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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The 0.38 Percent Across-the-Board Cut in FY2000 Appropriations
This report outlines cuts made in the federal budget for FY2000. The 0.38% cut was expected to yield savings of $2.4 billion in budget authority and $1.4 billion in outlays for the fiscal year. Departments with cuts in excess of $100 million included the Departments of Defense, Transportation, Health and Human Services, and Education. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1083/
Research and Development Funding: Fiscal Year 2000
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Airport and Airway Trust Fund Issues in the 106th Congress
This report briefly discusses the Wendell H. Ford Aviation Investment and Reform Act for the 21st Century (AIR21 or FAIR21), which helps ensure that all aviation trust fund receipts (including interest) are spent for aviation purposes on an annual basis. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1342/
Defense Research: DOD's Research, Development, Test and Evaluation Program
On June 27, the Bush Administration released an amended FY2002 budget for the Department of Defense (DOD). The amended budget requests a total of $328.9 billion for DOD, an additional $18.4 billion above the Administration’s “Blueprint” budget released in April. The amended budget included an additional $5.6 billion for DOD’s Research, Development, Test and Evaluation (RDT&E) program. This raises the FY2002 RDT&E request to $47.4 billion, $6.3 billion above the total obligational authority available for RDT&E in FY2001. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1557/
The "Fiscal Cliff": Macroeconomic Consequences of Tax Increases and Spending Cuts
Report regarding the fiscal cliff, which is a set of tax increases and spending cuts that would substantially reduce the deficit in 2013. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc227799/
The Budget Control Act of 2011: Budgetary Effects of Proposals to Replace the FY2013 Sequester
Report that provides information on the levels of deficit reduction if the Budget Control Act's (BCA) automatic cuts are implemented as under current law and contrasts that with the alternative proposals offered by some Members of Congress and President Obama. It also discusses specific determinations made by the Office of Management and Budget regarding the exempt/non-exempt status of certain programs, as well as a discussion of information to be disclosed regarding the FY2013 BCA sequester impact. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc227783/
Intelligence Spending and Appropriations: Issues for Congress
This report discusses the historic trend in intelligence spending, as well as broader issues concerning the intelligence budgeting process, and may help Members of Congress contextualize information concerning the FY2013 budget. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc227735/
Uncertainty in Budget Projections
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Forest Service FY2001 Budget Issues, Including Proposals for Land Sales and Trust Funds
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V-22 Osprey Tilt-Rotor Aircraft
The V-22 Osprey is a tilt-rotor aircraft, capable of vertical or short take off and landing, with forward flight like a conventional fixed-wing aircraft. The MV-22 is the Marine Corps' top aviation priority. Marine Corps leaders believe that the Osprey will provide them an unprecedented capability to quickly and decisively project power from well over the horizon. The V-22 program has been under development for over 25 years. Safety and maintenance concerns have arisen over this period. Supporters tout the V-22's potential operational capabilities relative to the helicopters it will replace. It will fly faster, farther, and with more payload than the currently used machinery. Detractors tend to emphasize the V-22's long development schedule, its three fatal accidents, and its high cost relative to the helicopters it will replace. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10465/
The Technology Innovation Program
This report discusses the Technology Innovation Program (TIP), which was created at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) to replace the Advanced Technology Program (ATP). This report also discusses the appropriations provided for this program by the FY2008 Consolidated Appropriations Act, as well as related financial and budgetary data. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10727/
The 0.22 Percent Across-the-Board Cut in FY2001 Appropriations
Report describing changes that affected the government budget for the 2001 fiscal year under the Consolidated Appropriations Act. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1440/
Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2005
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Environmental Protection Agency: FY2001 Budget Issues
The request for state and local wastewater and drinking water capital needs was a key issue. The request of $2.91 billion for State and Tribal Assistance Grants, which fund these needs, was about one-half billion less than in FY2000. The House passed $3.18 billion, the Senate $3.32 billion, and the conferees $3.62 billion. The request included $800 million for Clean Water State Revolving Funds, $550 million less than in FY2000. The House passed $1.20 billion, the Senate $1.35 billion and the conferees $1.35 billion. Conferees approved the $825 million requested for Drinking Water State Revolving Funds. Congress denied the Administration's request for a new Clean Air Partnership program. EPA requested $100 million for Mexican border water projects and $15 million for State of Alaska projects. Conferees approved $75 million and $35 million respectively. For state and tribal administrative grants, the conferees approved roughly the requested amount of $1.0 billion. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1075/
Submission of the President's Budget in Transition Years
At the time of a presidential transition, one question commonly asked is whether the outgoing or incoming President submits the budget for the upcoming fiscal year. Under past practices, outgoing Presidents in transition years submitted a budget to Congress just prior to leaving office and incoming Presidents usually revised them. President George W. Bush has indicated that he will not submit a budget for FY2010, which is subject to a deadline of Monday, February 2, 2009. The Office of Management and Budget will prepare a current services baseline from which the incoming Administration can develop its budget proposals. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10559/
Federal Research and Development: Budgeting and Priority-Setting Issues, 109th Congress
