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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Agriculture in the WTO Doha Round: The Framework Agreement and Next Steps

Agriculture in the WTO Doha Round: The Framework Agreement and Next Steps

Date: May 3, 2005
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E
Description: Member countries of the World Trade Organization (WTO) reached agreement on July 31, 2004 on a framework for negotiating agricultural trade liberalization in the multilateral trade round known as the Doha Development Agenda (DDA). The framework, part of a work program for all negotiating issues in the DDA (nonagricultural market access, services, trade facilitation, etc.), sets the stage for negotiations, now underway, to determine specific targets or formulas (“modalities”) for curbing trade-distorting domestic support, reducing trade barriers and eliminating export subsidies. If agreed to, the agriculture modalities report would be on the agenda of the WTO’s Sixth Ministerial Conference in December 2005, and negotiations could be completed during 2006. In the meantime, the President has requested a two-year extension of trade promotion authority procedures (TPA, also known as fast-track) for considering legislation to implement trade agreements.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agriculture in the WTO: Policy Commitments Made Under the Agreement on Agriculture

Agriculture in the WTO: Policy Commitments Made Under the Agreement on Agriculture

Date: May 12, 2005
Creator: Schnepf, Randy
Description: This report provides a review of the major agricultural policy commitments made by members of the World Trade Organization (WTO) during the Uruguay Round of multilateral trade negotiations completed in 1994, and the legal text that underlies those commitments. Most agricultural support commitments are embodied in the Agreement on Agriculture and it is the essential focus of this review. However, references are made to additional supporting legal texts that emerged as part of the Uruguay Round Agreement, as well as to related studies and references produced by the WTO, its member countries, and international organizations interested in trade and development.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agriculture in WTO Negotiations

Agriculture in WTO Negotiations

Date: September 30, 2003
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E
Description: The World Trade Organization’s (WTO) fifth ministerial conference (held September 10-14, 2003 in Cancun, Mexico) ended without an agreement on a framework for continuing multilateral negotiations on agricultural trade liberalization. The inconclusive end of the Cancun ministerial places in doubt the ability of WTO member countries to complete the current round of negotiations by the scheduled January 1, 2005 deadline. This report discusses the various agricultural negotiations currently underway in the WTO.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agroterrorism: Threats and Preparedness

Agroterrorism: Threats and Preparedness

Date: August 25, 2006
Creator: Monke, Jim
Description: The potential of terrorist attacks against agricultural targets (agroterrorism) is increasingly recognized as a national security threat, especially after the events of September 11, 2001. Agroterrorism is a subset of bioterrorism, and is defined as the deliberate introduction of an animal or plant disease with the goal of generating fear, causing economic losses, and/or undermining social stability. This report outlines the probable strategic reasoning behind agroterrorism, the vulnerabilities of the agriculture industry, and the funding and legislation behind several preventive Congressional measures.
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Agroterrorism: Threats and Preparedness

Agroterrorism: Threats and Preparedness

Date: August 25, 2006
Creator: Monke, Jim
Description: None
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Agroterrorism: Threats and Preparedness

Agroterrorism: Threats and Preparedness

Date: August 13, 2004
Creator: Monke, Jim
Description: Although U.S. intelligence agencies have not identified any terrorist acts targeting agricultural production (i.e., agroterrorism) in the United States to date, the events of September 11, 2001 have awakened the nation to their possibility. Some experts estimate that a single agroterrorist attack using a highly contagious livestock disease could cost between $10 billion and $30 billion to the U.S. economy. This report addresses the use of biological weapons against agriculture, rather than the threat of terrorists using agricultural inputs for other purposes. It also focuses more on agricultural production than food processing and distribution.
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Agroterrorism:  Threats and Preparedness

Agroterrorism: Threats and Preparedness

Date: February 4, 2005
Creator: Monke, Jim
Description: The potential of terrorist attacks against agricultural targets (agroterrorism) is increasingly recognized as a national security threat, especially after the events of September 11, 2001. In this context, agroterrorism is defined as the deliberate introduction of an animal or plant disease with the goal of generating fear, causing economic losses, and/or undermining stability. This report addresses the use of biological weapons against agriculture, rather than the threat of terrorists using agricultural inputs for other purposes. It also focuses more on agricultural production than food processing and distribution.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The 2013 Farm Bill: A Comparison of the Senate-Passed Bill (S. 954) and House- Reported Bill (H.R. 1947) with Current Law

The 2013 Farm Bill: A Comparison of the Senate-Passed Bill (S. 954) and House- Reported Bill (H.R. 1947) with Current Law

Date: June 14, 2013
Creator: Chite, Ralph M.
Description: Report that provides a side-by-side comparison of every provision in the House Agriculture Committee-reported and Senate-passed farm bills with each other and with current law or policy, as amended and extended by the fiscal cliff bill.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sustainable Agriculture

