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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Air Quality and Motor Vehicles: An Analysis of Current and Proposed Emission Standards

Air Quality and Motor Vehicles: An Analysis of Current and Proposed Emission Standards

Date: September 2, 1999
Creator: Bearden, David M
Description: The extent to which emissions from motor vehicles and the amount of sulfur in commercial gasoline should be regulated has become a controversial issue. The EPA is proposing national limits on gasoline sulfur levels which would become effective in 2004. This report provides background information on the regulation of vehicle emissions in the United States, analyzes key elements of the National Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) program and the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Tier 2 proposal, summarizes major views on the proposal that have been expressed by the automobile industry, the oil refining industry, and some environmental organizations, and discusses relevant legislative activity in the 106th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Highway Fund Sanctions and Conformity Under the Clean Air Act

Highway Fund Sanctions and Conformity Under the Clean Air Act

Date: October 15, 1999
Creator: McCarthy, James E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Climate Change: The Role for Energy Efficiency

Global Climate Change: The Role for Energy Efficiency

Date: February 3, 2000
Creator: Sissine, Fred
Description: This report reviews the role of energy efficiency in federal policies to curb CO2 emissions. In particular, it discusses targets for CO2 reductions, projected energy efficiency impacts, strategies for measuring impacts, and legislative proposals that would affect support for energy efficiency programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Climate Change Treaty: The Kyoto Protocol

Global Climate Change Treaty: The Kyoto Protocol

Date: March 6, 2000
Creator: Fletcher, Susan R.
Description: Negotiations on the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) were completed December 11, 1997, committing the industrialized nations to specified, legally binding reductions in emissions of six "greenhouse gases." This report discusses the major provisions of the Kyoto Protocol.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Climate Change: A Survey of Scientific Research and Policy Reports

Global Climate Change: A Survey of Scientific Research and Policy Reports

Date: April 13, 2000
Creator: Morrissey, Wayne A
Description: This report is intended to guide the reader through U.S. global climate change policy from the passage of the National Climate Program Act of 1978 (P.L. 95-367) through the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, where the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change (FCCC) was opened for signatures. It offers a summary of scientific research on global climate change and related U.S. policy and identifies what many consider to be important milestones in the international policy debate on global climate change.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Stratospheric Ozone Depletion: Implementation Issues

Stratospheric Ozone Depletion: Implementation Issues

Date: July 12, 2000
Creator: Parker, Larry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Diesel Fuel and Engines: An Overview of New Emissions Regulations

Diesel Fuel and Engines: An Overview of New Emissions Regulations

Date: October 5, 2000
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D
Description: This report reviews the final regulations on diesel fuel and diesel engine emissions signed by Environmental Protection Agency Administrator Carol Browner December 21, 2000 and promulgated January 18, 2001. This report examines the rule’s potential impacts on fuel supply, summarizes the issues related to pollution controls, discusses potential impacts on the economy, and discusses issues raised by the timing and implementation schedule of the proposed rule.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clean Air Standards: The Supreme Court Agrees to Review

Clean Air Standards: The Supreme Court Agrees to Review

Date: December 5, 2000
Creator: Meltz, Robert & McCarthy, James E
Description: In May, 2000, the Supreme Court agreed to review this decision, raising the prospect of a major pronouncement on the non-delegation doctrine, the enforceability of the revised ozone standard, and the role of compliance costs in setting nationwide air quality standards.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Electricity Restructuring: The Implications for Air Quality

Electricity Restructuring: The Implications for Air Quality

Date: January 4, 2001
Creator: Parker, Larry & Blodgett, John E
Description: In the context of federal and state proposals to restructure the electric utility industry, this paper analyzes forces and policies affecting utility generation that may have consequences for emissions of air pollutants and of greenhouse gases. Key concerns are potential increases in nitrogen oxide emissions, raising questions about the effectiveness of the Clean Air Act to regulate a restructured industry, and in carbon dioxide emissions, which are not currently regulated but could be if the U.S. ratifies the Kyoto Agreement. These issues may be raised in the context of electricity restructuring legislation. For ongoing legislative activities, see CRS Issue Brief IB10006, Electricity: The Road Toward Restructuring.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Climate Change: Selected Legal Questions About the Kyoto Protocol

Global Climate Change: Selected Legal Questions About the Kyoto Protocol

Date: January 10, 2001
Creator: Ackerman, David M
Description: This report addresses legal issues after the United States signed the Kyoto Protocol to the UnitedNations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The protocol is not yet in effect internationally and cannot be legally binding on the U.S. unless and until the Senate gives its advice and consent.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Diesel Fuel and Engines: An Analysis of EPA's New Regulations

Diesel Fuel and Engines: An Analysis of EPA's New Regulations

Date: January 12, 2001
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D; McCarthy, James E; Fischer, John W; Segarra, Alejandro E & Kumins, Lawrence C
Description: This report reviews the final regulations on diesel fuel and diesel engine emissions signed by Environmental Protection Agency Administrator Carol Browner December 21, 2000 and promulgated January 18, 2001. This report examines the rule’s potential impacts on fuel supply, summarizes the issues related to pollution controls, discusses potential impacts on the economy, and discusses issues raised by the timing and implementation schedule of the proposed rule.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Climate Change

