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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Conservation Reserve Payments and Self-Employment Taxes

Conservation Reserve Payments and Self-Employment Taxes

Date: May 1, 2000
Creator: Morris, Marie B
Description: Farmers enrolling their land in the Department of Agriculture's Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) receive payments for refraining from farming their property and for engaging in certain conservation practices mandated by the Department of Agriculture. These payments are described in the contract with the Department of Agriculture as "rental payments." Farmers would like to treat the income as "rental income" because it would not be subject to self-employment taxes, but the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) insists that under certain conditions, the payments are income from the trade or business of farming and thus subject to self-employment taxes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Stratospheric Ozone Depletion: Methyl Bromide Control Measures

Stratospheric Ozone Depletion: Methyl Bromide Control Measures

Date: October 16, 1997
Creator: Morrissey, Wayne A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Methyl Bromide and Stratospheric Ozone Depletion

Methyl Bromide and Stratospheric Ozone Depletion

Date: September 26, 2006
Creator: Morrissey, Wayne A.
Description: This report discusses Methyl Bromide (MeBr), a widely used pesticide in agriculture, is regulated for its potential ozone-depleting effects in the Earth’s stratosphere.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Agricultural Policy Response to WTO Cotton Decision

U.S. Agricultural Policy Response to WTO Cotton Decision

Date: September 8, 2006
Creator: Randy Schnepf
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S. Farm Economy

The U.S. Farm Economy

Date: November 15, 2004
Creator: Randy Schnepf
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hemp as an Agricultural Commodity

Hemp as an Agricultural Commodity

Date: July 8, 2005
Creator: Rawson, Jean M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hemp as an Agricultural Commodity

Hemp as an Agricultural Commodity

Date: January 5, 2005
Creator: Rawson, Jean M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security Department: U.S. Department of Agriculture Issues

Homeland Security Department: U.S. Department of Agriculture Issues

Date: September 6, 2002
Creator: Rawson, Jean M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security Department: U.S. Department of Agriculture Issues

Homeland Security Department: U.S. Department of Agriculture Issues

Date: December 16, 2002
Creator: Rawson, Jean M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Organic Agriculture in the United States: Program and Policy Issues

Organic Agriculture in the United States: Program and Policy Issues

Date: November 3, 2005
Creator: Rawson, Jean M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Specialty Crop Issues in the 109th Congress

Specialty Crop Issues in the 109th Congress

Date: August 19, 2005
Creator: Rawson, Jean M
Description: This report discusses the U.S. specialty crop issues in the 109th Congress. This sector is comprised of producers, handlers, processors, and retailers of fruit, vegetable, tree nut, and nursery crops.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sustainable Agriculture

Sustainable Agriculture

Date: October 25, 1995
Creator: Rawson, Jean M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The 1995 Farm Bill: Research, Education, and Extension Issues

The 1995 Farm Bill: Research, Education, and Extension Issues

Date: November 30, 1996
Creator: Rawson, Jean M.
Description: The House Agriculture Committee has proposed extending Title XVI of the 1990 farm act (P.L. 101-624) for two years. Currently, the title will expire at the end of 1995. The title includes funding authority for the U.s. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) in-house research programs, as well as federal support for cooperative research, higher education, extension programs in the States, and several research grant programs. This report discusses efforts underway to extend this title and reform future legislation. It also outlines federal spending in these areas.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Research, Education, and Extension Issues in the 105th Congress

Agricultural Research, Education, and Extension Issues in the 105th Congress

Date: January 15, 1998
Creator: Rawson, Jean M.
Description: The public agricultural research, education, and extension system is comprised of a nationwide network of federal and state agricultural research laboratories and departments, land grant Colleges of Agriculture, colleges of forestry and veterinary medicine, and the nationwide Cooperative Extension System. Although the basic authority to conduct agricultural research and extension programs is permanent, Congress since 1977 has provided funding authority and policy guidance for USDA's in-house research programs, and for federal support for cooperative research, higher education, and extension programs in the states, through a title contained in omnibus farm legislation. This report discusses specific pieces of such legislation and details certain agricultural and food-related appropriations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Research, Education, Extension and Economics Programs: A Primer

Agricultural Research, Education, Extension and Economics Programs: A Primer

Date: March 4, 1997
Creator: Rawson, Jean M.
Description: The 105th Congress is undertaking a thorough review of federal laws and policies affecting the nationwide system of federal and state agricultural research laboratories and agencies, the land grant Colleges of Agriculture and related schools of forestry and veterinary medicine, and the continuing education programs of the Cooperative Extension System. In preparation for hearings and subsequent debate on these subjects, this report provides an overview of all the components of the system, its major programs, and its funding.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education: Farm Bill Issues

Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education: Farm Bill Issues

Date: June 12, 2008
Creator: Rawson, Jean M.
Description: This report discusses the farm bill (P.L. 110-234) that will authorize and direct the implementation of the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA's) major programs across the spectrum of its mission areas through FY2012. The enacted bill reorganizes the Department's research, extension, and economics mission area, which currently comprises four agencies that separately administer intramural and extramural programs supporting agricultural research and development (R&D).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fruits, Vegetables, and Other Specialty Crops: A Primer on Government Programs

Fruits, Vegetables, and Other Specialty Crops: A Primer on Government Programs

Date: January 26, 2005
Creator: Rawson, Jean M.
Description: U.S. farmers grow more than 250 types of fruit, vegetable, tree nut, flower, ornamental nursery, and turfgrass crops in addition to the major bulk commodity crops. Although specialty crops are ineligible for the federal commodity price and income support programs, they are eligible for other types of U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) support, such as crop insurance, disaster assistance, and, under certain conditions, ad hoc market loss assistance payments. This report describes the federal programs of importance to the specialty crop sector, and provides the most recent funding information available for them.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Specialty Crops: 2008 Farm Bill Issues

Specialty Crops: 2008 Farm Bill Issues

Date: June 19, 2008
Creator: Rawson, Jean M.
Description: This report discusses the provisions for specialty crops (fruits, vegetables, tree nuts, and nursery crops) in the 2008 farm bill (P.L. 110-246, Food, Conservation, and Energy Act). Specialty crops are not eligible for direct support under USDA's farm commodity price and income support programs. Federal policies on trade, conservation, credit, marketing programs, domestic food assistance, and research also all affect the specialty crop sector.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tobacco-Related Activities and Programs in the Federal Government: A Summary

Tobacco-Related Activities and Programs in the Federal Government: A Summary

Date: February 10, 1999
Creator: Redhead, C. Stephen
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tobacco Control: Enforcement and Effectiveness of Federal and State Youth Access Laws

Tobacco Control: Enforcement and Effectiveness of Federal and State Youth Access Laws

Date: August 19, 1998
Creator: Redhead, C. Stephen & Austin-Lane, Joy
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tobacco Legislation in the 105th Congress: Side-by-Side Comparison of S. 1415, S. 1530, S. 1638, S. 1889, H.R. 3474, and H.R. 3868

Tobacco Legislation in the 105th Congress: Side-by-Side Comparison of S. 1415, S. 1530, S. 1638, S. 1889, H.R. 3474, and H.R. 3868

Date: August 19, 1998
Creator: Redhead, C. Stephen & Austin-Lane, Joy
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FDA Regulation of Tobacco Products: A Policy and Legal Analysis

FDA Regulation of Tobacco Products: A Policy and Legal Analysis

Date: December 3, 2004
Creator: Redhead, C. Stephen & Feder, Jody
Description: This report examines the legislative debate over giving FDA the authority to regulate tobacco products and provides some analysis of S. 2461/H.R. 4433. It begins with an overview of the FDA’s 1996 tobacco rule that includes a summary of the agency’s arguments for asserting jurisdiction over tobacco products. That is followed by an analysis of the U.S. Supreme Court decision in FDA v. Brown & Williamson, which overturned the FDA tobacco rule. The report then reviews the 1997 proposed national tobacco settlement, which would have codified the FDA rule and given the agency explicit authority to regulate tobacco products as medical devices. It includes a discussion of the FDA provisions in the McCain tobacco bill, which was introduced and debated in the 105th Congress in an attempt to implement the proposed settlement. The final section of the report summarizes the provisions in S. 2461/H.R. 4433 and discusses some of the key issues, including preemption and the regulation of reduced-risk products.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FDA Tobacco Regulation: The Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act of 2009

FDA Tobacco Regulation: The Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act of 2009

Date: May 28, 2009
Creator: Redhead, Stephen C.
Description: This report focuses on the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act. It includes a brief discussion of the contrasting views of FDA tobacco regulation held by the public health community and the industry, and provides some analysis of a number of key regulatory issues that the bill raises.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
IMF and World Bank: U.S. Contributions and Agency Budgets

IMF and World Bank: U.S. Contributions and Agency Budgets

Date: December 9, 1999
Creator: Sanford, Jonathan E
Description: This paper shows how much the United States has contributed to these international agencies in recent years. It also shows how much the international agencies budget (and the source of those funds) for their administrative expenses and their operational budgets. This report will be updated periodically.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department