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 Decade: 1980-1989
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
What Large Deficits Will Do If They Continue (And What Will Happen If They Are Reduced)

What Large Deficits Will Do If They Continue (And What Will Happen If They Are Reduced)

Date: April 29, 1985
Creator: Woodward, G. Thomas
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Constitutional Conventions: Political and Legal Questions

Constitutional Conventions: Political and Legal Questions

Date: July 8, 1985
Creator: Huckabee, David C & McCoy, Meredith
Description: This report discusses the applications that have been passed by 32 of the necessary 34 State legislatures to convene a convention to propose an amendment prohibiting abortion. Because this process for amending the Constitution has never been used, several unresolved legal and policy questions arise governing the convening and the authority of such a convention.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Case for and Against an Import Surcharge

The Case for and Against an Import Surcharge

Date: July 12, 1985
Creator: Reifman, Alfred
Description: The United States is now running a deficit of over $100 billion in its foreign trade and the Federal budget is in the red by roughly $200 billion. To deal with these two deficits, Congress is considering a temporary import surcharge. This brief examines the case for and against such a surcharge as well as its use against Japan.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Budget Deficits: Causes, Effects and Some Remedial Options

Budget Deficits: Causes, Effects and Some Remedial Options

Date: July 15, 1985
Creator: Grinnell, David & Cox, William A
Description: In 1981 Congress enacted extensive changes in taxing and spending policies that supporters of these changes expected to generate sufficient revenues, despite a series of tax rate cuts, to balance the budget by FY84. After the onset of recession in early 1982, however, the Reagan Administration's projections showed widening budget deficits, which culminated in an actual FY83 deficit of $195.4 billion. Despite enactment of the Tax Equity and Fiscal Responsibility Act of 1982, and, more recently, the Deficit Reduction Act of 1984, large deficits are expected to persist, even under continued favorable economic conditions, unless Federal taxing and spending policies are altered dramatically.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Balanced Budget Proposal: Some Macroeconomic Implications

The Balanced Budget Proposal: Some Macroeconomic Implications

Date: July 29, 1985
Creator: Henderson, John B
Description: This brief report outlines some possible macroeconomic implications of observing a statutory or constitutional commitment to balance the Federal budget. It does not address the legal questions about the proposal or their implementation, nor the economic and political questions related to decisions about the level of Federal revenues or expenditures. On the latter, its analysis refers to revenue and expenditure levels, in relation to total national product, typical of recent years.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Explanation of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 -- Public Law 99-177 (The Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Act)

Explanation of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 -- Public Law 99-177 (The Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Act)

Date: February 1, 1986
Creator: Schick, Allen
Description: The report explains briefly the major features of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 (Public Law 99-177), commonly referred to as the Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Act. Following a short overview of the deficit reduction process, the report outlines the deficit control timetable for each of fiscal years 1987-1991, and the accelerated timetable for fiscal year 1986, describes the procedures for eliminating excess deficits, discusses how to compute the required spending reductions, and summarizes the sequestration of funds for fiscal year 1986. The report also identifies the programs exempted from emergency deficit reduction procedures and those that have special rules for making reductions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Telephone Industry Residential Subscriber Line Charges and the Lifeline Option

Telephone Industry Residential Subscriber Line Charges and the Lifeline Option

Date: March 16, 1987
Creator: Gilroy, Angele A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Manual on the Federal Budget Process

Manual on the Federal Budget Process

Date: March 31, 1987
Creator: Schick, Allen; Keith, Robert & Davis, Edward
Description: The purpose of this manual is to assist users of Federal budget information in understanding how the process works and how data are to be interpreted.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Manual on the Federal Budget Process

Manual on the Federal Budget Process

Date: March 31, 1987
Creator: Schick, Allen; Keith, Robert & Davis, Edward
Description: The purpose of this manual is to assist users of Federal budget information in understanding how the process works and how data are to be interpreted.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Drug Control: President's Budget Request for Fiscal Year 1988

