This system will be undergoing maintenance Tuesday, December 6 from 9AM to 12PM CST.

  You limited your search to:

 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Electricity Restructuring: The Implications for Air Quality

Electricity Restructuring: The Implications for Air Quality

Date: January 4, 2001
Creator: Parker, Larry & Blodgett, John E
Description: In the context of federal and state proposals to restructure the electric utility industry, this paper analyzes forces and policies affecting utility generation that may have consequences for emissions of air pollutants and of greenhouse gases. Key concerns are potential increases in nitrogen oxide emissions, raising questions about the effectiveness of the Clean Air Act to regulate a restructured industry, and in carbon dioxide emissions, which are not currently regulated but could be if the U.S. ratifies the Kyoto Agreement. These issues may be raised in the context of electricity restructuring legislation. For ongoing legislative activities, see CRS Issue Brief IB10006, Electricity: The Road Toward Restructuring.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Quality: Multi-Pollutant Legislation

Air Quality: Multi-Pollutant Legislation

Date: August 1, 2002
Creator: Parker, Larry & Blodgett, John E
Description: One approach being proposed to more cost-effectively achieve national air quality goals is a "multi-pollutant" strategy -- a framework based on a consistent set of emissions caps, implemented through emissions trading. This report discusses this strategy and related legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Quality: Multi-Pollutant Legislation

Air Quality: Multi-Pollutant Legislation

Date: October 22, 2002
Creator: Parker, Larry & Blodgett, John E
Description: One approach being proposed to more cost-effectively achieve national air quality goals is a "multi-pollutant" strategy -- a framework based on a consistent set of emissions caps, implemented through emissions trading. This report discusses this strategy and related legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Quality Issues and Animal Agriculture: A Primer

Air Quality Issues and Animal Agriculture: A Primer

Date: February 2, 2006
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report focuses on the environmental quality of water resources as affected by animal agriculture, specifically animal waste, which can harm water quality through surface runoff, direct discharges, spills, and leaching into soil and groundwater. This report also discusses the contribution of emissions from animal feeding operations (AFO), enterprises where animals are raised in confinement, to air pollution.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Quality Issues and Animal Agriculture: A Primer

Air Quality Issues and Animal Agriculture: A Primer

Date: June 10, 2005
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report focuses on the environmental quality of water resources as affected by animal agriculture, specifically animal waste, which can harm water quality through surface runoff, direct discharges, spills, and leaching into soil and groundwater. This report also discusses the contribution of emissions from animal feeding operations (AFO), enterprises where animals are raised in confinement, to air pollution.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clean Air Issues in the 114th Congress: An Overview

Clean Air Issues in the 114th Congress: An Overview

Date: May 12, 2015
Creator: McCarthy, James E.
Description: This report discusses regulatory actions that have recently received attention in the 114th Congress including EPA's proposed regulations on the emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) from power plants, and a proposed revision of the ambient air quality standard for ozone.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Methane Capture: Options for Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction

Methane Capture: Options for Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction

Date: September 17, 2009
Creator: Bracmort, Kelsi; Ramseur, Jonathan L.; McCarthy, James E.; Folger, Peter & Marples, Donald J.
Description: This report discusses legislative alternatives for addressing methane capture, sources of methane, opportunities and challenges for methane capture, and current federal programs that support methane recovery.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Pollution and Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Ships

Air Pollution and Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Ships

Date: February 24, 2009
Creator: McCarthy, James E.
Description: This report provides information regarding pollution from ships and port facilities; discusses some of the measures being implemented and considered by local, state, and federal regulatory agencies; discusses the efforts to ratify and to strengthen Annex VI of the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL); and describes legislation in Congress to control emissions from ships by amending the Clean Air Act (CAA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Automobile and Light Truck Fuel Economy: The CAFE Standards

