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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Emergency Funding for Agriculture: A Brief History of Supplemental Appropriations, FY1989-FY2006

Emergency Funding for Agriculture: A Brief History of Supplemental Appropriations, FY1989-FY2006

Date: July 3, 2006
Creator: Chite, Ralph M
Description: From FY1989 through FY2006, 33 appropriations, authorization, or farm disaster acts added approximately $55.4 billion in supplemental funding for U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) programs. The two most recent supplemental appropriations were provided in response to Hurricanes Katrina and Rita in the Gulf of Mexico and in preparation for a possible U.S. outbreak of avian influenza. Some FY1989, the vast majority of the total supplemental funding has been paid directly to farmers, primarily through two mechanisms: "market loss payments" and crop disaster payments. This report includes the total annual funding additions in the 33 acts providing economic and farm disaster assistance through USDA programs since FY1989.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Emergency Spending: Statutory and Congressional Rules

Emergency Spending: Statutory and Congressional Rules

Date: October 3, 2001
Creator: Saturno, James V
Description: Under the Budget Enforcement Act (BEA), there are statutory limits (caps) on the level of federal discretionary spending, enforced by across-the-board spending cuts, known as a sequester. If, however, spending is designated as emergency by both the President and Congress, it will not trigger a sequester, because the caps are adjusted automatically by an amount equal to the emergency spending. Since the BEA was first enacted in 1990, both the House and Senate have supplemented its provisions with additional limitations in their respective rules concerning the use of emergency designations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Emergency Supplemental Appropriations for Hurricane Katrina Relief

Emergency Supplemental Appropriations for Hurricane Katrina Relief

Date: November 1, 2005
Creator: Lake, Jennifer E & Chite, Ralph M
Description: This CRS report summarizes federal disaster assistance funding legislation in the 109th Congress and presents some information on federal expenditures and obligations for disaster recovery activities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2014

Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2014

Date: August 7, 2013
Creator: Sargent, John F., Jr.
Description: Report that provides government-wide, multi-agency, and individual agency analyses of the President's Fiscal Year 2014 request as it relates to R&D and related activities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Examination of Federal Disaster Relief Under the Budget Control Act

An Examination of Federal Disaster Relief Under the Budget Control Act

Date: February 10, 2012
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R.; Painter, William L. & McCarthy, Francis X.
Description: This report addresses traditional funding for major disaster declarations, workings of the President's Disaster Relief Fund, a basic overview of how disaster assistance is appropriated, what factors affect how much the federal government spends on disasters, how disaster relief is impacted by the Budget Control Act (BCA) of 2011, and what the policy implications are for disaster assistance under the constraints of the BCA, and the increasing number of disaster declarations and both the possible causes and likely cost implications of a greater number of declarations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Everglades Restoration: The Federal Role in Funding

Everglades Restoration: The Federal Role in Funding

Date: October 24, 2005
Creator: Sheikh, Pervaze A. & Carter, Nicole T.
Description: In 2000, Congress approved a 30-year, $7.8 billion restoration plan, termed the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan (CERP), for the Everglades ecosystem in southern Florida, and authorized an initial set of projects at a cost of $1.4 billion. This report provides information on federal appropriations for Everglades restoration, and discusses some issues related to the authorization and appropriations for restoration projects.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
ESEA Reauthorization Proposals: Comparison of Major Features of the House and Senate Versions of H.R. 1

ESEA Reauthorization Proposals: Comparison of Major Features of the House and Senate Versions of H.R. 1

Date: July 6, 2001
Creator: Riddle, Wayne C
Description: The authorizations of appropriations for most programs of federal aid to elementary and secondary (grades K-12) education, under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), expired at the end of FY2000. While the 106th Congress extensively considered several bills which would have reauthorized and amended most of these programs, only legislation extending the Impact Aid (ESEA Title VIII) and Even Start Family Literacy (ESEA Title I, Part B) programs was enacted. Selected other programs, such as the Class Size Reduction program, have been initiated and continued solely through annual appropriations legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Networking and Information Technology Research and Development Program: Background, Funding, and Activities

The Federal Networking and Information Technology Research and Development Program: Background, Funding, and Activities

