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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Results 1841 - 1864 of 2,878
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United Nations System Funding: Congressional Issues

United Nations System Funding: Congressional Issues

Date: April 20, 2005
Creator: Bite, Vita
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FY2005 Supplemental Appropriations for Iraq and Afghanistan, Tsunami Relief, and Other Activities

FY2005 Supplemental Appropriations for Iraq and Afghanistan, Tsunami Relief, and Other Activities

Date: April 19, 2005
Creator: Belasco, Amy & Nowels, Larry
Description: This report provides an overview and context of the FY2005 supplemental appropriations for Iraq and Afghanistan, tsunami relief, and other activities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security Department: FY2006 Appropriations

Homeland Security Department: FY2006 Appropriations

Date: April 14, 2005
Creator: Lake, Jennifer E & Nuñez-Neto, Blas
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mentoring Programs Funded by the Federal Government Dedicated to Disadvantaged Youth: Issues and Activities

Mentoring Programs Funded by the Federal Government Dedicated to Disadvantaged Youth: Issues and Activities

Date: April 14, 2005
Creator: Fairman Cooper, Edith
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Budget Reconciliation Process: The Senate's "Byrd" Rule

The Budget Reconciliation Process: The Senate's "Byrd" Rule

Date: April 7, 2005
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: Reconciliation is a procedure under the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 by which Congress implements budget resolution policies affecting mainly permanent spending and revenue programs. The principal focus in the reconciliation process has been deficit reduction, but in recent years reconciliation has encompassed revenue reduction generally and spending increases in selected program areas. The Byrd rule provides six definitions of what constitutes extraneous matter for purposes of the rule (and several exceptions thereto), but the term is generally described as covering provisions unrelated to achieving the goals of the reconciliation instructions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Budget Reconciliation Process: Timing of Legislative Action

The Budget Reconciliation Process: Timing of Legislative Action

Date: April 7, 2005
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: Reconciliation is a procedure under the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 by which Congress implements budget resolution policies affecting mainly permanent spending and revenue programs. The principal focus in the reconciliation process has been deficit reduction, but in recent years reconciliation has encompassed revenue reduction generally and spending increases in selected program areas.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Welfare Financing: An Issue Overview

Child Welfare Financing: An Issue Overview

Date: April 6, 2005
Creator: Stoltzfus, Emilie
Description: The purpose of this report is to describe the federal interest in child welfare (as expressed by Congress); describe the current level and structure of federal dedicated child welfare financing and examine trends in the appropriation and spending of this money; and to review the extent to which states rely on non-dedicated federal funds for child welfare purposes. Finally, the report discusses the future federal commitment to child welfare financing, along with the concepts of flexibility and accountability, as these relate both to current law and to recent proposals to alter federal child welfare financing.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fund for the Improvement of Postsecondary Education: Background and Funding

Fund for the Improvement of Postsecondary Education: Background and Funding

Date: April 5, 2005
Creator: Mangan, Bonnie F.
Description: The Fund for the Improvement of Postsecondary Education (FIPSE) supports projects to encourage innovative reform and expand education opportunities to underrepresented groups. This report describes the historical context leading to the establishment of the Fund for Improvement of Postsecondary Education, provisions governing the program, and the variety of projects funded by FIPSE.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State Department and Related Agencies:  FY2005 Appropriations and FY2006 Request

State Department and Related Agencies: FY2005 Appropriations and FY2006 Request

Date: April 4, 2005
Creator: Epstein, Susan B
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Budget for Fiscal Year 2006

The Budget for Fiscal Year 2006

Date: March 31, 2005
Creator: Winters, Philip D
Description: The budget report of the Congressional Budget Office (CBO), The Budget and Economic Outlook: Fiscal Years 2006-2015 (January 25, 2005), included baseline estimates (assuming current policies) for FY2005 through FY2015. Under the baseline assumptions, CBO estimated a FY2006 deficit of $295 billion (2.3% of gross domestic product [GDP]). This is smaller than CBO’s FY2005 baseline deficit estimate ($368 billion, 3.0% of GDP). CBO’s baseline estimates do not include assumptions about possible future legislation that may increase or decrease spending or receipts and therefore change the deficit. The baseline assumptions assume the continuation of current law, including that laws changing the level of future revenues or outlays will go into effect as scheduled.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Economics of the Federal Budget Deficit

The Economics of the Federal Budget Deficit

Date: March 31, 2005
Creator: Cashell, Brian W
Description: In FY1998, federal budget receipts exceeded outlays for the first time since 1969. Those surpluses continued through FY2001. At one time, those surpluses had been projected to continue, but conditions have since changed. The economy went into recession in 2001, and a stimulus package was enacted. Since then, the budget has been in deficit. The actual unified budget deficit for FY2004 was $412.1 billion. In January 2005, the Congressional Budget Office projected that there would be a budget deficit of $368 billion in FY2005, and a deficit of $295 billion in FY2006.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Potential Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Issues for Congress

Potential Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: March 30, 2005
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Budget Deficit and the Trade Deficit: What Is Their Relationship?

The Budget Deficit and the Trade Deficit: What Is Their Relationship?

