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 Resource Type: Report
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Clean Air Issues in the 110th Congress: Climate Change, Air Quality Standards, and Oversight

Clean Air Issues in the 110th Congress: Climate Change, Air Quality Standards, and Oversight

Date: October 19, 2007
Creator: McCarthy, James E.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the climate change issue as well as other Clean Air Act issues the 110th Congress may consider.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Key Historical Court Decisions Shaping EPA’s Program Under the Clean Air Act

Key Historical Court Decisions Shaping EPA’s Program Under the Clean Air Act

Date: August 22, 2014
Creator: Meltz, Robert
Description: This report provides a selective overview of court decisions that historically have most shaped EPA’s program under the Clean Air Act (CAA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Pollution: Legal Perspectives on the “Routine Maintenance” Exception to New Source Review

Air Pollution: Legal Perspectives on the “Routine Maintenance” Exception to New Source Review

Date: February 20, 2004
Creator: Meltz, Robert
Description: The report surveys the original legal landscape surrounding this exemption – in the contexts of determining applicability of New Source Performance Standards, and New Source Review in Prevention of Significant Deterioration and nonattainment areas. It then summarizes the many significant developments during the current Bush Administration, both in the Federal Register and in the courts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Regulation of Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emissions: State and Federal Standards

Regulation of Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emissions: State and Federal Standards

Date: January 11, 2008
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D.
Description: This report discusses the federal Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards (including tighter standards enacted under P.L. 110-140) and compares them with the GHG standards under California’s law. It also identifies some factors that would have a bearing on the relative stringency of CAFE and the California program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Particulate Matter Air Quality Standards: Background and Current Developments

Particulate Matter Air Quality Standards: Background and Current Developments

Date: January 10, 2005
Creator: Esworthy, Robert
Description: Following a brief summary of recent developments regarding the implementation and re-evaluation of the 1997 standards, this report provides a broad overview of the standard-setting process, followed by a description of revisions to earlier standards, legal challenges to the 1997 standard, and particulate matter health effects research. EPA’s ongoing progress in reviewing the 1997 standard is then summarized. Other activities that potentially impact the implementation and review of the particulate matter standards, such as other air quality regulations and proposed legislation, are also discussed in this report.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clean Air Permitting: Status of Implementation and Issues

Clean Air Permitting: Status of Implementation and Issues

Date: August 28, 2006
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report describes the statutory background of the Title V program and the status of implementation, in terms of federal approval of state and local permitting authorities and permit issuance. It also discusses broad policy issues identified by various stakeholders, including program complexity and costs, and inconsistencies due to a lack of sufficient federal guidance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tier 3 Motor Vehicle Emission and Fuel Standards

Tier 3 Motor Vehicle Emission and Fuel Standards

Date: April 28, 2014
Creator: Lattanzio, Richard K. & McCarthy, James E.
Description: This report discusses the gas emission and fuel standards for tier 3 motor vehicle. Emission requirements for new motor vehicles have been strengthened numerous times since the first federal rulemaking took effect in 1968.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Quality and Emissions Trading: A Primer

Air Quality and Emissions Trading: A Primer

Date: April 16, 2001
Creator: Bearden, David M.
Description: This report briefly discusses the extent to which emissions trading has been used in the United States, explains how trading programs work, analyzes factors that can influence the effectiveness of trading, and examines some of the principal arguments related to the use of trading to control air pollution.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clean Air Act Issues in the 110th Congress: Implementation and Oversight

Clean Air Act Issues in the 110th Congress: Implementation and Oversight

Date: January 3, 2007
Creator: McCarthy, James E.
Description: This report provides a discussion of several interrelated air issues of interest in the 110th Congress, including revision of the particulate standards, the role of independent scientific review in the setting of air quality standards, multi-pollutant legislation for electric power plants, mercury from power plants, and New Source Review. This report provides an overview of these issues; CRS reports that contain additional information and detailed sources are referenced in the appropriate sections.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Quality: EPA’s 2006 Changes to the Particulate Matter (PM) Standard

Air Quality: EPA’s 2006 Changes to the Particulate Matter (PM) Standard

Date: January 3, 2007
Creator: Esworthy, Robert & McCarthy, James E.
Description: In order to better understand EPA’s actions, this report provides an analysis of the agency’s final 2006 revisions to the particulates NAAQS, and the estimated costs and benefits of the new standards and of a more stringent alternatives analyzed. The report concludes by highlighting concerns and issues raised regarding the revisions to the particulates standards, including those of the science advisory committee (Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee, or CASAC), and actions in Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Environment Facility (GEF): Overview

Global Environment Facility (GEF): Overview

Date: October 19, 2006
Creator: Fletcher, Susan R.
Description: This report discusses the Global Environment Facility (GEF), serves as a primary source of funding for several major international environmental concerns. It was designed to provide incremental additional funding for development projects, in order to allow incorporation of environmental considerations in four specified areas: climate change, ozone depletion, biological diversity, and international waters. In recent years, land degradation and persistent organic pollutants have been added to its agenda. The GEF has provided funding to more than 1,300 projects in 140 nations. Although the United States has participated in the GEF since its inception, its level of contributions to the GEF has varied widely, from $30 million in 1994 to a high of $167 million in 1999, and to $80 million in 2006.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Alternative Transportation Fuels and Vehicles: Energy, Environment, and Development Issues