Date: January 13, 2012
Creator: Moloney Figliola, Patricia
Description: In the early 1990s, Congress recognized that several federal agencies had ongoing high performance computing programs, but no central coordinating body existed to ensure long-term coordination and planning. To provide such a framework, Congress passed the High-Performance Computing and Communications Program Act of 1991 to enhance the effectiveness of the various programs. In conjunction with the passage of the act, the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy released Grand Challenges: High-Performance Computing and Communications. Current concerns are the role of the federal government in supporting IT R&D and the level of funding to allot to it. This report also looks at federal budgets for the Networking and Information Technology Research and Development Program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Networking and Information Technology Research and Development Program: Background, Funding, and Activities

The Federal Networking and Information Technology Research and Development Program: Background, Funding, and Activities

Date: March 22, 2011
Creator: Moloney Figliola, Patricia
Description: This report discusses background and funding for the Networking and Information Technology Research and Development (NITRD) program (previously known as the High-Performance Computing and Communications program, or HPPCC), which involves multiagency research and development (R&D) projects. It includes information about the program, background on federal technology funding, related activities in the 112th and 111th Congresses, and potential issues for Congress to address.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Networking and Information Technology Research and Development Program: Background, Funding, and Activities

The Federal Networking and Information Technology Research and Development Program: Background, Funding, and Activities

Date: March 27, 2012
Creator: Figliola, Patricia Moloney
Description: In the early 1990s, Congress recognized that several federal agencies had ongoing high performance computing programs, but no central coordinating body existed to ensure long-term coordination and planning. To provide such a framework, Congress passed the High-Performance Computing and Communications Program Act of 1991 to enhance the effectiveness of the various programs. In conjunction with the passage of the act, the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy released Grand Challenges: High-Performance Computing and Communications. Current concerns are the role of the federal government in supporting IT R&D and the level of funding to allot to it. This report also looks at federal budgets for the Networking and Information Technology Research and Development Program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Historical Perspective on "Hollow Forces"

A Historical Perspective on "Hollow Forces"

Date: January 31, 2012
Creator: Feickert, Andrew & Daggett, Stephen
Description: This report gives general overview of the history of the origins and uses of "hollow forces" (i.e., "military forces that appear mission-ready but, upon examination, suffer from shortages of personnel and equipment, and from deficiencies in training"). Senior Department of Defense (DOD) leaders have invoked the specter of a "hollow force" to describe what could happen to the U.S. Armed Forces if significant cuts to the defense budget are enacted. As Congress will play a major role in shaping the Armed Forces both in terms of size, capabilities, and how it is equipped and trained, a nuanced understanding of how the military once became "hollow" could provide a useful context for current and anticipated legislative action.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Funding Gaps and Government Shutdowns: CRS Experts

Funding Gaps and Government Shutdowns: CRS Experts

Date: April 6, 2011
Creator: Brass, Clinton T.
Description: This report is a table providing names and contact information for CRS (Congressional Research Service) experts on policy concerns relating to funding gaps and the processes and effects that may be associated with a government shutdown.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FY2012 Budget Highlights for the Human Resources "Superfunction": Education, Training, Social Services, Health, Income Security, and Veterans

FY2012 Budget Highlights for the Human Resources "Superfunction": Education, Training, Social Services, Health, Income Security, and Veterans

Date: May 17, 2011
Creator: Spar, Karen & Falk, Gene
Description: This CRS report highlights spending trends and key policy initiatives in the President's February budget and April Framework, and in the House-passed budget resolution, for the six functional categories of the federal budget that comprise the human resources "superfunction." The six human resources functions (and their function codes) are education, training, employment, and social services, health, Medicare, income security, social security, veterans benefits and services.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Holdings of Federal Debt

Foreign Holdings of Federal Debt

Date: March 25, 2011
Creator: Murray, Justin & Labonte, Marc
Description: This report presents current data on estimated ownership of U.S. Treasury securities and major holders of federal debt by country. Federal debt represents the accumulated balance of borrowing by the federal government.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Holdings of Federal Debt

