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 Year: 2002
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Agriculture Support Mechanisms in the European Union: A Comparison with the United States

Agriculture Support Mechanisms in the European Union: A Comparison with the United States

Date: July 31, 2002
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: The European Union (EU), comprised of 15 member states (countries), is one of the United States’ chief agricultural trading partners and also a major competitor in world markets. Both heavily support their agricultural sectors, with a large share of such support concentrated on wheat, feed grains, cotton, oilseeds, sugar, dairy, and tobacco. However, the EU provides more extensive support to a broader range of farm and food products. According to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the EU and United States in 2001 together accounted for nearly two-thirds of all government support to agriculture among the major developed economies. However, EU agricultural spending generally is much higher than in the United States. Information comparing how the U.S. and EU governments support their producers is expected to be of interest to policymakers while negotiations are underway among world trading partners to further reform agricultural trade.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Farm Bill Trade and Food Aid Provisions

Farm Bill Trade and Food Aid Provisions

Date: May 8, 2002
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: This report discusses the trade provisions of omnibus farm legislation, passed in May 2002. The measure includes a trade title reauthorizing, through 2007, the major foreign food aid and agricultural export programs. It also contains other provisions affecting agricultural trade, including new country-of-origin labeling requirements for meat, seafood, and produce; and increased domestic farm subsidies with possible implications for U.S. trade relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Farm Commodity Legislation: Chronology, 1933-2002

Farm Commodity Legislation: Chronology, 1933-2002

Date: May 31, 2002
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: This report discusses legislation regarding commodities and price supports. Since 1933, Congress has required the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) to administer various price and income support programs for U.S. farmers. Some standing authority for these programs is provided by three permanent laws, from 1938, 1948, and 1949. However, Congress frequently alters the basic provisions of these laws. The omnibus law now guiding farm support (through 2007) is the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Farm Commodity Programs: A Short Primer

Farm Commodity Programs: A Short Primer

Date: June 20, 2002
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: This report briefly discusses programs designed to provide income support, price support, and/or supply management for approximately 20 specified agricultural commodities. USDA farm support programs represent the heart of U.S. farm policy, by virtue of their longevity – they have existed since the early 1930s – and their cost.
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Agriculture: U.S.-China Trade Issues

Agriculture: U.S.-China Trade Issues

Date: October 16, 2002
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S & Hanrahan, Charles E
Description: With China’s entry into the World Trade Organization (WTO) in December 2001, U.S. agricultural interests were hopeful that longstanding barriers to trade with that vast and growing market would begin to fall. However, critics charge that China is failing to honor commitments to open its markets, affecting U.S. exports of grains, oilseeds, meat and poultry, and other products. U.S. agriculture and trade officials have been working to resolve these differences.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Farm "Counter-Cyclical Assistance"

Farm "Counter-Cyclical Assistance"

Date: May 31, 2002
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S & Womach, Jasper
Description: This report discusses recently approved legislation reauthorizing major farm income and commodity price support programs through crop year 2007. This legislation includes new “counter-cyclical assistance” programs for grains, cotton, oilseeds, peanuts, and milk. The intent of counter-cyclical assistance is to provide more government support when farm prices and/or incomes decline, and less support when they improve. In fact, farmers have, for many years, been eligible for various forms of counter-cyclical assistance. At issue has been the need for, and potential impacts of, another counter-cyclical program.
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Farm "Counter-Cyclical Assistance"

Farm "Counter-Cyclical Assistance"

Date: March 7, 2002
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S & Womach, Jasper
Description: This report discusses the reauthorization of major farm income and commodity price support programs that expire after crop year 2002. Many agricultural interests expect that a new “counter-cyclical assistance” program will be an integral component of future farm policy. The intent of counter-cyclical assistance is to provide more government support when farm prices and/or incomes decline, and less support when they improve.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The 2002 Farm Law at a Glance

The 2002 Farm Law at a Glance

Date: June 7, 2002
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S.
Description: On May 13, 2002, President Bush signed the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act (FSRIA) of 2002 into law (P.L. 107-171). FSRIA is the latest in a long line of omnibus, multi-year farm bills. The 2002 law is the successor to the last omnibus measure, the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (P.L. 104-127). This report, to be updated if events warrant, provides selected highlights.
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The 2002 Farm Bill: Overview and Status

The 2002 Farm Bill: Overview and Status

Date: September 3, 2002
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S. & Womach, Jasper
Description: This report discusses the provisions of the 1996 farm bill, which was due to expire in 2002 but was extended for an additional 6 years on May 13, 2002 by President Bush (P.L. 107-171). The new law is called the "Farm Security and Rural Investment Act (FSRIA) of 2002. The new law generally supersedes the previous omnibus farm bill, the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform (FAIR) Act of 1996 (P.L. 104-127). The new farm law has attracted widespread criticism both in the U.S. and abroad. This report discusses these criticisms as well as the defenses of the law's proponents.
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The 2002 Farm Bill: Overview and Status

The 2002 Farm Bill: Overview and Status

Date: May 3, 2002
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S. & Womach, Jasper
Description: The Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform, or FAIR, Act of 1996 (commonly known as the "farm bill"), which was due to expire in 2002, is expected to be extended for another six years when President Bush signs the bill into law. This report discusses the provisions of the new "farm bill," including the federal spending involved.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The 2002 Farm Bill: Overview and Status

The 2002 Farm Bill: Overview and Status

Date: June 3, 2002
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S. & Womach, Jasper
Description: This report discusses the provisions of the 1996 farm bill, which was due to expire in 2002 but was extended (P.L. 107-171) for an additional 6 years on May 13, 2002.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The 2002 Farm Bill: Overview and Status

The 2002 Farm Bill: Overview and Status

Date: July 3, 2002
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S. & Womach, Jasper
Description: The Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform, or FAIR, Act of 1996 (commonly known as the "farm bill"), which was due to expire in 2002, is expected to be extended for another six years when President Bush signs the bill into law. This report discusses the provisions of the new "farm bill," including the federal spending involved.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fruits and Vegetables: Issues for Congress

Fruits and Vegetables: Issues for Congress

Date: April 15, 2002
Creator: Branaman, Brenda
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fruits and Vegetables: Issues for Congress

Fruits and Vegetables: Issues for Congress

Date: July 11, 2002
Creator: Branaman, Brenda
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fruits and Vegetables: Issues for Congress

Fruits and Vegetables: Issues for Congress

Date: September 4, 2002
Creator: Branaman, Brenda
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fruits and Vegetables: Issues for Congress

Fruits and Vegetables: Issues for Congress

Date: May 29, 2002
Creator: Branaman, Brenda
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fruits and Vegetables: Issues for Congress

Fruits and Vegetables: Issues for Congress

Date: October 24, 2002
Creator: Branaman, Brenda
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fruits and Vegetables: Issues for Congress

Fruits and Vegetables: Issues for Congress

Date: November 14, 2002
Creator: Branaman, Brenda
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 107th Congress

Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 107th Congress

Date: June 13, 2002
Creator: Buck, Eugene H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 107th Congress

Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 107th Congress

Date: July 9, 2002
Creator: Buck, Eugene H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 107th Congress

Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 107th Congress

Date: September 5, 2002
Creator: Buck, Eugene H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 107th Congress

Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 107th Congress

Date: October 1, 2002
Creator: Buck, Eugene H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 107th Congress

Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 107th Congress

Date: November 1, 2002
Creator: Buck, Eugene H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 107th Congress

Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Legislation in the 107th Congress

Date: December 12, 2002
Creator: Buck, Eugene H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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