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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
2014 Farm Bill Provisions and WTO Compliance

2014 Farm Bill Provisions and WTO Compliance

Date: April 22, 2015
Creator: Schnepf, Randy
Description: This report briefly describes the relevant World Trade Organization (WTO) rules governing domestic support programs under the Agreement on Agriculture (AoA) and the Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures (SCM). The report then reviews the current U.S. farm safety net programs in light of their potential for compliance with the AoA and SCM and their potential to affect the success of the current Doha Round of multilateral trade negotiations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The 2014 Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR) and Defense Strategy: Issues for Congress

The 2014 Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR) and Defense Strategy: Issues for Congress

Date: February 24, 2014
Creator: Dale, Catherine
Description: This report briefly reviews the statutory Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR) mandate and characterizes the context for the 2014 QDR. It also raises a series of issues that Congress may choose to consider in evaluating the QDR mandate, the 2014 QDR, and the Department of Defense (DOD) strategic direction more broadly.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Addressing the Long-Run Budget Deficit: A Comparison of Approaches

Addressing the Long-Run Budget Deficit: A Comparison of Approaches

Date: December 9, 2014
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G.
Description: The growth of the national debt, which is considered unsustainable under current policies, continues to be one of the central issues of domestic federal policy making. On August 2, 2011, Congress adopted, and the President signed, the Budget Control Act (BCA; P.L. 112-25), which might be viewed as an initial step in addressing long-run debt issues. This report examines alternative approaches to reducing the deficit, relating to the immediate issues arising from the BCA and the extended tax cuts as well as to ongoing, longer-term decisions about how to bring the debt under control. It focuses on the trade-offs between limiting the provision of defense and domestic public goods, reducing transfers to persons including entitlements for the elderly and those with low income, reducing support for state and local governments, and raising taxes. Using projections of the debt and deficit, it also addresses how limiting reliance on one source of deficit reduction creates pressure on other sources.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Addressing the Long-Run Budget Deficit: A Comparison of Approaches

Addressing the Long-Run Budget Deficit: A Comparison of Approaches

Date: November 30, 2012
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G.
Description: Report that examines alternative approaches to reducing the deficit, relating to the immediate issues arising from the Budget Control Act and the expiring tax cuts as well as to ongoing longer term decisions about how to bring the debt under control.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Adopting A Long-Term Budget Focus: Challenges and Proposals

Adopting A Long-Term Budget Focus: Challenges and Proposals

Date: December 3, 2010
Creator: Lynch, Megan Suzanne; Labonte, Marc & Levit, Mindy R.
Description: This report focuses on the current federal budget process, including criticisms of that process. This report will provide information on (1) the current horizons used in the budget process, including already existing long-term components; (2) the rationale for increased focus on longterm budgeting; (3) general challenges to long-term budgeting; and (4) an analysis of general proposals that have been made to increase the focus of long-term budgeting in the budget process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Adopting a Long-Term Budget Focus: Challenges and Proposals

Adopting a Long-Term Budget Focus: Challenges and Proposals

Date: January 13, 2011
Creator: Lynch, Megan Suzanne; Labonte, Marc & Levit, Mindy R.
Description: Report concerning the current federal budget process, including criticisms of that process. Information is provided regarding the current horizons used in the budget process, including already existing long-term components; the rationale for increased focus on long term budgeting; general challenges to long-term budgeting; and an analysis of general proposals that have been made to increase the focus of long-term budgeting in the budget process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Advance Appropriations, Forward Funding, and Advance Funding

Advance Appropriations, Forward Funding, and Advance Funding

Date: November 22, 2010
Creator: Streeter, Sandy
Description: pppropriations acts generally make budget authority (or BA) available for use (or obligation) at the start of the fiscal year covered by the act. Sometimes appropriations bills provide a different date for specified budget authority within the act to become first available so that the funding cycle does not coincide with the fiscal year generally covered by the act. There are three types of this kind of budget authority: advance appropriations, forward funding, and advance funding.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Advance Appropriations, Forward Funding, and Advance Funding: Concepts, Practice, and Budget Process Considerations

Advance Appropriations, Forward Funding, and Advance Funding: Concepts, Practice, and Budget Process Considerations

Date: April 16, 2014
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Description: This report discusses the federal programs that are funded through the annual appropriations process in regular appropriations acts, which may typically obligate those funds during a period that starts at the beginning of that fiscal year.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Affordable Care Act (ACA) and the Appropriations Process: FAQs Regarding Potential Legislative Changes and Effects of a Government Shutdown

Affordable Care Act (ACA) and the Appropriations Process: FAQs Regarding Potential Legislative Changes and Effects of a Government Shutdown

Date: October 2, 2013
Creator: Redhead, C. S.; Tollestrup, Jessica; Liu, Edward C. & Brass, Clinton T.
Description: This report provides background information on the Affordable Care Act (ACA). It discusses the ACA and the annual appropriations process and the potential impact of a shutdown on ACA implementation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agriculture and Related Agencies: FY2015 Appropriations

Agriculture and Related Agencies: FY2015 Appropriations

Date: October 22, 2014
Creator: Monke, Jim
Description: This report discusses various policy aspects of the Agriculture appropriations bill for FY2015, which funds the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), except for the Forest Service.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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