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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Marine Corps Amphibious Combat Vehicle (ACV) and Marine Personnel Carrier (MPC): Background and Issues for Congress

Marine Corps Amphibious Combat Vehicle (ACV) and Marine Personnel Carrier (MPC): Background and Issues for Congress

Date: February 26, 2016
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Description: This report discusses issues surrounding the funding for development of Marine Corps Amphibious Combat Vehicle (ACV) and Marine Personnel Carrier (MPC). The Marines are required by law to have the necessary equipment to conduct amphibious operations and land operations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Examination of Federal Disaster Relief Under the Budget Control Act

An Examination of Federal Disaster Relief Under the Budget Control Act

Date: February 24, 2016
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R.; Painter, William L. & McCarthy, Francis X.
Description: The first section of this report addresses the pre-BCA (Budget Control Act) funding mechanism for major disaster declarations, including the role of the President's Disaster Relief Fund (DRF). Next, this report provides a basic overview of how that funding mechanism has evolved under the BCA, and how Hurricane Sandy was addressed under that mechanism. Finally, the report explores a number of other issues pertinent to disaster relief funding in the BCA-regulated environment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Budget Reconciliation Process: Timing of Legislative Action

The Budget Reconciliation Process: Timing of Legislative Action

Date: February 23, 2016
Creator: Lynch, Megan S.
Description: This report discusses the budget reconciliation process that has been one of the chief tools used by Congress during the period covering from 1980 to the present to implement major changes in budget policy. Following a brief overview of the budget reconciliation process, this report provides information on the timing of House and Senate action on reconciliation measures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FY2017 State, Foreign Operations and Related Programs Budget Request: In Brief

FY2017 State, Foreign Operations and Related Programs Budget Request: In Brief

Date: February 19, 2016
Creator: Epstein, Susan B.; Lawson, Marian L. & Tiersky, Alex
Description: This report provides an overview and highlights of budget requests for the State Department, Foreign Operations, and Related Appropriations (SFOPS). It includes information from the previous fiscal years with an account-by-account comparison of the FY2017 request to the FY2016 estimates and FY2015 actuals in Appendix A.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Deficits and Debt: Economic Effects and Other Issues

Deficits and Debt: Economic Effects and Other Issues

Date: February 17, 2016
Creator: Driessen, Grant A.
Description: This report explores distinctions in the concept and composition of deficits and debt, explains how these two measures interact, and discusses their possible effects on the economy. The combination of persistent budget deficits and a large and increasing federal debt has generated discussions over the long-term sustainability of current budget projections. Federal debt totaled $18.922 trillion at the end of calendar year 2015, and as a percentage of GDP is at its highest value since the end of World War II; $13.673 trillion of that debt was held by the public.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FY2017 Defense Budget Request: In Brief

FY2017 Defense Budget Request: In Brief

Date: February 12, 2016
Creator: Williams, Lynn M. & Towell, Pat
Description: This report discusses the Obama Administration's FY2017 budget request, which includes $619.5 billion for national defense of which $590.6 billion is for the Department of Defense (DOD). It includes an overview of the defense budget structure including defense and budget caps, the base budget request, funding over overseas contingency operations, and other selected budget issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Virginia (SSN-774) Class Attack Submarine Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Virginia (SSN-774) Class Attack Submarine Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: February 12, 2016
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on the Virginia-class nuclear-powered attack submarine (SSN) program. The Navy's proposed FY2017 budget requests $4,955.2 million in procurement and advance procurement (AP) funding for the program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ocean Energy Agency Appropriations, FY2016

Ocean Energy Agency Appropriations, FY2016

Date: February 5, 2016
Creator: Comay, Laura B. & Humphries, Marc
Description: This report discusses FY2016 appropriations for the Department of the Interior's (DOI's) Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM), Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement (BSEE), and Office of Natural Resources Revenue (ONRR)--the three agencies that collectively administer federal ocean energy resources covering more than 1.7 billion acres on the U.S. outer continental shelf (OCS).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Justice and Mental Health Collaboration Program: Fact Sheet

Justice and Mental Health Collaboration Program: Fact Sheet

Date: February 2, 2016
Creator: James, Nathan
Description: This report discusses the federal government funding for mental illness and surrounding issues, such as mental health courts and mental health collaboration programs. People with mental illness comprise a significant proportion of the population involved with the criminal justice system. The Bureau of Justice Statistics reports that at midyear 2005, over half of state prison and local jail inmates had a mental health problem. Mental health courts were developed to respond to the large number of people in the criminal justice systems with mental illness.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Branch: FY2016 Appropriations

Legislative Branch: FY2016 Appropriations

Date: February 1, 2016
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report provides an overview of the consideration of FY2016 legislative branch appropriations, with subsections covering each action. It also addresses the FY2016 budget requests, hearings, and requested administrative language or other major funding issues for individual legislative branch agencies and entities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congress and the Budget: 2016 Actions and Events

Congress and the Budget: 2016 Actions and Events

Date: January 29, 2016
Creator: Driessen, Grant A. & Lynch, Megan S.
Description: The Constitution grants Congress the power of the purse, but does not dictate how Congress must fulfill this constitutional duty. Congress has, therefore, developed certain types of budgetary legislation, along with rules and practices that govern its content and consideration. This set of budgetary legislation, rules, and practices is often referred to as the congressional budget process. This report seeks to assist in anticipating what budget-related actions might occur within the upcoming year, and staying abreast of budget actions that occur this year. It provides a general description of the recurrent types of budgetary actions, and reflects on current events that unfold in each category during 2016.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Comparing DHS Appropriations by Component, FY2016: Fact Sheet

