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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2008
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Second FY2008 Supplemental Appropriations for Military Operations, International Affairs, and Other Purposes

Second FY2008 Supplemental Appropriations for Military Operations, International Affairs, and Other Purposes

Date: May 30, 2008
Creator: Daggett, Stephen; Epstein, Susan B.; Margesson, Rhoda; Tarnoff, Curt & Loane, Shannon S.
Description: This report discusses a bill providing $212.2 billion in supplemental appropriations for FY2008 and FY2009. The measure includes $169.1 billion for military operations in Iraq, Afghanistan and elsewhere, $9.9 billion for international affairs programs, and $33.1 billion for domestic programs, of which $15.6 billion is for extended unemployment compensation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Branch Staffing, 1954-2007

Legislative Branch Staffing, 1954-2007

Date: October 15, 2008
Creator: Petersen, Eric R.
Description: This report provides data and analysis concerning legislative branch staffing levels since 1954. Legislative branch staff include congressional staff, who work in the House or Senate, and legislative agency staff, who work in a legislative branch agency. At present, there is no legislation pending before Congress to change existing staff arrangements in Congress or legislative branch agencies. As policies and issues before Congress continue to proliferate in volume and complexity, new proposals for change in staffing levels or changes in the balance between congressional staff and legislative agency staff may emerge. This report, which will be updated annually, is one of several CRS products focusing on various aspects of congressional operations and administration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2009 Appropriations

State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2009 Appropriations

Date: November 20, 2008
Creator: Epstein, Susan B. & Nakamura, Kennon H.
Description: This report analyzes the FY2009 request and recent-year funding trends; it will track major foreign policy issues Congress may consider and will highlight congressional action throughout the appropriations process including the congressional report.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA): President's Budget Request for FY2009

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA): President's Budget Request for FY2009

Date: April 28, 2008
Creator: Morrissey, Wayne A.
Description: The report discusses the FY2009 budget, for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) in the Department of Commerce.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mandatory Spending Since 1962

Mandatory Spending Since 1962

Date: February 13, 2008
Creator: Austin, D. A.
Description: This report reviews trends in mandatory spending since 1962. Congressional Budget Office (CBO) baseline projections of mandatory spending, which extend to 2018, are discussed, as well as extended baseline projections through 2082 used to explore long-term consequences of current budgetary policy. The report examines mandatory spending’s growth relative to total federal spending and to the size of the U.S. economy, and looks at how the composition of mandatory spending has changed over time.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mandatory Spending Since 1962

Mandatory Spending Since 1962

Date: December 17, 2008
Creator: Austin, D. A. & Levit, Mindy R.
Description: This report reviews trends in mandatory spending since 1962. CBO baseline projections of mandatory spending, which extend to 2018, as well as extended baseline projections through 2082 are used to consider the long-term consequences of current mandatory spending policies.1 The report looks at mandatory spending and how it has grown over time relative to total federal spending and to the size of the U.S. economy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense: FY2009 Authorization and Appropriations

Defense: FY2009 Authorization and Appropriations

Date: July 17, 2008
Creator: Towell, Pat & Daggett, Stephen
Description: This report is a guide to one of the regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Defense. This report summarizes the status of defense authorization and appropriation bills, their scope, major issues, funding levels, and related congressional activity.
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Defense: FY2009 Authorization and Appropriations

Defense: FY2009 Authorization and Appropriations

Date: October 6, 2008
Creator: Towell, Pat; Belasco, Amy & Daggett, Stephen
Description: This report is a guide to one of the regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Defense. This report summarizes the status of defense authorization and appropriation bills, their scope, major issues, funding levels, and related congressional activity.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Peacekeeping/Stabilization and Conflict Transitions: Background and Congressional Action on the Civilian Response/Reserve Corps and other Civilian Stabilization and Reconstruction Capabilities

Peacekeeping/Stabilization and Conflict Transitions: Background and Congressional Action on the Civilian Response/Reserve Corps and other Civilian Stabilization and Reconstruction Capabilities

Date: September 18, 2008
Creator: Serafino, Nina M. & Weiss, Martin A.
Description: This report provides background information relating to the Office of the Coordinator for Reconstruction and Stabilization (S/CRS) in the Office of the Secretary of State. This office was created in mid-2004 as part of the Bush Administration's efforts to develop adequate civilian organizational structures, procedures, and personnel to respond effectively to post-conflict, "stabilization and reconstruction" situations, most especially in Afghanistan and Iran. This report also discusses proposals and tracks related legislative action.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2009 Appropriations

State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2009 Appropriations

Date: July 1, 2008
Creator: Epstein, Susan B. & Nakamura, Kennon H.
Description: This report analyzes the FY2009 request and recent-year funding trends; it tracks major foreign policy issues Congress may consider and highlights congressional action throughout the appropriations process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Submission of the President's Budget in Transition Years

Submission of the President's Budget in Transition Years

Date: September 15, 2008
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: At the time of a presidential transition, one question commonly asked is whether the outgoing or incoming President submits the budget for the upcoming fiscal year. Under past practices, outgoing Presidents in transition years submitted a budget to Congress just prior to leaving office and incoming Presidents usually revised them. President George W. Bush has indicated that he will not submit a budget for FY2010, which is subject to a deadline of Monday, February 2, 2009. The Office of Management and Budget will prepare a current services baseline from which the incoming Administration can develop its budget proposals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Technology Innovation Program

The Technology Innovation Program

Date: August 20, 2008
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Description: This report discusses the Technology Innovation Program (TIP), which was created at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) to replace the Advanced Technology Program (ATP). This report also discusses the appropriations provided for this program by the FY2008 Consolidated Appropriations Act, as well as related financial and budgetary data.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Duration of Continuing Resolutions in Recent Years

