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 Decade: 1990-1999
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge

The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge

Date: September 5, 1996
Creator: Corn, M. Lynne
Description: The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) is an area rich in fauna, flora, and oil potential, where development has been debated for over 36 years. Current law forbids oil and gas leasing. This report discusses debate over whether or not to open the ANWR up for development and includes discussion of various legislative options under consideration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pacific Salmon and Anadromous Trout: Management Under the Endangered Species Act

Pacific Salmon and Anadromous Trout: Management Under the Endangered Species Act

Date: October 27, 1999
Creator: Buck, Eugene H & Dandelski, John R
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Endangered Species List Revisions: A Summary of Delisting and Downlisting

Endangered Species List Revisions: A Summary of Delisting and Downlisting

Date: January 5, 1998
Creator: Noecker, Robert J
Description: This report outlines the process and reasons for delisting or downlisting, and summarizes the 27 species delisted due to extinction, recovery, or data revision, and the 22 species that have been downlisted from endangered to threatened status due to stabilized or improving populations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Endangered Species Act Amendments: An Analysis of S. 1180 and H.R. 2351

Endangered Species Act Amendments: An Analysis of S. 1180 and H.R. 2351

Date: March 2, 1998
Creator: Baldwin, Pamela & Corn, M. Lynne
Description: Because of wide-spread interest in possible amendments to the Endangered Species Act (ESA), CRS has received numerous requests for an analysis and critique of S.1180 and H.R. 2351. This report analyzes those bills. HR. 2351 was introduced on July 31, 1997 and S. 1180 on September 16, 1997. Each bill is discussed under various topic headings. The Senate bill will be described first, since it has been reported.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
African Elephant Issues: CITES and CAMPFIRE

African Elephant Issues: CITES and CAMPFIRE

Date: August 5, 1997
Creator: Corn, M. Lynne
Description: The conservation of African elephants has been controversial recently on two fronts: the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES, to which the United States is a party), and a Zimbabwean program for sustainable development called CAMPFIRE, which is partially funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). Two controversies have sprung up recently about the African elephant. One is the changing status of this species under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES), of which the United States is a signatory. The other is over a program in Zimbabwe called "CAMPFIRE." The partial funding of this program by the U.S. Agency for International Development has been criticized by animal welfare groups and some conservation groups, though it has been supported by other conservation groups as well as many hunting organizations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Wildlife Restoration Projects Fund

Wildlife Restoration Projects Fund

Date: May 2, 1997
Creator: Talley, Louis Alan
Description: Since 1937, a cooperative program between the federal and state governments has existed for wildlife restoration. This program provides federal grants-in-aid to state agencies for conservation through land and water management for wild birds and mammals. While up to 8% of the collected revenues from excise taxes dedicated to the program may be retained by the federal government for administration, all remaining funds are apportioned to the states and territories for use either in wildlife restoration or hunter safety and education programs. Wildlife restoration programs receive all funds generated from the excise tax on firearms other than pistols and revolvers and all funds collected from shells and cartridges. Additionally, one-half of the excise taxes collected from pistols, revolvers, and archery equipment goes for wildlife restoration purposes. Hunter safety and education programs are funded from the remaining half of excise taxes collected on pistols, revolvers, and archery equipment. The states have been authorized by law to use hunter safety and education funds for wildlife restoration projects.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Norwegian Commercial Whaling: Issues for Congress

Norwegian Commercial Whaling: Issues for Congress

Date: December 31, 1996
Creator: Ek, Carl
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Non-Indigenous Species: Government Response to the Brown Tree Snake and Issues for Congress

Non-Indigenous Species: Government Response to the Brown Tree Snake and Issues for Congress

Date: May 2, 1997
Creator: Corn, M. Lynne
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Mad Cow Disease" or Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy: Scientific and Regulatory Issues

"Mad Cow Disease" or Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy: Scientific and Regulatory Issues

Date: July 9, 1997
Creator: Johnson, Judith A & Vogt, Donna U
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cattle Prices: Questions and Answers

Cattle Prices: Questions and Answers

Date: November 14, 1996
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: After 7 years of relatively high returns, cattle producers by 1994 were experiencing steeply falling prices--mainly caused by abundant supplies of cattle destined for U.S. feedlots. Record-high grain prices and dry pastures amplified the problem. Because of the lengthy biological cycle governing cattle production, large numbers will be coming onto the market for some time, as producers undertake the slow process of curtailing herd expansion.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department