Comparing DHS Appropriations by Component, FY2016: Fact Sheet

Date: January 20, 2016
Creator: Painter, William L.
Description: This report provides a table and figure that compare homeland security appropriations enacted in FY2015 to those requested for FY2016. Generally, the homeland security appropriations bill includes all annual appropriations for the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), providing resources to every departmental component.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trends in the Timing and Size of DHS Appropriations: In Brief

Trends in the Timing and Size of DHS Appropriations: In Brief

Date: January 20, 2016
Creator: Painter, William L.
Description: This report examines trends in the timing and size of homeland security appropriations measures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Budget Reconciliation Process: Timing of Committee Responses to Reconciliation Directives

Budget Reconciliation Process: Timing of Committee Responses to Reconciliation Directives

Date: January 19, 2016
Creator: Lynch, Megan S.
Description: This report examines the timing of certain stages of the budget reconciliation process and the extent to which the submission due date included in a reconciliation instruction is a predictor for the timing of committee response. Specifically, it provides information on the dates by which committees have been directed to respond to reconciliation directives and the timing of House and Senate committees in responding to such directives in the past 14 Congresses (101st-114th Congresses).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congress and the Budget: 2016 Actions and Events

Congress and the Budget: 2016 Actions and Events

Date: January 19, 2016
Creator: Driessen, Grant A. & Lynch, Megan S.
Description: This report seeks to assist in (1) anticipating what federal budget-related actions might occur within the year 2016, and (2) staying abreast of budget actions that occur this year. It provides a general description of the recurrent types of budgetary actions, and reflects on current events that unfold in each category during 2016. In addition, it includes information on certain events that may affect Congress's work on the budget, such as the President's budget request and the Congressional Budget Office's budget and economic outlook.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Omnibus Appropriations Acts: Overview of Recent Practices

Omnibus Appropriations Acts: Overview of Recent Practices

Date: January 14, 2016
Creator: Saturno, James V. & Tollestrup, Jessica
Description: This report provides pertinent background information, reviews the recent enactment of omnibus appropriation measures, and briefly addresses several issues raised by their use.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2016: Effects on Budgetary Trends

The Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2016: Effects on Budgetary Trends

Date: January 11, 2016
Creator: Driessen, Grant A.
Description: This report discusses recent changes to the federal budget outlook and the effects of these amendments on recent budgetary trends using the CBO and JCT cost estimates for the legislation, the CBO budget forecast released in August 2015, and OMB historical data.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: January 8, 2016
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report presents background information and issues for Congress concerning the Navy's ship force-structure goals and shipbuilding plans. The planned size of the Navy, the rate of Navy ship procurement, and the prospective affordability of the Navy's shipbuilding plans have been matters of concern for the congressional defense committees for the past several years.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy John Lewis (TAO-205) Class Oiler Shipbuilding Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy John Lewis (TAO-205) Class Oiler Shipbuilding Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: January 8, 2016
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on the John Lewis (TAO-205) class oiler shipbuilding program, previously known as the TAO(X) program, a program to build a new class of 17 fleet oilers for the Navy. The Navy wants to procure the first TAO-205 in FY2016. The Navy's proposed FY2016 budget requested $674.2 million to fully fund the procurement of the first TAO-205.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy LX(R) Amphibious Ship Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy LX(R) Amphibious Ship Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: January 8, 2016
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress regarding the LX(R) ships meant to replase the Whidbey Island/Harpers Ferry (LSD-41/49) class amphibious ships. In particular, issues focus on funding for the research and development of the ships and their procurement.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Health Centers: An Overview

Federal Health Centers: An Overview

Date: January 6, 2016
Creator: Heisler, Elayne J.
Description: This report provides an overview of the federal Health Center Program, including its statutory authority, program requirements, and appropriation levels. It then describes health centers in general, including where they are located, their patient population, and outcomes associated with health center use. The report also describes federal programs available to assist health center operations, including the federally qualified health center (FQHC) designation for Medicare and Medicaid payments. The report concludes with two appendices that describe FQHC payments for Medicare and Medicaid beneficiaries served at health centers and programs that are similar to health centers but not authorized in Section 330 of the Public Health Service Act.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS)/Frigate Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS)/Frigate Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: January 5, 2016
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on the Navy's Littoral Combat Ship (LCS)/Frigate program, a program to procure a large number of LCSs and modified LCSs (frigates). The Navy's execution of the program has been a matter of congressional oversight attention for several years.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Budget Control Act of 2011 as Amended: Budgetary Effects

The Budget Control Act of 2011 as Amended: Budgetary Effects

Date: December 29, 2015
Creator: Driessen, Grant A. & Labonte, Marc
Description: This report discusses the effects of the Budget Control Act of 2011 (BCA; P.L. 112-25) on spending and the deficit, assuming that the automatic spending reductions proceed as scheduled from FY2016 to FY2021 and the discretionary spending caps remain in place.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program: Overview and Impact of the Affordable Care Act

The Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program: Overview and Impact of the Affordable Care Act

Date: December 21, 2015
Creator: Johnson, Judith A. & Heisler, Elayne J.
Description: This report discusses the impact of the Affordable Care Act on the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program, which makes federal funds available to metropolitan areas and states to that provide a number of health care services for HIV/AIDS patients.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department