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 Resource Type: Report
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Financial Services and General Government Appropriations: FY2012 Budget Request Fact Sheet

Financial Services and General Government Appropriations: FY2012 Budget Request Fact Sheet

Date: February 24, 2011
Creator: Hatch, Garrett
Description: This report includes information about the Financial Services and General Government (FSGG) appropriations bill and funding requests for the Department of the Treasury, the Executive Office of the President (EOP), the judiciary, the District of Columbia, and 26 independent agencies. Among the independent agencies funded by the bill are the General Services Administration (GSA), the Office of Personnel Management (OPM), the Small Business Administration (SBA), the Security and Exchange Commission (SEC), and the United States Postal Service (USPS).
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Fund for "Gifts to the United States for Reduction of the Public Debt": Current Law and Proposed Legislation

Fund for "Gifts to the United States for Reduction of the Public Debt": Current Law and Proposed Legislation

Date: November 16, 2011
Creator: Bickley, James M.
Description: This report describes current law for the Public Debt Reduction Fund and discusses proposed legislation in order to evaluate four bills which have been introduced in the 112th Congress to add another method of making a contribution to reduce the national debt.
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District of Columbia: FY2006 Appropriations

District of Columbia: FY2006 Appropriations

Date: October 14, 2005
Creator: Boyd, Eugene
Description: This report is a guide to the regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the Senate Appropriations Subcommittee on the District of Columbia and the House Appropriations Subcommittee on Transportation, the Treasury, Housing and Urban Development, the Judiciary, the District of Columbia, the Executive Office of the President, and Independent Agencies. It summarizes the status of the bill, its scope, major issues, funding levels, and related congressional activity, and is updated as events warrant.
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The Federal Budget Deficit: A Discussion of Recent Trends

The Federal Budget Deficit: A Discussion of Recent Trends

Date: March 2, 2005
Creator: Esenwein, Gregg A; Labonte, Marc & Winters, Philip D
Description: None
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The Economics of the Federal Budget Deficit

The Economics of the Federal Budget Deficit

Date: March 31, 2005
Creator: Cashell, Brian W
Description: In FY1998, federal budget receipts exceeded outlays for the first time since 1969. Those surpluses continued through FY2001. At one time, those surpluses had been projected to continue, but conditions have since changed. The economy went into recession in 2001, and a stimulus package was enacted. Since then, the budget has been in deficit. The actual unified budget deficit for FY2004 was $412.1 billion. In January 2005, the Congressional Budget Office projected that there would be a budget deficit of $368 billion in FY2005, and a deficit of $295 billion in FY2006.
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Federal Budget Process Reform: Analysis of Five Reform Issues

Federal Budget Process Reform: Analysis of Five Reform Issues

Date: July 1, 2002
Creator: Saturno, James V & Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: None
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Duration of Continuing Resolutions in Recent Years

Duration of Continuing Resolutions in Recent Years

Date: April 22, 2005
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: This report provides information on congressional practices with respect to the duration of continuing resolutions, including the use of full-year measures, and focuses particularly on the period covering FY1997-FY2005
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Federal Budget Process Reform: A Brief Overview

Federal Budget Process Reform: A Brief Overview

Date: May 11, 2005
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr & Keith, Robert
Description: None
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A Presidential Item Veto

A Presidential Item Veto

Date: December 2, 2004
Creator: Fisher, Louis
Description: During a news conference on November 4, 2004, President George W. Bush stated that he “would like to see the President have a line-item veto again, one that passed constitutional muster. I think it would help the executive branch work with the legislative branch to make sure that we’re able to maintain budget discipline.” The Supreme Court struck down an earlier version of item-veto authority (the Line Item Veto Act of 1996) in Clinton v. City of New York, 524 U.S. 417 (1998), but several statutory alternatives are available. Options to the Line Item Veto Act have been proposed over the years, including an amendment to the Constitution to grant the President item-veto authority. The line-item veto is listed among several budget reform proposals included in the FY2005 budget, but a more specific recommendation is expected to be developed by the Administration and submitted to Congress at the start of the 109th Congress. This report analyzes the statutory and constitutional alternatives that are likely to be considered and will be updated as necessary.
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Congressional Budget Actions in 2005

Congressional Budget Actions in 2005

Date: May 12, 2005
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: During the first session of the 109th Congress, the House and Senate will consider many different budgetary measures. Most of them will pertain to fiscal year (FY) 2006 and beyond, but some will make adjustments to the budget for FY2005. As the session progresses, this report will describe House and Senate actions on major budgetary legislation within the framework of the congressional budget process and other procedural requirements.
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The National Debt: Who Bears Its Burden?

The National Debt: Who Bears Its Burden?

