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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Gramm-Rudman-Hollings: Potential Economic Effects of Meeting Deficit Targets

Gramm-Rudman-Hollings: Potential Economic Effects of Meeting Deficit Targets

Date: September 16, 1987
Creator: Cashell, Brian W
Description: This report discusses the reduction of federal budget deficit and the effect on the rise of interest rates.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Grace Commission

Grace Commission

Date: 1984
Creator: Congressional Reference Division
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fund for the Improvement of Postsecondary Education: Background and Funding

Fund for the Improvement of Postsecondary Education: Background and Funding

Date: April 5, 2005
Creator: Mangan, Bonnie F.
Description: The Fund for the Improvement of Postsecondary Education (FIPSE) supports projects to encourage innovative reform and expand education opportunities to underrepresented groups. This report describes the historical context leading to the establishment of the Fund for Improvement of Postsecondary Education, provisions governing the program, and the variety of projects funded by FIPSE.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Investment in U.S. Securities

Foreign Investment in U.S. Securities

Date: April 24, 2006
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: Foreign capital inflows are playing an important role in the U.S. economy by bridging the gap between domestic supplies of and demand for capital. Foreign investors now hold more than 55% of the publicly-held and -traded U.S. Treasury securities. This report relies on a comprehensive set of data on capital flows, represented by purchases and sales of U.S. government securities and U.S. and foreign corporate stocks, bonds, into and out of the United States, that is reported by the Treasury Department on a monthly basis.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FEMA's Community Disaster Loan Program

FEMA's Community Disaster Loan Program

Date: February 21, 2006
Creator: Noto, Nonna A & Maguire, Steven
Description: Areas struck by disasters, both natural and man-made, often experience a destruction of property and decline in economic activity. Tax collections for affected local governments may fall substantially as a consequence. At the same time, the financial and public service obligations of local governments persist and may actually increase. The unexpected loss of revenue coupled with the increased financial needs for responding to a natural disaster or terrorist act may lead local governments to seek assistance from the federal government. This report examines the federal Community Disaster Loan (CDL) program, authorized by Section 417 of the Stafford Act and administered by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). The CDL program is intended to assist local governments that experience revenue losses and/or increased municipal operating expenses as the result of a presidentially declared major disaster.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federally Supported Water Supply and Wastewater Treatment Programs

Federally Supported Water Supply and Wastewater Treatment Programs

Date: March 14, 2005
Creator: Resources, Science, and Industry Division
Description: This report provides background information on the types of water supply and wastewater treatment projects traditionally funded by the federal government and the several existing programs to assist communities with water supply and wastewater recycling and treatment. These projects and programs are found primarily within the Department of Agriculture (USDA), Department of Commerce, Department of Defense (DOD), Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), Department of the Interior (DOI), and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Enterprise Architecture and E-Government: Issues for Information Technology Management

Federal Enterprise Architecture and E-Government: Issues for Information Technology Management

Date: May 10, 2006
Creator: Seifert, Jeffrey W.
Description: This report discusses government efforts to increase efficiency. One approach being implemented to reduce duplicative spending and improve cross-agency collaboration is the use of enterprise architecture (EA) planning across the federal government. An EA serves as a blueprint of the business operations of an organization, and the information and technology needed to carry out these functions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Elementary and Secondary Education Programs: Reauthorization Issues

Federal Elementary and Secondary Education Programs: Reauthorization Issues

Date: May 13, 1988
Creator: Riddle, Wayne C
Description: This report discusses the reauthorization of most Federal elementary and secondary education programs, which the 100th Congress is currently considering, as well as the creation of several new programs. Issues have included: (1) Federal versus ~tate/local priorities in the use of funds; (2) use of formula grants or competitive grants to allocate funds; (3) services for eligible nonpublic school children; (4) relationship between Federal programs and State-level school reform activities; and (5) information about programs and participants for the Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal and Non-Federal Support of University Based Research

Federal and Non-Federal Support of University Based Research

Date: June 4, 2004
Creator: Davey, Michael E
Description: While the federal government continues to be the primary supporter of university based research and development (R&D), the financial composition of support for university-based research has changed considerably over the past 31 years. This report discusses national R&D expenditures for university based research, which reached $36.333 billion in 2002.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Family Planning: Title X of the Public Health Service Act

Family Planning: Title X of the Public Health Service Act

Date: March 24, 1988
Creator: Cislowski, Joseph A
Description: This report discusses Title X of the Public Health Service Act provides support for family planning clinics, research related to family planning and population, training of family planning personnel, and development and dissemination of family planning information.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Education: Federal Concerns

Education: Federal Concerns

Date: April 12, 1988
Creator: Evans, Angela
Description: This issue brief analyzes six areas in which Federal policies to address the educational system's current needs are being fashioned (1) services for disadvantaged youth, (2) the financing of post-secondary education, ( 3 ) the level of Federal appropriations for education, ( 4 ) responses to adult illiteracy, (5) international economic competitiveness, and (6) the role of vocational education.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Education Proposals in Trade Competitiveness Legislation

Education Proposals in Trade Competitiveness Legislation

Date: May 4, 1988
Creator: Irwin, Paul M & Riddle, Wayne C
Description: Improvement on America's competitive position in international trade is one of the major issues confronting the 100th Congress. Most legislative proposals have included provisions for increasing the funding levels for Federal education programs, expanding current programs, or authorizing new programs. The primary goal is to improve the productivity of the Nation's workers by raising the skill level of the workforce. Discussions about education's role i n addressing the competitiveness issue have included the contribution of education to productivity growth, comparisons of the educational achievement of American school children with that of their peers in other nations , the educational needs of illiterate adults , and the role of technology in education.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Education Funding Issues for FY89

