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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Results 1871 - 1894 of 2,896
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An Overview of the Administration's Strengthening America's Communities Initiative

An Overview of the Administration's Strengthening America's Communities Initiative

Date: March 24, 2005
Creator: Boyd, Eugene; Mulock, Bruce K; Smale, Pauline; Cowan, Tadlock; Laney, Garrine P & Foote, Bruce E
Description: This report discusses administration’s proposed base program called strengthening America’s communities initiative intended to award funds in support of job creation and economic development.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Recent Developments in Reconstruction Assistance

Iraq: Recent Developments in Reconstruction Assistance

Date: March 23, 2005
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: Large-scale reconstruction assistance programs are being undertaken by the United States following the war with Iraq. To fund such programs, Congress approved on April 12, 2003, a $2.48 billion Iraq Relief and Reconstruction Fund (IRRF) in the FY2003 Supplemental Appropriation. On November 6, 2003, the President signed into law P.L. 108-106, the FY2004 Emergency Supplemental Appropriation, providing $18.4 billion for Iraq reconstruction. Contributions pledged at the October 24, 2003, Madrid donor conference by other donors amounted to roughly $3.6 billion in grant aid and as much as $13.3 billion in possible loans. This report describes recent developments in this assistance effort.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Jordan: U.S. Relations and Bilateral Issues

Jordan: U.S. Relations and Bilateral Issues

Date: March 22, 2005
Creator: Prados, Alfred B
Description: This report discusses issues in U.S.-Jordanian relations. These issues include the stability of the Jordanian regime, democratic reform under way in Jordan, the role of Jordan in the Arab-Israeli peace process, Jordan’s concerns over the U.S.-led campaign against Iraq in 2003, and its relations with other regional states.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Selected Federal Crime Control Assistance to State and Local Governments

Selected Federal Crime Control Assistance to State and Local Governments

Date: March 22, 2005
Creator: Hill, Cindy
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Title X Family Planning Program

The Title X Family Planning Program

Date: March 22, 2005
Creator: Coleman, Sharon K.
Description: This report discusses Title X of the Public Health Service Act. The program, enacted in 1970, is the only federal program devoted solely to family planning and related preventive health services. Although the authorization for Title X ended with FY1985, funding for the program has been provided through bills that provide appropriations for the Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, and Related Agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Performance Management and Budgeting in the Federal Government: Brief History and Recent Developments

Performance Management and Budgeting in the Federal Government: Brief History and Recent Developments

Date: March 16, 2005
Creator: McMurtry, Virginia A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Farm Commodity Policy: Programs and Issues for Congress

Farm Commodity Policy: Programs and Issues for Congress

Date: March 15, 2005
Creator: Monke, Jim
Description: This report discusses farm commodity programs, which represent the heart of U.S. farm policy. The 2002 farm bill (P.L. 107-171) establishes farm income support and commodity price support programs for the 2002-2007 crop years. The 109th Congress is facing several issues regarding farm commodity programs, including budget reconciliation that could reopen the farm bill, payment limits (S. 385), dairy program extension (H.R. 1260, S. 273, S. 307), international trade, and planting flexibility (S. 194).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federally Supported Water Supply and Wastewater Treatment Programs

Federally Supported Water Supply and Wastewater Treatment Programs

Date: March 14, 2005
Creator: Resources, Science, and Industry Division
Description: This report provides background information on the types of water supply and wastewater treatment projects traditionally funded by the federal government and the several existing programs to assist communities with water supply and wastewater recycling and treatment. These projects and programs are found primarily within the Department of Agriculture (USDA), Department of Commerce, Department of Defense (DOD), Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), Department of the Interior (DOI), and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense Program Issue: Global Information Grid, Bandwidth Expansion (GIG-BE)

Defense Program Issue: Global Information Grid, Bandwidth Expansion (GIG-BE)

Date: March 11, 2005
Creator: Wilson, Clay
Description: This report discusses the Global Information Grid (GIG), which is the enabling infrastructure for Network Centric Warfare (NCW), a concept that relies on communications technology to link together U.S. military personnel, ground vehicles, aircraft, and naval vessels through integrated wide and local area networks to provide improved battle space awareness for joint military forces
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Postal Revenue Forgone Appropriation: Overview and Current Issues

The Postal Revenue Forgone Appropriation: Overview and Current Issues

Date: March 11, 2005
Creator: Stevens, Nye
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appropriations Subcommittee Structure: History of Changes from 1920-2005

