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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
WTO Doha Round: Agricultural Negotiating Proposals

WTO Doha Round: Agricultural Negotiating Proposals

Date: November 9, 2005
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E & Schnepf, Randy
Description: The pace of negotiations in the Doha Round of multilateral trade negotiations has quickened as the mid-December Hong Kong Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organization (WTO) approaches. At Hong Kong, WTO member countries are expected to reach agreements on specific measures (known as modalities) to expand global trade in agricultural and industrial products and services and set the stage for intensive negotiations that would take place during 2006. Despite intense negotiations, agreements on modalities, especially for agriculture, have eluded negotiators. This report provides background information on the WTO, the Doha Round, the key negotiating groups, and a schedule of historical and upcoming events relevant to the agricultural negotiations; reviews the agreements reached in the July 2004 framework and identifies issues that remain to be resolved by the Hong Kong Ministerial in December; discusses and compares the major agricultural negotiating proposals; and discusses the potential effects of an agricultural agreement on U.S. farm policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
WTO Doha Round: The Agricultural Negotiations

WTO Doha Round: The Agricultural Negotiations

Date: January 12, 2006
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E & Schnepf, Randy
Description: The pace of negotiations in the Doha Round of multilateral trade negotiations quickened in October 2005 as the December Hong Kong Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organization (WTO) approached. At Hong Kong, however, while WTO members agreed on a broad outline of negotiating objectives for further liberalizing global trade in agriculture, industry and services, they made only limited progress in determining precise numerical formulas (known as modalities) for meeting the Round’s aims. WTO members agreed to intensify efforts to reach agreement on modalities and conclude Doha Round negotiations by the end of 2006. This report assesses the current status of agricultural negotiations in the Doha Round; traces the developments leading up to the Hong Kong Ministerial; examines the major agricultural negotiating proposals; discusses the potential effects of a successful Doha Round agreement on global trade, income, U.S. farm policy, and U.S. agriculture; and provides background on the WTO, the Doha Round, the key negotiating groups, and a schedule of historical and upcoming events relevant to the agricultural negotiations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Wheat, Feed Grains, Cotton, Rice, and Oilseeds Provisions of the Enacted 1996 Farm Bill

Wheat, Feed Grains, Cotton, Rice, and Oilseeds Provisions of the Enacted 1996 Farm Bill

Date: May 20, 1996
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Agriculture After Hurricanes Katrina and Rita: Status and Issues

U.S. Agriculture After Hurricanes Katrina and Rita: Status and Issues

Date: October 5, 2005
Creator: Schnepf, Randy & Chite, Ralph M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Summary and Comparison of the Major Agricultural Provisions of the Tobacco Settlement Policy Proposals

Summary and Comparison of the Major Agricultural Provisions of the Tobacco Settlement Policy Proposals

Date: July 6, 1998
Creator: Womach, Jasper
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Value-Added Agricultural Enterprises in Rural Development Strategies

Value-Added Agricultural Enterprises in Rural Development Strategies

Date: October 8, 2002
Creator: Cowan, Tadlock
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Agricultural Policy Response to WTO Cotton Decision

U.S. Agricultural Policy Response to WTO Cotton Decision

Date: September 8, 2006
Creator: Randy Schnepf
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Navy Biofuel Initiative Under the Defense Production Act

The Navy Biofuel Initiative Under the Defense Production Act

Date: June 22, 2012
Creator: Andrews, Anthony; Bracmort, Kelsi; Brown, Jared T. & Else, Daniel H.
Description: This report looks at the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to “assist the development and support of a sustainable commercial biofuels industry" which was entered into by the Secretaries of Energy, Agriculture, and the Navy. It raises issues and concerns for Congress to consider when deciding how to fund MOU.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Peanut Program: Evolution from Supply Management to Market Orientation

Peanut Program: Evolution from Supply Management to Market Orientation

Date: August 8, 2002
Creator: Jurenas, Remy
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Potential Farm Sector Effects of 2009 H1N1 "Swine Flu": Questions and Answers

Potential Farm Sector Effects of 2009 H1N1 "Swine Flu": Questions and Answers

Date: June 24, 2009
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Description: This report discusses how the outbreak of the strain of influenza A (H1N1), commonly referred to as "swine flu," affected the domestic and international pork markets.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 109th Congress

Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 109th Congress

Date: January 20, 2006
Creator: Buck, Eugene H
Description: Fish and marine mammals are important resources in open ocean and nearshore coastal areas; many federal laws and regulations guide their management. This report discusses a variety of laws and legislation pertaining to this issue.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Introduction to Farm Commodity Programs

An Introduction to Farm Commodity Programs

Date: July 20, 1994
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: The U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA's) Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) is required to provide assistance to 20 specified agricultural commodities, to achieve three primary objectives: to support prices, supplement incomes, and manage supplies. Supporters contend that financial help to the farm sector also ensures consumers an abundant supply of reasonably priced food. But critics believe that basic U.S. farm policies, conceived in the 1930s, no longer meet the needs of modern agriculture or society as a whole. This report discusses the various programs available for different commodities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Implementing International Agreements on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs): Proposed Amendments to the Toxic Substances Control Act

Implementing International Agreements on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs): Proposed Amendments to the Toxic Substances Control Act

