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 Resource Type: Report
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Economics of the Federal Budget Surplus

The Economics of the Federal Budget Surplus

Date: March 30, 2001
Creator: Cashell, Brian W
Description: Fiscal 1998 marked the first year that total receipts exceeded outlays in the federal budget since 1969. Since then, the budget has been in surplus and official projections expect the budget to remain in surplus for the foreseeable future. Congressional Budget Office (CBO) baseline projections indicate that the budget surpluses are expected to grow steadily over the next 10 years.
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Medicaid, SCHIP, and Other Health Provisions in H.R. 5661: Medicare, Medicaid, and SCHIP Benefits Improvement and Protection Act of 2000

Medicaid, SCHIP, and Other Health Provisions in H.R. 5661: Medicare, Medicaid, and SCHIP Benefits Improvement and Protection Act of 2000

Date: January 4, 2001
Creator: Hearne, Jean P; Herz, Elicia J & Baumrucker, Evelyne P
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicare Provisions in the Medicare, Medicaid, and SCHIP Benefits Improvement and Protection Act of 2000 (BIPA, P.L. 106-554)

Medicare Provisions in the Medicare, Medicaid, and SCHIP Benefits Improvement and Protection Act of 2000 (BIPA, P.L. 106-554)

Date: May 24, 2001
Creator: Chaikind, Hinda Ripps; Tilson, Sibyl L; O'Sullivan, Jennifer; Merck, Carolyn L & Smith, Madeleine T
Description: None
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Navy Aircraft Carriers: Proposed Retirement of USS John F. Kennedy -- Issues and Options for Congress

Navy Aircraft Carriers: Proposed Retirement of USS John F. Kennedy -- Issues and Options for Congress

Date: August 29, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: The Navy's FY2007 budget proposes retiring the conventionally-powered aircraft carrier John F. Kennedy (CV-67) and reducing the size of the carrier force from 12 ships to 11. One potential issue for Congress is whether the carrier force should include 12 ships or some other number. If a carrier is to be retired in the near term so as to reduce the carrier force to 11 ships, a second potential issue is whether that carrier should be the Kennedy or another ship. Potential alternatives to the Kennedy include the conventionally-powered Kitty Hawk and the nuclear-powered carriers Enterprise and Vinson. A third potential issue for Congress concerns the relative military advantages of different homeporting arrangements for the carrier force.
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Veterans Affairs: Historical Budget Authority, Fiscal Years 1940 through 2007

Veterans Affairs: Historical Budget Authority, Fiscal Years 1940 through 2007

Date: June 13, 2008
Creator: Scott, Christine
Description: Budget authority -- the amount of money a federal department or agency can spend or obligate to spend by law -- for veterans' benefits and services has increased significantly since FY1940. The increases over time have reflected the impact of increases in the number of veterans as the result of wars and other conflicts, the aging of the veteran population, and changes in benefits and services provided for veterans. This report provides information on the historical budget authority of the Department of Veterans Affairs (formerly the Veterans Administration) for FY1940 through FY2007.
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The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA): Review of Budget and Issues in the 106th Congress

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA): Review of Budget and Issues in the 106th Congress

Date: January 19, 2001
Creator: Morrissey, Wayne A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration's FY2001 Budget Request and FY2001-FY2002 Authorization: Description and Analysis

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration's FY2001 Budget Request and FY2001-FY2002 Authorization: Description and Analysis

Date: January 13, 2001
Creator: Rowberg, Richard E & Hatch, Erin C
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
National Aeronautics and Space Administration: Overview, FY2009 Budget, and Issues for Congress

National Aeronautics and Space Administration: Overview, FY2009 Budget, and Issues for Congress

Date: October 29, 2008
Creator: Morgan, Daniel & Behrens, Carl E.
Description: The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) conducts U.S. civilian space and aeronautics activities. For FY2009, the Administration requested $17.614 billion for NASA, and increase of 1.8% from the FY2008 appropriation of $17.309 billion. The President's 2004 Moon/Mars Vision for Space Exploration is the major focus of NASA's activities. Issues for Congress regarding this goal include the development of new vehicles for human spaceflight, plans for the transition to these vehicles after the space shuttle is retired in 2010, and the balance in NASA's priorities between human space exploration and the agency's activities in science and aeronautics.
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United Nations System Funding: Congressional Issues

United Nations System Funding: Congressional Issues

Date: June 16, 2006
Creator: Browne, Marjorie Ann & Bite, Vita
Description: Congressional debate over U.N. funding focuses on the following questions: (1) What is the appropriate level of U.S. funding for U.N. system operations and programs? (@) What U.S. funding actions are most likely to produce a positive continuation of U.N. system reform efforts? The U.N. system includes the parent U.N. organization, a number of affiliated agencies, voluntary funds and programs, and peacekeeping operations. For nearly 60 years, the United States has been the single largest financial contributor to the U.N. system. Both Congress and the executive branch have been pressing U.N. system organizations to reform, especially to improve management and budgeting practices. In recent years, the U.N. has undertaken reforms, including a restructuring of its financial assessment system, allowing the U.S. to pay some of its arrears.
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Federal Funding Gaps: A Brief Overview

Federal Funding Gaps: A Brief Overview

Date: September 24, 2008
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: The interval during the fiscal year when agency appropriations are not enacted into law, either in the form of a regular appropriations act or a continuing resolution, is referred to as a funding gap. When a funding gap occurs, the federal government begins a shutdown of the affected agencies, entailing the prompt furlough of non-emergency personnel and curtailment of agency activities. This report discusses the funding gaps that occurred between FY1977-FY2008, as well as the events surrounding them and related legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department