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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
CRS Issue Statement on Animal Welfare

CRS Issue Statement on Animal Welfare

Date: January 11, 2010
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S.
Description: This report discusses the questions whether additional measures are needed to protect the health and well-being of animals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Asian Carp and the Great Lakes Region

Asian Carp and the Great Lakes Region

Date: January 23, 2014
Creator: Stern, Charles V.; Upton, Harold F. & Brougher, Cynthia
Description: This report provides an overview of four species of non-indigenous Asian carp that are expanding their range in U.S. waterways, resulting in a variety of concerns and problems. This report details the environmental and economic threats from this invasion, as well as ways to combat the spread of Asian carp in U.S. water.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Asian Carp and the Great Lakes Region

Asian Carp and the Great Lakes Region

Date: August 6, 2010
Creator: Buck, Eugene H.; Upton, Harold F.; Stern, Charles V. & Nichols, James E.
Description: This report provides an overview of four species of non-indigenous Asian carp that are expanding their range in U.S. waterways, resulting in a variety of concerns and problems. This report details the environmental and economic threats from this invasion, as well as ways to combat the spread of Asian carp in U.S. water.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Honey Bee Colony Collapse Disorder

Honey Bee Colony Collapse Disorder

Date: January 7, 2010
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Description: This report provides an overview of the importance of honey bee pollination to U.S. agricultural production, especially specialty crops. It describes the extent and symptoms of Colony Colapse Disorder (CCD) and how it differs from previous honey bee colony losses, describing some of the reasons why scientists believe honey bee colonies are being affected by CCD. Finally, the report discusses policy options and actions that Congress has taken to address this issue.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Asian Carp and the Great Lakes Region

Asian Carp and the Great Lakes Region

Date: February 2, 2011
Creator: Buck, Eugene H.; Upton, Harold F.; Stern, Charles V. & Nichols, James E.
Description: Four species of non-indigenous Asian carp are expanding their range in U.S. waterways, resulting in a variety of concerns and problems. This report details the environmental and economic threats from this invasion, as well as ways to combat the spread of Asian carp in U.S. water.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Asian Carp and the Great Lakes Region

Asian Carp and the Great Lakes Region

Date: May 25, 2010
Creator: Buck, Eugene H.; Upton, Harold F.; Stern, Charles V. & Nichols, James E.
Description: Four species of non-indigenous Asian carp are expanding their range in U.S. waterways, resulting in a variety of concerns and problems. Three species—bighead, silver, and black carp—are of particular note, based on the perceived degree of environmental concern. This report examines current controversy relating to what measures might be necessary and sufficient to prevent movement of Asian carp from the Mississippi River drainage into the Great Lakes through the Chicago Area Waterway System. Movement of Asian carp into the Great Lakes is ultimately of concern because increased numbers of carp in the Great Lakes increases the risk that Asian carp will establish reproducing populations in these waters. Bills have been introduced in the 111th Congress to direct actions to avoid the possibility of carp becoming established in the Great Lakes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Endangered Species Act (ESA) in the 111th Congress: Conflicting Values and Difficult Choices

The Endangered Species Act (ESA) in the 111th Congress: Conflicting Values and Difficult Choices

Date: September 28, 2010
Creator: Buck, Eugene H.; Corn, M. Lynne; Sheikh, Pervaze A.; Meltz, Robert & Alexander, Kristina
Description: This report discusses oversight issues and legislation introduced in the 111th Congress to address Endangered Species Act (ESA) implementation and management of endangered and threatened species.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Asian Carp and the Great Lakes Region

Asian Carp and the Great Lakes Region

Date: November 30, 2010
Creator: Buck, Eugene H.; Upton, Harold F.; Stern, Charles V. & Nichols, James E.
Description: This report discusses four species of non-indigenous Asian carp that are expanding their range in U.S. waterways, resulting in a variety of concerns and problems. Three species--bighead, silver, and black carp--are of particular note, based on the perceived degree of environmental concern. Current controversy relates to what measures might be necessary and sufficient to prevent movement of Asian carp from the Mississippi River drainage into the Great Lakes through the Chicago Area Waterway System. Bills have been introduced in the 111th Congress to direct actions to avoid the possibility of carp becoming established in the Great Lakes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Asian Carp and the Great Lakes Region

Asian Carp and the Great Lakes Region

Date: April 15, 2011
Creator: Buck, Eugene H.; Upton, Harold F.; Stern, Charles V. & Brown, Cynthia
Description: Four species of non-indigenous Asian carp are expanding their range in U.S. waterways, resulting in a variety of concerns and problems. This report details the environmental and economic threats from this invasion, as well as ways to combat the spread of Asian carp in U.S. water.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Invasive Species: Issues in Brief

Invasive Species: Issues in Brief

Date: May 22, 2015
Creator: Corn, M. L. & Johnson, Renée
Description: This report discusses issues for congress regarding whether new legislative authorities and funding are needed to address issues related to invasive species and their increasing economic and ecological impacts on such disparate matters as power plant operations, grazing lands, and coral reef fishes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Illegal Trade in Wildlife: Threats and U.S. Policy

International Illegal Trade in Wildlife: Threats and U.S. Policy

Date: July 23, 2013
Creator: Wyler, L. S. & Sheikh, Pervaze A.
Description: Report that focuses on the international trade in terrestrial fauna, largely excluding trade in illegal plants, including timber, and fish.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Wilderness: Overview and Statistics