Education Funding Issues for FY89

Date: April 15, 1988
Creator: Evans, Angela
Description: Congress considers annually the funding level for all programs administered by U.S. Department of Education (ED). The debate in this process has focused on how much the Federal Government should spend on education , and what, if any, program changes might be necessary to achieve these levels.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Constitutional Conventions: Political and Legal Questions

Constitutional Conventions: Political and Legal Questions

Date: July 8, 1985
Creator: Huckabee, David C & McCoy, Meredith
Description: This report discusses the applications that have been passed by 32 of the necessary 34 State legislatures to convene a convention to propose an amendment prohibiting abortion. Because this process for amending the Constitution has never been used, several unresolved legal and policy questions arise governing the convening and the authority of such a convention.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Changes to Section 8 Housing Voucher Renewal Funding, FY2003-FY2006

Changes to Section 8 Housing Voucher Renewal Funding, FY2003-FY2006

Date: February 13, 2006
Creator: McCarty, Maggie
Description: This report describes changes in the formula that were included in appropriations bills for FY2003 through FY2006; it will not be updated.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Campus-Based Student Financial Aid Programs Under the Higher Education Act

Campus-Based Student Financial Aid Programs Under the Higher Education Act

Date: April 21, 2005
Creator: Smole, David P.
Description: This report discusses the issues likely to be considered during reauthorization are whether the campus-based programs provide types of aid to students that are not or cannot be provided via other postsecondary aid programs, and whether the current formulas for allocating funds to institutions for the operation of these programs are optimal. Provisions specific to each program, such as requirements for community service under FWS and terms and conditions of Perkins Loans also may be considered.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Budget Deficits: Causes, Effects and Some Remedial Options

Budget Deficits: Causes, Effects and Some Remedial Options

Date: July 15, 1985
Creator: Grinnell, David & Cox, William A
Description: In 1981 Congress enacted extensive changes in taxing and spending policies that supporters of these changes expected to generate sufficient revenues, despite a series of tax rate cuts, to balance the budget by FY84. After the onset of recession in early 1982, however, the Reagan Administration's projections showed widening budget deficits, which culminated in an actual FY83 deficit of $195.4 billion. Despite enactment of the Tax Equity and Fiscal Responsibility Act of 1982, and, more recently, the Deficit Reduction Act of 1984, large deficits are expected to persist, even under continued favorable economic conditions, unless Federal taxing and spending policies are altered dramatically.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
AIDS: The Ryan White CARE Act

AIDS: The Ryan White CARE Act

Date: February 22, 2006
Creator: Johnson, Judith A & Morgan, Paulette C
Description: This report discusses the Ryan White Comprehensive AIDS Resources Emergency (CARE) Act, which makes federal funds available to metropolitan areas and states to assist in health care costs and support services for individuals and families affected by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). This report discusses related legislation and appropriations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Veterans' Medical Care: FY2007 Appropriations

Veterans' Medical Care: FY2007 Appropriations

Date: May 8, 2006
Creator: Panangala, Sidath Viranga
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Land and Water Conservation Fund: Current Status and Issues

Land and Water Conservation Fund: Current Status and Issues

Date: June 10, 2005
Creator: Zinn, Jeffrey A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Policy Budget Trends: A Thirty-Year Review

Foreign Policy Budget Trends: A Thirty-Year Review

Date: January 31, 2006
Creator: Nowels, Larry
Description: This report serves as a resource for the annual congressional debate on foreign policy spending, providing context and a trend analysis of the past 30 years. It considers the full scope of the International Affairs Budget, or Budget Function 150, as foreign policy spending is designated within the context of the Congressional Budget Resolution. It also illustrates spending trends of the major components that make up Budget Function 150. Other relevant “snapshots” of international spending are also examined, including how foreign aid resources have been allocated across several sub-categories and trends that are especially applicable to current funding priorities such as confronting global health problems and increasing aid to Africa.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Operations (House)/State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs (Senate): FY2007 Appropriations

Foreign Operations (House)/State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs (Senate): FY2007 Appropriations

Date: May 25, 2006
Creator: Nowels, Larry; Veillette, Connie & Epstein, Susan B.
Description: This report is a guide to one of the regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House Subcommittee on Foreign Operations and the Senate Subcommittee on State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs. It summarizes the status of the bill, its scope, major issues, funding levels, and related congressional activity, and is updated as events warrant.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security Department: FY2007 Appropriations

Homeland Security Department: FY2007 Appropriations

Date: May 10, 2006
Creator: Lake, Jennifer E. & Nuñez-Neto, Blas
Description: This report is a guide to one of the regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Homeland Security. It summarizes the status of the bill, its scope, major issues, funding levels, and related congressional activity, and is updated as events warrant.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Stafford Act Disaster Assistance: Presidential Declarations, Eligible Activities, and Funding

Federal Stafford Act Disaster Assistance: Presidential Declarations, Eligible Activities, and Funding

Date: April 28, 2006
Creator: Bea, Keith
Description: This report discusses the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (the Stafford Act), which authorizes the President to issue major disaster or emergency declarations in response to catastrophes that overwhelm state and local governments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department