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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Farm Disaster Assistance

Farm Disaster Assistance

Date: December 18, 2002
Creator: Chite, Ralph M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Farm Disaster Assistance

Farm Disaster Assistance

Date: November 5, 2002
Creator: Chite, Ralph M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Farm Disaster Assistance: USDA Programs and Recent Legislative Action

Farm Disaster Assistance: USDA Programs and Recent Legislative Action

Date: November 4, 1998
Creator: Chite, Ralph M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tobacco Advertising: Whether the FDA's Restrictions Violate Freedom of Speech

Tobacco Advertising: Whether the FDA's Restrictions Violate Freedom of Speech

Date: May 23, 1997
Creator: Cohen, Henry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Merger and Antitrust Issues in Agriculture: Statutes and Agencies

Merger and Antitrust Issues in Agriculture: Statutes and Agencies

Date: January 29, 2003
Creator: Heykoop, Jerry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Merger and Antitrust Issues in Agriculture: Statutes and Agencies

Merger and Antitrust Issues in Agriculture: Statutes and Agencies

Date: May 23, 2002
Creator: Heykoop, Jerry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Merger and Antitrust Issues in Agriculture: Statutes and Agencies

Merger and Antitrust Issues in Agriculture: Statutes and Agencies

Date: May 21, 2002
Creator: Heykoop, Jerry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Merger and Antitrust Issues in Agriculture

Merger and Antitrust Issues in Agriculture

Date: January 10, 2001
Creator: Heykoop, Jerry & Segarra, Alejandro E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Compensating Farmers for the Tobacco Settlement

Compensating Farmers for the Tobacco Settlement

Date: July 6, 1998
Creator: Womach, Jasper
Description: The legislative proposals designed to reduce smoking, primarily by teenagers, are likely to have negative economic consequences for tobacco growers and tobacco-dependent communities. This report discusses the possibility of some kind of compensation to farmers as part of the settlement package legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Summary and Comparison of the Major Agricultural Provisions of the Tobacco Settlement Policy Proposals

Summary and Comparison of the Major Agricultural Provisions of the Tobacco Settlement Policy Proposals

Date: July 6, 1998
Creator: Womach, Jasper
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cattle Prices: Questions and Answers

Cattle Prices: Questions and Answers

Date: November 14, 1996
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: After 7 years of relatively high returns, cattle producers by 1994 were experiencing steeply falling prices--mainly caused by abundant supplies of cattle destined for U.S. feedlots. Record-high grain prices and dry pastures amplified the problem. Because of the lengthy biological cycle governing cattle production, large numbers will be coming onto the market for some time, as producers undertake the slow process of curtailing herd expansion.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The 2002 Farm Law at a Glance

The 2002 Farm Law at a Glance

Date: June 7, 2002
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S.
Description: On May 13, 2002, President Bush signed the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act (FSRIA) of 2002 into law (P.L. 107-171). FSRIA is the latest in a long line of omnibus, multi-year farm bills. The 2002 law is the successor to the last omnibus measure, the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (P.L. 104-127). This report, to be updated if events warrant, provides selected highlights.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Farm Commodity Payment Limits: Comparison of Proposals

Farm Commodity Payment Limits: Comparison of Proposals

Date: April 26, 2002
Creator: Womach, Jasper
Description: This report discusses U.S. policy regard farm commodities. Greater public awareness of the size of commodity program payments reaching a comparatively small number of very large farms has focused the attention of Congress on payment limits. Limits on commodity program payments have been imposed since 1970. As part of the emergency economic assistance packages enacted each of the past three years, the payment limits have been doubled. In addition, a mechanism has been developed that allows farms to circumvent the limit on loan deficiency payments, namely commodity certificates
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Farm Bill Trade and Food Aid Provisions

Farm Bill Trade and Food Aid Provisions

Date: May 8, 2002
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: This report discusses the trade provisions of omnibus farm legislation, passed in May 2002. The measure includes a trade title reauthorizing, through 2007, the major foreign food aid and agricultural export programs. It also contains other provisions affecting agricultural trade, including new country-of-origin labeling requirements for meat, seafood, and produce; and increased domestic farm subsidies with possible implications for U.S. trade relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Farm "Counter-Cyclical Assistance"

Farm "Counter-Cyclical Assistance"

Date: May 31, 2002
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S & Womach, Jasper
Description: This report discusses recently approved legislation reauthorizing major farm income and commodity price support programs through crop year 2007. This legislation includes new “counter-cyclical assistance” programs for grains, cotton, oilseeds, peanuts, and milk. The intent of counter-cyclical assistance is to provide more government support when farm prices and/or incomes decline, and less support when they improve. In fact, farmers have, for many years, been eligible for various forms of counter-cyclical assistance. At issue has been the need for, and potential impacts of, another counter-cyclical program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Farm "Counter-Cyclical Assistance"

