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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Carbon Tax and Greenhouse Gas Control: Options and Considerations for Congress

Carbon Tax and Greenhouse Gas Control: Options and Considerations for Congress

Date: March 10, 2009
Creator: Ramseur, Jonathan L. & Parker, Larry
Description: This report begins with an overview of the fundamental choices involved between a cost (tax) and a quantity (cap) control instrument. This includes a discussion of policy tools that could be employed to bridge the gap between a carbon tax and a cap-and-trade program. Following this overview, the report analyzes the potential advantages and disadvantages of a carbon tax. In many cases, carbon tax attributes are compared with those of a cap-and-trade program. The next section discusses implementation issues for a carbon tax, including where to apply the tax, at what level to set the tax, and options for distributing the tax revenues. The final section provides conclusions.
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Cruise Ship Pollution: Background, Laws and Regulations, and Key Issues

Cruise Ship Pollution: Background, Laws and Regulations, and Key Issues

Date: May 2, 2008
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report describes the several types of waste streams that cruise ships may discharge and emit. It identifies the complex body of international and domestic laws that address pollution from cruise ships. It then describes federal and state legislative activity concerning cruise ships in Alaskan waters and activities in a few other states, as well as current industry initiatives to manage cruise ship pollution.
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Climate Change: Current Issues and Policy Tools

Climate Change: Current Issues and Policy Tools

Date: March 6, 2009
Creator: Leggett, Jane A.
Description: This report introduces the reader to fundamentals of the climate change issue. Part One summarizes current understandings and controversies concerning the science, economics, international cooperation, and other aspects of the climate change policy problem. Part Two is a brief update on the status of domestic and international policies. Part Three outlines the policy toolbox seen as being available to policymakers to address the challenge as they define the emerging legislative agenda.
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Diesel Fuel and Engines: An Overview of New Emissions Regulations

Diesel Fuel and Engines: An Overview of New Emissions Regulations

Date: October 5, 2000
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D
Description: This report reviews the final regulations on diesel fuel and diesel engine emissions signed by Environmental Protection Agency Administrator Carol Browner December 21, 2000 and promulgated January 18, 2001. This report examines the rule’s potential impacts on fuel supply, summarizes the issues related to pollution controls, discusses potential impacts on the economy, and discusses issues raised by the timing and implementation schedule of the proposed rule.
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Capturing CO2 from Coal-Fired Power Plants: Challenges for a Comprehensive Strategy

Capturing CO2 from Coal-Fired Power Plants: Challenges for a Comprehensive Strategy

Date: February 13, 2009
Creator: Parker, Larry; Stine, Deborah D. & Folger, Peter
Description: This report examines the current effort to develop technology that would capture CO2. First, the paper outlines the current status of carbon capture technology. Second, the paper examines the role of government in developing that technology, both in terms of creating a market for carbon capture technology and encouraging development of the technology. Finally, the paper concludes with a discussion of implications of capture technology for climate change legislation.
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Clean Air After the CAIR Decision: Back to Square One?

Clean Air After the CAIR Decision: Back to Square One?

Date: July 22, 2008
Creator: McCarthy, James E.; Parker, Larry B. & Meltz, Robert
Description: This report discusses three Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) long-term options in regard to Clean Air: (1) starting anew with a new strategy with respect to mitigating transported air pollution based on the decision; (2) allowing the states to sort out the issue through Section 126 petitions; and (3) seeking new legislation providing EPA with the statutory authority to implement either CAIR in some form, or an alternative.
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Global Climate Change

Global Climate Change

Date: June 10, 2005
Creator: Justus, John R & Fletcher, Susan R
Description: None
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Global Climate Change

Global Climate Change

Date: December 19, 2003
Creator: Justus, John R & Fletcher, Susan R
Description: None
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Global Climate Change

Global Climate Change

Date: January 3, 2003
Creator: Justus, John R & Fletcher, Susan R
Description: None
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Global Climate Change

Global Climate Change

Date: April 12, 2005
Creator: Justus, John R & Fletcher, Susan R
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Quality: Multi-Pollutant Legislation in the 110th Congress

Air Quality: Multi-Pollutant Legislation in the 110th Congress

Date: February 11, 2008
Creator: Parker, Larry & Blodgett, John
Description: This report discusses air pollutants (petroleum, natural gas, and coal), which account for about two-thirds of U.S. electricity generation. These gases include several pollutants that directly pose risks to human health and welfare. The report also discusses the utilities that are subject to an array of environmental regulations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cars and Climate: What Can EPA Do to Control Greenhouse Gases from Mobile Sources?

Cars and Climate: What Can EPA Do to Control Greenhouse Gases from Mobile Sources?

