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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Results 1751 - 1760 of 2,736
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Military Base Closures: Socioeconomic Impacts

Military Base Closures: Socioeconomic Impacts

Date: January 25, 2010
Creator: Cowan, Tadlock & Gonzales, Oscar R.
Description: The most recent Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) Commission submitted its final report to the Administration on September 8, 2005. In the report, the commission rejected 13 of the initial Department of Defense recommendations, significantly modified the recommendations for 13 other installations, and approved 22 major closures.
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Disaster Relief Funding and Emergency Supplemental Appropriations

Disaster Relief Funding and Emergency Supplemental Appropriations

Date: January 26, 2010
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R. & Murray, Justin
Description: This report describes the various components of the Disaster Relief Fund (DRF) within the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), including (1) what authorities have shaped it over the years; (2) how FEMA determines the amount of the appropriation requested to Congress (pertaining to the DRF); and (3) how emergency supplemental appropriations are requested. In addition to the DRF, information is provided on funds appropriated in supplemental appropriations legislation to agencies other than the Department of Homeland Security. Aspects of debate concerning how disaster relief is budgeted are also highlighted and examined, and alternative budgetary options are summarized.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense Logistical Support Contracts in Iraq and Afghanistan: Issues for Congress

Defense Logistical Support Contracts in Iraq and Afghanistan: Issues for Congress

Date: January 27, 2010
Creator: Bailey Grasso, Valerie
Description: This report examines logistical support contracts for troop support services in Iraq and Afghanistan (for Afghanistan, beginning with LOGCAP IV) administered through the U.S. Army's Logistics Civil Augmentation Program (LOGCAP). LOGCAP is an initiative designed to manage the use of civilian contractors that perform services during times of war and other military mobilizations.
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Federal Stafford Act Disaster Assistance: Presidential Declarations, Eligible Activities, and Funding

Federal Stafford Act Disaster Assistance: Presidential Declarations, Eligible Activities, and Funding

Date: January 27, 2010
Creator: Bea, Keith
Description: This report discusses the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (the Stafford Act) that authorizes the President to issue major disaster, emergency, and fire management declarations, which in turn enable federal agencies to provide assistance to state and local governments overwhelmed by catastrophes.
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Intelligence Authorization Legislation: Status and Challenges

Intelligence Authorization Legislation: Status and Challenges

Date: January 27, 2010
Creator: Best, Richard A., Jr.
Description: This report assesses the effects of the absence of intelligence authorization legislation since FY2005. Since FY2005, no annual intelligence authorization bill has been enacted. Although the National Security Act requires intelligence activities to be specifically authorized, this requirement has been satisfied in recent years by one-sentence catch-all provisions in defense appropriations acts authorizing intelligence activities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases

The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases

Date: January 28, 2010
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew & Levit, Mindy R.
Description: This report discusses how the total debt of the federal government can increase, a historical overview of debt limits, and how the current economic slowdown has led to higher deficits and thereby a series of debt limit increases, as well as legislation related to these increases.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
United Nations System Funding: Congressional Issues

United Nations System Funding: Congressional Issues

Date: January 28, 2010
Creator: Browne, Marjorie Ann & Nakamura, Kennon H.
Description: This report tracks the process by which Congress provides the funding for U.S. assessed contributions to the regular budgets of the United Nations, its agencies, and U.N. peacekeeping operation accounts, as well as for U.S. voluntary contributions to U.N. system programs and funds. It includes information on the President's request and the congressional response, as well as congressional initiatives during this legislative process. Basic information is provided to help the reader understand this process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
America COMPETES Act and the FY2010 Budget

America COMPETES Act and the FY2010 Budget

Date: January 29, 2010
Creator: Sargent, John F., Jr.
Description: This report discusses in detail the America COMPETES Act, which is intended to increase the nation's investment in research and development (R&D), and in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education. This report discusses the funding increases authorized by the act for various relevant institutions; the act's education activities intended to enhance the skills of STEM educators; and if Congress will continue to similarly fund the Act in the FY2010 budget.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Economics of the Federal Budget Deficit

The Economics of the Federal Budget Deficit

Date: February 2, 2010
Creator: Cashell, Brian W.
Description: This report examines the economics the budget deficit. Topics include recent budgetary history, the differences made by deficits and surpluses, and fiscal policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2010 Budget and Appropriations

State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2010 Budget and Appropriations

Date: February 2, 2010
Creator: Epstein, Susan B.; Nakamura, Kennon H. & Lawson, Marian Leonardo
Description: This report analyzes the FY2010 request, recent-year funding trends, and congressional action for FY2010, which includes the July 9 House approval of H.R. 3081, the State-Foreign Operations Appropriations bill for FY2010, July 9 Senate Appropriations Committee passage of its bill (S. 1434), and passage of H.R. 3288, the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2010, signed into law Dec. 16, 2009 (P.L. 111-117).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department