Farm "Counter-Cyclical Assistance"

Date: March 7, 2002
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S & Womach, Jasper
Description: This report discusses the reauthorization of major farm income and commodity price support programs that expire after crop year 2002. Many agricultural interests expect that a new “counter-cyclical assistance” program will be an integral component of future farm policy. The intent of counter-cyclical assistance is to provide more government support when farm prices and/or incomes decline, and less support when they improve.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Farm Commodity Programs: A Short Primer

Farm Commodity Programs: A Short Primer

Date: June 20, 2002
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: This report briefly discusses programs designed to provide income support, price support, and/or supply management for approximately 20 specified agricultural commodities. USDA farm support programs represent the heart of U.S. farm policy, by virtue of their longevity – they have existed since the early 1930s – and their cost.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Farm Commodity Programs: A Short Primer

Farm Commodity Programs: A Short Primer

Date: September 14, 2001
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: This report briefly discusses programs designed to provide income support, price support, and/or supply management for approximately 20 specified agricultural commodities. USDA farm support programs represent the heart of U.S. farm policy, by virtue of their longevity – they have existed since the early 1930s – and their cost.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Farm Program Spending: What's Permitted Under the Uruguay Round Agreements

Farm Program Spending: What's Permitted Under the Uruguay Round Agreements

Date: March 13, 2001
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: This report discusses farm income and commodity price support proposals that might succeed the programs due to expire in 2002. A key question being asked of virtually every new proposal is how it will affect U.S. commitments under the 1994 Uruguay Round Agreement on Agriculture (URAA), which commitsthe United States to spend no more than $19.1 billion annually on domestic farm supports most likely to distort trade. The URAA spells out the rules for countries to determine whether their policies are potentially trade distorting, and to calculate the costs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agriculture: Prospective Issues for the 107th Congress

Agriculture: Prospective Issues for the 107th Congress

Date: January 29, 2001
Creator: Jones, Jean Yavis
Description: Persistent low farm prices and 3 years of multi-billion dollar ad hoc additions to federal spending for farmers are expected to put pressure on the 107th Congress for an early review of federal farm policy. Farm policy is governed by a variety of laws, many of which are incorporated into an omnibus, multi-year farm bill. Most of the provisions of the current farm bill, the Federal Agricultural Improvement and Reform (FAIR) Act of 1996, expire after the 2002 crop year. Key issues are the responsiveness of current policy to low commodity prices and farm income, factors influencing low prices, and options for improving prices and/or providing automatic relief to farmers when prices fall. Increased concentration in the agriculture industry, trade, and environmental regulations affecting agriculture are likely to be part of the debate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
StarLink™ Corn Controversy: Background

StarLink™ Corn Controversy: Background

Date: January 10, 2001
Creator: Segarra, Alejandro E & Rawson, Jean M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Conservation Reserve Payments and Self-Employment Taxes

Conservation Reserve Payments and Self-Employment Taxes

Date: May 1, 2000
Creator: Morris, Marie B
Description: Farmers enrolling their land in the Department of Agriculture's Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) receive payments for refraining from farming their property and for engaging in certain conservation practices mandated by the Department of Agriculture. These payments are described in the contract with the Department of Agriculture as "rental payments." Farmers would like to treat the income as "rental income" because it would not be subject to self-employment taxes, but the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) insists that under certain conditions, the payments are income from the trade or business of farming and thus subject to self-employment taxes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agriculture and the 106th Congress: A Summary of Major Issues

Agriculture and the 106th Congress: A Summary of Major Issues

Date: December 15, 2000
Creator: Jones, Jean Yavis
Description: Most congressional interest in agriculture in the 106th Congress was focused on persistent low prices for major commodities and proposals to redress declining farm income. Six emergency farm aid bills were approved, increasing agricultural spending by nearly $27 billion for fiscal years 1999-2001. These bills provided disaster relief along with short term “market loss payments”to farmers to shore up farm income. Some longer term changes also were enacted as part of emergency farm legislation, which this report discusses in brief.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Grazing Regulations: Public Lands Council v. Babbitt

Federal Grazing Regulations: Public Lands Council v. Babbitt

Date: February 1, 2000
Creator: Baldwin, Pamela
Description: This report discusses new regulations on livestock grazing on lands managed by the Bureau of Land Management became effective August 21, 1995. Many aspects of the new regulations were challenged in Public Lands Council v. Babbitt. A federal district court upheld many of the regulations, but struck down four of them and enjoined their implementation. At the appellate level, only the new regulation allowing conservation use to the exclusion of livestock grazing for the full term of a permit was held invalid. The Supreme Court has agreed to hear the case and argument has been set for March 1, 2000.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department