Alternative Transportation Fuels and Vehicles: Energy, Environment, and Development Issues

Date: January 9, 2004
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D.
Description: This report reviews several issues relating to alternative fuels and vehicles, mainly to combat dependence on petroleum imports and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The report discusses the advantages and drawbacks of various alternative fuels and vehicles, as well as related legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Methane Capture: Options for Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction

Methane Capture: Options for Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction

Date: January 7, 2011
Creator: Bracmort, Kelsi; Ramseur, Jonathan L.; McCarthy, James E.; Folger, Peter & Marples, Donald J.
Description: This report discusses alternatives for addressing methane capture, sources of methane, opportunities and challenges for methane capture, and current federal programs that support methane recovery.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Overview of Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Control Policies in Various Countries

An Overview of Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Control Policies in Various Countries

Date: November 30, 2009
Creator: Leggett, Jane A.; Lattanzio, Richard K.; Ek, Carl & Parker, Larry
Description: This report summarizes the GHG control policies in effect or under consideration in the European Union (EU) and various other large countries, and offers a brief set of initial observations. It gives particular emphasis to how particular trade sensitive sectors may be treated in the context of each national program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Quality and Transportation Enhancement Provisions in the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991

Air Quality and Transportation Enhancement Provisions in the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991

Date: June 10, 1998
Creator: Bearden, David M.
Description: This report describes how the Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality Program (CMAQ) and enhancement programs function, examines the policy issues surrounding them, and summarizes relevant provisions in major legislation to reauthorize ISTEA in the 105th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
EPA's New Ozone Standards: A Few Thoughts

EPA's New Ozone Standards: A Few Thoughts

Date: September 29, 2015
Creator: McCarthy, James E.
Description: This report discusses the EPA's review of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS). After several years of analysis, EPA proposed more stringent standards last November. This began a public comment period, leading toward the final decision.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Are Carbon Dioxide Emissions Rising More Rapidly Than Expected?

Are Carbon Dioxide Emissions Rising More Rapidly Than Expected?

Date: October 17, 2008
Creator: Leggett, Jane A. & Logan, Jeffrey
Description: This report discusses the recent emissions estimates with the greenhouse gas (GHG) and addresses the question, are carbon dioxide emissions rising more rapidly than expected?
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Underground Carbon Dioxide Sequestration: Frequently Asked Questions

Underground Carbon Dioxide Sequestration: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: January 21, 2009
Creator: Folger, Peter
Description: This report answers frequently asked questions about the geologic sequestration of carbon dioxide (CO2). The questions are broadly representative of typical inquiries regarding the process and mechanics of storing CO2 underground, how much might be stored, and what might happen to CO2 once it is injected underground.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China's Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Mitigation Policies

China's Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Mitigation Policies

Date: September 10, 2008
Creator: Leggett, Jane A.; Logan, Jeffrey & Mackey, Anna
Description: This report discusses China's greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions as well as the policies and programs that they have put in place to mitigate them. These issues affect how Congress considers envionmental policies and relations with China.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Quality: EPA's 2013 Changes to the Particulate Matter (PM) Standard

Air Quality: EPA's 2013 Changes to the Particulate Matter (PM) Standard

Date: December 23, 2015
Creator: Esworthy, Robert
Description: This report summarizes the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) proposed changes to the National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) and includes comparisons with previous (1997 and 2006) promulgated and proposed standards.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Greenhouse Gas Pledges by Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

Greenhouse Gas Pledges by Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

Date: October 19, 2015
Creator: Leggett, Jane A.
Description: This report briefly summarizes the existing commitments and pledges of selected national and regional governments to limit their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions as contributions to the global effort. The negotiations cover additional topics, including adaptation to the impacts of climate change and financing to assist the efforts of low-income countries.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
2013 National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) for Fine Particulate Matter (PM2.5): Designating Nonattainment Areas

2013 National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) for Fine Particulate Matter (PM2.5): Designating Nonattainment Areas

Date: December 23, 2015
Creator: Esworthy, Robert
Description: This report focuses primarily on the NAAQS implementation process for designating geographical nonattainment areas with respect to the tightening of the PM2.5 annual standard under the 2013 particulates NAAQS.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
EPA's Clean Power Plan: Highlights of the Final Rule

EPA's Clean Power Plan: Highlights of the Final Rule

Date: August 14, 2015
Creator: Ramseur, Jonathan L. & McCarthy, James E.
Description: This report provides an initial analysis of EPA's final rule -- a prepublication version, known as the Clean Power Plan (CPP), pursuant to Section 111(d) of the Clean Air Act -- summarizing highlights and identifying differences between the final and proposed rules. The topics discussed do not represent an exhaustive list of the differences from the proposed rule or the support or opposition that may be raised by various stakeholders.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Automobile and Light Truck Fuel Economy: The CAFE Standards

Automobile and Light Truck Fuel Economy: The CAFE Standards

Date: January 27, 2009
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D. & Bamberger, Robert
Description: This report discusses the current corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standard, and the major issues on the CAFE debate. The report also offers an overview of Congressional interest in CAFE (1991-2005), and explains the CAFE and reduction of carbon dioxide emissions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department