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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Wildfire Protection Funding

Wildfire Protection Funding

Date: May 2, 2005
Creator: Gorte, Ross W
Description: The severe 2000 fire season prompted a significant rise in funding for wildfire protection that has been sustained; wildfire appropriations in FY2005 were more than $2.9 billion. Most of the funds ($2.8 billion in FY2005) are to protect federal lands, with funds for reducing fuel loads, for equipment and training, for fighting fires, and for restoring burned sites. Federal funding ($98 million in FY2005) also supports state efforts to protect nonfederal lands. Some wildfire funding ($74 million in FY2005) is used for fire research, fire facilities, and programs to improve forest health. Congress continues to debate wildfire funding levels, with a growing focus on the cost of wildfire suppression.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security Grant Formulas: A Comparison of Formula Provisions in S. 21 and H.R. 1544, 109th Congress

Homeland Security Grant Formulas: A Comparison of Formula Provisions in S. 21 and H.R. 1544, 109th Congress

Date: May 13, 2005
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security Grant Formulas: A Comparison of Formula Provisions in S. 21 and H.R. 1544, 109th Congress

Homeland Security Grant Formulas: A Comparison of Formula Provisions in S. 21 and H.R. 1544, 109th Congress

Date: July 13, 2005
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Procedures for Adjusting the Public Debt Limit: A Brief Overview

Legislative Procedures for Adjusting the Public Debt Limit: A Brief Overview

Date: February 11, 2005
Creator: Keith, Robert & Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Government's Long-Term Fiscal Shortfall: How Much is Attributable to Social Security?

The Government's Long-Term Fiscal Shortfall: How Much is Attributable to Social Security?

Date: August 29, 2005
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Speaker Hastert's Plan to Offset Spending: A Procedural Perspective

Speaker Hastert's Plan to Offset Spending: A Procedural Perspective

Date: October 26, 2005
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Older Americans Act: Disaster Assistance for Older Persons After Hurricane Katrina

Older Americans Act: Disaster Assistance for Older Persons After Hurricane Katrina

Date: September 22, 2005
Creator: O'Shaughnessy, Carol
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Welfare: State Performance on Child and Family Services Reviews

Child Welfare: State Performance on Child and Family Services Reviews

Date: June 29, 2005
Creator: Stoltzfus, Emilie
Description: This report begins with a short history of the legislation and other factors that led to the creation of the current CFSR and then briefly describes how a CFSR is conducted and what “substantial conformity” with federal child welfare policy means in the context of this review. Much has been made of the fact that no state was found to be in substantial conformity with all aspects of federal policy reviewed during the initial (FY2001-FY2004) round of the CFSRs. This report seeks to better understand that fact by looking closely at state performance on each of the performance indicators that determined compliance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fiscal Year 2005 Homeland Security Grant Program: State Allocations and Issues for Congressional Oversight

Fiscal Year 2005 Homeland Security Grant Program: State Allocations and Issues for Congressional Oversight

Date: April 21, 2005
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Hill-Burton Uncompensated Services Program

The Hill-Burton Uncompensated Services Program

Date: May 23, 2005
Creator: Coleman, Sharon Kearney
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Spectrum Management and Special Funds

Spectrum Management and Special Funds

Date: August 2, 2005
Creator: Moore, Linda K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Spending Reconciliation Directives to the Senate Finance Committee in Congressional Budget Resolutions

Spending Reconciliation Directives to the Senate Finance Committee in Congressional Budget Resolutions

Date: May 18, 2005
Creator: Keith, Robert & Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration: Overview, FY2006 Budget in Brief, and Key Issues for Congress

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration: Overview, FY2006 Budget in Brief, and Key Issues for Congress

Date: November 17, 2005
Creator: Smith, Marcia S & Morgan, Daniel
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration's FY2006 Budget Request: Description, Analysis, and Issues for Congress

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration's FY2006 Budget Request: Description, Analysis, and Issues for Congress

Date: November 17, 2005
Creator: Smith, Marcia S & Morgan, Daniel
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Budget Reconciliation and the PBGC

Budget Reconciliation and the PBGC

Date: November 10, 2005
Creator: Renade, Neela K
Description: The Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation (PBGC) posted a deficit of $23.5 billion as of the latest reporting period, and the deficit is expected to grow further. Major bills introduced in the 109th Congress to reform funding rules for the defined benefit pension system and to raise PBGC premiums include H.R. 2830 and S. 1783. Neither has yet passed the full House or Senate. PBGC premiums are an important source of revenue for meeting the budget reconciliation targets. The House Budget Committee has reported out H.R. 4241, a budget reconciliation package that would raise PBGC premiums. The Senate has passed S. 1932, a budget reconciliation package that also contains PBGC premium increases.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Budget Reconciliation Legislation: Development and Consideration