Date: January 28, 2005
Creator: Labonte, Marc & Maniken, Gail E
Description: None
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Earmarks and Limitations in Appropriations Bills

Earmarks and Limitations in Appropriations Bills

Date: December 7, 2004
Creator: Streeter, Sandy
Description: An annual appropriations act is generally made up of separate paragraphs, each of which provides funding for specific agencies and programs. Generally, each paragraph corresponds to a unique account and provides appropriations for multiple projects and purposes as a single lump sum. Earmarks and limitations are two devices regularly used in annual appropriations acts to restrict, or more precisely direct, the availability of funds for specific projects or purposes of an account. Sometimes an earmark or a limitation may generate more interest or controversy than the total appropriation.
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Introduction to the Federal Budget Process

Introduction to the Federal Budget Process

Date: December 28, 2004
Creator: Keith, Robert & Schick, Allen
Description: None
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Savings in Mandatory Outlays in Selected Reconciliation Acts

Savings in Mandatory Outlays in Selected Reconciliation Acts

Date: September 22, 2005
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: None
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The National Debt: A Discussion of the Issues Involved

The National Debt: A Discussion of the Issues Involved

Date: February 12, 1976
Creator: Harbaugh, Jeffrey A
Description: None
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The Federal Budget Process

The Federal Budget Process

Date: December 29, 1972
Creator: Congressional Research Service
Description: None
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Data on the National Debt, 1955-1980

Data on the National Debt, 1955-1980

Date: May 29, 1981
Creator: Winters, Philip D
Description: This report consolidates various data on the national debt; it presents changes and comparisons of the debt for the years 1955 to 1980. The report also contains information on the public debt limit, the ownership of the public debt, and the debt owed by several sectors of the economy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mandatory Spending: Evolution and Growth Since 1962

Mandatory Spending: Evolution and Growth Since 1962

Date: September 13, 2005
Creator: Hungerford, Thomas L
Description: None
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Budget Reconciliation in the 105th Congress: Achieving a Balanced Budget by 2002

Budget Reconciliation in the 105th Congress: Achieving a Balanced Budget by 2002

Date: September 11, 1997
Creator: Koitz, David Stuart & Nuschler, Dawn
Description: Achievement of a balanced federal budget by 2002 was a high priority for the 105th Congress and the President. After months of negotiations and debate, starting in February 1997 and ending in July 1997, congressional leaders and the White House forged a consensus on legislation to accomplish this goal. The legislation, signed into law by President Clinton on August 5, 1997, sets “caps” on discretionary spending, constrains entitlement programs, and on balance reduces federal taxes.
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Congressional Budget Actions in 1997

Congressional Budget Actions in 1997

Date: January 8, 1997
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: In 1997, during the first session of the 105th Congress, the House and Senate will consider many different budgetary measures. Most of these measures will pertain to FY1998 and beyond, but some measures will make adjustments in the budget for the current fiscal year, FY1997. This issue brief describes House and Senate action on major budgetary legislation within the framework of the congressional budget process and other procedural requirements.
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Congressional Budget Actions in 2002

Congressional Budget Actions in 2002

Date: October 1, 2002
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: During the second session of the 107th Congress, the House and Senate will consider many different budgetary measures. Most of these measures will pertain to FY2003 (which will begin on October 1, 2002) and beyond, but some may make adjustments to the budget for FY2002. As the congressional session progresses, this issue brief will describe House and Senate action on major budgetary legislation within the framework of the congressional budget process and other procedural requirements.
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Congressional Budget Actions in 2002

Congressional Budget Actions in 2002

Date: February 25, 2002
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: During the second session of the 107th Congress, the House and Senate will consider many different budgetary measures. Most of these measures will pertain to FY2003 (which will begin on October 1, 2002) and beyond, but some may make adjustments to the budget for FY2002. As the congressional session progresses, this issue brief will describe House and Senate action on major budgetary legislation within the framework of the congressional budget process and other procedural requirements.
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Congressional Budget Actions in 2002

Congressional Budget Actions in 2002

Date: December 31, 2002
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: During the second session of the 107th Congress, the House and Senate will consider many different budgetary measures. Most of these measures will pertain to FY2003 (which will begin on October 1, 2002) and beyond, but some may make adjustments to the budget for FY2002. As the congressional session progresses, this issue brief will describe House and Senate action on major budgetary legislation within the framework of the congressional budget process and other procedural requirements.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Budget Actions in 2002

Congressional Budget Actions in 2002

Date: August 28, 2002
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: During the second session of the 107th Congress, the House and Senate will consider many different budgetary measures. Most of these measures will pertain to FY2003 (which will begin on October 1, 2002) and beyond, but some may make adjustments to the budget for FY2002. As the congressional session progresses, this issue brief will describe House and Senate action on major budgetary legislation within the framework of the congressional budget process and other procedural requirements.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department