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 Decade: 1990-1999
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Hog Prices: Questions and Answers

Hog Prices: Questions and Answers

Date: December 15, 1999
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S.
Description: This report discusses price changes in the pork industry. In late 1998, the lowest hog prices in decades created a crisis in the pork industry and prompted the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and Congress to take a series of actions to assist producers, including direct cash payments, and the purchase of extra pork products to reduce market supplies. The industry sought additional aid as low prices persisted into 1999.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
IMF and World Bank: U.S. Contributions and Agency Budgets

IMF and World Bank: U.S. Contributions and Agency Budgets

Date: December 9, 1999
Creator: Sanford, Jonathan E
Description: This paper shows how much the United States has contributed to these international agencies in recent years. It also shows how much the international agencies budget (and the source of those funds) for their administrative expenses and their operational budgets. This report will be updated periodically.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appropriations for FY2000: U.S. Department of Agriculture and Related Agencies

Appropriations for FY2000: U.S. Department of Agriculture and Related Agencies

Date: December 6, 1999
Creator: Chite, Ralph M
Description: Appropriations are one part of a complex federal budget process that includes budget resolutions, appropriations (regular, supplemental, and continuing) bills, rescissions, and budget reconciliation bills. This report is a guide to one of the 13 regular appropriations bills that Congress passes each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Agriculture Appropriations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Perishable Agricultural Commodities Act (PACA)

The Perishable Agricultural Commodities Act (PACA)

Date: October 26, 1999
Creator: Branaman, Brenda
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The 'Terminator Gene' and Other Genetic Use Restriction Technologies (GURTs) in Crops

The 'Terminator Gene' and Other Genetic Use Restriction Technologies (GURTs) in Crops

Date: October 21, 1999
Creator: Segarra, Alejandro E & Rawson, Jean M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Conservation Spending in Agriculture: Trends and Implications

Conservation Spending in Agriculture: Trends and Implications

Date: October 6, 1999
Creator: Zinn, Jeffrey A
Description: Conservation spending under various federal agricultural statutes has increased since the early 1980s, and the mix of activities that are funded has changed during this time period. These funds have become an increasingly important source of income to farmers. This report examines conservation program funding since FY1983 in the context of both changing conservation policies and programs, and other farm program sources of income to farmers. This report will be updated if events warrant. Conservation Spending in Agriculture: Trends and Implications
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Animal Agriculture: Issues for the 106th Congress

Animal Agriculture: Issues for the 106th Congress

Date: September 2, 1999
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: This report discusses a variety of animal agriculture issues that generated debate during the 106th Congress, including low livestock prices, especially for hogs. Economic difficulties have revived questions such as the impacts of consolidation in the livestock industry, and the price effects of animal imports from Canada and Mexico. This report also discusses a number of legislative proposals to assist livestock producers and enforce sanitary and phytosanitary standards, as well as continuing trade disputes and negotiations with China, the European Union, New Zealand, and Australia.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pesticide Residue Regulation: Analysis of Food Quality Protection Act Implementation

Pesticide Residue Regulation: Analysis of Food Quality Protection Act Implementation

Date: August 3, 1999
Creator: Schierow, Linda-Jo
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Emergency Funding for Agriculture: A Brief History of Congressional Action, 1988-June 1999

Emergency Funding for Agriculture: A Brief History of Congressional Action, 1988-June 1999

Date: July 19, 1999
Creator: Chite, Ralph M
Description: Between 1988 and June 1999, thirteen emergency supplemental or farm disaster acts provided a total of $17 billion in emergency funding for U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) programs. The vast majority of this amount has gone directly to farmers, primarily in the form of disaster payments ($12.2 billion) to any farmer suffering a significant crop loss caused by a natural disaster, and "market loss" payments ($3.1 billion) to help grain, cotton, and dairy farmers recover from low farm commodity prices. The remaining $1.7 billion has gone to a wide array of other USDA programs, including those for other forms of farm disaster assistance, farm loans, and overseas food aid. Congress is expected to consider a multi-billion financial assistance package for farmers sometime this year.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Farm and Food Support Under USDA's Section 32 Program

Farm and Food Support Under USDA's Section 32 Program

Date: June 22, 1999
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: This report discusses "Section 32", which is a permanent appropriation that since 1935 has earmarked the equivalent of 30% of annual customs receipts to support the farm sector through a variety of activities. Today, most of this sizeable appropriation (now about $5.7 billion per year) is simply transferred directly into the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA's) child nutrition account to fund school feeding and other programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Food Biotechnology in the United States: Science, Regulation, and Issues

