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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Conservation Reserve Program: Status and Policy Issues

Conservation Reserve Program: Status and Policy Issues

Date: February 24, 1997
Creator: Zinn, Jeffrey A
Description: The Conservation Reserve Program (CRP), enacted in 1985, enables producers to bid to retire highly erodible or environmentally sensitive cropland, usually for 10 years. Participants receive annual rental and cost-sharing payments, and technical assistance to install approved plantings. Up to 36.4 million acres have been enrolled; current enrollment is estimated to be 32.9 million acres.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Research, Education, Extension and Economics Programs: A Primer

Agricultural Research, Education, Extension and Economics Programs: A Primer

Date: March 4, 1997
Creator: Rawson, Jean M.
Description: The 105th Congress is undertaking a thorough review of federal laws and policies affecting the nationwide system of federal and state agricultural research laboratories and agencies, the land grant Colleges of Agriculture and related schools of forestry and veterinary medicine, and the continuing education programs of the Cooperative Extension System. In preparation for hearings and subsequent debate on these subjects, this report provides an overview of all the components of the system, its major programs, and its funding.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Conservation Reserve Program - Preliminary Results from the 15th Signup

Conservation Reserve Program - Preliminary Results from the 15th Signup

Date: April 18, 1997
Creator: Zinn, Jeffrey A
Description: This report includes a table listing, by state, the: Number of bids, or offers, received; Total acres offered for enrollment; Acres offered that are currently enrolled in the CRP; Acres offered are not currently enrolled in the CRP; Acres on which contracts expire on September 30, 1997; Percentage of acres currently in the program that were offered for reenrollment; and Percentage of acres offered that are not currently enrolled in the CRP.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tobacco Advertising: Whether the FDA's Restrictions Violate Freedom of Speech

Tobacco Advertising: Whether the FDA's Restrictions Violate Freedom of Speech

Date: May 23, 1997
Creator: Cohen, Henry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Food and Agriculture Provisions in the FY1997 Supplemental Appropriations Act

Food and Agriculture Provisions in the FY1997 Supplemental Appropriations Act

Date: June 16, 1997
Creator: Chite, Ralph M.
Description: Report providing an overview of provisions and funding related to food and agriculture program as a part of a supplemental appropriations bill (P.L. 105-18, H.R. 1871).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Attorneys' Fees in the State Tobacco Litigation Cases

Attorneys' Fees in the State Tobacco Litigation Cases

Date: September 23, 1997
Creator: Contrubis, John
Description: In the past few years, many states have filed complaints against the tobacco industry in state court to recover Medicaid costs paid by the states to treat their citizens for tobacco related illnesses. The states are also attempting to recover other damages, such as punitive damages, against the tobacco industry. For various reasons, the states have hired private attorneys to assist the state Attorneys General in prosecuting these cases. In most cases, the retention of private counsel has included a fee agreement specifying the amount of compensation that these attorneys will receive for their services. These agreements are not uniform among the states, but most tend to provide some form of contingency fee arrangement. Some of these states have developed a sliding scale contingency fee schedule which varies with the amount of time spent on the litigation and whether a trial has begun. This report briefly summarizes the different fee agreements that the states have with private counsel.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agriculture: A Glossary of Terms, Programs, and Laws

Agriculture: A Glossary of Terms, Programs, and Laws

Date: October 1, 1997
Creator: Womach, Jasper
Description: This report includes a glossary of approximately 1,700 agriculture and related terms (e.g., food programs, conservation, forestry, environmental protection, etc.). Besides defining terms and phrases with specialized meanings for agriculture, the glossary also identifies acronyms, agencies, programs, and laws related to agriculture.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Stratospheric Ozone Depletion: Methyl Bromide Control Measures

Stratospheric Ozone Depletion: Methyl Bromide Control Measures

Date: October 16, 1997
Creator: Morrissey, Wayne A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Exports: Technical Barriers to Trade

Agricultural Exports: Technical Barriers to Trade

Date: October 21, 1997
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S.
Description: Technical barriers to trade (TBTs) are widely divergent measures that countries use to regulate rnarkets, protect their consumers, and preserve natural resources, but which can also discriminate against imports in favor of domestic products. Most TBTs in agriculture are sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) measures designed to protect humans, animals, and plants from contaminants, diseases, and pests. In the wake of new trade agreements aimed at reducing tariffs, import quotas, and other trade barriers, TBTs have become more prominent concerns for agricultural exporters and policymakers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FY1998 USDA Budget and Appropriations: Domestic Food Programs

