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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Results 1841 - 1850 of 2,727
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The E-Rate Program: Universal Service Fund Telecommunications Discounts for Schools

The E-Rate Program: Universal Service Fund Telecommunications Discounts for Schools

Date: March 9, 2004
Creator: Jackson, Charmaine
Description: This report provides background information on the E-rate program, focusing specifically on its support of schools. It will be revised to reflect any substantive changes in the program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Robust Nuclear Earth Penetrator Budget Request and Plan, FY2005-FY2009

Robust Nuclear Earth Penetrator Budget Request and Plan, FY2005-FY2009

Date: March 8, 2004
Creator: Medalia, Jonathan
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Biennial Budgeting: Issues and Options

Biennial Budgeting: Issues and Options

Date: March 4, 2004
Creator: Saturno, James V
Description: Biennial budgeting is a concept that may include several variations. It may involve multiyear authorizations, two-year budget resolutions, or two-year appropriations, or some combination of the three. Most proposals incorporate all three factors. This report presents the view of proponent and critics of biennial budgeting.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Land and Water Conservation Fund: Current Status and Issues

Land and Water Conservation Fund: Current Status and Issues

Date: March 1, 2004
Creator: Zinn, Jeffrey A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Budget Reconciliation Process: The Senate's "Byrd" Rule

The Budget Reconciliation Process: The Senate's "Byrd" Rule

Date: February 19, 2004
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: Reconciliation is a procedure under the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 by which Congress implements budget resolution policies affecting mainly permanent spending and revenue programs. The principal focus in the reconciliation process has been deficit reduction, but in recent years reconciliation has encompassed revenue reduction generally and spending increases in selected program areas. The Byrd rule provides six definitions of what constitutes extraneous matter for purposes of the rule (and several exceptions thereto), but the term is generally described as covering provisions unrelated to achieving the goals of the reconciliation instructions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Aviation Security: Issues Before Congress Since September 11, 2001

Aviation Security: Issues Before Congress Since September 11, 2001

Date: February 6, 2004
Creator: Elias, Bartholomew
Description: The events of September 11, 2001 heightened concerns regarding aviation security in the United States. The ensuing debate in Congress focused on the degree of federal involvement needed to improve aviation security and restore public confidence in air travel. The Aviation and Transportation Security Act (ATSA, P.L. 107-71, 115 Stat. 597) established the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) and contained provisions establishing a federal screener workforce and requiring screening of checked baggage using explosive detection systems. In November 2004, airports will be eligible to opt out of the federal security screening program and a provision of P.L. 107-296 preserving TSA in its present form will expire allowing DHS to restructure the TSA if it so chooses, although no such plan has been revealed to date. During the second session of the 108th Congress, oversight of TSA’s plans for implementing the security screening opt-out program will likely be of considerable interest as will any plans to restructure the TSA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Comparisons of U.S. and Foreign Military Spending: Data from Selected Public Sources

Comparisons of U.S. and Foreign Military Spending: Data from Selected Public Sources

Date: January 28, 2004
Creator: Chamberlin, Jeffrey
Description: This report lists and compares military expenditures of the United States and foreign nations using two sources: the London-based International Institute for Strategic Studies’ (IISS) The Military Balance, and the U.S. State Department’s World Military Expenditures and Arms Transfers (WMEAT). Although the IISS and the U.S. State Department aim to provide figures that are as consistent and accurate as possible, cross-national comparisons of defense spending are inherently imperfect. Available sets of figures are useful, but often do not correspond with one another for a variety of reasons. This report provides two sets of figures from widely recognized sources in order to offer Congress a sample of the data published on this topic.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tax Expenditures Compared with Outlays by Budget Function: Fact Sheet

Tax Expenditures Compared with Outlays by Budget Function: Fact Sheet

Date: January 15, 2004
Creator: Noto, Nonna A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Phosphorus Mitigation in the Everglades

Phosphorus Mitigation in the Everglades

Date: January 13, 2004
Creator: Sheikh, Pervaze A. & Johnson, Barbara
Description: This report discusses the FY2004 appropriations provisions that condition federal funding for Everglades restoration on compliance with water quality standards, provides a side-by-side analysis of pending appropriations legislation, and provides background and a timeline of efforts to address Everglades phosphorus pollution (from Summary).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Harbors and Inland Waterways: An Overview of Federal Financing

Harbors and Inland Waterways: An Overview of Federal Financing

Date: January 12, 2004
Creator: Carter, Nicole T & Frittelli, Robert S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department