Appropriations Subcommittee Structure: History of Changes from 1920-2005

Date: March 9, 2005
Creator: Saturno, James V
Description: This report details the evolution of the House and Senate Appropriations Committees’ subcommittee structure from the 1920s to the present.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Arts and Humanities: Background on Funding

Arts and Humanities: Background on Funding

Date: March 8, 2005
Creator: Boren, Susan
Description: This report includes a brief description regarding funding for the arts and humanities as a perennial issue in Congress. Although arts funding represents less than 1% of the Bush Administration’s FY2006 total estimated budget authority, Congress continues to address the concern of whether federal funding is crucial to sustain arts institutions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2006

Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2006

Date: March 8, 2005
Creator: Davey, Michael E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Analysis of the Administration's Deficit Reduction Goal

An Analysis of the Administration's Deficit Reduction Goal

Date: March 2, 2005
Creator: Esenwein, Gregg A & Labonte, Marc
Description: This report briefly discusses the Bush Administration's proposal to reduce the deficit between FY2004 and FY2009. It discusses the provisions of the FY2006 budget proposal in respect to the Administration's deficit reduction goal. CRS has constructed a modified baseline budget which, arguably, provides a “best guess” of the path of future deficits if current policy is extended. Under this alternative, the deficit is projected to rise to $425 billion in FY2009.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Budget Deficit: A Discussion of Recent Trends

The Federal Budget Deficit: A Discussion of Recent Trends

Date: March 2, 2005
Creator: Esenwein, Gregg A; Labonte, Marc & Winters, Philip D
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The FY2006 Budget Request for the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)

The FY2006 Budget Request for the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)

Date: March 2, 2005
Creator: Monke, Jim
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Baseline Budget Projections: A Discussion of Issues

Baseline Budget Projections: A Discussion of Issues

Date: March 1, 2005
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: Between January 2001 and January 2005, the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) reduced its 10-year baseline projection for the period 2002-2011 from a peak surplus of $5.6 trillion to a deficit of $2.6 trillion for three reasons. First, about one third of the reduction is due to technical revisions CBO made to its projections (e.g., to account for the smaller than predicted growth in tax revenues). Second, the recession both reduced revenues and raised outlays automatically. This factor accounts for less than one-tenth of the 10-year decline, and is only significant in 2002 and 2003. Finally, about 60% of the reduction was due to policy changes, the largest of which was tax cuts, and the second largest of which was increased military outlays. Even without a recession or technical revisions, policy changes alone would have pushed the budget into deficit from 2003 to 2005.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Government Debt: Its Size and Economic Significance

The Federal Government Debt: Its Size and Economic Significance

Date: March 1, 2005
Creator: Cashell, Brian W
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FY2006 Appropriations for State and Local Homeland Security

FY2006 Appropriations for State and Local Homeland Security

Date: March 1, 2005
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
TANF Reauthorization: Side-by-Side Comparison of Current Law and Two Versions of H.R. 4 (108th Congress)

TANF Reauthorization: Side-by-Side Comparison of Current Law and Two Versions of H.R. 4 (108th Congress)

Date: March 1, 2005
Creator: Burke, Vee & Falk, Gene
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Senate Committee Funding Resolutions, 109th Congress, and Funding Authorizations 104th-109th Congresses

Senate Committee Funding Resolutions, 109th Congress, and Funding Authorizations 104th-109th Congresses

Date: February 25, 2005
Creator: Petersen, R. Eric
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Amtrak: Budget and Reauthorizaton

Amtrak: Budget and Reauthorizaton

Date: February 24, 2005
Creator: Peterman, David R. & Harrison, Glennon J.
Description: This issue brief discusses reform proposals from both the Administration and Amtrak in the 109th Congress. It addresses the appropriations requested by Amtrak, the reluctance of the Administration to provide aid, and its willingness to let Amtrak enter bankruptcy, resulting in restructuring and reform of inefficient operations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Magnitude of Changes That Would Be Required to Balance the FY2006 Budget

The Magnitude of Changes That Would Be Required to Balance the FY2006 Budget

Date: February 24, 2005
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Debt-Limit Legislation in the Congressional Budget Process

Debt-Limit Legislation in the Congressional Budget Process

Date: February 22, 2005
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: The gross federal debt consists of the debt held by the public plus the debt held by government accounts. Almost all of the gross federal debt is subject to a public debt limit, as set forth in statute (31 U.S.C. 3101).This report considers legislation needed to change the public debt limit.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department