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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Results 1751 - 1760 of 1,921
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Baselines and Scorekeeping in the Federal Budget Process

Baselines and Scorekeeping in the Federal Budget Process

Date: February 25, 1999
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: Baselines and scorekeeping are an integral part of the federal budget process, providing Congress and the President with a framework for making and enforcing budgetary decisions. A baseline serves as a benchmark for federal budget decisions. While the Office of Management and Budget (0MB) and the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) create different baselines, their baselines project federal spending, revenue, and budget surplus or deficit amounts that would occur if existing budget policies were left unchanged. Scorekeeping is the process by which the budgetary impact of proposed and enacted budget policies is measured; it assists Congress and the President in making and enforcing budgetary decisions
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Basic Federal Budgeting Terminology

Basic Federal Budgeting Terminology

Date: February 25, 1999
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: In its most elemental form, the federal budget is a comprehensive accounting of the government’s spending, revenues, and borrowing. This fact sheet provides a brief overview of the basic terminology and concepts used in the federal budget process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Budget Reconciliation Legislation: Development and Consideration

Budget Reconciliation Legislation: Development and Consideration

Date: February 25, 1999
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: Budget reconciliation is an optional two-step process Congress may use to assure compliance with the direct spending, revenue, and debt-limit levels set forth in budget resolutions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Budget Resolution Enforcement

Budget Resolution Enforcement

Date: February 25, 1999
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: The annual budget resolution sets forth Congress's budget plan for a period of at least five fiscal years. It includes total levels of spending, revenues, and the debt limit for each of the fiscal years covered.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Congressional Budget Process Timetable

The Congressional Budget Process Timetable

Date: February 25, 1999
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: The Congressional Budget Act (CBA) of 1974 (P.L. 93-344), as amended, establishes the congressional budget process, which coordinates the legislative activities on the budget resolution, appropriations bills, reconciliation legislation, revenue measures, and other budgetary legislation. Section 300 of this act provides a timetable (see Table 1) so that Congress may complete its work on the budget by the start of the fiscal year on October 1.
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Consideration of the Budget Resolution

Consideration of the Budget Resolution

Date: February 25, 1999
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: Consideration of a concurrent budget resolution is governed by special procedures in the House and Senate. Although the procedures of each chamber differ, they serve generally to expedite consideration of the budget resolution.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Debt-Limit Legislation in the Congressional Budget Process

Debt-Limit Legislation in the Congressional Budget Process

Date: February 25, 1999
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: The gross federal debt consists of the debt held by the public plus the debt held by government accounts. Almost all of the gross federal debt is subject to a public debt limit, as set forth in statute (31 U.S.C. 3101).This report considers legislation needed to change the public debt limit.
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Discretionary Spending Limits

Discretionary Spending Limits

Date: February 25, 1999
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: Discretionary spending limits are statutory caps on the level of budget authority and outlays determined through the annual appropriations process. They were initially established by the Budget Enforcement Act (BEA) of 1990 (Title XIII of P.L. 101-508) as part of an agreement between Congress and President George Bush to reduce the deficit. Twice since, they were extended to enforce agreements between Congress and President Bill Clinton, most recently to achieve a surplus.
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The Federal Fiscal Year

The Federal Fiscal Year

Date: February 25, 1999
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: None
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Formulation and Content of the Budget Resolution

Formulation and Content of the Budget Resolution

Date: February 25, 1999
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department