Automobile and Light Truck Fuel Economy: The CAFE Standards

Date: May 7, 2008
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D. & Bamberger, Robert
Description: This report discusses the current corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standard of 35 miles per gallon (mpg), and the major issues on the CAFE debate. The report also offers an overview of Congressional interest in CAFE (1991-2005), and explains the CAFE and reduction of carbon dioxide emissions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Role of Offsets in a Greenhouse Gas Emissions Cap-and-Trade Program: Potential Benefits and Concerns

The Role of Offsets in a Greenhouse Gas Emissions Cap-and-Trade Program: Potential Benefits and Concerns

Date: September 22, 2008
Creator: Ramseur, Jonathan L.
Description: This report discusses offsets in relation to a greenhouse gas emissions cap-and-trade program. The first section of this report provides an overview of offsets by discussing different types of offset projects and describing how the offsets would likely be used in an emission reduction program. The next section discusses the supply of offsets that might be available in an emission trading program. The subsequent sections examine the potential offset benefits and the potential concerns associated with offsets. The final section offers considerations for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nitrogen Oxides and Electric Utilities: Revising the NSPS

Nitrogen Oxides and Electric Utilities: Revising the NSPS

Date: July 25, 1997
Creator: Parker, Larry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Pollution from Ships: MARPOL Annex VI and Other Control Options

Air Pollution from Ships: MARPOL Annex VI and Other Control Options

Date: September 9, 2008
Creator: McCarthy, James E.
Description: This report provides information regarding pollution from ships and port facilities; discusses some of the measures being implemented and considered by local, state, and federal regulatory agencies; discusses the efforts to ratify and to strengthen Annex VI of the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL); and describes legislation Congress is considering to control emissions from ships by amending the Clean Air Act (CAA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Automobile and Light Truck Fuel Economy: The CAFE Standards

Automobile and Light Truck Fuel Economy: The CAFE Standards

Date: January 27, 2009
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D. & Bamberger, Robert
Description: This report discusses the current corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standard, and the major issues on the CAFE debate. The report also offers an overview of Congressional interest in CAFE (1991-2005), and explains the CAFE and reduction of carbon dioxide emissions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Climate Change: U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions - Status, Trends, and Projections

Global Climate Change: U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions - Status, Trends, and Projections

Date: March 12, 2002
Creator: Blodgett, John E. & Parker, Larry
Description: This report discusses greenhouse gas emissions and baselines in the U.S. and various aspects of future projections.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Climate Change: U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions - Status, Trends, and Projections

Global Climate Change: U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions - Status, Trends, and Projections

Date: August 15, 2003
Creator: Blodgett, John E. & Parker, Larry
Description: This report reviews U.S. emissions of greenhouse gases in the contexts both of domestic policy and of international obligations and proposals. On October 15, 1992, the United States ratified the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), which entered into force on March 21, 1994. This committed the United States to “national policies” to limit “its anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases,” with a voluntary goal of returning “emissions of carbon dioxide [CO2] and other greenhouse gases [methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), and sulfur hexafluoride (SF6)]” at the “end of the decade” to “their 1990 levels.”
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Are Carbon Dioxide Emissions Rising More Rapidly Than Expected?

Are Carbon Dioxide Emissions Rising More Rapidly Than Expected?

Date: October 17, 2008
Creator: Leggett, Jane A. & Logan, Jeffrey
Description: At least one recent report and numerous news articles suggest that carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions are rising more rapidly than expected. While CO2 emissions associated with human activities continue to rise -- and may be worthy of alarm because of their influence on climate change -- any short-term comparisons between actual emissions and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) scenarios miss the mark. This report analyzes this issue and the issues associated with IPCC scenarios and trajectories. It also describes the importance of monitoring CO2 emissions and analyzing the factors and forces behind increasing CO2 emissions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
EPA's Clean Power Plan: Highlights of the Final Rule