Date: March 28, 2006
Creator: Schierow, Linda-Jo
Description: The focus of this report is on proposed amendments to the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA). This report does not constitute a legal analysis of the bills or of existing law. Instead, it begins by describing the three international agreements and relevant provisions of TSCA. The report then summarizes selected provisions of H.R. 4591 and H.R. 4800, as introduced, and compares them in a brief narrative and more detailed table.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Implementing the Conservation Security Program

Implementing the Conservation Security Program

Date: November 23, 2004
Creator: Johnson, Barbara
Description: This report discusses the Conservation Security Program (CSP), which is a agricultural conservation program created in the 2002 farm bill (P.L. 107-171, §2001). It provides incentives for farmers to pursue conservation and helps pay for conservation practices. Unlike some other NRCS programs, it pays for conservation on land that remains in production and makes eligible a wide range of farm lands (cropland, pastureland, rangeland, grassland, prairie land, tribal lands, and forested lands incidental to an agricultural operation)
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Grazing Fees and Rangeland Management

Grazing Fees and Rangeland Management

Date: December 4, 1998
Creator: Cody, Betsy A. & Baldwin, Pamela
Description: The Bureau of Land Management (BLM, Department of the Interior) and the Forest Service (Department of Agriculture) manage approximately 70% of the 650 million acres of land owned by the federal government and many of these lands are classified as rangeland. Both agencies have well-established programs permitting private livestock grazing. The Administration issued new, controversial BLM rangeland management rules effective in August 1995. Supporters contended that the Administration's new rules were a step forward in sound resource management, but some believed they did not go far enough to protect rangelands and riparian areas. Many in the ranching community opposed the new rules, believing that they would ultimately reduce private livestock activity on federal lands, and increase operating costs. This report examines the debate over federal grazing management.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The FY2007 Budget Request for the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)

The FY2007 Budget Request for the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)

Date: February 16, 2006
Creator: Monke, Jim
Description: This report discusses the FY2007 budget request for the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) includes $96.4 billion in budget authority.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Conservation Compliance and U.S. Farm Policy

Conservation Compliance and U.S. Farm Policy

Date: June 9, 2014
Creator: Stubbs, Megan
Description: This report discusses various provisions designed to reduce production and conserve soil and water resources. Many of the provisions remain in effect today, including the two compliance provisions--highly erodible land conservation (sodbuster) and wetland conservation (swampbuster).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agriculture, Nutrition, and Rural Provisions in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) of 2009

Agriculture, Nutrition, and Rural Provisions in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) of 2009

Date: February 23, 2009
Creator: Monke, Jim; Richardson, Joe; Stubbs, Megan; Cowan, Tadlock; Chite, Ralph M.; Becker, Geoffrey S. et al.
Description: This report analyzes the agriculture, nutrition, and rural provisions in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA, P.L. 111-5). The ARRA boosts government spending on various infrastructure programs and government benefits programs, and offers individual and business tax benefits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Farm Commodity Legislation: Chronology, 1933-2002

Farm Commodity Legislation: Chronology, 1933-2002

Date: May 31, 2002
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: This report discusses legislation regarding commodities and price supports. Since 1933, Congress has required the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) to administer various price and income support programs for U.S. farmers. Some standing authority for these programs is provided by three permanent laws, from 1938, 1948, and 1949. However, Congress frequently alters the basic provisions of these laws. The omnibus law now guiding farm support (through 2007) is the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Grain Transport: Modal Trends and Infrastructure Implications

Grain Transport: Modal Trends and Infrastructure Implications

Date: January 5, 2005
Creator: Frittelli, John f
Description: This report examines the grain-handling system and the infrastructure that supports it. The first part of the report briefly identifies transportation funding issues before Congress that are particularly relevant to grain shippers. The report then describes how grain is delivered to market, including long-term trends taking place and the underlying reasons for those trends. The final part identifies some of the implications these trends have for targeting future investment in the grain-handling system.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration of Agricultural Guest Workers: Policy, Trends, and Legislative Issues

Immigration of Agricultural Guest Workers: Policy, Trends, and Legislative Issues

Date: August 23, 2001
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen & Collver, Geoffrey K
Description: This report discusses the revision of U.S. immigration policy on agricultural guest workers that are coming from various perspectives, and several major bills have already been introduced in the 107th Congress
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration of Agricultural Guest Workers: Policy, Trends, and Legislative Issues

Immigration of Agricultural Guest Workers: Policy, Trends, and Legislative Issues

Date: February 15, 2001
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen & Collver, Geoffrey K
Description: This report discusses the revision of U.S. immigration policy on agricultural guest workers that are coming from various perspectives, and several major bills have already been introduced in the 107th Congress
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration of Agricultural Guest Workers: Policy, Trends, and Legislative Issues

Immigration of Agricultural Guest Workers: Policy, Trends, and Legislative Issues

Date: January 24, 2003
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen & Collver, Geoffrey K
Description: This report discusses the revision of U.S. immigration policy on agricultural guest workers that are coming from various perspectives, and several major bills have already been introduced in the 107th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legal Issues Related to Livestock Watering in Federal Grazing Districts

Legal Issues Related to Livestock Watering in Federal Grazing Districts

Date: August 30, 1994
Creator: Baldwin, Pamela
Description: This report discusses proposed regulations related to livestock watering in federal grazing districts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department