spending. The Senate extends authority for a dairy income support program, which would require an offset of its projected cost. Reconciliation floor action is expected in November.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agriculture and FY2006 Budget Reconciliation

Agriculture and FY2006 Budget Reconciliation

Date: December 23, 2005
Creator: Chite, Ralph M
Description: During the week of December 18, 2005, both the House and Senate approved the conference agreement on the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005 (H.Rept. 109-362, S. 1932), which includes net reductions of $2.7 billion over five years for USDA mandatory programs. Included in the agreement is a $1.7 billion reduction in farm commodity support programs, a $934 million reduction in conservation spending, a $620 million reduction in a mandatory research program, and $419 million cut in rural development programs, as scored by CBO over a five-year period (FY2006-2010). The measure also includes a two-year extension of a dairy income support program, at an estimated cost of $998 million. No reductions to food stamp spending were included in the conference agreement.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agriculture and FY2006 Budget Reconciliation

Agriculture and FY2006 Budget Reconciliation

Date: November 2, 2005
Creator: Chite, Ralph M
Description: The FY2006 budget resolution (H.Con.Res. 95, H.Rept. 109-62) contains reconciliation instructions that require authorizing committees to report legislation to reduce spending on mandatory programs within each committee’s jurisdiction. The resolution instructed the House and Senate Agriculture Committees to report legislation reducing spending on USDA mandatory programs by $173 million in FY2006 and $3.0 billion over five years (FY2006-FY2010). The House and Senate Agriculture Committees have completed action on their recommendations ($3.65 billion in the House and $3.0 billion in the Senate). The two measures would reduce spending on farm commodity and conservation programs in varying ways. The House measure also eliminates funding for various rural development programs and reduces food stamp spending. The Senate extends authority for a dairy income support program, which would require an offset of its projected cost. Reconciliation floor action is expected in November.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agriculture and Related Agencies: FY2006 Appropriations

Agriculture and Related Agencies: FY2006 Appropriations

Date: July 19, 2005
Creator: Monke, Jim
Description: This report is a guide to one of the regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Agriculture. It summarizes the status of the bill, its scope, major issues, funding levels, and related congressional activity, and is updated as events warrant. The report lists the key CRS staff relevant to the issues covered and related CRS products.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agriculture and Related Agencies: FY2006 Appropriations

Agriculture and Related Agencies: FY2006 Appropriations

Date: January 27, 2006
Creator: Monke, Jim
Description: This report is a guide to one of the regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Agriculture. It summarizes the status of the bill, its scope, major issues, funding levels, and related congressional activity, and is updated as events warrant. The report lists the key CRS staff relevant to the issues covered and related CRS products.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agriculture and Related Agencies: FY2006 Appropriations

Agriculture and Related Agencies: FY2006 Appropriations

Date: September 28, 2005
Creator: Monke, Jim
Description: This report is a guide to one of the regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Agriculture. It summarizes the status of the bill, its scope, major issues, funding levels, and related congressional activity, and is updated as events warrant. The report lists the key CRS staff relevant to the issues covered and related CRS products.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agriculture and Related Agencies: FY2010 Appropriations

Agriculture and Related Agencies: FY2010 Appropriations

Date: January 4, 2010
Creator: Monke, Jim
Description: This report discusses various policy aspects of the Agriculture appropriations bill for FY2010, which funds the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), except for the Forest Service.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agriculture and Related Agencies: FY2015 Appropriations

Agriculture and Related Agencies: FY2015 Appropriations

Date: October 22, 2014
Creator: Monke, Jim
Description: This report discusses various policy aspects of the Agriculture appropriations bill for FY2015, which funds the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), except for the Forest Service.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agriculture and Related Agencies: FY2016 Appropriations

Agriculture and Related Agencies: FY2016 Appropriations

Date: October 21, 2015
Creator: Monke, Jim
Description: This report discusses the Agriculture appropriations bill for FY 2016, which funds the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) -- except for the Forest Service -- as well as the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and, in even-numbered fiscal years, the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agriculture in the WTO: Limits on Domestic Support

Agriculture in the WTO: Limits on Domestic Support

Date: May 10, 2005
Creator: Schnepf, Randy
Description: Most provisions of the current “farm bill,” the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act (FSRIA) of 2002 (P.L. 107-171), do not expire until 2007. However, hearings on a 2007 farm bill could begin in late 2005. At that time, Congress will begin to examine farm income and commodity price support proposals that might succeed the programs due to expire in 2007. A key question likely to be asked of virtually every new proposal is how it will affect U.S. commitments under the WTO’s Agreement on Agriculture (AA), which commits the United States to spend no more than $19.1 billion annually on domestic farm support programs most likely to distort trade. The AA spells out the rules for countries to determine whether their policies are potentially trade distorting, and to calculate the costs. This report describes the steps for making these determinations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
AIDS Funding for Federal Government Programs: FY1981-FY1999

AIDS Funding for Federal Government Programs: FY1981-FY1999

Date: March 31, 1998
Creator: Johnson, Judith A
Description: This report provides a synopsis of the budget activity related to AIDS from the discovery of the disease in 1981 through FY1999. Funding for AIDS research, prevention and treatment programs within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) discretionary budget has increased from $200,000 in FY1981 to an estimated $3.85 billion in FY1999.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
AIDS: The Ryan White CARE Act

AIDS: The Ryan White CARE Act

Date: February 22, 2006
Creator: Johnson, Judith A & Morgan, Paulette C
Description: This report discusses the Ryan White Comprehensive AIDS Resources Emergency (CARE) Act, which makes federal funds available to metropolitan areas and states to assist in health care costs and support services for individuals and families affected by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). This report discusses related legislation and appropriations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Force Air Refueling: The KC-X Aircraft Acquisition Program

Air Force Air Refueling: The KC-X Aircraft Acquisition Program

Date: June 23, 2008
Creator: Knight, William; Bolkcom, Christopher & Else, Daniel H.
Description: The report discusses the KC-X program which is expected to acquire 179 new, commercial, off-the-shelf airliners modified to accomplish air refueling.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department