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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Results 1741 - 1764 of 2,878
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The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Block Grant: Responses to Frequently Asked Questions

The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Block Grant: Responses to Frequently Asked Questions

Date: August 23, 2005
Creator: Falk, Gene
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies: FY2006 Appropriations

Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies: FY2006 Appropriations

Date: August 17, 2005
Creator: Vincent, Carol H. & Boren, Susan
Description: The annual consideration of appropriations bills (regular, continuing, and supplemental) by Congress is part of a complex set of budget processes that also encompasses the consideration of budget resolutions, revenue and debt-limit legislation, other spending measures, and reconciliation bills. This report is a guide to one of the regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House Appropriations Subcommittee on Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies and the Senate Appropriations Subcommittee on Interior and Related Agencies. It summarizes the status of the Interior and Related Agencies appropriations bill, its scope, major issues, funding levels, and related congressional activity, and is updated as events warrant.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Environmental Protection Agency: FY2006 Appropriations and Highlights

Environmental Protection Agency: FY2006 Appropriations and Highlights

Date: August 16, 2005
Creator: Bearden, David M & Esworthy, Robert
Description: Title II of the Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act for FY2006 (P.L. 109-54, H.R. 2361) provides $7.73 billion for the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), subject to an across-the-board rescission of 0.476%. Section 439 of Title IV indicates that the rescission is to be applied proportionately among each account, program, project, and activity specified in the law, accompanying reports, and the President’s budget request. The total FY2006 EPA appropriation includes an additional $80 million in unobligated funds “rescinded” from past appropriations, as noted in the following table. P.L. 109-54 provides more funding for EPA than the Administration’s FY2006 request of $7.52 billion, but less than the FY2005 appropriation of $8.03 billion.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Quality of Life/VA (House) and Military Construction/VA (Senate): FY2006 Appropriations

Military Quality of Life/VA (House) and Military Construction/VA (Senate): FY2006 Appropriations

Date: August 15, 2005
Creator: Else, Daniel H; Graney, Paul J & Panangala, Sidath Viranga
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Recent Developments in Reconstruction Assistance

Iraq: Recent Developments in Reconstruction Assistance

Date: August 12, 2005
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Budget Reconciliation Process: House and Senate Procedures

The Budget Reconciliation Process: House and Senate Procedures

Date: August 10, 2005
Creator: Keith, Robert & Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: The budget reconciliation process is an optional procedure that operates as an adjunct to the budget resolution process established by the Congressional Budget Act of 1974. The chief purpose of the reconciliation process is to enhance Congress’s ability to change current law in order to bring revenue, spending, and debt-limit levels into conformity with the policies of the annual budget resolution. Reconciliation is a two-stage process. First, reconciliation directives are included in the budget resolution, instructing the appropriate committees to develop legislation achieving the desired budgetary outcomes. The second step involves consideration of the resultant reconciliation legislation by the House and Senate under expedited procedures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education: FY2006 Appropriations

Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education: FY2006 Appropriations

Date: August 8, 2005
Creator: Irwin, Paul M
Description: This report is a guide to one of the regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, and Related Agencies. It summarizes the status of the bill, its scope, major issues, funding levels, and related congressional activity, and is updated as events warrant.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
V-22 Osprey Tilt-Rotor Aircraft

V-22 Osprey Tilt-Rotor Aircraft

Date: August 4, 2005
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Bunker Busters": Robust Nuclear Earth Penetrator Issues, FY2005 and FY2006

"Bunker Busters": Robust Nuclear Earth Penetrator Issues, FY2005 and FY2006

Date: August 2, 2005
Creator: Medalia, Jonathan
Description: The Robust Nuclear Earth Penetrator (RNEP) program has been the most controversial nuclear weapon program in Congress for the last several years. Supporters argue that it is needed to attack hard and deeply buried targets (such as leadership bunkers) in countries of concern, thereby deterring or defeating challenges from such nations; critics assert that RNEP would lower the threshold for use of nuclear weapons and prompt other nations to develop nuclear weapons to deter U.S. attack. This report presents a brief technical background on RNEP, then discusses the history of RNEP in Congress and the Administration for the FY2005 and FY2006 budget cycles.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Spectrum Management and Special Funds

Spectrum Management and Special Funds

Date: August 2, 2005
Creator: Moore, Linda K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Veterans' Medical Care: FY2006 Appropriations

Veterans' Medical Care: FY2006 Appropriations

Date: August 2, 2005
Creator: Panangala, Sidath Viranga
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Amtrak: Budget and Reauthorization

Amtrak: Budget and Reauthorization

Date: August 1, 2005
Creator: Peterman, David Randall & Harrison, Glennon J
Description: Amtrak was created by Congress in 1970 to provide intercity passenger railroad service. Without a yearly federal grant to cover operating losses, Amtrak would not survive as presently configured. This issue brief discusses reform proposals from both the Administration and Amtrak in the 109th Congress. It addresses the appropriations requested by Amtrak, the reluctance of the Administration to provide aid, and its willingness to let Amtrak enter bankruptcy, resulting in restructuring and reform of inefficient operations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD): FY2006 Budget

