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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Balanced Budget Proposal: Some Macroeconomic Implications

The Balanced Budget Proposal: Some Macroeconomic Implications

Date: July 29, 1985
Creator: Henderson, John B
Description: This brief report outlines some possible macroeconomic implications of observing a statutory or constitutional commitment to balance the Federal budget. It does not address the legal questions about the proposal or their implementation, nor the economic and political questions related to decisions about the level of Federal revenues or expenditures. On the latter, its analysis refers to revenue and expenditure levels, in relation to total national product, typical of recent years.
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Explanation of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 -- Public Law 99-177 (The Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Act)

Explanation of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 -- Public Law 99-177 (The Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Act)

Date: February 1, 1986
Creator: Schick, Allen
Description: The report explains briefly the major features of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 (Public Law 99-177), commonly referred to as the Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Act. Following a short overview of the deficit reduction process, the report outlines the deficit control timetable for each of fiscal years 1987-1991, and the accelerated timetable for fiscal year 1986, describes the procedures for eliminating excess deficits, discusses how to compute the required spending reductions, and summarizes the sequestration of funds for fiscal year 1986. The report also identifies the programs exempted from emergency deficit reduction procedures and those that have special rules for making reductions.
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Telephone Industry Residential Subscriber Line Charges and the Lifeline Option

Telephone Industry Residential Subscriber Line Charges and the Lifeline Option

Date: March 16, 1987
Creator: Gilroy, Angele A
Description: None
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Manual on the Federal Budget Process

Manual on the Federal Budget Process

Date: March 31, 1987
Creator: Schick, Allen; Keith, Robert & Davis, Edward
Description: The purpose of this manual is to assist users of Federal budget information in understanding how the process works and how data are to be interpreted.
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Manual on the Federal Budget Process

Manual on the Federal Budget Process

Date: March 31, 1987
Creator: Schick, Allen; Keith, Robert & Davis, Edward
Description: The purpose of this manual is to assist users of Federal budget information in understanding how the process works and how data are to be interpreted.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Drug Control: President's Budget Request for Fiscal Year 1988

Federal Drug Control: President's Budget Request for Fiscal Year 1988

Date: June 1, 1987
Creator: Hogan, Harry L & Walke, Roger
Description: This report discusses the President's FY1988 budget, focusing on the $3 billion set aside for Federal programs to control or prevent the use of narcotics and other dangerous drugs. The report includes various key documents illustrating the positions taken by Congressional critics of the request as well as the Administration's defenses. Finally, for a longer term perspective, there are graphs and a table showing drug budget trends since FY 1981.
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Federal Drug Control: President's Budget Request for Fiscal Year 1988

Federal Drug Control: President's Budget Request for Fiscal Year 1988

Date: June 1, 1987
Creator: Hogan, Harry L & Walke, Roger
Description: This report discusses the President's FY1988 budget, focusing on the $3 billion set aside for Federal programs to control or prevent the use of narcotics and other dangerous drugs. The report includes various key documents illustrating the positions taken by Congressional critics of the request as well as the Administration's defenses. Finally, for a longer term perspective, there are graphs and a table showing drug budget trends since FY 1981.
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Gramm-Rudman-Hollings: Potential Economic Effects of Meeting Deficit Targets

Gramm-Rudman-Hollings: Potential Economic Effects of Meeting Deficit Targets

Date: September 16, 1987
Creator: Cashell, Brian W
Description: This report discusses the reduction of federal budget deficit and the effect on the rise of interest rates.
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Social Security: How is it Treated in Determining the Federal Budget?

Social Security: How is it Treated in Determining the Federal Budget?

Date: December 11, 1987
Creator: Koitz, David
Description: None
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Federal Funding for AIDS Research and Education

Federal Funding for AIDS Research and Education

Date: January 12, 1988
Creator: Smith, Pamela W & Swerdloff, Jill T
Description: None
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Family Planning: Title X of the Public Health Service Act

Family Planning: Title X of the Public Health Service Act

Date: March 24, 1988
Creator: Cislowski, Joseph A
Description: This report discusses Title X of the Public Health Service Act provides support for family planning clinics, research related to family planning and population, training of family planning personnel, and development and dissemination of family planning information.
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Federal Funding for AIDS Research and Education

Federal Funding for AIDS Research and Education

Date: April 1, 1988
Creator: Smith, Pamela W & Swerdloff, Jill T
Description: None
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Education: Federal Concerns

Education: Federal Concerns

Date: April 12, 1988
Creator: Evans, Angela
Description: This issue brief analyzes six areas in which Federal policies to address the educational system's current needs are being fashioned (1) services for disadvantaged youth, (2) the financing of post-secondary education, ( 3 ) the level of Federal appropriations for education, ( 4 ) responses to adult illiteracy, (5) international economic competitiveness, and (6) the role of vocational education.
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Education Funding Issues for FY89

Education Funding Issues for FY89

Date: April 15, 1988
Creator: Evans, Angela
Description: Congress considers annually the funding level for all programs administered by U.S. Department of Education (ED). The debate in this process has focused on how much the Federal Government should spend on education , and what, if any, program changes might be necessary to achieve these levels.
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Education Proposals in Trade Competitiveness Legislation