Foreign Holdings of Federal Debt

Date: July 3, 2012
Creator: Murray, Justin & Labonte, Marc
Description: This report presents current data on estimated ownership of U.S. Treasury securities and major holders of federal debt by country. Federal debt represents the accumulated balance of borrowing by the federal government.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Guantanamo Detention Center: Legislative Activity in the 111th Congress

Guantanamo Detention Center: Legislative Activity in the 111th Congress

Date: November 4, 2010
Creator: Garcia, Michael John
Description: This report analyzes relevant provisions in enacted legislation and selected pending bills relating to teh U.S. Naval Station in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, a facility in which alleged enemy belligerents are detained.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Guantanamo Detention Center: Legislative Activity in the 111th Congress

Guantanamo Detention Center: Legislative Activity in the 111th Congress

Date: January 13, 2011
Creator: Garcia, Michael John
Description: This report analyzes relevant provisions in enacted legislation and selected pending bills relating to the U.S. Naval Station in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, a facility in which alleged enemy belligerents are detained.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria: U.S. Contributions and Issues for Congress

The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria: U.S. Contributions and Issues for Congress

Date: May 3, 2011
Creator: Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji
Description: This report provides background information on the Global Fund, discusses changes the Global Fund has made to improve the efficiency of its programs and address allegations of corruption, outlines U.S. funding for the Fund, and analyzes issues Congress might consider as it debates the appropriate level of support to provide the Fund.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Highlights of Three FY2013 Budget Proposals for the Human Resources “Superfunction”: Education, Training, Social Services, Health, Income Security, and Veterans

Highlights of Three FY2013 Budget Proposals for the Human Resources “Superfunction”: Education, Training, Social Services, Health, Income Security, and Veterans

Date: July 13, 2012
Creator: Spar, Karen & Falk, Gene
Description: This report highlights spending trends and key policy initiatives in the President's February budget and April Framework, and in the House-passed budget resolution, for the six functional categories of the federal budget that comprise the human resources "superfunction": education, training, employment, and social services, health, Medicare, income security, social security, veterans benefits and services.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Uniform Procurement: Questions and Answers

Military Uniform Procurement: Questions and Answers

Date: November 23, 2010
Creator: Grasso, Valerie Bailey
Description: Military uniforms are procured through the Defense Logistics Agency (DLA), an agency of the Department of Defense (DOD). DLA is DOD's largest combat support agency, providing worldwide logistics support for the United States (U.S.) military services, civilian agencies, and foreign countries. With headquarters in Fort Belvoir, Virginia, DLA operates three supply centers, one of which is the Defense Supply Center Philadelphia (DSCP), in Philadelphia, PA. DSCP is responsible for procuring nearly all of the food, clothing, and medical supplies used by the military; about 90% of the construction material used by troops in the field, as well as repair parts for aircraft, combat vehicles, and other weapons system platforms. According to DLA Troop Support's website, sales of goods exceeded $14.5 billion during 2009.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Uniform Procurement: Questions and Answers

Military Uniform Procurement: Questions and Answers

Date: January 14, 2011
Creator: Grasso, Valerie Bailey
Description: Report that concerning how military uniforms are procured, legal authority for procurement, military uniform vendors, and new initiatives affecting uniform procurement.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Limiting Central Government Budget Deficits: International Experiences

Limiting Central Government Budget Deficits: International Experiences

Date: January 31, 2011
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report focuses on how major developed and emerging-market country governments, particularly the G-20 and Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries, limit their fiscal deficits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Manufacturing Extension Partnership Program: An Overview

Manufacturing Extension Partnership Program: An Overview

Date: June 19, 2013
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Description: Report that provides a brief overview of The Hollings Manufacturing Partnership (MEP), a program of regional centers set up to assist small and medium-sized manufacturing companies using knowledge and technologies developed under the auspices of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Aegis Cruiser and Destroyer Modernization: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Aegis Cruiser and Destroyer Modernization: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: May 21, 2008
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: The Navy wants to modernize 84 Aegis cruisers and destroyers over a period of more than 20 years at a potential total cost of about $9.7 billion in today's dollars. The modernizations are intended to ensure that the ships can be operated cost-effectively throughout their entire intended service lives. The program poses several potential issue for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department