Federal Drug Control: President's Budget Request for Fiscal Year 1988

Date: June 1, 1987
Creator: Hogan, Harry L & Walke, Roger
Description: This report discusses the President's FY1988 budget, focusing on the $3 billion set aside for Federal programs to control or prevent the use of narcotics and other dangerous drugs. The report includes various key documents illustrating the positions taken by Congressional critics of the request as well as the Administration's defenses. Finally, for a longer term perspective, there are graphs and a table showing drug budget trends since FY 1981.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Drug Control: President's Budget Request for Fiscal Year 1988

Federal Drug Control: President's Budget Request for Fiscal Year 1988

Date: June 1, 1987
Creator: Hogan, Harry L & Walke, Roger
Description: This report discusses the President's FY1988 budget, focusing on the $3 billion set aside for Federal programs to control or prevent the use of narcotics and other dangerous drugs. The report includes various key documents illustrating the positions taken by Congressional critics of the request as well as the Administration's defenses. Finally, for a longer term perspective, there are graphs and a table showing drug budget trends since FY 1981.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gramm-Rudman-Hollings: Potential Economic Effects of Meeting Deficit Targets

Gramm-Rudman-Hollings: Potential Economic Effects of Meeting Deficit Targets

Date: September 16, 1987
Creator: Cashell, Brian W
Description: This report discusses the reduction of federal budget deficit and the effect on the rise of interest rates.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security: How is it Treated in Determining the Federal Budget?

Social Security: How is it Treated in Determining the Federal Budget?

Date: December 11, 1987
Creator: Koitz, David
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Funding for AIDS Research and Education

Federal Funding for AIDS Research and Education

Date: January 12, 1988
Creator: Smith, Pamela W & Swerdloff, Jill T
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Family Planning: Title X of the Public Health Service Act

Family Planning: Title X of the Public Health Service Act

Date: March 24, 1988
Creator: Cislowski, Joseph A
Description: This report discusses Title X of the Public Health Service Act provides support for family planning clinics, research related to family planning and population, training of family planning personnel, and development and dissemination of family planning information.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Funding for AIDS Research and Education

Federal Funding for AIDS Research and Education

Date: April 1, 1988
Creator: Smith, Pamela W & Swerdloff, Jill T
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Education: Federal Concerns

Education: Federal Concerns

Date: April 12, 1988
Creator: Evans, Angela
Description: This issue brief analyzes six areas in which Federal policies to address the educational system's current needs are being fashioned (1) services for disadvantaged youth, (2) the financing of post-secondary education, ( 3 ) the level of Federal appropriations for education, ( 4 ) responses to adult illiteracy, (5) international economic competitiveness, and (6) the role of vocational education.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Education Funding Issues for FY89

Education Funding Issues for FY89

Date: April 15, 1988
Creator: Evans, Angela
Description: Congress considers annually the funding level for all programs administered by U.S. Department of Education (ED). The debate in this process has focused on how much the Federal Government should spend on education , and what, if any, program changes might be necessary to achieve these levels.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Education Proposals in Trade Competitiveness Legislation

Education Proposals in Trade Competitiveness Legislation

Date: May 4, 1988
Creator: Irwin, Paul M & Riddle, Wayne C
Description: Improvement on America's competitive position in international trade is one of the major issues confronting the 100th Congress. Most legislative proposals have included provisions for increasing the funding levels for Federal education programs, expanding current programs, or authorizing new programs. The primary goal is to improve the productivity of the Nation's workers by raising the skill level of the workforce. Discussions about education's role i n addressing the competitiveness issue have included the contribution of education to productivity growth, comparisons of the educational achievement of American school children with that of their peers in other nations , the educational needs of illiterate adults , and the role of technology in education.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Elementary and Secondary Education Programs: Reauthorization Issues

Federal Elementary and Secondary Education Programs: Reauthorization Issues

Date: May 13, 1988
Creator: Riddle, Wayne C
Description: This report discusses the reauthorization of most Federal elementary and secondary education programs, which the 100th Congress is currently considering, as well as the creation of several new programs. Issues have included: (1) Federal versus ~tate/local priorities in the use of funds; (2) use of formula grants or competitive grants to allocate funds; (3) services for eligible nonpublic school children; (4) relationship between Federal programs and State-level school reform activities; and (5) information about programs and participants for the Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department