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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Impact on the Federal Budget of Freezing Non-Security Discretionary Spending

Impact on the Federal Budget of Freezing Non-Security Discretionary Spending

Date: April 12, 2010
Creator: Levit, Mindy R.
Description: In his FY2011 budget proposal, the President made several proposals to immediately curb spending, while acknowledging that additional steps are needed to achieve long-term fiscal stability. This report examines the impact on the federal budget of the President's proposals, specifically the proposed freeze in non-security discretionary spending and how the freeze might change the fiscal outlook over the 10-year budget window.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF): Budget and Operations for FY2008, FY2009, and FY2010

The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF): Budget and Operations for FY2008, FY2009, and FY2010

Date: April 15, 2010
Creator: Krouse, William J.
Description: This report provides an overview of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) budget and operations for FY2008, FY2009, and FY2010. It chronicles congressional action on the annual Commerce, Justice, Science (CJS), and Related Agencies Appropriations bills for those fiscal years, as well as action on supplemental and stimulus appropriations bills.
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The Cost of Iraq, Afghanistan, and Other Global War on Terror Operations Since 9/11

The Cost of Iraq, Afghanistan, and Other Global War on Terror Operations Since 9/11

Date: December 8, 2014
Creator: Belasco, Amy
Description: Congress has approved appropriations for the past 13 years of war that total $1.6 trillion for military operations, base support, weapons maintenance, training of Afghan and Iraq security forces, reconstruction, foreign aid, embassy costs, and veterans' health care for the war operations initiated since the 9/11 attacks. This report discusses the Department of Defense's FY2015 war request and various issues for Congress regarding the funding of the war on terror.
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Interest Payments on the Federal Debt: A Primer

Interest Payments on the Federal Debt: A Primer

Date: April 15, 2010
Creator: Hungerford, Thomas L.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the federal debt and net interest payments. Of the three broad categories of federal spending, the only category that cannot be reduced by legislative action is net interest payments. The report provides information about federal debt, interest payments on the federal dept, and determinants of net interest payments.
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Climate Change Adaptation by Federal Agencies: An Analysis of Plans and Issues for Congress

Climate Change Adaptation by Federal Agencies: An Analysis of Plans and Issues for Congress

Date: February 23, 2015
Creator: Leggett, Jane A.
Description: This report reviews current actions (as of January 2015) of selected federal departments and agencies to adapt their own missions, infrastructure, operations, and personnel to projected climate change.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Points of Order Limiting the Contents of Reconciliation Legislation: In Brief

Points of Order Limiting the Contents of Reconciliation Legislation: In Brief

Date: January 29, 2015
Creator: Saturno, James V.
Description: This report discusses the Budget Act that provides an optional expedited procedure for considering legislation in the Senate, called reconciliation, which was first used in 1980.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy F/A-18E/F and EA-18G Aircraft Procurement and Strike Fighter Shortfall: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy F/A-18E/F and EA-18G Aircraft Procurement and Strike Fighter Shortfall: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: April 5, 2010
Creator: Gertler, Jeremiah
Description: This report discusses the Navy's proposed FY2011 budget requests (about $1.8 billion) for the procurement of 22 F/A- 18E/F Super Hornet strike fighters and about $1.0 billion for the procurement of 12 EA-18G Growler electric attack aircraft.
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Defense Authorization and Appropriations Bills: FY1970-FY2015

Defense Authorization and Appropriations Bills: FY1970-FY2015

Date: March 10, 2015
Creator: DeBruyne, Nese F.
Description: This report is a research aid which lists the Department of Defense authorization bills and appropriations bills for FY1970-FY2015. This report includes all the pertinent information on the passage of these bills through the legislative process: bill numbers, report numbers, dates reported and passed, recorded vote numbers and vote tallies, dates of passage of the conference reports with their numbers and votes, vetoes, substitutions, dates of final passage, and public law numbers.
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Interim Continuing Resolutions (CRs): Potential Impacts on Agency Operations

Interim Continuing Resolutions (CRs): Potential Impacts on Agency Operations

Date: March 16, 2010
Creator: Brass, Clinton T.
Description: This report discusses how an interim continuing resolutions (CRs), provisions and requirements may impact directly upon an agency. Second, the report analyzes Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and agency documents that have provided guidance or requirements for how an agency should navigate through periods of interim CRs. Third, the report analyzes brief mentions of claims of impact contained in Government Accountability Office (GAO) reports from a 20-year span.
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The Nunn-McCurdy Act: Background, Analysis, and Issues for Congress

The Nunn-McCurdy Act: Background, Analysis, and Issues for Congress

Date: March 3, 2015
Creator: Schwartz, Moshe
Description: This report discusses the debate regarding the effectiveness of the Nunn-McCurdy Act, which requires the Department of Defense (DOD) to report to Congress whenever a major defense acquisition program experiences cost overruns that exceed certain thresholds. The purpose of the act was to help control cost growth in major defense systems by holding the appropriate Pentagon officials and defense contractors publicly accountable and responsible for managing costs.
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Intelligence Authorization Legislation: Status and Challenges

Intelligence Authorization Legislation: Status and Challenges

Date: January 27, 2010
Creator: Best, Richard A., Jr.
Description: This report assesses the effects of the absence of intelligence authorization legislation since FY2005. Since FY2005, no annual intelligence authorization bill has been enacted. Although the National Security Act requires intelligence activities to be specifically authorized, this requirement has been satisfied in recent years by one-sentence catch-all provisions in defense appropriations acts authorizing intelligence activities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Distribution of Small Business Ownership and Income by Individual Tax Rates and Selected Policy Issues

