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 Resource Type: Report
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Air Pollution from Ships: MARPOL Annex VI and Other Control Options

Air Pollution from Ships: MARPOL Annex VI and Other Control Options

Date: September 9, 2008
Creator: McCarthy, James E.
Description: This report provides information regarding pollution from ships and port facilities; discusses some of the measures being implemented and considered by local, state, and federal regulatory agencies; discusses the efforts to ratify and to strengthen Annex VI of the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL); and describes legislation Congress is considering to control emissions from ships by amending the Clean Air Act (CAA).
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The Role of Offsets in a Greenhouse Gas Emissions Cap-and-Trade Program: Potential Benefits and Concerns

The Role of Offsets in a Greenhouse Gas Emissions Cap-and-Trade Program: Potential Benefits and Concerns

Date: May 18, 2009
Creator: Ramseur, Jonathan L.
Description: This report discusses offsets in relation to a greenhouse gas emissions cap-and-trade program. The first section of this report provides an overview of offsets by discussing different types of offset projects and describing how the offsets would likely be used in an emission reduction program. The next section discusses the supply of offsets that might be available in an emission trading program. The subsequent sections examine the potential offset benefits and the potential concerns associated with offsets.
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Clean Air Issues in the 114th Congress: An Overview

Clean Air Issues in the 114th Congress: An Overview

Date: May 12, 2015
Creator: McCarthy, James E.
Description: This report discusses regulatory actions that have recently received attention in the 114th Congress including EPA's proposed regulations on the emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) from power plants, and a proposed revision of the ambient air quality standard for ozone.
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Transportation Conformity Under the Clean Air Act

Transportation Conformity Under the Clean Air Act

Date: May 21, 2015
Creator: McCarthy, James E.
Description: This report explains the Clean Air Act requirement that federal departments and agencies demonstrate that their activities--including projects that they fund--"conform" to state plans for achieving air quality standards. The report explains the statutory requirements, reviews the recent history of their implementation, and examines how conformity requirements might affect areas designated "nonattainment" for a revised ozone air quality standard.
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Methane Capture: Options for Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction

Methane Capture: Options for Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction

Date: September 17, 2009
Creator: Bracmort, Kelsi; Ramseur, Jonathan L.; McCarthy, James E.; Folger, Peter & Marples, Donald J.
Description: This report discusses legislative alternatives for addressing methane capture, sources of methane, opportunities and challenges for methane capture, and current federal programs that support methane recovery.
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Cars and Climate: What Can EPA Do to Control Greenhouse Gases from Mobile Sources?

Cars and Climate: What Can EPA Do to Control Greenhouse Gases from Mobile Sources?

Date: December 9, 2009
Creator: McCarthy, James E.
Description: This report discusses the debate surrounding proposed controls on greenhouse gas emissions. Not all parties are in agreement that controls on GHGs are desirable.
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Climate Change: EU and Proposed U.S. Approaches to Carbon Leakage and WTO Implications

Climate Change: EU and Proposed U.S. Approaches to Carbon Leakage and WTO Implications

Date: November 4, 2009
Creator: Parker, Larry & Grimmett, Jeanne J.
Description: This report discusses climate change and issues related to carbon leakage by examining the European Union's (EU's) cap-and-trade program with a review and analysis of various EU efforts to address the concerns of energy-intensive, trade-exposed industries. Additionally, it considers similar provisions enacted or proposed by the U.S. and analyzes potential World Trade Organization (WTO) implications in relation to U.S. trade agreements.
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Carbon Sequestration in Forests

Carbon Sequestration in Forests

Date: August 6, 2009
Creator: Gorte, Ross W.
Description: This report examines basic questions concerning carbon sequestration in forests. The first section provides a brief background on congressional interest in forest carbon sequestration. The second describes the basic carbon cycle in forests, with an overview of how carbon cycling and storage vary among different types of forests. The third section then addresses how forest carbon is considered in the global climate change debate.
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Climate Change: Comparison of the Cap-and-Trade Provisions in H.R. 2454 and S. 1733

Climate Change: Comparison of the Cap-and-Trade Provisions in H.R. 2454 and S. 1733

Date: November 5, 2009
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D.; Ramseur, Jonathan L. & Parker, Larry
Description: This report provides a comparison of the cap-and-trade provisions of two bills. The first is H.R. 2454, the American Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009. In addition to establishing a cap-and-trade system to regulate greenhouse gas emissions, this bill addresses energy efficiency, renewable energy, and other energy topics. Later, Senator Kerry introduced S. 1733, the Clean Energy Jobs and American Power Act, which was referred to the Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works.
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Comparison of Climate Change Adaptation Provisions in S. 1733 and H.R. 2454

Comparison of Climate Change Adaptation Provisions in S. 1733 and H.R. 2454

Date: November 12, 2009
Creator: Ho, Melissa D.
Description: This report summarizes and compares climate change adaptation-related provisions in the American Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009 (H.R. 2454) and the Clean Energy, Jobs, and Power Act (S. 1733). Both H.R. 2454 and S. 1733 include adaptation provisions that seek to better assess the impacts of climate change and variability that are occurring now and in the future; and support adaptation activities related to climate change, both domestically and internationally.
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