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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The 2002 Farm Bill: Overview and Status
The Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform, or FAIR, Act of 1996 (commonly known as the "farm bill"), which was due to expire in 2002, is expected to be extended for another six years when President Bush signs the bill into law. This report discusses the provisions of the new "farm bill," including the federal spending involved. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2116/
The 2002 Farm Law at a Glance
On May 13, 2002, President Bush signed the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act (FSRIA) of 2002 into law (P.L. 107-171). FSRIA is the latest in a long line of omnibus, multi-year farm bills. The 2002 law is the successor to the last omnibus measure, the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (P.L. 104-127). This report, to be updated if events warrant, provides selected highlights. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2127/
Agriculture and the 106th Congress: A Summary of Major Issues
Most congressional interest in agriculture in the 106th Congress was focused on persistent low prices for major commodities and proposals to redress declining farm income. Six emergency farm aid bills were approved, increasing agricultural spending by nearly $27 billion for fiscal years 1999-2001. These bills provided disaster relief along with short term “market loss payments”to farmers to shore up farm income. Some longer term changes also were enacted as part of emergency farm legislation, which this report discusses in brief. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1064/
Biotechnology in Animal Agriculture: Status and Current Issues
This report describes several scientifically emerging animal biotechnologies that are raising a variety of questions concerning risks to humans, animals, and the environment, as well as ethical concerns. The report examines applications of the technologies and discusses major issues that may arise. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc87304/
Animal Rendering: Economics and Policy
Renderers convert dead animals and animal byproducts into ingredients for a wide range of industrial and consumer goods, such as animal feed, soaps, candles, pharmaceuticals, and personal care products. This report describes the rendering industry and discusses several industry-related issues that arose in the 108th Congress. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9085/
Avian Influenza: Agricultural Issues
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Tobacco-Related Activities and Programs in the Federal Government: A Summary
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Tobacco-Related Programs and Activities of the U.S. Department of Agriculture: Operation and Cost
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Sugar Policy Issues
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Sugar Policy Issues
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Sugar Policy Issues
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Sugar Policy Issues
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Sugar Policy Issues
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Sugar Policy Issues
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Sugar Policy Issues
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Sugar Policy Issues
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Sugar Policy Issues
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Sugar Policy Issues
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Sugar Policy Issues
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Sugar Policy Issues
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Merger and Antitrust Issues in Agriculture: Statutes and Agencies
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Merger and Antitrust Issues in Agriculture: Statutes and Agencies
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Merger and Antitrust Issues in Agriculture: Statutes and Agencies
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Merger and Antitrust Issues in Agriculture
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Precision Agriculture and Site-Specific Management: Current Status and Emerging Policy Issues
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Food Biotechnology in the United States: Science, Regulation, and Issues
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Food Biotechnology in the United States: Science, Regulation, and Issues
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What Is a Farm Bill?
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Farm Economic Relief and Policy Issues in the 106th Congress: A Retrospective
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StarLink™ Corn Controversy: Background
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Livestock Mandatory Price Reporting
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Pesticide Residue Regulation: Analysis of Food Quality Protection Act Implementation
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Pesticide Residue Regulation: Analysis of Food Quality Protection Act Implementation
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Pesticide Residue Regulation: Analysis of Food Quality Protection Act Implementation
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Hog Prices: Questions and Answers
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The Conservation Security Program in the 2002 Farm Bill
The Conservation Security Program (CSP), a new program enacted in section 2001 of the 2002 farm bill (P.L. 107-171) and administered by the Natural Resources Conservation Service, creates a three-tiered system rewarding increased levels of conservation on agricultural operations with increased payments. Payments include a base payment for acreage enrolled, a payment for new or existing conservation practices, and an “enhancement” payment for conservation exceeding minimum program standards. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9255/
Farm Credit System
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Sugar Policy Issues
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Tobacco-Related Programs and Activities of the U.S. Department of Agriculture: Operation and Cost
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Livestock Price Reporting: Background
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The Payment-in-Kind (PIK) Program
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Sugar Policy Issues
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Livestock Price Reporting: Background
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Humane Treatment of Farm Animals: Overview and Issues
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Humane Treatment of Farm Animals: Overview and Issues
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Humane Treatment of Farm Animals: Overview and Selected Issues
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U.S. and EU Agricultural Support: Overview and Comparison
This report uses data from two public sources to compare agricultural support between the United States and the European Union (EU): (1) estimates of domestic support for agricultural programs based on World Trade Organization (WTO) notifications; and (2) the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development's (OECD's) country-level policy database. Each of these data sources uses a slightly different metric to evaluate agricultural support. The report includes an overview of farm programs in the U.S. and EU, comparisons of support based on the metrics, and conclusions with policy implications. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc99029/
Peanuts: Policy Issues
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Reauthorization of SNAP and Other Nutrition Programs in the Next Farm Bill: Issues for the 113th Congress
This report discusses the Nutrition Title (Title IV) of the pending farm bills and elaborates on the most controversial issues and differences between Senate and House proposals. Policies that are not necessarily controversial but are complex are also included in this report. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc272066/
What Is the Farm Bill?
This report discusses the farm bill, which is an omnibus, multi-year piece of authorizing legislation that governs an array of agricultural and food programs. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc287902/