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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Public Aid and Faith-Based Organizations (Charitable Choice): Background and Selected Legal Issues

Public Aid and Faith-Based Organizations (Charitable Choice): Background and Selected Legal Issues

Date: February 20, 2002
Creator: Ackerman, David M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Public Aid to Faith-Based Organizations (Charitable Choice): Background and Selected Legal Issues

Public Aid to Faith-Based Organizations (Charitable Choice): Background and Selected Legal Issues

Date: March 28, 2003
Creator: Ackerman, David M.
Description: This report provides background on ten selected questions related to public aid for faith-based organization. Despite the ongoing controversy about charitable choice, not until the 107th Congress were there full hearings and extended debates on its constitutionality, efficacy, and public policy implications.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Department of Defense Fuel Costs in Iraq

Department of Defense Fuel Costs in Iraq

Date: July 23, 2008
Creator: Andrews, Anthony & Schwartz, Moshe
Description: Since the invasion of Iraq in 2003, the average price of fuels purchased for military operations in Iraq has steadily increased. The disparity between the higher price of fuel supplied to the United States Central Command compared to Iraq's civilian population has been a point of contention. Several factors contribute to the disparity, including the different types of fuel used by the military compared to Iraqi civilians, the Iraqi government's price subsidies, and the level pricing that the DOD's Defense Logistics Agency charges for military customers around the world. The Iraqi government has been pressured to reduce its fuel subsidy and black market fuel prices remain higher than the official subsidized price.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): Current Funding Trends

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): Current Funding Trends

Date: February 11, 2005
Creator: Apling, Richard N
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): Issues Regarding "Full Funding" of Part B Grants to States

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): Issues Regarding "Full Funding" of Part B Grants to States

Date: February 15, 2001
Creator: Apling, Richard N
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): State Grant Formulas

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): State Grant Formulas

Date: January 24, 2003
Creator: Apling, Richard N
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): State Grant Formulas

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): State Grant Formulas

Date: July 1, 2002
Creator: Apling, Richard N
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): Analysis of Changes Made by P.L. 108-446

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): Analysis of Changes Made by P.L. 108-446

Date: January 5, 2005
Creator: Apling, Richard N & Jones, Nancy Lee
Description: This report discusses the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA — 20 U.S.C. §1400 et seq.), which is both a grants statute and a civil rights statute. It provides federal funding for the education of children with disabilities and requires, as a condition for the receipt of such funds, the provision of a free appropriate public education (FAPE). The statute also contains detailed due process provisions to ensure the provision of FAPE. Originally enacted in 1975, the act responded to increased awareness of the need to educate children with disabilities, and to judicial decisions requiring that states provide an education for children with disabilities if they provided an education for children without disabilities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act: Full Funding of State Formula

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act: Full Funding of State Formula

Date: December 27, 2001
Creator: Apling, Richard N.
Description: This report discusses Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), which assists participating states to serve school-age children with disabilities. The state funding formula, which provides a foundation amount based on states’ FY1999 grants and allocates remaining amounts based on states’ shares of school-age children and of school-age poor children, authorizes a maximum allotment per disabled child served of 40% of the national average per pupil expenditure (APPE). Annual appropriations have never been sufficient to provide each state its maximum allotment; in FY2002, states will receive approximately 16.5% of the national APPE per disabled child served. Some advocates for the program have called upon the Congress to fully fund the formula. An estimated $18.2 billion would be required to provide states the maximum allotment allowed per disabled child served in FY2002, about 2.4 times more than the appropriation of $7.5 billion for FY2002.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): Overview of Major Provisions

The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): Overview of Major Provisions

Date: January 11, 2002
Creator: Apling, Richard N. & Jones, Nancy L.
Description: The Individuals with DisabilitiesEducation Act (IDEA) providesfundsto statesfor the education of children with disabilities. It contains detailed requirements for the receipt of these funds, including the core requirement of the provision of a free appropriate public education (FAPE). IDEA was comprehensively revised in 1997 by P.L. 105-17, but Congress has continued to grapple with issuesrelating to the Act. This report provides a brief overview of the Act with particular attention paid to issues of recent congressional concern, such as funding and the provision of FAPE for children with disabilities found to have brought a weapon to school.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): Possible Voucher Issues

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): Possible Voucher Issues

Date: July 3, 2002
Creator: Apling, Richard N.; Jones, Nancy L. & Smole, David P
Description: Congress is considering reauthorization of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) program (the main federal program providing special education and related services to children with disabilities). Among the options being discussed is increasing parental choice under IDEA. This report provides background on current federal choice programs and on the Florida McKay Scholarship program, which provides scholarships for children with disabilities enrolled in the state’s public schools to attend other public schools or to attend participating private schools. The report concludes with a discussion of possible issues that a federal special education voucher program might raise.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mandatory Spending Since 1962

