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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Farm Commodity Programs: A Short Primer

Farm Commodity Programs: A Short Primer

Date: September 14, 2001
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: This report briefly discusses programs designed to provide income support, price support, and/or supply management for approximately 20 specified agricultural commodities. USDA farm support programs represent the heart of U.S. farm policy, by virtue of their longevity – they have existed since the early 1930s – and their cost.
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Farm Labor Shortages and Immigration Policy

Farm Labor Shortages and Immigration Policy

Date: September 6, 2001
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: This report first explains why the nexus between farm labor shortages and immigration policy has again arisen. It next examines the composition of the seasonal agricultural labor force and presents the arguments of grower and farmworker advocates concerning its adequacy relative to employer demand. The report closes with an analysis of the trends in (un)employment, time worked and wages of legal and illegal farmworkers to determine if they are consistent with the existence of a nationwide shortage of domestically available farmworkers.
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Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 107th Congress

Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 107th Congress

Date: August 28, 2001
Creator: Buck, Eugene H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration of Agricultural Guest Workers: Policy, Trends, and Legislative Issues

Immigration of Agricultural Guest Workers: Policy, Trends, and Legislative Issues

Date: August 23, 2001
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen & Collver, Geoffrey K
Description: This report discusses the revision of U.S. immigration policy on agricultural guest workers that are coming from various perspectives, and several major bills have already been introduced in the 107th Congress
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Soil and Water Conservation Issues

Soil and Water Conservation Issues

Date: August 20, 2001
Creator: Zinn, Jeffrey A
Description: None
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Livestock Mandatory Price Reporting

Livestock Mandatory Price Reporting

Date: August 15, 2001
Creator: Heykoop, Jerry
Description: None
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Farm Support Programs and World Trade Commitments

Farm Support Programs and World Trade Commitments

Date: July 20, 2001
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: Congress is now debating reauthorization of omnibus farm legislation, as most commodityprice support provisions expire in 2002. This report discusses this debate, specifically aspects relating to commitments that the U.S. has as a World Trade Organization (WTO) member. Because of the interrelationships between trade and domestic support policies, lawmakers are interested in what the Agreement on Agriculture stipulates with regard to domestic supports, and how not only the United States but also other countries are meeting their Agreement commitments.
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Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Date: May 30, 2001
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E.
Description: This report discusses projected agricultural imports and exports for FY2001, as well as legislation that deals with federal programs in support of agricultural exports and federal aid dedicated to farms and agricultural reform.
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Agricultural Trade Issues in the 107th Congress

Agricultural Trade Issues in the 107th Congress

Date: May 25, 2001
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E; Jurenas, Remy & Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: The 107th Congress will consider and seek to influence trade issues with implications for the U.S. agricultural sector. Trade in agricultural commodities and food products affects farm income and rural employment, and it also generates economic activity beyond the farm gate. With agricultural export sales accounting for one-quarter of farm income, policymakers view U.S. efforts to develop market opportunities overseas as vital to the sector's financial health. Decisions taken by the Bush Administration, and actions taken by Congress, thus will affect the outlook for agricultural trade.
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Conservation Reserve Program: Status and Current Issues

Conservation Reserve Program: Status and Current Issues

Date: May 8, 2001
Creator: Zinn, Jeffrey A
Description: The Conservation Reserve Program (CRP), enacted in 1985, enables producers to retire highly erodible or environmentally sensitive cropland, usually for 10 years. Congress reauthorized and amended the CRP in the 1996 Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act (P.L. 104-127; 16 U.S.C. 3811, et seq.). The law caps enrollment at 36.4 million acres and makes funding mandatory through the commodity Credit Corporation.
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