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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Immigration of Agricultural Guest Workers: Policy, Trends, and Legislative Issues

Immigration of Agricultural Guest Workers: Policy, Trends, and Legislative Issues

Date: August 23, 2001
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen & Collver, Geoffrey K
Description: This report discusses the revision of U.S. immigration policy on agricultural guest workers that are coming from various perspectives, and several major bills have already been introduced in the 107th Congress
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration of Agricultural Guest Workers: Policy, Trends, and Legislative Issues

Immigration of Agricultural Guest Workers: Policy, Trends, and Legislative Issues

Date: February 15, 2001
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen & Collver, Geoffrey K
Description: This report discusses the revision of U.S. immigration policy on agricultural guest workers that are coming from various perspectives, and several major bills have already been introduced in the 107th Congress
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration of Agricultural Guest Workers: Policy, Trends, and Legislative Issues

Immigration of Agricultural Guest Workers: Policy, Trends, and Legislative Issues

Date: January 24, 2003
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen & Collver, Geoffrey K
Description: This report discusses the revision of U.S. immigration policy on agricultural guest workers that are coming from various perspectives, and several major bills have already been introduced in the 107th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legal Issues Related to Livestock Watering in Federal Grazing Districts

Legal Issues Related to Livestock Watering in Federal Grazing Districts

Date: August 30, 1994
Creator: Baldwin, Pamela
Description: This report discusses proposed regulations related to livestock watering in federal grazing districts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Role of Local and Regional Food Systems in U.S. Farm Policy

The Role of Local and Regional Food Systems in U.S. Farm Policy

Date: February 18, 2016
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Description: This report provides background information on many of the type of operations engaged in the U.S. local and regional food system. A wide range of farm businesses are involved in local foods, such as direct-to-consumer marketing, farmers' markets, farm-to-school programs, community-supported agriculture,6 community gardens, school gardens, food hubs and market aggregators, kitchen incubators, and mobile slaughter units. This report also highlights some of the available resources within existing federal programs administered by USDA and other agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appropriations for FY2002: U.S. Department of Agriculture and Related Agencies

Appropriations for FY2002: U.S. Department of Agriculture and Related Agencies

Date: December 3, 2001
Creator: Chite, Ralph M.
Description: This report is a guide to one of the 13 regular appropriations bills that Congress passes each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Agriculture by summarizing the current legislative status of the bill, its scope, major issues, funding levels, and related legislative activity. The report also lists the key CRS staff relevant to the issues covered and related CRS products.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Climate Change: The Role of the U.S. Agriculture Sector

Climate Change: The Role of the U.S. Agriculture Sector

Date: March 6, 2007
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Description: This report is organized in three parts. First, it discusses the extent of GHG emissions associated with the U.S. agriculture sector, and cites current and potential estimates for U.S. agricultural soils to sequester carbon and partly offset national GHG emissions. Second, the report describes the types of land management and farm conservation practices that can reduce GHG emissions and/or sequester carbon in agricultural soils, highlighting those practices that are currently promoted under existing voluntary federal agricultural programs. Third, the report discusses the types of questions that may be raised regarding the role of the U.S. agriculture sector in the broader climate change debate, and also discusses the role of climate-related issues (e.g., GHG emissions reductions and carbon sequestration) in the context of farm program legislation that the 110th Congress may consider.
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Climate Change: The Role of the U.S. Agriculture Sector

Climate Change: The Role of the U.S. Agriculture Sector

Date: May 5, 2008
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Description: This report is organized in three parts. First, it discusses the extent of GHG emissions associated with the U.S. agriculture sector, and cites current and potential estimates for U.S. agricultural soils to sequester carbon and partly offset national GHG emissions. Second, the report describes the types of land management and farm conservation practices that can reduce GHG emissions and/or sequester carbon in agricultural soils, highlighting those practices that are currently promoted under existing voluntary federal agricultural programs. The Appendix provides a summary primer of the key background information presented in these first two sections. Finally, the report describes ongoing legislative action within both the climate change and farm bill debates, and discusses the types of questions that may be raised regarding the role of the U.S. agriculture sector in the broader climate change debate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Climate Change: The Role of the U.S. Agriculture Sector and Congressional Action

