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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Continuing Resolutions: Latest Action and Brief Overview of Recent Practices

Continuing Resolutions: Latest Action and Brief Overview of Recent Practices

Date: April 6, 2011
Creator: Streeter, Sandy
Description: This report is divided into two segments. The first section provides the most recent information on the FY2011 continuing resolution (CR). The second segment focuses on the (1) history and recent trends, including the nature, scope, and duration of CRs during the past 35 years; (2) CR types by duration; (3) major substantive legislative provisions included in some CRs; and (4) funding gaps.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Budget Resolutions: Historical Information

Congressional Budget Resolutions: Historical Information

Date: April 4, 2011
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr. & Murray, Justin
Description: This report looks at the history and processes of budget resolution in Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Technology Innovation Program

The Technology Innovation Program

Date: March 23, 2011
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Description: This report discusses the elimination of the Technology Innovation Program (TIP) - specifically a renewal of the debate over the role of the federal government in promoting commercial technology development. TIP was established in 2007 at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) to replace the Advanced Technology Program (ATP). This effort was designed "to support, promote, and accelerate innovation in the United States through high-risk, high-reward research in areas of critical national need," according to the authorizing legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Value-Added Tax (VAT) as a Revenue Option: A Primer

Value-Added Tax (VAT) as a Revenue Option: A Primer

Date: March 22, 2011
Creator: Bickley, James M.
Description: This report summarizes issues, arguments, and concerns relevant to a value-added tax (VAT).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2012

Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2012

Date: March 29, 2011
Creator: Sargent, John F., Jr.
Description: This report discusses mechanisms used to continue appropriations in the absence of enactment of regular appropriations acts and to complete the annual appropriations process. Completion of appropriations after the beginning of each fiscal year may cause agencies to delay or cancel some planned research and development (R&D) projects and equipment acquisition.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FY2011 Appropriations in Budgetary Context

FY2011 Appropriations in Budgetary Context

Date: April 14, 2011
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew & Belasco, Amy
Description: This report compares the various funding levels that have been considered during the 112th Congress with H.R. 1473, a compromise reached just before the expiration on April 8 of the sixth continuing resolution (CR). H.R. 1473 provides discretionary budget authority to run the federal government for the remainder of FY2011, and includes both discretionary and mandatory spending reductions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Past Government Shutdowns: Key Resources

Past Government Shutdowns: Key Resources

Date: April 8, 2011
Creator: Nagel, Jared Conrad & Murray, Justin
Description: This report provides an annotated list of historical documents and other resources related to several past government shutdowns. The report also includes links to full-text documents when available. There is limited information and guidance related to shutdowns, and it is difficult to predict what might happen in the event of one, but information about past events may help inform future deliberations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2013 Budget and Appropriations

State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2013 Budget and Appropriations

Date: July 23, 2012
Creator: Epstein, Susan B.; Lawson, Marian Leonardo & Tiersky, Alex L.
Description: This report analyzes the FY2013 request and congressional action related to FY2013 State-Foreign Operations legislation. The 112th Congress is considering FY2013 international affairs funding within the context of the Budget Control Act that established discretionary spending limits for FY2012-FY2021 and contains automatic budget reductions (sequestration) on discretionary spending to begin on January 2, 2013.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State Government Fiscal Stress and Federal Assistance

State Government Fiscal Stress and Federal Assistance

Date: April 14, 2011
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay
Description: This report examines the current status of state fiscal conditions and the role of federal assistance in state budgets. It begins with a brief overview of state budgeting procedures and then provides budgetary data comparing state fiscal conditions in FY2008 to FY2010. This report concludes with an assessment of the consequences current levels of state fiscal stress may have for the 112th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State and Local Government Debt: An Analysis

State and Local Government Debt: An Analysis

Date: March 31, 2011
Creator: Maguire, Steven
Description: This report examines state and local government debt. It provides an overview of state and local government finances and how these governments incorporate borrowing into their budget, reports data on state and local government debt and how that debt has changed over time, and discusses different economic perspectives on the use of debt by governments and if governments are intrinsically biased toward borrowing more than is considered economically optimal. Issues related to state and local government finances, such as government pensions and health benefits, are also addressed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department