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 Decade: 1990-1999
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Earmarks and Limitations in Appropriations Bills

Earmarks and Limitations in Appropriations Bills

Date: February 11, 1999
Creator: Streeter, Sandy
Description: An annual appropriations act is generally made up of separate paragraphs, each of which provides funding for specific agencies and programs. Generally, each paragraph corresponds to a unique account and provides appropriations for multiple projects and purposes as a single lump sum. Earmarks and limitations are two devices regularly used in annual appropriations acts to restrict, or more precisely direct, the availability of funds for specific projects or purposes of an account. Sometimes an earmark or a limitation may generate more interest or controversy than the total appropriation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pay-As-You-Go Rules in the Federal Budget Process

Pay-As-You-Go Rules in the Federal Budget Process

Date: February 15, 1999
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Budget Actions in 1997

Congressional Budget Actions in 1997

Date: January 8, 1997
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: In 1997, during the first session of the 105th Congress, the House and Senate will consider many different budgetary measures. Most of these measures will pertain to FY1998 and beyond, but some measures will make adjustments in the budget for the current fiscal year, FY1997. This issue brief describes House and Senate action on major budgetary legislation within the framework of the congressional budget process and other procedural requirements.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Budget Reconciliation in the 105th Congress: Achieving a Balanced Budget by 2002

Budget Reconciliation in the 105th Congress: Achieving a Balanced Budget by 2002

Date: September 11, 1997
Creator: Koitz, David Stuart & Nuschler, Dawn
Description: Achievement of a balanced federal budget by 2002 was a high priority for the 105th Congress and the President. After months of negotiations and debate, starting in February 1997 and ending in July 1997, congressional leaders and the White House forged a consensus on legislation to accomplish this goal. The legislation, signed into law by President Clinton on August 5, 1997, sets “caps” on discretionary spending, constrains entitlement programs, and on balance reduces federal taxes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Brief Introduction to the Federal Budget Process

A Brief Introduction to the Federal Budget Process

Date: October 20, 1997
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: This report provides a brief introduction to the federal budget process. Key budget concepts and terminology are defined and explained. The separate procedures that make up the federal budget process are identified and their salient features described. While a complete understanding of federal budgeting probably can be obtained only after much observation and study of the process in operation, broad exposure to its rudiments is a useful first step. Various resources “for additional reading” are identified at the end of this report, which the reader may find helpful in exploring the subject in greater depth.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appropriations for FY1999: District of Columbia

Appropriations for FY1999: District of Columbia

Date: November 5, 1998
Creator: Noto, Nonna A
Description: Appropriations are one part of a complex federal budget process that includes budget resolutions, appropriations (regular, supplemental, and continuing) bills, rescissions, and budget reconciliation bills. This report is a guide to one of the 13 regular appropriations bills that Congress passes each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on the District of Columbia.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Supplemental Appropriations and Rescissions for FY1998

Supplemental Appropriations and Rescissions for FY1998

Date: May 4, 1998
Creator: Nowels, Larry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration and Naturalization Services's FY2000 Budget

Immigration and Naturalization Services's FY2000 Budget

Date: August 18, 1999
Creator: Krouse, William J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Shutdown of the Federal Government: Causes, Effects, and Process

Shutdown of the Federal Government: Causes, Effects, and Process

Date: November 8, 1999
Creator: Gressle, Sharon S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.N Funding, Payment of Arrears and Linkage to Reform: Legislation in the 105th Congress

U.N Funding, Payment of Arrears and Linkage to Reform: Legislation in the 105th Congress

Date: April 24, 1998
Creator: Bite, Vita; Browne, Marjorie Ann & McHugh, Lois B
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department