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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Legislative Branch: FY2015 Appropriations

Legislative Branch: FY2015 Appropriations

Date: November 13, 2014
Creator: Petersen, R. E. & Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report provides an overview of the current status of FY2015 legislative branch appropriations. The report then addresses the FY2015 budget requests, hearings, and funding issues for individual legislative branch agencies and entities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Branch: FY2015 Appropriations

Legislative Branch: FY2015 Appropriations

Date: November 13, 2014
Creator: Petersen, R. E. & Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report provides an overview of the current status of FY2015 legislative branch appropriations. The report then addresses the FY2015 budget requests, hearings, and funding issues for individual legislative branch agencies and entities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Branch: FY2016 Appropriations

Legislative Branch: FY2016 Appropriations

Date: February 1, 2016
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report provides an overview of the consideration of FY2016 legislative branch appropriations, with subsections covering each action. It also addresses the FY2016 budget requests, hearings, and requested administrative language or other major funding issues for individual legislative branch agencies and entities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Branch Revolving Funds

Legislative Branch Revolving Funds

Date: August 25, 2010
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A. & Straus, Jacob R.
Description: Legislative branch revolving funds support the "business-type activities" of the House, Senate, and legislative branch agencies. This report traces the establishment, use, and recent development of these funds. Where available, the current status of funds is provided, using standard federal government budget object classifications.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Branch Staffing, 1954-2007

Legislative Branch Staffing, 1954-2007

Date: October 15, 2008
Creator: Petersen, Eric R.
Description: This report provides data and analysis concerning legislative branch staffing levels since 1954. Legislative branch staff include congressional staff, who work in the House or Senate, and legislative agency staff, who work in a legislative branch agency. At present, there is no legislation pending before Congress to change existing staff arrangements in Congress or legislative branch agencies. As policies and issues before Congress continue to proliferate in volume and complexity, new proposals for change in staffing levels or changes in the balance between congressional staff and legislative agency staff may emerge. This report, which will be updated annually, is one of several CRS products focusing on various aspects of congressional operations and administration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Procedures for Adjusting the Public Debt Limit: A Brief Overview

Legislative Procedures for Adjusting the Public Debt Limit: A Brief Overview

Date: February 11, 2005
Creator: Keith, Robert & Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Procedures for Adjusting the Public Debt Limit: A Brief Overview

Legislative Procedures for Adjusting the Public Debt Limit: A Brief Overview

Date: May 2, 2011
Creator: Heniff Jr., Bill
Description: Almost all borrowing by the federal government is conducted by the Treasury Department, within the restrictions established by a single, statutory limit on the total amount of debt that may be outstanding at any time.1 In a few instances, agencies such as the Tennessee Valley Authority operate within their own borrowing limits established separately in law. For years, the public debt limit has been codified in Section 3101(b) of Title 31, United States Code. Periodic adjustments in the debt limit take the form of amendments to 31 U.S.C. 3101(b), usually by striking the current dollar limitation and inserting a new one. In the past, such changes to the debt limit have been either permanent or temporary.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Procedures for Adjusting the Public Debt Limit: A Brief Overview

Legislative Procedures for Adjusting the Public Debt Limit: A Brief Overview

Date: August 6, 2015
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr.
Description: This report discusses the procedure for adjusting the public debt limit. Nearly all of the outstanding debt of the federal government is subject to a statutory limit, which is set forth as a dollar limitation in 31 U.S.C. 3101(b). From time to time, Congress considers and passes legislation to adjust or suspend this limit.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Limitations in Appropriations Measures: An Overview of Procedural Issues

Limitations in Appropriations Measures: An Overview of Procedural Issues

Date: September 29, 2014
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Description: This report discusses internal congressional rules and procedures regarding money and policy decisions. It begins by explaining the contrasting procedural contexts that influence the consideration of limitation provisions in appropriations measures on the House and Senate floor. Next, it defines the two forms of limitations that have been allowed under House and Senate precedents, with examples of previous purposes that have been allowed. This report then proceeds to identify the variety of substantive challenges that exist in structuring a limitation provision so that it does not constitute legislative language and thereby violate House and Senate rules. Finally, this report concludes by discussing the effect of points of order during floor consideration and the burden of proof that exists for proponents of limitation provisions to successfully overcome procedural objections.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Limitations in Appropriations Measures: An Overview of Procedural Issues

Limitations in Appropriations Measures: An Overview of Procedural Issues

Date: February 14, 2011
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Description: This report deals with the procedure and scope of appropriations limitations within the House and the Senate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Limiting Central Government Budget Deficits: International Experiences

Limiting Central Government Budget Deficits: International Experiences

Date: March 11, 2010
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report focuses on how major developed and emerging-market country governments, particularly the G-20 and Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries, limit their fiscal deficits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Limiting Central Government Budget Deficits: International Experiences

Limiting Central Government Budget Deficits: International Experiences

Date: January 31, 2011
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report focuses on how major developed and emerging-market country governments, particularly the G-20 and Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries, limit their fiscal deficits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Line Item Veto: A Constitutional Analysis of Recent Proposals