Sustainable Agriculture

Date: October 25, 1995
Creator: Rawson, Jean M
Description: None
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U.S. Agricultural Trade: Trends, Composition, Direction, and Policy

U.S. Agricultural Trade: Trends, Composition, Direction, and Policy

Date: October 24, 2000
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E & Dunkley, Mary L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Agricultural Trade: Trends, Composition, Direction, and Policy

U.S. Agricultural Trade: Trends, Composition, Direction, and Policy

Date: August 11, 2006
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E; Banks, Beverly & Canada, Carol
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Agricultural Trade: Trends, Composition, Direction, and Policy

U.S. Agricultural Trade: Trends, Composition, Direction, and Policy

Date: September 25, 2006
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E; Banks, Beverly & Canada, Carol
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Agricultural Trade: Trends, Composition, Direction, and Policy

U.S. Agricultural Trade: Trends, Composition, Direction, and Policy

Date: August 11, 2006
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E; Banks, Beverly & Canada, Carol
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Why U.S. Agricultural Exports Have Declined in the 1980s

Why U.S. Agricultural Exports Have Declined in the 1980s

Date: October 29, 1984
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Agricultural Trade: Trends, Composition, Direction, and Policy

U.S. Agricultural Trade: Trends, Composition, Direction, and Policy

Date: August 11, 2006
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles; Banks, Beverly & Canada, Carol
Description: Leading markets for U.S. agricultural exports are Canada, Mexico, Japan, China, the European Union (EU), Taiwan, and Korea. The United States dominates world markets for corn, wheat, and cotton. Most U.S. agricultural imports are high-value products. The biggest import suppliers are Canada and the EU. Among the fastest-growing markets for U.S. agricultural exports are Canada and Mexico. Both the EU and the U.S. subsidize their agricultural sectors, but overall the EU out subsidizes the U.S. The U.S. has the most diverse food aid programs; others limit food aid to development assistance and emergencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Agricultural Trade: Trends, Composition, Direction, and Policy

U.S. Agricultural Trade: Trends, Composition, Direction, and Policy

Date: September 25, 2006
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles; Banks, Beverly & Canada, Carol
Description: Leading markets for U.S. agricultural exports are Canada, Mexico, Japan, China, the European Union (EU), Taiwan, and Korea. The United States dominates world markets for corn, wheat, and cotton. Most U.S. agricultural imports are high-value products. The biggest import suppliers are Canada and the EU. Among the fastest-growing markets for U.S. agricultural exports are Canada and Mexico. Both the EU and the U.S. subsidize their agricultural sectors, but overall the EU out subsidizes the U.S. The U.S. has the most diverse food aid programs; others limit food aid to development assistance and emergencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
What Is the “Farm Bill”?

What Is the “Farm Bill”?

Date: May 16, 2008
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Description: This report discusses the farm bill, which renewed about every five years, governs federal farm and food policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agriculture and Related Agencies: FY2013 Appropriations

Agriculture and Related Agencies: FY2013 Appropriations

Date: January 17, 2013
Creator: Monke, Jim
Description: This report discusses the Agriculture appropriations bill—formally known as the Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, which provides funding for the following agencies: the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq Agriculture and Food Supply: Background and Issues

Iraq Agriculture and Food Supply: Background and Issues

Date: June 7, 2004
Creator: Schnepf, Randy
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Trade in the Free Trade Area of the Americas

Agricultural Trade in the Free Trade Area of the Americas

Date: October 31, 2003
Creator: Jurenas, Remy
Description: Leaders of Western Hemisphere countries have agreed to negotiate a Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) agreement by 2005. FTAA’s objective is to promote economic growth and democracy by eliminating barriers to trade in all goods (including agricultural and food products) and services, and to facilitate investment. If diplomats reach agreement, free trade in the hemisphere could occur by 2020. Negotiations on FTAA’s agriculture component have become contentious. This report discusses the controversial aspects of FTAA, describes the advantages and disadvantages of FTAA, and discusses FTAA in relation to the existing North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Date: January 9, 2003
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E.
Description: This report discusses projected agricultural imports and exports for FY2003, as well as legislation that deals with federal programs in support of agricultural exports and federal aid dedicated to farms and agricultural reform.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Date: April 17, 2003
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E.
Description: This report discusses projected agricultural imports and exports for FY2003, as well as legislation that deals with federal programs in support of agricultural exports and federal aid dedicated to farms and agricultural reform.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Date: June 11, 2003
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E.
Description: This report discusses projected agricultural imports and exports for FY2003, as well as legislation that deals with federal programs in support of agricultural exports and federal aid dedicated to farms and agricultural reform.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs

Date: July 24, 2003
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E.
Description: This report discusses projected agricultural imports and exports for FY2003, as well as legislation that deals with federal programs in support of agricultural exports and federal aid dedicated to farms and agricultural reform.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department