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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Funding Plant and Animal Health Emergencies: Transfers from the Commodity Credit Corporation
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Horse Slaughter Prevention Bills and Issues
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Genetically Engineered Fish and Seafood
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The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES): Background and Issues
The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) has been ratified by 167 nations, including the United States. It regulates the international trade in animals and plants that may be threatened by trade. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9261/
Marine Protected Areas: An Overview
This report identifies a number of issues related to establishing MPAs in the United States. It begins by defining the concept and administrative actions taken to provide spatial protection in marine areas. It then considers some of the key issues and potential benefits and costs of designating additional MPAs. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc87274/
Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 108th Congress
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Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR): Controversies for the 109th Congress
This report discusses the ongoing debate about whether or not to approve energy development in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR). Current law forbids energy leasing in the Refuge. This report addresses several legislative options on the issue, as well as policymakers' arguments for and against development, especially in the wake of increasing terrorism since 2000-2001. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10127/
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR): Controversies for the 109th Congress
This report discusses the ongoing debate about whether or not to approve energy development in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR). Current law forbids energy leasing in the Refuge. This report addresses several legislative options on the issue, as well as policymakers' arguments for and against development, especially in the wake of increasing terrorism since 2000-2001. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10167/
Legal Issues Related to Proposed Drilling for Oil and Gas in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR)
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Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 108th Congress
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Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 108th Congress
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The Marine Mammal Protection Act: Reauthorization Issues
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Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 108th Congress
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Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 108th Congress
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Federal Grazing Regulations: Public Lands Council v. Babbitt
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Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 107th Congress
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Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 106th Congress
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Legal Issues Related to Proposed Drilling for Oil and Gas in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR)
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Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 108th Congress
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Legal Issues Related to Proposed Drilling for Oil and Gas in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR)
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The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge: The Next Chapter
This report discusses the ongoing debate about whether or not to open the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) for energy development. The report discusses arguments for and against such development and focuses especially on related pieces of legislation that directly affects the future of the ANWR. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1405/
Marine Mammal Protection Act: Reauthorization Issues for the 107th Congress
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ANWR Development: Economic Impacts
This report briefly discusses Congressional considerations on whether to continue to protect the ecosystem on the coastal plain of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) or to open it to oil and gas development. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1408/
The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge: The Next Chapter
This report discusses the ongoing debate about whether or not to open the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) for energy development. The report discusses arguments for and against such development and focuses especially on related pieces of legislation that directly affects the future of the ANWR. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1404/
The Endangered Species Act: Consideration of Economic Factors
The Endangered Species Act (ESA) provides for the listing and protection of species that are found to be “endangered” or “threatened” – species that might become extinct. The listing of a species as endangered triggers the prohibitions in the Act against “taking” (killing or harming) individuals of the protected species, unless a permit is obtained to take individuals incidental to an otherwise lawful proposed action, or an exemption for the proposed action is obtained. Unauthorized taking of a listed species can result in civil or criminal penalties. These prohibitions and potential penalties can affect various activities, including development and use of land, with attendant economic impacts. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1406/
Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE, or "Mad Cow Disease"): Current and Proposed Safeguards
This report presents an overview of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE, or “mad cow disease”) in the United States. Shortly after the first case of BSE was announced, U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and other officials announced measures to improve existing safeguards against the introduction and spread of BSE. This report discusses trade restrictions, the live-stock “feed ban”, as well as the BSE surveillance and testing in cattle. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8731/
The Pacific Salmon Treaty: The 1999 Agreement in Historical Perspective
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Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE, or "Mad Cow Disease") in North America: A Chronology of Selected Events
This report provides a chronology of selected events leading up to and following the discoveries of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE, or “mad cow disease”) in North America. These are primarily regulatory, legal, and congressional developments that are frequently referenced in the ongoing policy debate. The chronology does not contain entries for the introduction of the many BSE-related bills introduced into this or previous Congresses, except for those in recent years where committee or floor action has occurred. This report, which will be updated if significant developments ensue, is intended to be used alongside other CRS reports that provide more background and context for the BSE policy debate, and that cover many specific legislative proposals. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8733/
Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 108th Congress
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Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 108th Congress
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Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 108th Congress
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Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 108th Congress
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Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 108th Congress
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Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 108th Congress
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Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 108th Congress
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Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 108th Congress
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Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 108th Congress
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Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 108th Congress
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Mad Cow Disease: Agricultural Issues for Congress
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Animal Identification and Meat Traceability
U.S. animal agriculture is seeking to improve its ability to trace the movement of livestock from their birthplace to slaughter. The livestock and meat industries are working with the U.S. government to develop a national animal identification (ID) plan for livestock disease tracking purposes. This report focuses on animal ID and, to a lesser extent, on meat traceability. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8939/
Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 109th Congress
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Animal Identification and Meat Traceability
U.S. animal agriculture is seeking to improve its ability to trace the movement of livestock from their birthplace to slaughter. The livestock and meat industries are working with the U.S. government to develop a national animal identification (ID) plan for livestock disease tracking purposes. This report focuses on animal ID and, to a lesser extent, on meat traceability. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8899/
Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 108th Congress
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Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 107th Congress
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Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 108th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5129/
Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 108th Congress
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Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 108th Congress
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Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 108th Congress
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Active Military Sonar and Marine Mammals: Events and References
The deployment of active sonar by the U.S. Navy and its potential impacts on marine mammals has been an ongoing issue of intense debate; regulatory, legislative, and judicial activity; and international concern. This report summarizes legal and political events related to active sonar and marine mammals since 1994. This report summarizes some of the more significant recent events pertaining to active military sonar, in particular. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8633/
Mad Cow Disease: Agricultural Issues for Congress
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