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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CCS): A Primer

Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CCS): A Primer

Date: July 16, 2013
Creator: Folger, Peter
Description: Report describing Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CCS), how it is supposed to work, why it has gained the interest and support of some members of Congress, and what some of the challenges are to its implementation and deployment across the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Carbon Cycle: Implications for Climate Change and Congress

The Carbon Cycle: Implications for Climate Change and Congress

Date: March 13, 2008
Creator: Folger, Peter
Description: This report puts the human contribution of carbon to the atmosphere into the larger context of the global carbon cycle. The report focuses almost entirely on carbon dioxide (CO2), which alone is responsible for over half of the change in Earth's radiation balance. Moreover, according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), CO2 is the most important greenhouse gas released to the atmosphere from human activities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Carbon Sequestration in Forests

Carbon Sequestration in Forests

Date: August 6, 2009
Creator: Gorte, Ross W.
Description: This report examines basic questions concerning carbon sequestration in forests. The first section provides a brief background on congressional interest in forest carbon sequestration. The second describes the basic carbon cycle in forests, with an overview of how carbon cycling and storage vary among different types of forests. The third section then addresses how forest carbon is considered in the global climate change debate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Comparison of Climate Change Adaptation Provisions in S. 1733 and H.R. 2454

Comparison of Climate Change Adaptation Provisions in S. 1733 and H.R. 2454

Date: November 12, 2009
Creator: Ho, Melissa D.
Description: This report summarizes and compares climate change adaptation-related provisions in the American Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009 (H.R. 2454) and the Clean Energy, Jobs, and Power Act (S. 1733). Both H.R. 2454 and S. 1733 include adaptation provisions that seek to better assess the impacts of climate change and variability that are occurring now and in the future; and support adaptation activities related to climate change, both domestically and internationally.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Estimates of Carbon Mitigation Potential from Agricultural and Forestry Activities

Estimates of Carbon Mitigation Potential from Agricultural and Forestry Activities

Date: February 20, 2009
Creator: Johnson, Renee; Gorte, Ross W.; Yacobucci, Brent D. & Schnepf, Randy
Description: The report is organized into three parts. The first provides a brief overview of the role of the agriculture and forestry sectors within the broader climate change debate, describing available estimates of current GHG emissions and carbon sequestration in the farm and forestry sectors. The second describes available data and information on the potential for carbon storage (tonnage) by type of farming and forestry activity, and presents available estimates of the carbon sequestration potential in these sectors. The final part discusses some of the limitations of available estimates of GHG mitigation potential in the agriculture and forestry sectors, focusing on recent policy and market changes and other types of modeling uncertainties that could limit the accuracy of available mitigation projections.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Climate Change: The Role of the U.S. Agriculture Sector

Climate Change: The Role of the U.S. Agriculture Sector

Date: June 20, 2008
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Description: This report discusses the extent of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions associated with the U.S. agriculture sector, and cites current and potential estimates for U.S. agricultural soils to sequester carbon and partly offset national GHG emissions. The report describes the types of land management and farm conservation practices that can reduce GHG emissions and/or sequester carbon in agricultural soils, highlighting those practices that are currently promoted under existing voluntary federal agricultural programs. The Appendix provides a summary primer of the key background information presented in these first two sections. Finally, the report describes ongoing legislative action within both the climate change and farm bill debates, and discusses the types of questions that may be raised regarding the role of the U.S. agriculture sector in the broader climate change debate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Canadian Oil Sands: Life-Cycle Assessments of Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Canadian Oil Sands: Life-Cycle Assessments of Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Date: March 10, 2014
Creator: Lattanzio, Richard K.
Description: This report discusses the basic methodology of life-cycle assessments and compares several of the publicly available studies of GHG emissions data for Canadian oil sands crudes against each other and against those of other global reference crudes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Canadian Oil Sands: Life-Cycle Assessments of Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Canadian Oil Sands: Life-Cycle Assessments of Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Date: December 30, 2014
Creator: Lattanzio, Richard K.
Description: This report discusses the basic methodology of life-cycle assessments and compares several of the publicly-available studies of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions data for Canadian oil sands crudes against each other and against those of other global reference crudes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Global Climate Change Initiative (GCCI): Budget Authority and Request, FY2010-FY2013

The Global Climate Change Initiative (GCCI): Budget Authority and Request, FY2010-FY2013

Date: March 15, 2012
Creator: Lattanzio, Richard K.
Description: The United States supports international financial assistance for global climate change initiatives in developing countries. The Global Climate Change Initiative (GCCI) aims to integrate climate change considerations into U.S. foreign assistance through a full range of bilateral, multilateral, and private sector mechanisms to foster low-carbon growth, promote sustainable and climate-resilient societies, and reduce emissions from deforestation and land degradation. The GCCI is implemented through programs at three "core" agencies—the Department of State, the Department of the Treasury, and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID)—and is funded through the Administration's Executive Budget, Function 150 account, for State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs. As Congress considers potential authorizations and/or appropriations for activities administered through the GCCI, it may have questions concerning U.S. agency initiatives and current bilateral and multilateral programs that address global climate change.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Climate Change Financing:  The Green Climate Fund (GCF)

International Climate Change Financing: The Green Climate Fund (GCF)

Date: April 16, 2013
Creator: Lattanzio, Richard K.
Description: This report discusses the Green Climate Fund (GCF), which aims to assist developing countries in their efforts to combat climate change through the provision of grants and other concessional financing for mitigation and adaptation projects, programs, policies, and activities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department