Duration of Continuing Resolutions in Recent Years

Date: May 28, 2008
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: This report provides information on congressional practices with respect to the duration of continuing resolutions, including the use of full-year measures, and focuses particularly on the period covering FY1998-FY2008.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2009 Appropriations

State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2009 Appropriations

Date: August 21, 2008
Creator: Epstein, Susan B. & Nakamura, Kennon H.
Description: This report analyzes the FY2009 request and recent-year funding trends. The report tracks major foreign policy issues Congress may consider and will highlight congressional action throughout the appropriations process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Amtrak: Budget and Reauthorization

Amtrak: Budget and Reauthorization

Date: March 14, 2008
Creator: Frittelli, John & Peterman, David Randall
Description: This report discuses Amtrak, which was created by Congress in 1970 to provide intercity passenger railroad service. Without a yearly federal grant to cover operating losses, Amtrak would not survive as presently configured. This issue brief discusses reform proposals from both the Administration and Amtrak in the 109th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Davis-Bacon Act Coverage and the State Revolving Fund Program Under the Clean Water Act

Davis-Bacon Act Coverage and the State Revolving Fund Program Under the Clean Water Act

Date: March 26, 2008
Creator: Whittaker, William G.
Description: This report discusses the Davis-Bacon Act (DBA), which established a prevailing wage requirement for persons working under government contracts, and the Clean Water Act (CWA), which includes a related requirement for the construction of wastewater treatment plants. In particular, it considers the impact on state revolving loan funds (SRF), in which states contribute part of the needed funds for projects and would need to account for the prevailing wage requirement.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bush Administration Policy Regarding Congressionally Originated Earmarks: An Overview

Bush Administration Policy Regarding Congressionally Originated Earmarks: An Overview

Date: September 4, 2008
Creator: Brass, Clinton T.; Hatch, Garrett L. & Petersen, R. E.
Description: This report focuses on Bush Administration policy regarding earmarks originated by Congress and related issues. Specific definitions for the term earmark (and related terms, like congressional earmark, presidential earmark, and others) vary considerably and are controversial.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Congressional Budget Process Timetable

The Congressional Budget Process Timetable

Date: March 20, 2008
Creator: Heniff, Bill Jr.
Description: This report examines the congressional budget process timetable, which is intended to ensure that Congress completes its work on budgetary legislation by the start of the fiscal year on October 1.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Entitlements and Appropriated Entitlements in the Federal Budget Process

Entitlements and Appropriated Entitlements in the Federal Budget Process

Date: September 2, 2008
Creator: Heniff, Bil,l Jr.
Description: Entitlements are programs that require payments to persons, state or local governments, or other entities if specific eligibility criteria established in the authorizing law are met. Entitlement payments are legal obligations of the federal government, and eligible beneficiaries may have legal recourse if full payment under the law is not provided. This report provides a brief explanation of spending for entitlements, including so-called appropriated entitlements, and discusses the congressional procedural constraints on legislation affecting such entitlement spending.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Presidential Transitions: Background and  Federal Support

Presidential Transitions: Background and Federal Support

Date: February 11, 2008
Creator: Smith, Stephanie
Description: This report discusses the Presidential Transition Act, which authorizes funding for the General Services Administration (GSA) to provide suitable office space, staff compensation and other services associated with the transition process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financial Services and General Government (FSGG): FY2009 Appropriations

Financial Services and General Government (FSGG): FY2009 Appropriations

Date: June 6, 2008
Creator: Hatch, Garrett L.
Description: This report is a guide to the Financial Services and General Government (FSGG) FY2009 appropriations bill. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees. This report summarizes the funding for the Department of the Treasury, the Executive Office of the President (EOP), the judiciary, the District of Columbia, and 22 independent agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Veterans Affairs: Historical Budget Authority, Fiscal Years 1940 through 2007

Veterans Affairs: Historical Budget Authority, Fiscal Years 1940 through 2007

Date: June 13, 2008
Creator: Scott, Christine
Description: Budget authority -- the amount of money a federal department or agency can spend or obligate to spend by law -- for veterans' benefits and services has increased significantly since FY1940. The increases over time have reflected the impact of increases in the number of veterans as the result of wars and other conflicts, the aging of the veteran population, and changes in benefits and services provided for veterans. This report provides information on the historical budget authority of the Department of Veterans Affairs (formerly the Veterans Administration) for FY1940 through FY2007.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Points of Order in the Congressional Budget Process

Points of Order in the Congressional Budget Process

Date: June 23, 2008
Creator: Saturno, James V.
Description: The Congressional Budget Act of 1974 created a process that Congress uses each year to establish and enforce the parameters for budgetary legislation. This report summarizes points of order under the Congressional Budget Act of 1974, as amended, as well as related points of order established in the budget resolutions adopted by Congress in 2007 and 2008, the Rules of the House for the 110th Congress, and the Budget Enforcement Act of 1990. In addition, it describes how points of order are applied and the processes used for their waiver in the House and Senate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Funding Gaps: A Brief Overview

Federal Funding Gaps: A Brief Overview

Date: September 24, 2008
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: The interval during the fiscal year when agency appropriations are not enacted into law, either in the form of a regular appropriations act or a continuing resolution, is referred to as a funding gap. When a funding gap occurs, the federal government begins a shutdown of the affected agencies, entailing the prompt furlough of non-emergency personnel and curtailment of agency activities. This report discusses the funding gaps that occurred between FY1977-FY2008, as well as the events surrounding them and related legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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