Global Climate Change

Date: January 12, 2001
Creator: Morrissey, Wayne A & Justus, John R
Description: This report discusses different perspectives used to consider issues related to the global climate change and issues related to the 1992 U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change and the 1997 Kyoto Agreement.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sport Utility Vehicles, Mini-Vans and Light Trucks: An Overview of Fuel Economy and Emissions Standards

Sport Utility Vehicles, Mini-Vans and Light Trucks: An Overview of Fuel Economy and Emissions Standards

Date: January 16, 2001
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Climate Change Technology Initiative (CCTI): Research, Technology, and Related Programs

Climate Change Technology Initiative (CCTI): Research, Technology, and Related Programs

Date: January 22, 2001
Creator: Simpson, Michael M
Description: The Climate Change Technology Initiative (CCTI) was the Clinton Administration's package of R&D (to develop renewable energy sources and more energy efficient technologies), targeted tax credits (to encourage purchase and deployment of more efficient technologies), and voluntary information programs (to help businesses and schools be better informed when making purchasing and operating decisions that involve energy use and emissions). This report describes the R&D, voluntary information programs, and funding aspects of the CCTI.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Quality and Electricity: Initiatives to Increase Pollution Controls

Air Quality and Electricity: Initiatives to Increase Pollution Controls

Date: March 29, 2001
Creator: Parker, Larry & Blodgett, John E
Description: This report discusses air quality initiatives (such as the Ozone Transport Rule) that primarily focus on reducing and enforcing emissions from coal-fired electric generating utilities in the Midwest and South.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Climate Change: Selected Legal Questions About the Kyoto Protocol

Global Climate Change: Selected Legal Questions About the Kyoto Protocol

Date: March 29, 2001
Creator: Ackerman, David M
Description: This report addresses legal issues after the United States signed the Kyoto Protocol to the UnitedNations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The protocol is not yet in effect internationally and cannot be legally binding on the U.S. unless and until the Senate gives its advice and consent.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Climate Change: Market-Based Strategies to Reduce Greenhouse Gases

Global Climate Change: Market-Based Strategies to Reduce Greenhouse Gases

Date: April 4, 2001
Creator: Parker, Larry
Description: This report discusses global climate change and the possibility that human activities are releasing gases, including carbon dioxide (CO2), at rates that could affect global climate change.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Clean Coal Technology Program: Current Prospects

The Clean Coal Technology Program: Current Prospects

Date: April 6, 2001
Creator: Behrens, Carl E
Description: The Clean Coal Technology (CCT) program, started in the 1980's and funded generously in the early 1990's, has completed most of its surviving projects and has not funded any new ones since 1994. However, President Bush’s FY2002 budget outline proposed spending $2 billion over 10 years on a restructured CCT program. It is not clear what kind of projects would be included in the new program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Quality and Emissions Trading: A Primer

Air Quality and Emissions Trading: A Primer

Date: April 16, 2001
Creator: Bearden, David M.
Description: This report briefly discusses the extent to which emissions trading has been used in the United States, explains how trading programs work, analyzes factors that can influence the effectiveness of trading, and examines some of the principal arguments related to the use of trading to control air pollution.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Diesel Fuel and Engines: An Analysis of EPA's New Regulations

Diesel Fuel and Engines: An Analysis of EPA's New Regulations

Date: May 1, 2001
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D; McCarthy, James E; Fischer, John W; Segarra, Alejandro E & Kumins, Lawrence C
Description: This report reviews the final regulations on diesel fuel and diesel engine emissions signed by Environmental Protection Agency Administrator Carol Browner December 21, 2000 and promulgated January 18, 2001. This report examines the rule’s potential impacts on fuel supply, summarizes the issues related to pollution controls, discusses potential impacts on the economy, and discusses issues raised by the timing and implementation schedule of the proposed rule.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Climate Change

Global Climate Change

Date: August 13, 2001
Creator: Justus, John R & Fletcher, Susan R
Description: This report discusses different perspectives used to consider issues related to the global climate change and issues related to the 1992 U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change and the 1997 Kyoto Agreement.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Climate Change

Global Climate Change

Date: September 26, 2001
Creator: Justus, John R & Fletcher, Susan R
Description: This report discusses different perspectives used to consider issues related to the global climate change and issues related to the 1992 U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change and the 1997 Kyoto Agreement.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Climate Change: Federal Research, Technology, and Related Programs

Climate Change: Federal Research, Technology, and Related Programs

Date: October 3, 2001
Creator: Simpson, Michael M
Description: A major focus of efforts to address possible global climate change has been on energy use, given that carbon dioxide, the major “greenhouse gas,” is added to the atmosphere when fossil fuels are burned. Federal programs to increase energy efficiency and the use of renewable energy resources have a history that goes back well over two decades. While many of these efforts were aimed at reducing U.S. dependence on oil imports and addressing electricity needs, they also are relevant to environmental concerns, including climate change.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Climate Change

Global Climate Change

Date: December 14, 2001
Creator: Justus, John R & Fletcher, Susan R
Description: This report discusses different perspectives used to consider issues related to the global climate change and issues related to the 1992 U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change and the 1997 Kyoto Agreement.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department