Line Item Veto: A Constitutional Analysis of Recent Proposals

Date: April 17, 2006
Creator: Rosenberg, Morton
Description: This report discusses the Legislative Line Item Veto and its constitutional issues and the President’s rescission proposals must be enacted by both Houses and signed into law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Line Item Veto Act

The Line Item Veto Act

Date: November 26, 1996
Creator: Fisher, Louis & McMurtry, Virginia A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Line Item Veto Act of 1996: Lessons from the States

Line Item Veto Act of 1996: Lessons from the States

Date: December 26, 1996
Creator: Fisher, Louis
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Line Item Veto Act: Procedural Issues

The Line Item Veto Act: Procedural Issues

Date: December 2, 1996
Creator: Fisher, Louis & McMurtry, Virginia A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Line Item Veto Act Unconstitutional:

Line Item Veto Act Unconstitutional:

Date: August 18, 1998
Creator: Nicola, Thomas J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Line Item Vetoes in the 105th Congress, First Session: A Finding Aid

Line Item Vetoes in the 105th Congress, First Session: A Finding Aid

Date: February 13, 1998
Creator: Anderson, J. Michael & Jimenez, Rita
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Local and Regional Procurement for U.S. International Emergency Food Aid

Local and Regional Procurement for U.S. International Emergency Food Aid

Date: August 10, 2009
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E.
Description: This report discusses local and regional procurement (LRP) of food aid, which refers to the purchase of commodities for emergency food aid by donors in countries with food needs or in another country within the region. LRP is used extensively by the United Nations World Food Program (WFP) and has been proposed as a cost-effective, time-saving tool that the United States could use to meet emergency food needs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Location-Based Preferences in Federal and Federally Funded Contracting: An Overview of the Law

Location-Based Preferences in Federal and Federally Funded Contracting: An Overview of the Law

Date: December 30, 2010
Creator: Luckey, John R. & Manuel, Kate M.
Description: This report discusses constitutional and other legal issues related to the creation and implementation of location-based preferences in federal contracting, as well as summarizes key authorities requiring or allowing federal agencies to "favor" contractors located in specific places. The report does not address federal preferences for domestic products or provisions of federal law that could, depending upon their implementation, effectively prefer local contractors, such as project labor agreements.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Location-Based Preferences in Federal and Federally Funded Contracting: An Overview of the Law

Location-Based Preferences in Federal and Federally Funded Contracting: An Overview of the Law

Date: October 1, 2010
Creator: Luckey, John R. & Manuel, Kate M.
Description: This report discusses constitutional and other legal issues related to the creation and implementation of location-based preferences in federal contracting, as well as summarizes key authorities requiring or allowing federal agencies to "favor" contractors located in specific places. The report does not address federal preferences for domestic products or provisions of federal law that could, depending upon their implementation, effectively prefer local contractors, such as project labor agreements.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Long-Range Ballistic Missile Defense in Europe

Long-Range Ballistic Missile Defense in Europe

Date: September 23, 2009
Creator: Hildreth, Steven A. & Ek, Carl
Description: In early 2007, after several years of internal discussions and consultations with Poland and the Czech Republic, the Bush Administration formally proposed to defend against an Iranian missile threat by deploying a ground-based mid-course defense (GMD) element in Europe as part of the global U.S. BMDS (Ballistic Missile Defense System). The system would have included 10 interceptors in Poland, a radar in the Czech Republic, and another radar that would have been deployed in a country closer to Iran, to be completed by 2013 at a reported cost of at least $4 billion. This report is designed to retain background information and analysis of the Bush-proposed European BMD initiative up to the Obama Administration's decision to cancel it.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Long-Range Ballistic Missile Defense in Europe

Long-Range Ballistic Missile Defense in Europe

Date: April 26, 2010
Creator: Hildreth, Steven A. & Ek, Carl
Description: In early 2007, after several years of internal discussions and consultations with Poland and the Czech Republic, the Bush Administration formally proposed to defend against an Iranian missile threat by deploying a ground-based mid-course defense (GMD) element in Europe as part of the global U.S. BMDS (Ballistic Missile Defense System). The system would have included 10 interceptors in Poland, a radar in the Czech Republic, and another radar that would have been deployed in a country closer to Iran, to be completed by 2013 at a reported cost of at least $4 billion. This report is designed to retain background information and analysis of the Bush-proposed European BMD initiative up to the Obama Administration's decision to cancel it.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Long-Range Ballistic Missile Defense in Europe

Long-Range Ballistic Missile Defense in Europe

Date: June 22, 2009
Creator: Hildreth, Steven A. & Ek, Carl
Description: Successive U.S. governments have urged the creation of an anti-missile system to protect against long-range ballistic missile threats from adversary states. The Bush Administration proposed deploying a ground-based mid-course defense (GMD) element of the larger Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMDS) in Europe to defend against an Iranian missile threat. The proposed U.S. system has encountered resistance in some European countries and beyond. The GMD plan has also affected U.S.-Russia relations. Former President Putin and his successor, Vladimir Medvedev, have argued that the proposal would reignite the arms race and upset U.S.-Russian-European security relations. This report discusses these issues, as well as the pending related budget requests.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department