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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Information Technology and Elementary and Secondary Education: Current Status and Federal Support

Information Technology and Elementary and Secondary Education: Current Status and Federal Support

Date: June 9, 2000
Creator: Osorio-O'Dea, Patricia
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal R&D, Drug Discovery, and Pricing: Insights from the NIH-University-Industry Relationship

Federal R&D, Drug Discovery, and Pricing: Insights from the NIH-University-Industry Relationship

Date: June 19, 2000
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H
Description: Interest in methods to provide drugs at lower cost, particularly for the elderly, has rekindled discussion over the role the federal government plays in facilitating the creation of new pharmaceuticals for the marketplace. This report explores the issue of whether or not the substantial federal investment in health-related research and development (R&D) entitles the public to commensurate consideration in prices charged for any resulting drugs. It is intended to provide the reader with an understanding of the rationale for government support of R&D and subsequent efforts to facilitate private sector commercialization of new technologies generated from such work. Concerns surrounding innovation in pharmaceuticals and biotechnology are discussed within the broader context of the federal role in facilitating technological progress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Supplemental Appropriations for FY2000: Plan Columbia, Kosovo, Foreign Debt Relief, Home Energy Assistance, and Other Initiatives

Supplemental Appropriations for FY2000: Plan Columbia, Kosovo, Foreign Debt Relief, Home Energy Assistance, and Other Initiatives

Date: July 5, 2000
Creator: Nowels, Larry; Daggett, Stephen; Tarnoff, Curt; Serafino, Nina M & Gish, Melinda
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
What if the National Debt Were Eliminated? Some Economic Consequences

What if the National Debt Were Eliminated? Some Economic Consequences

Date: July 14, 2000
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
What If the National Debt Were Eliminated? Some Economic Consequences

What If the National Debt Were Eliminated? Some Economic Consequences

Date: July 14, 2000
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report examines various aspects of the national debt and explains what would happen if the debt were eliminated. The national debt currently held by the public stands at $3.4 trillion, or about 35% of gross domestic product (GDP).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appropriations for FY2001: Military Construction

Appropriations for FY2001: Military Construction

Date: July 18, 2000
Creator: Tyszkiewicz, Mary T
Description: Appropriations are one part of a complex federal budget process that includes budget resolutions, appropriations (regular, supplemental, and continuing) bills, rescissions, and budget reconciliation bills. This report is a guide to one of the 13 regular appropriations bills that Congress passes each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Military Construction Appropriations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security and the Federal Budget: What Does Social Security's Being "Off Budget" Mean?

Social Security and the Federal Budget: What Does Social Security's Being "Off Budget" Mean?

Date: July 20, 2000
Creator: Koitz, David Stuart
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security and the Federal Budget: What Does Social Security's Being "Off Budget" Mean?

Social Security and the Federal Budget: What Does Social Security's Being "Off Budget" Mean?

Date: July 20, 2000
Creator: Koitz, David S.
Description: This report discusses social security and its place in the federal budget. As a result of a series of laws enacted in 1983, 1985 and 1990, Social Security is considered to be "off budget" for federal budget purposes. While the meaning of this might seem obvious--that Social Security is not to be considered as part of the federal budget--many people are confused by the continued use of aggregate budget figures that include Social Security's receipts and expenditures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Paying Down the Federal Debt: A Discussion of Methods

Paying Down the Federal Debt: A Discussion of Methods

Date: August 10, 2000
Creator: Bickley, James M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appropriations for FY2001: Defense

Appropriations for FY2001: Defense

Date: August 11, 2000
Creator: Daggett, Stephen
Description: Appropriations are one part of a complex federal budget process that includes budget resolutions, appropriations (regular, supplemental, and continuing) bills, rescissions, and budget reconciliation bills. This report is a guide to one of the 13 regular appropriations bills that Congress passes each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Defense Appropriations Subcommittees.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appropriations for FY2001: Department of Transportation and Related Agencies

Appropriations for FY2001: Department of Transportation and Related Agencies

Date: August 11, 2000
Creator: Kirk, Robert S
Description: Appropriations are one part of a complex federal budget process that includes budget resolutions, appropriations (regular, supplemental, and continuing) bills, rescissions, and budget reconciliation bills. This report is a guide to one of the 13 regular appropriations bills that Congress passes each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the Subcommittees on Transportation of the House and Senate Committees on Appropriations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appropriations for FY2001: Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education

Appropriations for FY2001: Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education

Date: August 17, 2000
Creator: Irwin, Paul M
Description: Appropriations are one part of a complex federal budget process that includes budget resolutions, appropriations (regular, supplemental, and continuing) bills, rescissions, and budget reconciliation bills. This report is a guide to one of the 13 regular appropriations bills that Congress passes each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Retirement of the National Debt: Will It Increase the Economic Size of the Federal Government?

The Retirement of the National Debt: Will It Increase the Economic Size of the Federal Government?