The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD): FY2006 Budget

Date: August 1, 2005
Creator: McCarty, Maggie; Foote, Bruce E & Boyd, Eugene
Description: On July 21, 2005, the Senate Appropriations Committee approved a $34.8 billion FY2006 budget for HUD. Like the House version, the Senate bill rejects the President’s Strengthening America’s Communities Initiative (SACI). It increases funding above both the President’s request and the House version for HOPE VI, Community Development Block Grant (CDBG)-related programs (including Section 108 loan guarantees), Native American Housing Block Grants, and Rural Housing and Economic Development.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FY2006 Appropriations for the Department of Transportation

FY2006 Appropriations for the Department of Transportation

Date: August 1, 2005
Creator: Peterman, David Randall
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s FY2006 Budget Request: Description, Analysis, and Issues for Congress

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s FY2006 Budget Request: Description, Analysis, and Issues for Congress

Date: August 1, 2005
Creator: Smith, Marcia S & Morgan, Daniel
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Science, State, Justice, Commerce and Related Agencies (House)/Commerce, Justice, Science and Related Agencies (Senate): FY2006 Appropriations

Science, State, Justice, Commerce and Related Agencies (House)/Commerce, Justice, Science and Related Agencies (Senate): FY2006 Appropriations

Date: July 29, 2005
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F & Epstein, Susan B
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Telecommunications Discounts for Schools and Libraries: The “E-Rate” Program and Controversies

Telecommunications Discounts for Schools and Libraries: The “E-Rate” Program and Controversies

Date: July 28, 2005
Creator: Gilroy, Angele A.
Description: This report addresses the controversial issues surrounding the E-rate program’s implementation and subsequent legislative measures introduced to address these issues. An additional issue, concern that minors may gain access to “inappropriate” material through the Internet has also had an impact on the E-rate program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration: Overview, FY2006 Budget in Brief, and Key Issues for Congress

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration: Overview, FY2006 Budget in Brief, and Key Issues for Congress

Date: July 26, 2005
Creator: Smith, Marcia S & Morgan, Daniel
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State Department and Related Agencies:  FY2005 Appropriations and FY2006 Request

State Department and Related Agencies: FY2005 Appropriations and FY2006 Request

Date: July 26, 2005
Creator: Epstein, Susan B
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Corporation for Public Broadcasting: Federal Funding Facts and Status

The Corporation for Public Broadcasting: Federal Funding Facts and Status

Date: July 25, 2005
Creator: McLoughlin, Glenn J
Description: Congressional policymakers are closely examining federal funding for the Corporation for Public Broadcasting (CPB). Overall, 15.6% of all public television and radio broadcasting funding comes from the federal appropriations that CPB distributes. The CPB’s appropriation is allocated through a distribution formula established in its authorizing legislation. It has historically received two-year advanced appropriations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Broadband Internet Access and the Digital Divide: Federal Assistance Programs

Broadband Internet Access and the Digital Divide: Federal Assistance Programs

Date: July 21, 2005
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G & Gilroy, Angele A
Description: Some policymakers, believing that disparities in broadband access across American society could have adverse economic and social consequences on those left behind, assert that the federal government should play a more active role to avoid a “digital divide” in broadband access. One approach is for the federal government to provide financial assistance to support broadband deployment in underserved areas. Others, however, believe that federal assistance for broadband deployment is not appropriate. Some opponents question the reality of the “digital divide,” and argue that federal intervention in the broadband marketplace would be premature and, in some cases, counterproductive.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Budget for Fiscal Year 2006

The Budget for Fiscal Year 2006

Date: July 21, 2005
Creator: Winters, Philip D
Description: On February 7, 2005, the President presented his FY2006 budget, containing proposals and estimates for FY2006 through FY2010. The proposal has a deficit of $390 billion (3.0% of GDP) in FY2006, and steadily declining deficits through FY2010. The budget did not include estimates of the cost of the war on terror beyond FY2005. It did not include cost estimates of the Administration’s proposals for changes in Social Security. It did include specific proposals that, over five years, would reduce spending among the non-defense discretionary programs; slow the growth in defense spending; slow the growth in selected categories of mandatory spending; and make further tax cuts along with making permanent the 2001 and 2003 tax cuts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Community Services Block Grants (CSBG): Funding and Reauthorization

Community Services Block Grants (CSBG): Funding and Reauthorization

Date: July 20, 2005
Creator: Spar, Karen & Laney, Garrine P
Description: Community Services Block Grants (CSBG), administered by the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), provide federal funds to states, territories and Indian tribes for distribution to local agencies to reduce poverty. Several related national activities — Community Economic Development, Rural Community Facilities, National Youth Sports, Community Food and Nutrition, Job Opportunities for Low-Income Individuals (JOLI) and Individual Development Accounts (IDAs) — also provide grants to local communities for a variety of anti-poverty initiatives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2006

Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2006

Date: July 20, 2005
Creator: Davey, Michael E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department