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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Agricultural Biotechnology: The U.S.-EU Dispute
In May 2003, the United States, Canada, and Argentina initiated a formal challenge before the World Trade Organization (WTO) of the European Union’s (EU’s) de facto moratorium on approving new agricultural biotechnology products, in place since 1998. Although the EU effectively lifted the moratorium in May 2004 by approving a genetically engineered (GE) corn variety, the three countries are pursuing the case, in part because a number of EU member states continue to block approved biotech products. Because of delays, the WTO is expected to decide the case by December 2005. The moratorium reportedly cost U.S. corn growers some $300 million in exports to the EU annually. The EU moratorium, U.S. officials contend, threatened other agricultural exports not only to the EU, but also to other parts of the world where the EU approach to regulating agricultural biotechnology is taking hold. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9130/
Emergency Funding for Agriculture: A Brief History of Supplemental Appropriations, FY1989-FY2005
From FY1989 through FY2005 (to date), 31 appropriations, authorization, or farm disaster acts added approximately $53.2 billion in supplemental funding for U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) programs (excluding the Forest Service, which is funded annually under the Interior appropriations bill). Nearly $41 billion, or 77% of the total amount, was for FY1999-FY2005 alone. Two FY2005 supplementals have been enacted to date, the largest of which was a disaster relief package in response to the 2004 hurricanes and other natural disasters, which included $3.5 billion for agricultural losses (attached to the FY2005 Military Construction Appropriations Act (P.L. 108-324)). digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7262/
Agriculture in the WTO: Rules and Limits on Domestic Support
This report provides a brief overview of the World Trade Organization (WTO) commitments most relevant for U.S. domestic farm policy. The report discusses a key question that policy makers ask of virtually every new farm proposal is, how will it affect U.S. commitments under the WTO? The answer depends not only on cost, but also on the proposal's design and objectives, as described below. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc462631/
Agriculture in Pending U.S. Free Trade Agreements with Colombia, Panama, and South Korea
This report discusses pending U.S. free trade agreements (FTAs) with South Korea, Colombia, and Panama. The bills to implement these agreements will now be debated under trade promotion authority, or fast-track rules, designed to expedite congressional consideration. The report includes an overview of agricultural issues regarding FTAs and pending FTA partners, as well as a closer breakdown of the specific issues for each of the countries. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc505380/
Biotechnology in Animal Agriculture: Status and Current Issues
This report describes several scientifically emerging animal biotechnologies that are raising a variety of questions concerning risks to humans, animals, and the environment, as well as ethical concerns. The report examines applications of the technologies and discusses major issues that may arise. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc87304/
Reauthorization of SNAP and Other Nutrition Programs in the Next Farm Bill: Issues for the 113th Congress
This report discusses the Nutrition Title (Title IV) of the pending farm bills and elaborates on the most controversial issues and differences between Senate and House proposals. Policies that are not necessarily controversial but are complex are also included in this report. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc272066/
U.S. and EU Agricultural Support: Overview and Comparison
This report uses data from two public sources to compare agricultural support between the United States and the European Union (EU): (1) estimates of domestic support for agricultural programs based on World Trade Organization (WTO) notifications; and (2) the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development's (OECD's) country-level policy database. Each of these data sources uses a slightly different metric to evaluate agricultural support. The report includes an overview of farm programs in the U.S. and EU, comparisons of support based on the metrics, and conclusions with policy implications. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc99029/
Pesticide Residue Regulation: Analysis of Food Quality Protection Act Implementation
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1385/
StarLink™ Corn Controversy: Background
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Farm Economic Relief and Policy Issues in the 106th Congress: A Retrospective
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Livestock Mandatory Price Reporting
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1386/
What Is a Farm Bill?
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Sugar Policy Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1371/
Food Biotechnology in the United States: Science, Regulation, and Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1376/
Merger and Antitrust Issues in Agriculture
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1449/
Sugar Policy Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10095/
Peanuts: Policy Issues
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Precision Agriculture and Site-Specific Management: Current Status and Emerging Policy Issues
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Tobacco-Related Programs and Activities of the U.S. Department of Agriculture: Operation and Cost
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8526/
Pesticide Residue Regulation: Analysis of Food Quality Protection Act Implementation
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs838/
Hog Prices: Questions and Answers
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs837/
Tobacco-Related Activities and Programs in the Federal Government: A Summary
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs832/
Tobacco-Related Programs and Activities of the U.S. Department of Agriculture: Operation and Cost
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs506/
Livestock Price Reporting: Background
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Agriculture: Payment in Kind (PIK) Program
On January 11, 1983, President Reagan announced that the U.S. Department of Agriculture would implement a payment-in-kind (PIK) program to help reduce Government grain surpluses and to improve farm income. The materials included in this report were compiled by Congressional Research Staff for Member of Congress desirous of more information on the subject. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9038/
Sugar Policy Issues
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Food Biotechnology in the United States: Science, Regulation, and Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs835/
Humane Treatment of Farm Animals: Overview and Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8011/
The Payment-in-Kind (PIK) Program
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8835/
Animal Rendering: Economics and Policy
Renderers convert dead animals and animal byproducts into ingredients for a wide range of industrial and consumer goods, such as animal feed, soaps, candles, pharmaceuticals, and personal care products. This report describes the rendering industry and discusses several industry-related issues that arose in the 108th Congress. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9085/
The Conservation Security Program in the 2002 Farm Bill
The Conservation Security Program (CSP), a new program enacted in section 2001 of the 2002 farm bill (P.L. 107-171) and administered by the Natural Resources Conservation Service, creates a three-tiered system rewarding increased levels of conservation on agricultural operations with increased payments. Payments include a base payment for acreage enrolled, a payment for new or existing conservation practices, and an “enhancement” payment for conservation exceeding minimum program standards. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9255/
Humane Treatment of Farm Animals: Overview and Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8061/
Livestock Price Reporting: Background
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8064/
Merger and Antitrust Issues in Agriculture: Statutes and Agencies
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2228/
Merger and Antitrust Issues in Agriculture: Statutes and Agencies
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2229/
Pesticide Residue Regulation: Analysis of Food Quality Protection Act Implementation
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2121/
Sugar Policy Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2095/
Sugar Policy Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2097/
Sugar Policy Issues
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Sugar Policy Issues
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Sugar Policy Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2096/
Sugar Policy Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2093/
Humane Treatment of Farm Animals: Overview and Selected Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6964/
Merger and Antitrust Issues in Agriculture: Statutes and Agencies
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3888/
Farm Credit System
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9114/
Sugar Policy Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3712/
Sugar Policy Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3711/
Sugar Policy Issues
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Sugar Policy Issues
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Sugar Policy Issues
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