Education Proposals in Trade Competitiveness Legislation

Date: May 4, 1988
Creator: Irwin, Paul M & Riddle, Wayne C
Description: Improvement on America's competitive position in international trade is one of the major issues confronting the 100th Congress. Most legislative proposals have included provisions for increasing the funding levels for Federal education programs, expanding current programs, or authorizing new programs. The primary goal is to improve the productivity of the Nation's workers by raising the skill level of the workforce. Discussions about education's role i n addressing the competitiveness issue have included the contribution of education to productivity growth, comparisons of the educational achievement of American school children with that of their peers in other nations , the educational needs of illiterate adults , and the role of technology in education.
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Federal Elementary and Secondary Education Programs: Reauthorization Issues

Federal Elementary and Secondary Education Programs: Reauthorization Issues

Date: May 13, 1988
Creator: Riddle, Wayne C
Description: This report discusses the reauthorization of most Federal elementary and secondary education programs, which the 100th Congress is currently considering, as well as the creation of several new programs. Issues have included: (1) Federal versus ~tate/local priorities in the use of funds; (2) use of formula grants or competitive grants to allocate funds; (3) services for eligible nonpublic school children; (4) relationship between Federal programs and State-level school reform activities; and (5) information about programs and participants for the Congress.
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Fish and Wildlife Service: Compensation to Local Governments

Fish and Wildlife Service: Compensation to Local Governments

Date: March 6, 1990
Creator: M. Lynne Corn
Description: The Refuge Revenue Sharing Fund (RRSF) was enacted in response to the concern of local governments regarding losses to their tax base due to the presence of federally owned land under the jurisdiction of the Fish and Wildlife Service. This report outlines recent history of RRSF payment levels. It examines the RRSF and describes how the fund differs in its treatment of reserved and acquired lands under the jurisdiction of FWS. The report also examines the Payment in Lieu of Taxes (PILT) program in detail.
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Medicaid: Recent Trends in Beneficiaries and Spending

Medicaid: Recent Trends in Beneficiaries and Spending

Date: March 27, 1992
Creator: King, Kathleen; Rimkunas, Richard & Nuschler, Dawn
Description: This report discusses medicaid and recent trend is beneficiaries and spending.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Excise Tax Financing of Federal Trust Funds

Excise Tax Financing of Federal Trust Funds

Date: January 5, 1993
Creator: Noto, Nonna A & Talley, Louis Alan
Description: Dedicated excise taxes finance only a small number of the many activities undertaken by the Federal Government. The fourteen trust funds and special funds currently financed by excise taxes can be grouped under four programmatic purposes: nature conservation and recreation, transportation, environmental cleanup, and health damage compensation. In close parallel, the products currently subject to taxation on behalf of trust and special funds can be classified under the categories of hunting and fishing equipment; cargo transport and air passenger transportation; motor fuels; and materials potentially hazardous to the environment or human health.
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Redefining the Federal Role in Elementary and Secondary Education: The Goals 2000 Proposal and Reauthorization of the ESEA

Redefining the Federal Role in Elementary and Secondary Education: The Goals 2000 Proposal and Reauthorization of the ESEA

Date: May 7, 1993
Creator: The Education Section
Description: None
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Health Care Fact Sheet: International Health Spending

Health Care Fact Sheet: International Health Spending

Date: November 15, 1993
Creator: Rimkunas, Richard
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Selected Interior and Related Agencies Budget Requests for I T 1995

Selected Interior and Related Agencies Budget Requests for I T 1995

Date: April 7, 1994
Creator: Greenwood, Alfred R.
Description: This report reviews the FY 1995 budget request of the Department of the Interior with brief analyses of the budget requests of selected agencies within the department that principally are involved in natural resources programs or activities. This report also provides an overview of the mission of the Department of the Interior, its organization, and its major budget initiatives for FY 1995 .
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Defense Burdensharing: Is Japan's Host Nation Support a Model for Other Allies?

Defense Burdensharing: Is Japan's Host Nation Support a Model for Other Allies?

Date: June 20, 1994
Creator: Daggett, Stephen
Description: This report reviews data that the Administration has provided to Congress on the costs of U.S. forces based abroad and on the value of host nation support contributions. It analyzes the data in order to assess potential defense budget savings from measures now under congressional consideration. The report concludes that, because of shortcomings in the data, estimates of savings in the U.S. defense budget from increased host nation contributions are often overstated. Some commonly accepted assertions frequently cited in the congressional burdensharing debate, therefore, are of doubtful validity.
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Defense Burdensharing: Is Japan's Host Nation Support a Model for Other Allies?

Defense Burdensharing: Is Japan's Host Nation Support a Model for Other Allies?

Date: June 20, 1994
Creator: Daggett, Stephen
Description: Under an agreement announced in January 1991, the Government of Japan committed itself to increase substantially the amount of support that it provides for U.S. military forces based there. Among other things, Japan agreed by 1995 to absorb 100 percent of the cost of Japanese nationals employed at U.S. military facilities and to pay for all utilities supplied to U.S. bases, to increase the amount of military and family housing construction that it is providing to support U.S. forces, to continue to provide facilities at no charge to the United States and to waive taxes and fees that might otherwise apply to U.S. activities.
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