Mandatory Spending Since 1962

Date: February 13, 2008
Creator: Austin, D. A.
Description: This report reviews trends in mandatory spending since 1962. Congressional Budget Office (CBO) baseline projections of mandatory spending, which extend to 2018, are discussed, as well as extended baseline projections through 2082 used to explore long-term consequences of current budgetary policy. The report examines mandatory spending’s growth relative to total federal spending and to the size of the U.S. economy, and looks at how the composition of mandatory spending has changed over time.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Running Deficits: Positives and Pitfalls

Running Deficits: Positives and Pitfalls

Date: September 20, 2006
Creator: Austin, D. A.
Description: This report discusses how deficit finance can help governments manage their economies and how large and persistent deficits can lead to severe economic problems.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases

The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases

Date: October 9, 2009
Creator: Austin, D. A. & Levit, Mindy R.
Description: This report discusses how the total debt of the federal government can increase, a historical overview of debt limits, and how the current economic slowdown has led to higher deficits and thereby a series of debt limit increases, as well as legislation related to these increases.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mandatory Spending Since 1962

Mandatory Spending Since 1962

Date: December 17, 2008
Creator: Austin, D. A. & Levit, Mindy R.
Description: This report reviews trends in mandatory spending since 1962. CBO baseline projections of mandatory spending, which extend to 2018, as well as extended baseline projections through 2082 are used to consider the long-term consequences of current mandatory spending policies.1 The report looks at mandatory spending and how it has grown over time relative to total federal spending and to the size of the U.S. economy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases

The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases

Date: May 30, 2008
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew
Description: This report discusses how the total debt of the federal government can increase, a historical overview of debt limits, and how the current economic slowdown has led to higher deficits and thereby a series of debt limit increases, as well as legislation related to these increases.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Health Care and Markets

Health Care and Markets

Date: January 5, 2007
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew & Government and Finance Division
Description: Health care spending is one of the most rapidly growing portions of the federal budget. Projections suggest if the rapid growth in health care costs is not curtailed, governments at all levels will face an uncomfortable choice between significant cuts in other spending priorities or major tax increases. This report examines the economic justification for government intervention and involvement in health care markets.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Budget: Current and Upcoming Issues

The Federal Budget: Current and Upcoming Issues

Date: November 25, 2009
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew & Levit, Mindy R.
Description: This report examines changes to the Federal Budget for Fiscal Years 2008-2010. The report considers the factors that have an effect on various budgetary functions and decisions. The report specifically focuses on the effect of the 2007-2008 financial recession on the budget, but also considers more long-term fiscal issues such as health care for retiring Baby-Boomers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Budget: Current and Upcoming Issues

The Federal Budget: Current and Upcoming Issues

Date: December 31, 2009
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew & Levit, Mindy R.
Description: This report examines changes to the Federal Budget for Fiscal Years 2008-2010. The report considers the factors that have an effect on various budgetary functions and decisions. The report specifically focuses on the effect of the 2007-2008 financial recession on the budget, but also considers more long-term fiscal issues such as health care for retiring Baby-Boomers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trends in Discretionary Funding

Trends in Discretionary Funding

Date: June 10, 2009
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew & Levit, Mindy R.
Description: Discretionary spending is essentially all spending on federal wages and salaries. Discretionary spending is often divided into defense, domestic discretionary, and international outlays. Defense and domestic discretionary spending compose nearly all of discretionary spending. The Obama Administration contends that many domestic priorities have been underfunded and has proposed some cuts in defense spending. The current economic and financial turmoil, which has led to several major federal interventions, is projected to increase non-defense spending over the next several fiscal years.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense Contracting in Iraq: Issues and Options for Congress

Defense Contracting in Iraq: Issues and Options for Congress

Date: August 15, 2008
Creator: Bailey Grasso, Valerie
Description: This report examines logistical support contracts for troop support services in Iraq primarily administered through the U.S. Army's Logistics Civil Augmentation Program (LOGCAP).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Office of Management and Budget Circular A- 76 and the Proposed Moratorium on Future DOD Competitions: Background and Issues for Congress

Office of Management and Budget Circular A- 76 and the Proposed Moratorium on Future DOD Competitions: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: October 9, 2009
Creator: Bailey Grasso, Valerie
Description: This report will discuss the current moratorium on the conduct of A-76 competitions. In the event that A-76 competitions are no longer conducted within DOD, Congress may opt to examine other mechanisms to help federal agencies achieve greater efficiencies and garner costs savings.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Walter Reed Army Medical Center (WRAMC) and Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular A-76: Implications for the Future

Walter Reed Army Medical Center (WRAMC) and Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular A-76: Implications for the Future

Date: June 10, 2008
Creator: Bailey Grasso, Valerie
Description: This report examines the issues surrounding the Walter Reed public-private competition conducted under Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular A- 76 and its potential impact on future Department of Defense (DOD) competitions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Walter Reed Army Medical Center (WRAMC) and Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular A-76: Implications for the Future

Walter Reed Army Medical Center (WRAMC) and Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular A-76: Implications for the Future

Date: August 20, 2008
Creator: Bailey Grasso, Valerie
Description: This report examines the issues surrounding the Walter Reed public-private competition conducted under Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular A- 76 and its potential impact on future Department of Defense (DOD) competitions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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