Climate Change: The Role of the U.S. Agriculture Sector and Congressional Action

Date: July 31, 2009
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Description: This report is organized in three parts. First, it discusses the extent of GHG emissions associated with the U.S. agriculture sector, and cites current and potential estimates for U.S. agricultural soils to sequester carbon and partly offset national GHG emissions. Second, the report describes the types of land management and farm conservation practices that can reduce GHG emissions and/or sequester carbon in agricultural soils, highlighting those practices that are currently promoted under existing voluntary federal agricultural programs. Finally, the report describes legislative action within the ongoing climate change debate as well as enacted changes in the 2008 farm bill (Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008, P.L. 110-246) that could expand the scope of existing farm and forestry conservation programs in ways that could more broadly encompass certain aspects of these climate change initiatives. The report concludes with a discussion of some of the types of questions that may be raised regarding the role of the U.S. agriculture sector in the broader climate change debate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Climate Change: The Role of the U.S. Agriculture Sector

Climate Change: The Role of the U.S. Agriculture Sector

Date: November 9, 2009
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Description: This report is organized in three parts. First, it discusses the extent of GHG emissions associated with the U.S. agriculture sector, and cites current and potential estimates for U.S. agricultural soils to sequester carbon and partly offset national GHG emissions. Second, the report describes the types of land management and farm conservation practices that can reduce GHG emissions and/or sequester carbon in agricultural soils, highlighting those practices that are currently promoted under existing voluntary federal agricultural programs. The Appendix provides a summary primer of the key background information presented in these first two sections. Finally, the report describes ongoing legislative action within both the climate change and farm bill debates, and discusses the types of questions that may be raised regarding the role of the U.S. agriculture sector in the broader climate change debate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S. Trade Situation for Fruit and Vegetable Products

The U.S. Trade Situation for Fruit and Vegetable Products

Date: April 30, 2008
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Description: This report presents recent trends in U.S. fruit and vegetable trade, and highlights some of the factors contributing to these trends. This summary excludes trade data for tree nuts and processed tree nut products. Although not presented here, U.S. exports and imports of tree nuts and processed tree nut products (excluding peanuts) have shown continued increases, with a growing trade surplus of $1.8 billion in 2006.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agriculture and Related Agencies: FY2010 Appropriations

Agriculture and Related Agencies: FY2010 Appropriations

Date: January 4, 2010
Creator: Monke, Jim
Description: This report discusses various policy aspects of the Agriculture appropriations bill for FY2010, which funds the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), except for the Forest Service.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Quality Issues and Animal Agriculture: EPA's Air Compliance Agreement

Air Quality Issues and Animal Agriculture: EPA's Air Compliance Agreement

Date: August 26, 2008
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report discusses a plan announced by EPA in January 2005, called the Air Compliance Agreement, intended to produce air quality monitoring data on animal agriculture emissions from a small number of farms, while at the same time protecting all participants (including farms where no monitoring takes place) through a "safe harbor" from liability under certain provisions of federal environmental laws.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 109th Congress

Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 109th Congress

Date: April 13, 2006
Creator: Buck, Eugene H.
Description: Fish and marine mammals are important resources in open ocean and nearshore coastal areas; many federal laws and regulations guide their management. This report discusses a variety of laws and legislation pertaining to this issue.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Sugar Program Fundamentals

U.S. Sugar Program Fundamentals

Date: April 6, 2016
Creator: McMinimy, Mark A.
Description: This report discusses the U.S. sugar program, which is singular among major agricultural commodity programs in that it combines a floor price guarantee with a supply management structure that encompasses both domestic production for human use and sugar imports.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A New Farm Program Option: Average Crop Revenue Election (ACRE)

A New Farm Program Option: Average Crop Revenue Election (ACRE)

Date: December 10, 2010
Creator: Shields, Dennis A.
Description: Farm commodity programs over the decades have focused on protecting farmers against declines in farm prices and not declines in revenue (price times production). Traditional programs for field crops provide benefits to producers when farm prices drop below specified levels. This report discusses the Average Crop Revenue Election (ACRE) program which Congress included in the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (P.L. 110-246) as a revenue based program option for farmers who enroll in traditional farm commodity programs. Unlike revenue protection provided by some crop insurance products, ACRE is designed to protect against losses from multi-year price declines.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Animal Waste and Hazardous Substances: Current Laws and Legislative Issues