Wilderness: Overview and Statistics

Date: January 12, 2015
Creator: Hoover, Katie
Description: In 1964, the Wilderness Act established a national system of congressionally designated areas to be preserved in a wilderness condition: “where the earth and its community of life are untrammeled by man, where man himself is a visitor who does not remain.” This report provides a brief history of wilderness, describes what wilderness is, identifies permitted and prohibited uses in wilderness areas, and provides data on the 109.8 million acres of designated wilderness areas as of January 1, 2015.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gray Wolves Under the Endangered Species Act: Distinct Population Segments and Experimental Populations

Gray Wolves Under the Endangered Species Act: Distinct Population Segments and Experimental Populations

Date: August 10, 2010
Creator: Alexander, Kristina & Corn, M. L.
Description: This report analyzes the DPS designation process as it is applied to the gray wolf. It also examines experimental populations of wolves under the ESA and their protections. As part of its oversight responsibilities, Congress has conducted hearings on the Fish and Wildlife Service’s application of science to endangered species.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gray Wolves Under the Endangered Species Act (ESA): Distinct Population Segments and Experimental Populations

Gray Wolves Under the Endangered Species Act (ESA): Distinct Population Segments and Experimental Populations

Date: August 17, 2011
Creator: Alexander, Kristina & Corn, M. L.
Description: This report analyzes the Endangered Species Act (ESA) as it applies to gray wolf wolves and, in particular, to their treatment as experimental populations (Ex Pops) and distinct population segments (DPSs).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gray Wolves Under the Endangered Species Act: Distinct Population Segments and Experimental Populations

Gray Wolves Under the Endangered Species Act: Distinct Population Segments and Experimental Populations

Date: February 28, 2011
Creator: Alexander, Kristina & Corn, M. L.
Description: This report analyzes the distinct population segments (DPS) designation process as it is applied to the gray wolf. It also examines experimental populations of wolves under the Endangered Species Act (ESA) and their protections.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Potential Farm Sector Effects of 2009 H1N1 "Swine Flu": Questions and Answers

Potential Farm Sector Effects of 2009 H1N1 "Swine Flu": Questions and Answers

Date: January 12, 2010
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Description: This report discusses how the outbreak of the strain of influenza A (H1N1), commonly referred to as "swine flu," affected the domestic and international pork markets.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Food Safety System: A Primer

The Federal Food Safety System: A Primer

Date: January 17, 2014
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Description: This report discusses concerns about food safety, the resources required to ensure food safety, and whether federal food safety laws themselves, first enacted in the early 1900s, have kept pace with the significant changes that have occurred in the food production, processing, and marketing sectors since then.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Food Safety System: A Primer

The Federal Food Safety System: A Primer

Date: August 18, 2010
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Description: Numerous federal, state, and local agencies share responsibilities for regulating the safety of the U.S. food supply, which many experts say is among the safest in the world. This report discusses various food safety proposals in Congress, as well as agencies with food safety related responsibilities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Food Safety System: A Primer

The Federal Food Safety System: A Primer

Date: December 15, 2010
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Description: The combined efforts of the food industry and the regulatory agencies often are credited with making the U.S. food supply among the safest in the world. Nonetheless, many food-related health issues persist. At issue is whether the current U.S. regulatory system has the resources and structural organization to protect consumers from these dangers. Also at issue is whether the federal food safety laws themselves, first enacted in the early 1900s, have kept pace with the significant changes that have occurred in the food production, processing, and marketing sectors since then.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Food Safety System: A Primer

The Federal Food Safety System: A Primer

Date: January 11, 2011
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Description: Report concerning food safety, the resources required to ensure food safety, and whether federal food safety laws themselves, first enacted in the early 1900s, have kept pace with the significant changes that have occurred in the food production, processing, and marketing sectors since then.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Food Safety System: A Primer

The Federal Food Safety System: A Primer

Date: September 22, 2010
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Description: The combined efforts of the food industry and the regulatory agencies often are credited with making the U.S. food supply among the safest in the world. Nonetheless, many food-related health issues persist. At issue is whether the current U.S. regulatory system has the resources and structural organization to protect consumers from these dangers. Also at issue is whether the federal food safety laws themselves, first enacted in the early 1900s, have kept pace with the significant changes that have occurred in the food production, processing, and marketing sectors since then.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Lacey Act: Protecting the Environment by Restricting Trade

The Lacey Act: Protecting the Environment by Restricting Trade

Date: April 12, 2012
Creator: Alexander, Kristina
Description: This report looks at the history and applications of the Lacey Act. As it stands now the Act, via a 2008 amendment, allows the U.S. to enforce the laws of other countries as well. One currently proposed legislation would limit application of the law to specific wood products, while another would eliminate any reference to violations of foreign laws and end criminal prosecutions for violating the act.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and the Gulf of Mexico Fishing Industry

The Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and the Gulf of Mexico Fishing Industry

Date: February 17, 2011
Creator: Upton, Harold F.
Description: This report summarizes information related to damages caused by the Deepwater oil spill to Gulf fisheries and efforts to mitigate these damages.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Seafood Safety: Background and Issues

Seafood Safety: Background and Issues

Date: December 2, 2010
Creator: Upton, Harold F.
Description: Although seafood consumption can contribute to a healthy diet, some fish and shellfish can cause foodborne illnesses or contain environmental contaminants. This report discusses whether current food safety programs are sufficiently protecting consumers, and if not, what changes should be considered.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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