Distribution of Small Business Ownership and Income by Individual Tax Rates and Selected Policy Issues

Date: February 26, 2010
Creator: Guenther, Gary
Description: This report examines how small business owners may be affected by tax increases by exploring what is known about the share of small business owners and of small business income that is subject to the top two marginal income tax rates.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Authoritative Resources on the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA)

Authoritative Resources on the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA)

Date: April 5, 2010
Creator: Klarman, Kim W. & Jennings, Julie
Description: List containing authoritative resources to assist in responding to a broad range of questions and concerns about the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA), P.L. 111-5. It includes links to the full text of the act, Congressional Budget Office (CBO) estimates, White House fact sheets, and federal, state, and municipal government websites are included, along with other useful information.
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Navy TAO(X) Oiler Shipbuilding Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy TAO(X) Oiler Shipbuilding Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: February 6, 2015
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on the TAO(X) oiler shipbuilding program, a program to build a new class of fleet oilers for the Navy. The Navy wants to procure the first TAO(X) in FY2016. The issue for Congress is whether to approve, reject, or modify the Navy's funding requests and acquisition strategy for the TAO(X) program.
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Multiyear Procurement (MYP) and Block Buy Contracting in Defense Acquisition: Background and Issues for Congress

Multiyear Procurement (MYP) and Block Buy Contracting in Defense Acquisition: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: March 4, 2015
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald & Schwartz, Moshe
Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on multiyear procurement (MYP) and block buy contracting (BBC), which are special contracting mechanisms that Congress permits the Department of Defense (DOD) to use for a limited number of defense acquisition programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Is the U.S. Current Account Deficit Sustainable?

Is the U.S. Current Account Deficit Sustainable?

Date: April 2, 2010
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report reviews studies on the America's current account (CA) deficit's sustainability. Some of the studies suggest that a large dollar depreciation could eventually be required to restore sustainability. But the inflation-adjusted 25% depreciation of the dollar from 2002-2008 had little effect on the CA deficit, which kept growing until 2007.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Earmarks Disclosed by Congress: FY2008-FY2010 Regular Appropriations Bills

Earmarks Disclosed by Congress: FY2008-FY2010 Regular Appropriations Bills

Date: April 16, 2010
Creator: Vincent, Carol H. & Monke, Jim
Description: This report summarizes the earmarks disclosed for the 12 regular, annual appropriations bills for each of FY2008, FY2009, and FY2010 and analyzes the data without additions or deletions. For individual earmarks, the disclosures typically identify the federal agency, project name, amount, and requester. In some cases, other information also has been included, such as an account within an agency, or the purpose or location of the earmark.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Global Climate Change Initiative (GCCI): Budget Authority and Request, FY2010-FY2016

The Global Climate Change Initiative (GCCI): Budget Authority and Request, FY2010-FY2016

Date: February 6, 2015
Creator: Lattanzio, Richard K.
Description: This report serves as a brief overview of the Global Climate Change Initiative (GCCI) and its structure, intents, and funding history. The GCCI aims to integrate climate change considerations into U.S. foreign assistance through a range of bilateral, multilateral, and private sector mechanisms to promote sustainable and climate-resilient societies, foster low-carbon economic growth, and reduce greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation and land degradation.
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FY2016 Military Construction Appropriations: President's Request and House Markup Compared

FY2016 Military Construction Appropriations: President's Request and House Markup Compared

Date: April 24, 2015
Creator: Else, Daniel H.
Description: This report briefly discusses the financing of military construction. Military construction is normally funded through Title I of the Military Construction, Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies appropriations bill and provides funding for the planning, design, construction, alteration, and improvement of facilities used by active and reserve military components worldwide.
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Budget "Sequestration" and Selected Program Exemptions and Special Rules

Budget "Sequestration" and Selected Program Exemptions and Special Rules

Date: June 13, 2013
Creator: Spar, Karen
Description: Report that looks at the history and current status of sequestration at it relates to Congress, including how it is enacted and special rules that can apply.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Circular A-76 and the Moratorium on DOD Competitions: Background and Issues for Congress

Circular A-76 and the Moratorium on DOD Competitions: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: November 28, 2011
Creator: Bailey Grasso, Valerie
Description: This report discusses the current moratorium on the conduct of Department of Defense (DOD) public-private competitions under Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular A-76 and issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy and Water Development: Fiscal Year 2013 Appropriations

Energy and Water Development: Fiscal Year 2013 Appropriations

Date: October 23, 2012
Creator: Behrens, Carl E.
Description: Report that discusses the FY2012 budget for energy and water development as approved by Congress, including how the funding will be used.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy and Water Development: FY2012 Appropriations

Energy and Water Development: FY2012 Appropriations

Date: February 6, 2012
Creator: Behrens, Carl E.
Description: This report discusses the FY2012 budget for energy and water development as approved by Congress, including what the funding will be used for.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2012

Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2012

Date: January 26, 2012
Creator: Sargent, John F., Jr.
Description: President Obama has requested $147.911 billion for research and development (R&D) in FY2012, a $772 million (0.5%) increase from the FY2010 actual R&D funding level of $147.139 billion. Congress will play a central role in defining the nation's R&D priorities, especially with respect to two overarching issues: the extent to which the federal R&D investment can grow in the context of increased pressure on discretionary spending and how available funding will be prioritized and allocated. Low or negative growth in the overall R&D investment may require movement of resources across disciplines, programs, or agencies to address priorities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department