Date: April 20, 2009
Creator: McCarthy, James E.
Description: This report discusses legislation being considered by congress to reduce the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions that contribute to climate change. It discusses the EPA's authority under Title II and provides information regarding the mobile sources that might be regulated under this authority. Among these sources, motor vehicles (passenger cars and light trucks, including SUVs) are assumed to be the most likely initial targets for regulation, both because a petition addressing these sources began EPA's consideration of the endangerment issue, and because these are the most significant GHG emission sources among those covered by Title II.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Revising the National Ambient Air Quality Standard for Lead

Revising the National Ambient Air Quality Standard for Lead

Date: July 28, 2008
Creator: McCarthy, James E.
Description: This report provides background on the National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS), the process used to establish the standards, the factors leading to the reduction in lead emissions, and the proposed changes to the lead standard, as well as information regarding the potential effects of any revision.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Capturing CO2 from Coal-Fired Power Plants: Challenges for a Comprehensive Strategy

Capturing CO2 from Coal-Fired Power Plants: Challenges for a Comprehensive Strategy

Date: February 13, 2009
Creator: Parker, Larry; Stine, Deborah D. & Folger, Peter
Description: This report examines the current effort to develop technology that would capture CO2 (carbon dioxide). It outlines the current status of carbon capture technology; examines the role of government in developing that technology, both in terms of creating a market for carbon capture technology and encouraging development of the technology; and concludes with a discussion of implications of capture technology for climate change legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Carbon Tax and Greenhouse Gas Control: Options and Considerations for Congress

Carbon Tax and Greenhouse Gas Control: Options and Considerations for Congress

Date: February 23, 2009
Creator: Ramseur, Jonathan L. & Parker, Larry
Description: This report provides an overview of the fundamental choices involved between a cost (tax) and a quantity (cap) control instrument, including a discussion of policy tools that could be employed to bridge the gap between a carbon tax and a cap-and-trade program. It also analyzes the potential advantages and disadvantages of a carbon tax, discusses implementation issues for a carbon tax -- including where to apply the tax, at what level to set the tax, and options for distributing the tax revenues-- and provides conclusions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Climate Change

Global Climate Change

Date: September 26, 2001
Creator: Justus, John R & Fletcher, Susan R
Description: This report discusses different perspectives used to consider issues related to the global climate change and issues related to the 1992 U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change and the 1997 Kyoto Agreement.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Climate Change

Global Climate Change

Date: August 13, 2001
Creator: Justus, John R & Fletcher, Susan R
Description: This report discusses different perspectives used to consider issues related to the global climate change and issues related to the 1992 U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change and the 1997 Kyoto Agreement.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Climate Change

Global Climate Change

Date: December 14, 2001
Creator: Justus, John R & Fletcher, Susan R
Description: This report discusses different perspectives used to consider issues related to the global climate change and issues related to the 1992 U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change and the 1997 Kyoto Agreement.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Climate Change

Global Climate Change

Date: January 12, 2001
Creator: Morrissey, Wayne A & Justus, John R
Description: This report discusses different perspectives used to consider issues related to the global climate change and issues related to the 1992 U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change and the 1997 Kyoto Agreement.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Are Carbon Dioxide Emissions Rising More Rapidly Than Expected?

Are Carbon Dioxide Emissions Rising More Rapidly Than Expected?

Date: October 17, 2008
Creator: Leggett, Jane A. & Logan, Jeffrey
Description: This report discusses the recent emissions estimates with the greenhouse gas (GHG) and addresses the question, are carbon dioxide emissions rising more rapidly than expected?
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Climate Change: A Survey of Scientific Research and Policy Reports

Global Climate Change: A Survey of Scientific Research and Policy Reports

Date: April 13, 2000
Creator: Morrissey, Wayne A
Description: This report is intended to guide the reader through U.S. global climate change policy from the passage of the National Climate Program Act of 1978 (P.L. 95-367) through the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, where the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change (FCCC) was opened for signatures. It offers a summary of scientific research on global climate change and related U.S. policy and identifies what many consider to be important milestones in the international policy debate on global climate change.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Climate Change

Global Climate Change

Date: September 8, 2003
Creator: Justus, John R & Fletcher, Susan R
Description: This report discusses the effect of human activities on global climate change. Human activities, particularly burning of fossil fuels, have increased atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) and other trace gases, including chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), methane, and nitrous oxide.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Climate Change

Global Climate Change

Date: April 2, 2003
Creator: Justus, John R & Fletcher, Susan R
Description: This report discusses the effect of human activities on global climate change. Human activities, particularly burning of fossil fuels, have increased atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) and other trace gases, including chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), methane, and nitrous oxide.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Climate Change

Global Climate Change

Date: July 16, 2003
Creator: Justus, John R & Fletcher, Susan R
Description: This report discusses the effect of human activities on global climate change. Human activities, particularly burning of fossil fuels, have increased atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) and other trace gases, including chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), methane, and nitrous oxide.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department