Date: August 17, 2000
Creator: Labonte, Marc & Makinen, Gail
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense Cleanup and Environmental Programs: Authorization and Appropriations for FY2001

Defense Cleanup and Environmental Programs: Authorization and Appropriations for FY2001

Date: August 21, 2000
Creator: Bearden, David M
Description: The Department of Defense operates six environmental programs: cleanup of past contamination at military facilities, acceleration of cleanup at military bases designated for closure, compliance with environmental laws and regulations that apply to ongoing military operations, pollution prevention, natural resource conservation, and environmental technology. In addition to these activities, the Department of Energy is responsible for managing defense nuclear waste and remediating contaminated sites. This report discusses the federal laws that established these programs, describes their scope and purpose, provides a history of appropriations, indicates the President’s budget request for FY2001, examines authorization and appropriations legislation for FY2001, and discusses other relevant legislation considered in the 106th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Long-Term Care: The President's FY2001 Budget Proposals and Related Legislation

Long-Term Care: The President's FY2001 Budget Proposals and Related Legislation

Date: August 21, 2000
Creator: O'Shaughnessy, Carol; Lyke, Bob & Merck, Carolyn L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appropriations for FY2001: U.S. Department of Agriculture and Related Agencies

Appropriations for FY2001: U.S. Department of Agriculture and Related Agencies

Date: August 31, 2000
Creator: Chite, Ralph M
Description: Appropriations are one part of a complex federal budget process that includes budget resolutions, appropriations (regular, supplemental, and continuing) bills, rescissions, and budget reconciliation bills. This report is a guide to one of the 13 regular appropriations bills that Congress passes each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Agriculture Appropriations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appropriations for FY2001: Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs

Appropriations for FY2001: Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs

Date: September 2, 2000
Creator: Nowels, Larry
Description: Appropriations are one part of a complex federal budget process that includes budget resolutions, appropriations (regular, supplemental, and continuing) bills, rescissions, and budget reconciliation bills. This report is a guide to one of the 13 regular appropriations bills that Congress passes each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Foreign Operations Appropriations Subcommittees.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Grants to State and Local Governments: Overview and Characteristics

Federal Grants to State and Local Governments: Overview and Characteristics

Date: September 7, 2000
Creator: Canada, Ben
Description: Each fiscal year, Congress appropriates funds for grants to state and local governments to further national goals and assist sub-national governments. Examples of goals include attaining minimum national standards and improving program effectiveness. The federal government provides grants for numerous substantive purposes, such as crime prevention, community development, and transportation. In 1999, grants-in-aid to state and local governments totaled $270 billion. Grants can be classified by the substantive purposes they address. This report, however, reviews the fundamental characteristics according to which they can also be classified. Examples of grant characteristics include range of eligible activities, objectives, award process, and administrative requirements.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appropriations for FY2001: Legislative Branch

Appropriations for FY2001: Legislative Branch

Date: September 11, 2000
Creator: Dwyer, Paul E
Description: Appropriations are one part of a complex federal budget process that includes budget resolutions, appropriations (regular, supplemental, and continuing) bills, rescissions, and budget reconciliation bills. This report is a guide to one of the 13 regular appropriations bills that Congress passes each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Legislative Branch Appropriations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Head Start: Background and Funding

Head Start: Background and Funding

Date: September 11, 2000
Creator: Butler, Alice & Gish, Melinda
Description: This report examines the history of federal funding for Head Start, which has provided comprehensive early childhood development services to low-income children since 1965.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration's FY2000 Budget and FY2000-FY2002 Authorization: Description and Analysis

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration's FY2000 Budget and FY2000-FY2002 Authorization: Description and Analysis

Date: September 12, 2000
Creator: Rowberg, Richard E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appropriations for FY2001: District of Columbia

Appropriations for FY2001: District of Columbia

Date: September 14, 2000
Creator: Boyd, Eugene
Description: Appropriations are one part of a complex federal budget process that includes budget resolutions, appropriations (regular, supplemental, and continuing) bills, rescissions, and budget reconciliation bills. This report is a guide to one of the 13 regular appropriations bills that Congress passes each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on the District of Columbia Appropriations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Marketing Assistance Loans and Loan Deficiency Payments

Agricultural Marketing Assistance Loans and Loan Deficiency Payments

Date: September 15, 2000
Creator: Womach, Jasper
Description: Marketing assistance loans for the major crops were designed to facilitate orderly marketing by providing short-term financing so that farmers could pay their bills right after harvest and spread their sales over the entire marketing year. However, the persistence of very low commodity prices transformed the loan program into a major vehicle of farm income support. Marketing loan program benefits (primarily loan deficiency payments, LDPs) to farmers amounted to about $5.9 billion in 1999, and will exceed $6.5 billion in 2000. Such levels of use and high costs have revealed several administrative problems and given rise to several policy issues. Some policy makers have favored broadening the scope and enhancing the benefits of the program to achieve greater farm income support. Anticipated adverse market impacts have discouraged adoption of these proposals to date. A persistent policy issue is the payment limitation on marketing loan gains.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appropriations for FY2001: Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies

Appropriations for FY2001: Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies

Date: September 15, 2000
Creator: Knight, Edward
Description: Appropriations are one part of a complex federal budget process that includes budget resolutions, appropriations (regular, supplemental, and continuing) bills, rescissions, and budget reconciliation bills. This report is a guide to one of the 13 regular appropriations bills that Congress passes each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on the Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary and Related Agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department