Food Biotechnology in the United States: Science, Regulation, and Issues

Date: June 2, 1999
Creator: Vogt, Donna U. & Parish, Mickey
Description: This report provides basic information on the science of food biotechnology. It discusses regulatory policies and issues of concern about the use of biotechnology to modify foods through genetic engineering. It describes the scientific processes used and current products available. It explains how all three major federal agencies - the Food and Drug Administration, the U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the Environmental Protection Agency - regulate these foods.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tobacco-Related Activities and Programs in the Federal Government: A Summary

Tobacco-Related Activities and Programs in the Federal Government: A Summary

Date: February 10, 1999
Creator: Redhead, C. Stephen
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Farm Commodity Legislation: Chronology, 1933-98

Farm Commodity Legislation: Chronology, 1933-98

Date: February 9, 1999
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: Farm commodity programs were a product of the Great Depression. This report discusses the history of farm commodity legislation. Since 1933, Congress has required the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA's) Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) to administer a variety of programs providing price support and income protection for the nations farmers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Managing Farm Risk in a New Policy Era

Managing Farm Risk in a New Policy Era

Date: January 22, 1999
Creator: Chite, Ralph M & Jickling, Mark
Description: This report discusses the enhancements to the crop insurance and revenue insurance programs that are expected to be considered by the 106th Congress in order to improve the farm financial safety net and preclude the need for ad hoc legislative assistance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Food and Agriculture Issues in the 105th Congress

Food and Agriculture Issues in the 105th Congress

Date: December 28, 1998
Creator: Jones, Jean Y.
Description: This report examines various budget issues regarding food and agriculture in the 105th Congress, examining recent developments and then taking a look a the context of those developments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appropriations for FY1999: U.S. Department of Agriculture and Related Agencies

Appropriations for FY1999: U.S. Department of Agriculture and Related Agencies

Date: December 21, 1998
Creator: Chite, Ralph M
Description: Appropriations are one part of a complex federal budget process that includes budget resolutions, appropriations (regular, supplemental, and continuing) bills, rescissions, and budget reconciliation bills. This report is a guide to one of the 13 regular appropriations bills that Congress passes each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Agriculture Appropriations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Farm Income: Recent National and Regional Changes and the Federal Response

U.S. Farm Income: Recent National and Regional Changes and the Federal Response

Date: December 15, 1998
Creator: Heykoop, Jerry & Jones, Jean Yavis
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Grazing Fees and Rangeland Management

Grazing Fees and Rangeland Management

Date: December 4, 1998
Creator: Cody, Betsy A. & Baldwin, Pamela
Description: The Bureau of Land Management (BLM, Department of the Interior) and the Forest Service (Department of Agriculture) manage approximately 70% of the 650 million acres of land owned by the federal government and many of these lands are classified as rangeland. Both agencies have well-established programs permitting private livestock grazing. The Administration issued new, controversial BLM rangeland management rules effective in August 1995. Supporters contended that the Administration's new rules were a step forward in sound resource management, but some believed they did not go far enough to protect rangelands and riparian areas. Many in the ranching community opposed the new rules, believing that they would ultimately reduce private livestock activity on federal lands, and increase operating costs. This report examines the debate over federal grazing management.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Farm Disaster Assistance: USDA Programs and Recent Legislative Action

Farm Disaster Assistance: USDA Programs and Recent Legislative Action

Date: November 4, 1998
Creator: Chite, Ralph M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 105th Congress

Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 105th Congress

Date: October 28, 1998
Creator: Buck, Eugene H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-European Agricultural Trade: Food Safety and Biotechnology Issues

U.S.-European Agricultural Trade: Food Safety and Biotechnology Issues

Date: October 21, 1998
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tobacco Control: Enforcement and Effectiveness of Federal and State Youth Access Laws

Tobacco Control: Enforcement and Effectiveness of Federal and State Youth Access Laws

Date: August 19, 1998
Creator: Redhead, C. Stephen & Austin-Lane, Joy
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tobacco Legislation in the 105th Congress: Side-by-Side Comparison of S. 1415, S. 1530, S. 1638, S. 1889, H.R. 3474, and H.R. 3868

Tobacco Legislation in the 105th Congress: Side-by-Side Comparison of S. 1415, S. 1530, S. 1638, S. 1889, H.R. 3474, and H.R. 3868

Date: August 19, 1998
Creator: Redhead, C. Stephen & Austin-Lane, Joy
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Compensating Farmers for the Tobacco Settlement

Compensating Farmers for the Tobacco Settlement

Date: July 6, 1998
Creator: Womach, Jasper
Description: The legislative proposals designed to reduce smoking, primarily by teenagers, are likely to have negative economic consequences for tobacco growers and tobacco-dependent communities. This report discusses the possibility of some kind of compensation to farmers as part of the settlement package legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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