Date: March 24, 2005
Creator: Labonte, Marc & makinen, gail
Description: During the last half of the 1990s, real gross domestic investment rose as a fraction of real GDP. This resulted from the rise in U.S. productivity and the related rise in the real yield on U.S. assets. This drew additional private capital from abroad. If the twin deficits theory is correct, it has an adverse implication for the efficacy of fiscal policy as a stimulus tool. It suggests that in an environment of highly mobile international capital flows the effect of policy induced increases in the structural budget deficit (e.g., tax cuts) on short-run economic growth would be largely offset by increases in the trade deficit. The experience during both the 1980s and 1990s demonstrates that a large and growing trade deficit need not be an impediment to overall job creation even though it may have had an effect on the type of jobs that were created since it affected the composition of U.S. output.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Overview of the Administration's Strengthening America's Communities Initiative

An Overview of the Administration's Strengthening America's Communities Initiative

Date: March 24, 2005
Creator: Boyd, Eugene; Mulock, Bruce K; Smale, Pauline; Cowan, Tadlock; Laney, Garrine P & Foote, Bruce E
Description: This report discusses administration’s proposed base program called strengthening America’s communities initiative intended to award funds in support of job creation and economic development.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Recent Developments in Reconstruction Assistance

Iraq: Recent Developments in Reconstruction Assistance

Date: March 23, 2005
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: Large-scale reconstruction assistance programs are being undertaken by the United States following the war with Iraq. To fund such programs, Congress approved on April 12, 2003, a $2.48 billion Iraq Relief and Reconstruction Fund (IRRF) in the FY2003 Supplemental Appropriation. On November 6, 2003, the President signed into law P.L. 108-106, the FY2004 Emergency Supplemental Appropriation, providing $18.4 billion for Iraq reconstruction. Contributions pledged at the October 24, 2003, Madrid donor conference by other donors amounted to roughly $3.6 billion in grant aid and as much as $13.3 billion in possible loans. This report describes recent developments in this assistance effort.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Jordan: U.S. Relations and Bilateral Issues

Jordan: U.S. Relations and Bilateral Issues

Date: March 22, 2005
Creator: Prados, Alfred B
Description: This report discusses issues in U.S.-Jordanian relations. These issues include the stability of the Jordanian regime, democratic reform under way in Jordan, the role of Jordan in the Arab-Israeli peace process, Jordan’s concerns over the U.S.-led campaign against Iraq in 2003, and its relations with other regional states.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Selected Federal Crime Control Assistance to State and Local Governments

Selected Federal Crime Control Assistance to State and Local Governments

Date: March 22, 2005
Creator: Hill, Cindy
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Title X Family Planning Program

The Title X Family Planning Program

Date: March 22, 2005
Creator: Coleman, Sharon K.
Description: This report discusses Title X of the Public Health Service Act. The program, enacted in 1970, is the only federal program devoted solely to family planning and related preventive health services. Although the authorization for Title X ended with FY1985, funding for the program has been provided through bills that provide appropriations for the Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, and Related Agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Performance Management and Budgeting in the Federal Government: Brief History and Recent Developments

Performance Management and Budgeting in the Federal Government: Brief History and Recent Developments

Date: March 16, 2005
Creator: McMurtry, Virginia A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Farm Commodity Policy: Programs and Issues for Congress

Farm Commodity Policy: Programs and Issues for Congress

Date: March 15, 2005
Creator: Monke, Jim
Description: This report discusses farm commodity programs, which represent the heart of U.S. farm policy. The 2002 farm bill (P.L. 107-171) establishes farm income support and commodity price support programs for the 2002-2007 crop years. The 109th Congress is facing several issues regarding farm commodity programs, including budget reconciliation that could reopen the farm bill, payment limits (S. 385), dairy program extension (H.R. 1260, S. 273, S. 307), international trade, and planting flexibility (S. 194).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federally Supported Water Supply and Wastewater Treatment Programs

Federally Supported Water Supply and Wastewater Treatment Programs

Date: March 14, 2005
Creator: Resources, Science, and Industry Division
Description: This report provides background information on the types of water supply and wastewater treatment projects traditionally funded by the federal government and the several existing programs to assist communities with water supply and wastewater recycling and treatment. These projects and programs are found primarily within the Department of Agriculture (USDA), Department of Commerce, Department of Defense (DOD), Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), Department of the Interior (DOI), and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense Program Issue: Global Information Grid, Bandwidth Expansion (GIG-BE)

Defense Program Issue: Global Information Grid, Bandwidth Expansion (GIG-BE)

Date: March 11, 2005
Creator: Wilson, Clay
Description: This report discusses the Global Information Grid (GIG), which is the enabling infrastructure for Network Centric Warfare (NCW), a concept that relies on communications technology to link together U.S. military personnel, ground vehicles, aircraft, and naval vessels through integrated wide and local area networks to provide improved battle space awareness for joint military forces
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Postal Revenue Forgone Appropriation: Overview and Current Issues

The Postal Revenue Forgone Appropriation: Overview and Current Issues

Date: March 11, 2005
Creator: Stevens, Nye
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appropriations Subcommittee Structure: History of Changes from 1920-2005

Appropriations Subcommittee Structure: History of Changes from 1920-2005

Date: March 9, 2005
Creator: Saturno, James V
Description: This report details the evolution of the House and Senate Appropriations Committees’ subcommittee structure from the 1920s to the present.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department