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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
International Illegal Trade in Wildlife: Threats and U.S. Policy

International Illegal Trade in Wildlife: Threats and U.S. Policy

Date: February 2, 2009
Creator: Wyler, Liana S. & Sheikh, Pervaze A.
Description: This report focuses on the international trade in terrestrial fauna, largely excluding trade in illegal plants, including timber, and fish. Potential issues for Congress include (1) determining funding for trade inspection and investigation; (2) evaluating effectiveness of U.S. foreign aid to combat wildlife trafficking; (3) developing ways to encourage regulation of the wildlife trade; (4) trade sanctions to penalize weak enforcement of wildlife laws; (5) incorporating wildlife trade provisions into free trade agreements; and (6) addressing the domestic and international demand for illegal wildlife.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foot and Mouth Disease: A Threat to U.S. Agriculture

Foot and Mouth Disease: A Threat to U.S. Agriculture

Date: April 16, 2001
Creator: Segarra, Alejandro E. & Rawson, Jean M.
Description: An outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) among livestock in the United Kingdom and parts of Europe that began in February 2001 has raised concerns about the United States’ ability to prevent the disease from spreading to this country and readiness to eradicate it should an outbreak occur. This report describes the characteristics of the FMD virus and disease, the current measures the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) is taking to prevent its importation, and the authorities USDA has to act to eradicate an outbreak. The FMD threat also raises issues concerning the adequacy of funding for disease exclusion and research, the availability of vaccines, and USDA’s authority to move preemptively against a potential outbreak, among other things.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Proposed Changes to Regulations Governing Consultation Under the Endangered Species Act (ESA)

Proposed Changes to Regulations Governing Consultation Under the Endangered Species Act (ESA)

Date: September 23, 2008
Creator: Alexander, Kristina & Corn, M. Lynne
Description: This report discusses the purpose of the Endangered Species Act (ESA), which is threefold: to provide a means to conserve ecosystems upon which endangered and threatened species depend; to provide a program to protect those species; and to take steps to achieve the purposes of related treaties and conventions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mad Cow Disease: Agricultural Issues for Congress

Mad Cow Disease: Agricultural Issues for Congress

Date: April 21, 2005
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S.
Description: This report discusses the bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) also know as mad cow disease, which is a degenerative, fatal disease affecting the nervous system in cattle. Worldwide, BSE has been found in 187,000 animals, 183,000 of them in Great Britain, where it was first detected in 1986.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Endangered Species Act (ESA) in the 109th Congress: Conflicting Values and Difficult Choices

The Endangered Species Act (ESA) in the 109th Congress: Conflicting Values and Difficult Choices

Date: October 27, 2006
Creator: Buck, Eugene H.; Corn, M. Lynne; Sheikh, Pervaze A. & Meltz, Robert
Description: This report identifies additional bills that have been introduced in the 109th Congress to address specific concerns related to how the Endangered Species Act (ESA is implemented and how endangered species are managed, and will be updated periodically to reflect legislative action.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gray Wolves Under the Endangered Species Act: Distinct Population Segments and Experimental Populations

Gray Wolves Under the Endangered Species Act: Distinct Population Segments and Experimental Populations

Date: August 10, 2010
Creator: Alexander, Kristina & Corn, M. L.
Description: This report analyzes the DPS designation process as it is applied to the gray wolf. It also examines experimental populations of wolves under the ESA and their protections. As part of its oversight responsibilities, Congress has conducted hearings on the Fish and Wildlife Service’s application of science to endangered species.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gray Wolves Under the Endangered Species Act (ESA): Distinct Population Segments and Experimental Populations

Gray Wolves Under the Endangered Species Act (ESA): Distinct Population Segments and Experimental Populations

Date: August 17, 2011
Creator: Alexander, Kristina & Corn, M. L.
Description: This report analyzes the Endangered Species Act (ESA) as it applies to gray wolf wolves and, in particular, to their treatment as experimental populations (Ex Pops) and distinct population segments (DPSs).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gray Wolves Under the Endangered Species Act: Distinct Population Segments and Experimental Populations

Gray Wolves Under the Endangered Species Act: Distinct Population Segments and Experimental Populations

Date: February 28, 2011
Creator: Alexander, Kristina & Corn, M. L.
Description: This report analyzes the distinct population segments (DPS) designation process as it is applied to the gray wolf. It also examines experimental populations of wolves under the Endangered Species Act (ESA) and their protections.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gray Wolves Under the Endangered Species Act (ESA): Distinct Population Segments and Experimental Populations

Gray Wolves Under the Endangered Species Act (ESA): Distinct Population Segments and Experimental Populations

Date: October 20, 2008
Creator: Alexander, Kristina & Corn, M. L.
Description: This report looks at the distinct population segments (DPSs) process as it is applied to the gray wolf. It also reviews experimental populations of wolves under the Endangered Species Act (ESA) and their protections.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gray Wolves Under the Endangered Species Act: Distinct Population Segments and Experimental Populations

Gray Wolves Under the Endangered Species Act: Distinct Population Segments and Experimental Populations

Date: November 5, 2007
Creator: Alexander, Kristina & Corn, M. L.
Description: This report looks at the distinct population segments (DPSs) process as it is applied to the gray wolf. It also reviews experimental populations of wolves under the Endangered Species Act (ESA) and their protections.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department