Budget Reconciliation Legislation: Development and Consideration

Date: November 29, 2010
Creator: Heniff, Jr., Bill
Description: This report briefly discusses the budget reconciliation process, which is an optional two-step process Congress may use to assure compliance with the direct spending, revenue, and debt-limit levels set forth in budget resolutions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense: FY2006 Authorization and Appropriations

Defense: FY2006 Authorization and Appropriations

Date: November 7, 2005
Creator: Daggett, Stephen
Description: This report is a guide to one of the 13 regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Defense. It summarizes the status of the bill, its scope, major issues, funding levels, and related congressional activity, and is updated as events warrant. The report lists the key CRS staff relevant to the issues covered and related CRS products.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense Transformation: Background and Oversight Issues for Congress

Defense Transformation: Background and Oversight Issues for Congress

Date: August 30, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report addresses defense transformation from a DOD-wide perspective. The Bush Administration identified transformation as a major goal for the Department of Defense (DOD) soon after taking office and has since worked to refine and implement its plans for defense transformation. Defense transformation can be defined as large-scale, discontinuous, and possibly disruptive changes in military weapons, concepts of operations (i.e., approaches to warfighting) and organization. The issue for the 109th Congress is how to take the concept of defense transformation into account in assessing and acting on Administration proposals for DOD.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Department of Justice Reauthorization: Provisions to Improve Program Management, Compliance, and Evaluation of Justice Assistance Grants

Department of Justice Reauthorization: Provisions to Improve Program Management, Compliance, and Evaluation of Justice Assistance Grants

Date: September 30, 2005
Creator: James, Nathan
Description: This report opens with a description of the current makeup of OJP. It then discusses some of the issues facing OJP that have been identified by GAO and the OIG that have led to the current congressional proposal to restructure the Office. A description of the legislation that has been reported by the House Judiciary Committee is discussed and analyzed within the context of restructuring OJP. The report concludes with a discussion of possible issues and questions that could be raised with respect to the legislative proposal to restructure OJP.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Elementary and Secondary Education: Reconsideration of the Federal Role by the 107th Congress

Elementary and Secondary Education: Reconsideration of the Federal Role by the 107th Congress

Date: January 24, 2001
Creator: Riddle, Wayne C & Stedman, James B
Description: This issue brief provides an overview of legislation to reauthorize the ESEA, ERDDIA, and NESA. Most of it will focus on the ESEA, since it is much larger in scale. We include a summary review of relevant legislation acted upon during the 106th Congress. This issue brief will be updated regularly to reflect current legislative activity. Other issue briefs and reports, listed at the end of this brief, provide more detailed information on individual programs or types of proposals and analyses of the issues being debated with respect to them.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Crime Control Assistance Through the Byrne Programs

Crime Control Assistance Through the Byrne Programs

Date: May 20, 1998
Creator: Laney, Garrine P
Description: The statute provides that states receive and distribute block grant funds and that the Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) of the U.S. Department of Justice awards discretionary grants for specified activities. Allocated largely on the basis of population, block grant funds are used for personnel, equipment, training, technical assistance, and information systems to improve criminal justice systems.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Department of Defense Energy Initiatives: Background and Issues for Congress

Department of Defense Energy Initiatives: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: June 26, 2012
Creator: Schwartz, Moshe; Blakeley, Katherine & O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report gives an overview of fuel use by the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) and its pursuit of numerous initiatives for reducing its fuel needs and changing the mix of energy sources that it uses. The report includes an extensive background on DOD fuel use including how the DOD uses and buys fuel, challenges and risks associated with the DOD's fuel use, DOD energy initiatives, and past legislation that addressed DOD energy use; it also presents issues for Congress and legislative action to be addressed during FY2013.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Disadvantaged Businesses: A Review of Federal Assistance

Disadvantaged Businesses: A Review of Federal Assistance

Date: January 14, 2002
Creator: Fauntroy, Michael K
Description: It is the policy of the federal government to encourage the development of small disadvantaged businesses (SDBs) owned by minorities and women. SDBs are statutorily defined as small businesses that are owned and controlled by socially and economically disadvantaged individuals who have been subjected to racial or ethnic prejudice or cultural bias and who have limited capital and credit opportunities. This report presents an overview of the major federal programs now in existence and indicates where interested persons can obtain further information about specific programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Disaster Relief Funding and Emergency Supplemental Appropriations

Disaster Relief Funding and Emergency Supplemental Appropriations

Date: April 12, 2011
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce A. & Murray, Justin
Description: This report describes the various components of the DRF, including (1) what authorities have shaped it over the years; (2) how FEMA determines the amount of the appropriation requested to Congress (pertaining to the DRF); and (3) how emergency supplemental appropriations are requested. In addition to the DRF, information is provided on funds appropriated in supplemental appropriations legislation to agencies other than the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). Aspects of debate concerning how disaster relief is budgeted are also highlighted and examined, and alternative budgetary options are summarized.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department