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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Advance Appropriations, Forward Funding, and Advance Funding

Advance Appropriations, Forward Funding, and Advance Funding

Date: November 22, 2010
Creator: Streeter, Sandy
Description: pppropriations acts generally make budget authority (or BA) available for use (or obligation) at the start of the fiscal year covered by the act. Sometimes appropriations bills provide a different date for specified budget authority within the act to become first available so that the funding cycle does not coincide with the fiscal year generally covered by the act. There are three types of this kind of budget authority: advance appropriations, forward funding, and advance funding.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Balanced Budget Constitutional Amendment: Background and Congressional Options

A Balanced Budget Constitutional Amendment: Background and Congressional Options

Date: July 20, 2011
Creator: Saturno, James V. & Lynch, Megan Suzanne
Description: One of the most persistent political issues facing Congress in recent decades is whether to require that the budget of the United States be in balance. Although a balanced federal budget has long been held as a political ideal, the accumulation of large deficits in recent years has heightened concern that some action to require a balance between revenues and expenditures may be necessary. This report provides an overview of the issues and options that have been raised during prior consideration of proposals for a balanced budget constitutional amendment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FY2011 Appropriations: A Side-by-Side Comparison of Key Proposals

FY2011 Appropriations: A Side-by-Side Comparison of Key Proposals

Date: March 18, 2011
Creator: Hatch, Garrett & Lawson, Marian Leonardo
Description: FY2011 funding levels were not enacted in the 111th Congress. Thus, the debate over FY2011 appropriations has continued into the 112th Congress. This report is intended to facilitate comparison of three key spending proposals for FY2011-the Administration's budget request, H.R. 1, and S.Amdt. 149 to H.R. 1-to FY2010 enacted funding levels. The report begins with a brief analysis of how each proposal may impact the federal budget deficit. The bulk of the report consists of a funding table that details the recommended appropriations in these proposals, by subcommittee and bill title, and compares them with FY2010 appropriations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Department of Homeland Security Appropriations: A Summary of the House- Passed and Senate-Reported Bills for FY2013

Department of Homeland Security Appropriations: A Summary of the House- Passed and Senate-Reported Bills for FY2013

Date: June 12, 2012
Creator: Painter, William L.
Description: This report gives an overview of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) appropriations bill, which includes funding for all components and functions of DHS, including Customs and Border Protection (CBP); Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE); the Transportation Security Administration (TSA); Coast Guard (USCG); Secret Service (USSS); the National Protection and Programs Directorate (NPPD), which includes Infrastructure Protection and Information Security (IPIS) and the Federal Protective Service (FPS); the Office of Health Affairs (OHA); the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA); United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS); the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center (FLETC); the Science and Technology directorate (S&T); the Domestic Nuclear Detection Office (DNDO); departmental management, Analysis and Operations (A&O), and the Office of the Inspector General (OIG).
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The "Fiscal Cliff": Macroeconomic Consequences of Tax Increases and Spending Cuts

The "Fiscal Cliff": Macroeconomic Consequences of Tax Increases and Spending Cuts

Date: September 5, 2012
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G.
Description: Report regarding the fiscal cliff, which is a set of tax increases and spending cuts that would substantially reduce the deficit in 2013.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Budget Control Act of 2011: Budgetary Effects of Proposals to Replace the FY2013 Sequester

The Budget Control Act of 2011: Budgetary Effects of Proposals to Replace the FY2013 Sequester

Date: August 24, 2012
Creator: Levit, Mindy R.
Description: Report that provides information on the levels of deficit reduction if the Budget Control Act's (BCA) automatic cuts are implemented as under current law and contrasts that with the alternative proposals offered by some Members of Congress and President Obama. It also discusses specific determinations made by the Office of Management and Budget regarding the exempt/non-exempt status of certain programs, as well as a discussion of information to be disclosed regarding the FY2013 BCA sequester impact.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Intelligence Spending and Appropriations: Issues for Congress

Intelligence Spending and Appropriations: Issues for Congress

Date: September 18, 2013
Creator: Erwin, Marshall C. & Belasco, Amy
Description: This report discusses the historic trend in intelligence spending, as well as broader issues concerning the intelligence budgeting process, and may help Members of Congress contextualize information concerning the FY2013 budget.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Adopting a Long-Term Budget Focus: Challenges and Proposals

Adopting a Long-Term Budget Focus: Challenges and Proposals

Date: January 13, 2011
Creator: Lynch, Megan Suzanne; Labonte, Marc & Levit, Mindy R.
Description: Report concerning the current federal budget process, including criticisms of that process. Information is provided regarding the current horizons used in the budget process, including already existing long-term components; the rationale for increased focus on long term budgeting; general challenges to long-term budgeting; and an analysis of general proposals that have been made to increase the focus of long-term budgeting in the budget process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
DHS Headquarters Consolidation Project: Issues for Congress

DHS Headquarters Consolidation Project: Issues for Congress

Date: September 11, 2013
Creator: Painter, William L.
Description: This report outlines the policy considerations to be evaluated in deciding whether to continue funding the consolidated Department of Homeland Security (DHS) headquarters, and to explore some of the benefits and consequences of several possible ways forward.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Department of Homeland Security: FY2013 Appropriations

Department of Homeland Security: FY2013 Appropriations

Date: October 1, 2012
Creator: Painter, William L.
Description: This report describes the FY2013 appropriations for the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). The Administration requested $39.510 billion in adjusted net discretionary budget authority for DHS for FY2013, as part of an overall budget of $59.501 billion (including fees, trust funds, and other funding that is not appropriated or does not score against the budget caps). The request amounts to a $90 million, or a 0.2%, decrease from the $39.600 billion enacted for FY2012 through the consolidated appropriations act (P.L. 112-174).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department