Federal research and development (R&D) funding priorities reflect presidential policies and national needs. For FY2007, R&D is requested at almost $137 billion of budget authority, about 1.8% more than enacted in FY2006. The FY2007 budget would fund three interagency R&D initiatives: networking and information technology; climate change science; and nanotechnology. The Administration is using performance measures for R&D budgeting, including the Government Performance and Results Act and the Program Assessment Rating Tool. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10516/
Research and Development Funding: Fiscal Year 2002
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Research and Development Funding: Fiscal Year 2002
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Environmental Protection Agency: Highlights of the President's FY2007 Request
Title II of the Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act for FY2006 (P.L. 109-54, H.R. 2361) provides $7.73 billion for the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), subject to an across-the-board rescission of 0.476%. Section 439 of Title IV indicates that the rescission is to be applied proportionately among each account, program, project, and activity specified in the law, accompanying reports, and the President’s budget request. The total FY2006 EPA appropriation includes an additional $80 million in unobligated funds “rescinded” from past appropriations, as noted in the following table. P.L. 109-54 provides more funding for EPA than the Administration’s FY2006 request of $7.52 billion, but less than the FY2005 appropriation of $8.03 billion. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8490/
Federal Research and Development: Budgeting and Priority-Setting Issues, 107th Congress
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The Natural Resources and Environment Function in the FY2003 Federal Budget: An Overview of Programs and Funding
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The Natural Resources and Environment Function in the FY2003 Federal Budget: An Overview of Programs and Funding
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Federal Research and Development: Budgeting and Priority-Setting Issues, 108th Congress
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Federal Research and Development: Budgeting and Priority-Setting Issues, 108th Congress
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Federal Research and Development: Budgeting and Priority-Setting Issues, 108th Congress
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Federal Research and Development: Budgeting and Priority-Setting Issues, 107th Congress
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Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2004
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Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2004
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Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2004
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Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2004
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Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2004
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Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2004
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Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2004
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Foreign Policy Budget Trends: A Thirty-Year Review
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Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2007
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Environmental Protection Agency: An Analysis of Key FY1999 Budget Issues
On February 2, 1998, the President requested $7.8 billion for the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in FY1999. The Senate Appropriations Committee reported S. 2168 (S.Rept. 105-216) on June 12; the full Senate passed the bill on July 17. The House Committee reported H.R. 4194 (H.Rept. 105-610) on July 8, 1998; the full House passed it on July 29; and the Senate passed it on July 30 after incorporating S. 2168's provisions. During the week of October 6, the House and Senate approved the conference report, H.Rept. 105-769, which includes $7.5 billion, thus clearing the bill for the President's signature of October 21 (P.L. 105-276). The Omnibus Appropriations Act (P.L. 105-277) added $30 million more in FY1999 funds. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs556/
Federal Budget: Social Spending Targets in the FY 1999 House Budget Resolution
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FY2005 Budget Documents: Internet Access and GPO Availability
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Medicaid: President's FY88 Budget
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Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2003
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Federal Research and Development: Budgeting and Priority-Setting Issues, 108th Congress
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Federal Research and Development: Budgeting and Priority-Setting Issues, 108th Congress
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Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2003
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Federal Research and Development: Budgeting and Priority-Setting Issues, 108th Congress
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Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2004
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Federal Research and Development: Budgeting and Priority-Setting Issues, 108th Congress
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Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2004
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Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2003
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Federal Research and Development: Budgeting and Priority-Setting Issues, 108th Congress
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Environmental Protection Agency: FY1998 Budget
EPA appropriations are included in the annual VA-HUD-Independent Agencies Appropriation Bill. Two major issues were whether Superfund cleanups should be accelerated in the absence of statutory reforms and whether the requested state assistance funds are adequate. Because the House and Senate were in agreement on not granting the requested 50% increase in Superfund and in passing increased state funds, the chief conference issue focused on the roughly $225 million difference between the House and Senate versions. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs554/