Animal Waste and Hazardous Substances: Current Laws and Legislative Issues

Date: January 21, 2009
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report describes the provisions of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA, the Superfund law) and the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA), and enforcement actions under these laws that have increasingly been receiving attention. Congressional scrutiny in the form of legislative proposals and two House hearings are discussed. Bills intended to exempt animal manure from the requirements of Superfund and EPCRA were introduced in the 109th Congress. Similar bills were introduced in the 110th Congress (H.R. 1398 and S. 807), but no legislation has been enacted. Issues raised by the legislation are analyzed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 108th Congress

Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 108th Congress

Date: December 16, 2004
Creator: Buck, Eugene H.
Description: This report discusses policy and legislation regarding fish and marine mammals. These animals are important resources in open ocean and nearshore coastal areas. Commercial and sport fishing are jointly managed by the federal government and individual states. Many laws and regulations guide the management of these resources by federal agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Dominican Republic-Central America- United States Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA DR): Developments in Trade and Investment

The Dominican Republic-Central America- United States Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA DR): Developments in Trade and Investment

Date: April 23, 2012
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: On August 5, 2004, the United States entered into the Dominican Republic-Central America-United States Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA-DR). This permanent, comprehensive, and reciprocal trade agreement eliminates tariff and non-tariff barriers to two-way trade, building on unilateral trade preferences begun under the 1983 Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI). CAFTA-DR reinforces the idea that growth in trade correlates closely with policies that promote economic stability, private investment in production, public investment in education, infrastructure, logistics, and good governance in general.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Dominican Republic-Central America- United States Free Trade Agreement (CAFTADR): Developments in Trade and Investment

The Dominican Republic-Central America- United States Free Trade Agreement (CAFTADR): Developments in Trade and Investment

Date: April 9, 2012
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: On August 5, 2004, the United States entered into the Dominican Republic-Central America-United States Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA-DR). This permanent, comprehensive, and reciprocal trade agreement eliminates tariff and non-tariff barriers to two-way trade, building on unilateral trade preferences begun under the 1983 Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI). CAFTA-DR reinforces the idea that growth in trade correlates closely with policies that promote economic stability, private investment in production, public investment in education, infrastructure, logistics, and good governance in general.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Trade in a U.S.-Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA)

Agricultural Trade in a U.S.-Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA)

Date: October 31, 2003
Creator: Jurenas, Remy
Description: As part of its overall trade strategy, the Bush Administration over the last year began negotiating bilateral free trade area (FTA) agreements with four regional blocs or countries. Negotiations on a U.S.-Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) involving Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua began in late January 2003 and are currently scheduled to conclude this December. While negotiators have reportedly made progress in a number of areas, efforts to formulate a framework for handling agricultural trade have been slow.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agriculture in the U.S.-Dominican Republic Central American Free Trade Agreement (DR-CAFTA)

Agriculture in the U.S.-Dominican Republic Central American Free Trade Agreement (DR-CAFTA)

Date: January 12, 2006
Creator: Jurenas, Remy
Description: On August 2, 2005, President Bush signed into law the bill to implement the Dominican Republic-Central American Free Trade Agreement, or DR-CAFTA (P.L. 109-53, H.R. 3045). In DR-CAFTA, the United States and six countries will completely phase out tariffs and quotas — the primary means of border protection — on all but four agricultural commodities traded between them in stages up to 20 years. The four exempted products are as follows: for the United States, sugar; for Costa Rica, fresh onions and fresh potatoes; and for the four other Central American countries, white corn. DR-CAFTA’s provisions, once fully implemented, are expected to result in trade gains, though small, for the U.S. agricultural sector. This report describes this agreement in detail, as well as the stances of both supporters and detractors.
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U.S. Tobacco Production, Consumption, and Export Trends

U.S. Tobacco Production, Consumption, and Export Trends

Date: June 3, 2003
Creator: Womach, Jasper
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Tobacco Production, Consumption, and Export Trends

U.S. Tobacco Production, Consumption, and Export Trends

Date: June 3, 2003
Creator: Womach, Jasper
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department