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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Results 1751 - 1760 of 2,670
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The Congressional Appropriations Process: An Introduction

The Congressional Appropriations Process: An Introduction

Date: December 6, 2004
Creator: Streeter, Sandy
Description: This report describes the annual appropriations cycle from the President’s submission of his annual budget through enactment of the appropriations measures. It describes the three types of appropriations measures—regular appropriations bills, continuing resolutions, and supplemental bills. It explains the spending ceilings for appropriations bills that are associated with the budget resolution and the sequestration process, including a description of the mechanisms used to enforce the ceilings. It also explains the authorization appropriations process, which prohibits certain provisions in some of the appropriations bills.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Revenue Reconciliation Directives to the Senate Finance Committee in Congressional Budget Resolutions

Revenue Reconciliation Directives to the Senate Finance Committee in Congressional Budget Resolutions

Date: December 3, 2004
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Presidential Item Veto

A Presidential Item Veto

Date: December 2, 2004
Creator: Fisher, Louis
Description: During a news conference on November 4, 2004, President George W. Bush stated that he “would like to see the President have a line-item veto again, one that passed constitutional muster. I think it would help the executive branch work with the legislative branch to make sure that we’re able to maintain budget discipline.” The Supreme Court struck down an earlier version of item-veto authority (the Line Item Veto Act of 1996) in Clinton v. City of New York, 524 U.S. 417 (1998), but several statutory alternatives are available. Options to the Line Item Veto Act have been proposed over the years, including an amendment to the Constitution to grant the President item-veto authority. The line-item veto is listed among several budget reform proposals included in the FY2005 budget, but a more specific recommendation is expected to be developed by the Administration and submitted to Congress at the start of the 109th Congress. This report analyzes the statutory and constitutional alternatives that are likely to be considered and will be updated as necessary.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Robust Nuclear Earth Penetrator Budget Request and Plan, FY2005-FY2009

Robust Nuclear Earth Penetrator Budget Request and Plan, FY2005-FY2009

Date: December 2, 2004
Creator: Medalia, Jonathan
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Paris Club Debt Relief

Iraq: Paris Club Debt Relief

Date: November 22, 2004
Creator: Weiss, Martin A.
Description: Iraq’s public debt was estimated to be US$120.2 billion in nominal value as of the end of 2004. The debt owed to Paris Club creditors as of December 31, 2004, was estimated to be US$38.9 billion. The U.S. share of this amount is around $4 billion. Non-Paris Club countries, mostly Persian Gulf countries, are owed around $60 - $65 billion. The remaining debts are to private commercial creditors. Iraqi debt relief is a high priority for both the President and Congress (H.R. 2482). This report will discuss efforts to implement Iraqi debt relief and highlight some policy concerns.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Debt Limit: The Ongoing Need for Increases

The Debt Limit: The Ongoing Need for Increases

Date: November 18, 2004
Creator: Winters, Philip D
Description: The surpluses over the four fiscal years 1998-2001 reduced debt held by the public by $448 billion. More than offsetting this debt reduction, the surpluses credited to debt-holding government accounts (which generally must invest the surpluses in federal debt), increased their holdings by $853 billion over the same period. The combination ($853 billion minus $448 billion) raised total federal debt by $405 billion. During 2002, debt subject to limit increased enough to reach the then current statutory debt limit, $5.95 trillion, in early April and again in May 2002. Congress passed and the President signed legislation (P.L. 108-24) increasing the limit to $6.4 trillion in June 2002.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2005

Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2005

Date: November 16, 2004
Creator: Davey, Michael E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Authorization and Appropriations for FY2005: Defense

Authorization and Appropriations for FY2005: Defense

Date: November 9, 2004
Creator: Daggett, Stephen & Belasco, Amy
Description: This report is a guide to one of the 13 regular appropriations bills that Congress passes each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Energy and Water. It summarizes the current legislative status of the bill, its scope, major issues, funding levels, and related legislative activity. The report lists the key CRS staff relevant to the issues covered and related CRS products.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Potential Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Issues for Congress

Potential Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: November 8, 2004
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Border and Transportation Security: Appropriations for FY2005

Border and Transportation Security: Appropriations for FY2005

Date: November 5, 2004
Creator: Lake, Jennifer E & Nuñez-Neto, Blas
Description: This report is a guide to a subset of one of the 13 regular appropriation bills that Congress passes each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Homeland Security; and to supplement the information provided in the CRS Department of Homeland Security Appropriations report. This report summarizes the current legislative status of the bill, major issues, funding levels, and legislative activity related to border and transportation security and will be updated as events warrant.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department