FY1998 USDA Budget and Appropriations: Domestic Food Programs

Date: November 18, 1997
Creator: Jones, Jean Yavis
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Research, Education, and Extension Issues in the 105th Congress

Agricultural Research, Education, and Extension Issues in the 105th Congress

Date: January 15, 1998
Creator: Rawson, Jean M.
Description: The public agricultural research, education, and extension system is comprised of a nationwide network of federal and state agricultural research laboratories and departments, land grant Colleges of Agriculture, colleges of forestry and veterinary medicine, and the nationwide Cooperative Extension System. Although the basic authority to conduct agricultural research and extension programs is permanent, Congress since 1977 has provided funding authority and policy guidance for USDA's in-house research programs, and for federal support for cooperative research, higher education, and extension programs in the states, through a title contained in omnibus farm legislation. This report discusses specific pieces of such legislation and details certain agricultural and food-related appropriations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP): Status and Issues

Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP): Status and Issues

Date: March 2, 1998
Creator: Zinn, Jeffrey A
Description: The Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) provides farmers with financial and technical assistance to plan and implement soil and water conservation practices. EQIP was enacted in 1996 and most recently amended by the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (Section 2301 of P.L. 107-171). It is a mandatory spending program (i.e., not subject to annual appropriations), administered by the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS). EQIP is guaranteed a total of $6.1 billion from FY2002 through FY2007 from the Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC), making it the largest conservation cost-sharing program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tobacco Advertising: The Constitutionality of Limiting its Tax Deductibility

Tobacco Advertising: The Constitutionality of Limiting its Tax Deductibility

Date: March 4, 1998
Creator: Cohen, Henry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tobacco Marketing and Advertising Restrictions in S. 1648, 105th Congress: First Amendment Issues

Tobacco Marketing and Advertising Restrictions in S. 1648, 105th Congress: First Amendment Issues

Date: April 8, 1998
Creator: Cohen, Henry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Conservation Compliance for Agriculture: Status and Policy Issues

Conservation Compliance for Agriculture: Status and Policy Issues

Date: April 10, 1998
Creator: Zinn, Jeffrey A
Description: This program, known as "conservation compliance," was amended in 1990 and 1996. This paper reviews the compliance concept, the program requirements, and the implementation record. It also introduces three policy topics: the effect of compliance on erosion rates and patterns; the effectiveness and flexibility of implementation; and the possible impact of changes to commodity policies enacted in the 1996 farm bill.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Farm Commodity Programs: Sugar

Farm Commodity Programs: Sugar

Date: April 24, 1998
Creator: Jurenas, Remy
Description: This report discusses the federal sugar program, which authorized by the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 seeks to ensure the viability of the U.S. sugar producing sector primarily by supporting the incomes of sugar beet and sugarcane producers and of those firms that process each crop into sugar.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tobacco Issues: National Public Opinion

Tobacco Issues: National Public Opinion

Date: May 14, 1998
Creator: Coleman, Kevin J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tobacco Marketing and Advertising Restrictions in S. 1415, 105th Congress: First Amendment Issues

Tobacco Marketing and Advertising Restrictions in S. 1415, 105th Congress: First Amendment Issues

Date: May 15, 1998
Creator: Cohen, Henry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S. Tobacco Industry in Domestic and World Markets

The U.S. Tobacco Industry in Domestic and World Markets

Date: June 9, 1998
Creator: Knight, Edward; Ayers, Patricia C & Mayer, Gerald
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Compensating Farmers for the Tobacco Settlement

Compensating Farmers for the Tobacco Settlement

Date: July 6, 1998
Creator: Womach, Jasper
Description: The legislative proposals designed to reduce smoking, primarily by teenagers, are likely to have negative economic consequences for tobacco growers and tobacco-dependent communities. This report discusses the possibility of some kind of compensation to farmers as part of the settlement package legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Summary and Comparison of the Major Agricultural Provisions of the Tobacco Settlement Policy Proposals

Summary and Comparison of the Major Agricultural Provisions of the Tobacco Settlement Policy Proposals

Date: July 6, 1998
Creator: Womach, Jasper
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tobacco Price Support: An Overview of the Program

Tobacco Price Support: An Overview of the Program

Date: July 6, 1998
Creator: Womach, Jasper
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tobacco-Related Programs and Activities of the U.S. Department of Agriculture: Operation and Cost

Tobacco-Related Programs and Activities of the U.S. Department of Agriculture: Operation and Cost

Date: July 6, 1998
Creator: Womach, Jasper
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Agriculture and the International Monetary Fund

U.S. Agriculture and the International Monetary Fund

Date: July 6, 1998
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department