EPA's Clean Power Plan: Highlights of the Final Rule

Date: August 14, 2015
Creator: Ramseur, Jonathan L. & McCarthy, James E.
Description: This report provides an initial analysis of EPA's final rule -- a prepublication version, known as the Clean Power Plan (CPP), pursuant to Section 111(d) of the Clean Air Act -- summarizing highlights and identifying differences between the final and proposed rules. The topics discussed do not represent an exhaustive list of the differences from the proposed rule or the support or opposition that may be raised by various stakeholders.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Climate Change Treaty: Negotiations and Related Issues

Global Climate Change Treaty: Negotiations and Related Issues

Date: November 21, 1997
Creator: Fletcher, Susan R
Description: This report discusses the negotiations leading the Kyoto conference of the parties. The United States and other parties to the 1992 Climate Change Convention signed at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro will meet December 1-12 in Kyoto, Japan, to conclude year-long negotiations on a legally binding protocol or amendment to reduce or stabilize emissions of greenhouse gas emissions. The U.S. proposal to reduce emissions of carbon dioxide and five other greenhouse gases to 1990 levels between 2008-2012 is less ambitious than environmentalists and many other treaty Parties urge, but represents a commitment that others, including many in business, fear could damage the economy. A key aspect of the negotiations also is what should be expected of developing nations, whose current emissions of greenhouse gases are relatively small, but are expected to increase rapidly over the next decade with economic development. A sense of the Senate resolution calls for all countries to meet scheduled reductions, and would agree to U.S. participation only if harm to the domestic economy is avoided. If agreement is reached in Kyoto, Senate approval would be required for U.S. ratification, and legislation to implement commitments would also likely be necessary.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Climate Change Treaty: The Kyoto Protocol

Global Climate Change Treaty: The Kyoto Protocol

Date: March 6, 2000
Creator: Fletcher, Susan R.
Description: Negotiations on the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) were completed December 11, 1997, committing the industrialized nations to specified, legally binding reductions in emissions of six "greenhouse gases." This report discusses the major provisions of the Kyoto Protocol.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Climate Change Treaty: The Kyoto Protocol

Global Climate Change Treaty: The Kyoto Protocol

Date: July 31, 1998
Creator: Fletcher, Susan R.
Description: Negotiations on the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) were completed December 11, 1997, committing the industrialized nations to specified, legally binding reductions in emissions of six "greenhouse gases." This report discusses the major provisions of the Kyoto Protocol.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Underground Carbon Dioxide Sequestration: Frequently Asked Questions

Underground Carbon Dioxide Sequestration: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: January 21, 2009
Creator: Folger, Peter
Description: This report answers frequently asked questions about the geologic sequestration of carbon dioxide (CO2). The questions are broadly representative of typical inquiries regarding the process and mechanics of storing CO2 underground, how much might be stored, and what might happen to CO2 once it is injected underground.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Climate Change: Adequacy of Commitments Under the U.N. Framework Convention and the Berlin Mandate

Global Climate Change: Adequacy of Commitments Under the U.N. Framework Convention and the Berlin Mandate

Date: October 25, 1996
Creator: Morrissey, Wayne A
Description: This report discusses the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (FCCC) convened July 8-19, 1996, in Geneva, Switzerland.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Climate Change Policy: Domestic Early Action Credits

Global Climate Change Policy: Domestic Early Action Credits

Date: July 23, 1999
Creator: Parker, Larry & Blodgett, John E
Description: This report discusses the global climate change policy and proposals to allow credit for early actions to reduce emissions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Climate Change: A Concise History of Negotiations and Chronology of Major Activities Preceding the 1992 U.N. Framework Convention

Global Climate Change: A Concise History of Negotiations and Chronology of Major Activities Preceding the 1992 U.N. Framework Convention

Date: May 5, 1998
Creator: Morrissey, Wayne A
Description: This report discusses the ongoing international policy debate regarding Global Climate Change and U.S. involvement in the issue of global climate change.The report provides an historical context of the current debate, which is important in understanding the fundamental issues about global climate change.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department